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TITLE V-APPOINTMENTS AND ASSIGNMENTS-Continued
Part B-Foreign Service Officers-Continued
Admission to Class 6..
Admission to Classes 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 Without Prior Service in
Admission to the Class of Career Minister.
Reassignment to Foreign Service of Former Ambassadors and
Citizenship Requirement -
Establishment of Reserve.
Appointments and Assignments to the Reserve.
Appointment or Assignment to a Class.
Reappointment or Reassignment of Reserve Officers
Part D-Foreign Service Staff Officers and Employees_
Assignments and Transfers
Commission as Consul or Vice Consul_
Part E-Alien Clerks and Employees
Assignments and Transfers.
Part F-Consular Agents___.
Part G-Assignment of Personnel by the War and Navy Departments_
As Couriers and Inspectors of Buildings
Part H-Assignment of Foreign Service Personnel_
Assignments to Any Government Agency.
Compulsory Service of Foreign Service Officers in the Continental
Assignment for Consultation or Instruction_
Assignment to Trade, Labor, Agricultural, Scientific, or Other
Assignments to Foreign Governments_
Assignments to International Organizations_
Assignment or Detail to the United States Not to Affect Personnel
Responsibility of the Director General for the Keeping of Effi-
To Whom Records Shall Be Available.
Part C-Promotion of Foreign Service Officers and Foreign Service
In-Class Promotions of Foreign Service Officers and Reserve
Part D-Separation of Foreign Service Officers from the Service...
Foreign Service Officers Who Are Not Career Ministers-
Foreign Service Officers Retired From Class 6..
Separation for Unsatisfactory Performance of Duty.
Separation for Misconduct or Malfeasance_
Part E-Promotion of Foreign Service Staff Officers and Employees
Class Promotion of Staff Personnel..
In-Class Promotions of Staff Officers and Employees..
TITLE VI-PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATION- -Continued
For Unsatisfactory Performance of Duty.
For Misconduct or Malfeasance_
Part G-Promotion and Separation of Alien Clerks and Employees-
For Unsatisfactory Performance of Duty-
Part H-Separation of Consular Agents
TITLE VII-THE FOREIGN SERVICE INSTITUTE_
Establishment of the Institute__
The Director of the Institute-Appointment, Salary, and Duties_
Appointment, Assignment, and Detail to the Institute_
Instruction and Education at Other Localities Than the Insti
Endowments and Gifts to the Institute,
Acquisition of Real Property for the Institute__
TITLE VIII-THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT
Part A-Establishment of System.
Rules and Regulations--
Part B-Compulsory Contributions..
Part C-Computation of Annuities.
Part D-Benefits Accruing to Certain Participants..
Retirement for Disability or Incapacity—Physical Examination-
Death in Service.
Retirement of Persons Who are Participants Under Section
Part E-Disposition of Contributions and Interest in Excess of Bene
Part F-Period of Service for Annuities
Computation of Length of Service
Prior Service Credit_
Extra Service Credit for Service at Unhealthful Posts.
Estimate of Appropriations Needed....
Investment of Moneys in the Fund.
Part H-Officers Reinstated in the Service.
Part I-Voluntary Contributions
TITLE IX-ALLOWANCES AND BENEFITS_
Part A Allowances and Special Allotments_
Quarters, Cost of Living, and Representation Allowances_
Allotment for Official Residence of Chief American Representa-
Accounting for Allowances.
Part B-Travel and Related Expenses
Loan of Household Equipment__
Transportation of Automobiles.
Part C-Commissary Service
Part D-Leaves of Absence..
! ! ! ! ! ! ! !!
Ordering Return of Personnel to United States on Leaves of
Reserve Officers Assigned to the Service_
Transfer of Leave of Absence..
Part E-Medical Services_
Expenses of Treatment__
Transportation to Approved Hospitals.
Physical Examinations and Costs of Inoculations.
Against Accepting Presents_
Against Engaging in Business Abroad..
Against Correspondence on Affairs of Foreign Governments..
Against Political, Racial, Religious, or Color Discrimination....
Part D-Authorization to Retain Attorneys.
Part E-Delegation of Authority.
Part F-Exemption from Taxation.
