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FOREIGN SERVICE ACT OF 1946, AS AMENDED TO
JANUARY 1, 1956
[PUBLIC LAW 724-79TH CONGRESS]
[CHAPTER 957-2D SESSION]
[H. R. 6967]
To improve, strengthen, and expand the Foreign Service of the United States and to consolidate and revise the laws relating to its administration.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
TITLE I-SHORT TITLE, OBJECTIVES, AND DEFINITIONS PART A SHORT TITLE
SEC. 101. Titles I to X, inclusive, of this Act may be cited as the "Foreign Service Act of 1946".
SEC. 111. The Congress hereby declares that the objectives of this Act are to develop and strengthen the Foreign Service of the United States so as―
(1) to enable the Foreign Service effectively to serve abroad the interests of the United States;
(2) to insure that the officers and employees of the Foreign Service are broadly representative of the American people and are aware of and fully informed in respect to current trends in American life;
(3) to enable the Foreign Service adequately to fulfill the functions devolving on it by reason of the transfer to the Department of State of functions heretofore performed by other Government agencies;
(4) to provide improvements in the recruitment and training of the personnel of the Foreign Service;
(5) to provide that promotions leading to positions of authority and responsibility shall be on the basis of merit and to insure the selection on an impartial basis of outstanding persons for such positions;
(6) to provide for the temporary appointment or assignment to the Foreign Service of representative and outstanding citizens of the United States possessing special skills and abilities;
(7) to provide salaries, allowances, and benefits that will permit the Foreign Service to draw its personnel from all walks of American life and to appoint persons to the highest positions in the Service solely on the basis of their demonstrated ability;
TITLE I-SHORT TITLE, OBJECTIVES, AND DEFINITIONS.
Part A-Short Title..
TITLE II-GOVERNING BODIES FOR THE DIRECTION OF THE SERVICE.
Board of the Foreign Service.
The Board of Examiners for the Foreign Service_
Part A-General Duties_
Compliance with Terms of Statutes, International Agreements,
Duties for Which Regulations May Be Prescribed.
Delegation of Authority to Prescribe Regulations.
Part B-Services for Government Agencies and Other Establishments
TITLE IV-CATEGORIES AND SALARIES OF PERSONNEL.
Part A-Categories of Personnel.
Chiefs of Mission_
Foreign Service Officers.
Salaries at Which Foreign Service Officers May Be Appointed
Foreign Service Staff Officers and Employees..
Salaries at Which Foreign Service Staff Officers and Employees
Salaries of Alien Clerks and Employees.-
Salaries of Consular Agents___
Part C-Salaries of Officers Temporarily in Charge
As Chargés d'Affaires ad Interim__
As Officers in Charge of Consulates General or Consulates__
Part D-Time of Receiving Salary.
Chiefs of Mission..
Other Officers and Employees
Classification of Positions in the Foreign Service.
Administrative Establishment of New Groups of Positions for
Administrative Establishment of Salary Differentials..
Classification of Positions of Alien Clerks and Employees.
TITLE V-APPOINTMENTS AND ASSIGNMENTS_
Exemption from the Application of the Classification Act..
Part A-Principal Diplomatic Representatives_
Lists of Foreign Service Officers Qualified to be Career Ministers
Part B-Foreign Service Officers
Limits of Consular Districts.
Assignments and Transfers