Part G-Interpretation of the Act.
Provisions That May Be Held Invalid_
Part H-Authorization for Appropriations..
TITLE XI-TEMPORARY PROVISIONS.
Part A-Temporary Provisions Concerning Appointments and Salaries of Officers and Employees of the Service-
Reinstatement of Chiefs of Mission Who Are Former Foreign
Transfer of Foreign Service Officers From Old Classes to New
Transfer of Other Officers and Employees of the Service From
Rules Governing the Making of Salary Determinations in Carry-
Rights and Liabilities Under Statutes That Are Repealed...
Continuance in Force of Existing Rules, Regulations, and Execu-
Part E-Effective Date of Act_
I. List of Laws Which Repealed, Amended, or Otherwise Affected Sec-
II. Public Law 73, Eighty-first Congress..
FOREIGN SERVICE ACT OF 1946, AS AMENDED TO
JANUARY 1, 1956
[PUBLIC LAW 724-79TH CONGRESS]
[CHAPTER 957-2D SESSION]
[H. R. 6967]
To improve, strengthen, and expand the Foreign Service of the United States and to consolidate and revise the laws relating to its administration.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
TITLE I—SHORT TITLE, OBJECTIVES, AND DEFINITIONS PART A SHORT TITLE
SEC. 101. Titles I to X, inclusive, of this Act may be cited as the "Foreign Service Act of 1946".
SEC. 111. The Congress hereby declares that the objectives of this Act are to develop and strengthen the Foreign Service of the United States so as
(1) to enable the Foreign Service effectively to serve abroad the interests of the United States;
(2) to insure that the officers and employees of the Foreign Service are broadly representative of the American people and are aware of and fully informed in respect to current trends in American life;
(3) to enable the Foreign Service adequately to fulfill the functions devolving on it by reason of the transfer to the Department of State of functions heretofore performed by other Government agencies;
(4) to provide improvements in the recruitment and training of the personnel of the Foreign Service;
(5) to provide that promotions leading to positions of authority and responsibility shall be on the basis of merit and to insure the selection on an impartial basis of outstanding persons for such positions;
(6) to provide for the temporary appointment or assignment to the Foreign Service of representative and outstanding citizens of the United States possessing special skills and abilities;
(7) to provide salaries, allowances, and benefits that will permit the Foreign Service to draw its personnel from all walks of American life and to appoint persons to the highest positions in the Service solely on the basis of their demonstrated ability;
(8) to provide a flexible and comprehensive framework for the direction of the Foreign Service in accordance with modern practices in public administration; and
(9) to codify into one Act all provisions of law relating to the administration of the Foreign Service.
SEC. 121. When used in this Act, the term
(1) "Service" means the Foreign Service of the United States; (2) "Secretary" means the Secretary of State;
(3) "Department" means the Department of State;
(4) "Government agency" means any executive department, board, bureau, commission, or other agency in the executive branch of the Federal Government, or any corporation wholly owned (either directly or through one or more corporations) by the United States;
(5) "Government" means the Government of the United States of America;
(6) "Continental United States" means the States and the District of Columbia;
(7) "Abroad" means all areas not included in the continental United States as defined in paragraph (6) of this section;
(8) "Principal officer" means the officer in charge of an embassy, legation, or other diplomatic mission or of a consulate general, consulate, or vice consulate of the United States; and
(9) "Chief of mission" means a principal officer appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to be in charge of an embassy or legation or other diplomatic mission of the United States, or any person assigned under the terms of this Act to be minister resident, chargé d'affaires, commissioner, or diplomatic agent.
TITLE II-GOVERNING BODIES FOR THE DIRECTION OF THE SERVICE
1 SEC. 201. The Service shall be administered by a Director General of the Foreign Service, hereinafter referred to as the Director General, who shall be appointed by the Secretary from among Foreign Service officers in the class of career minister or in class 1. Under the general supervision of the Secretary and the Assistant Secretary of State in charge of the administration of the Department, the Director General shall, in addition to administering the Service and performing the duties specifically vested in him by this or any other Act, coordinate the activities of the Service with the needs of the Department and of other Government agencies and direct the performance by officers
1 Amended by section 3 of P. L. 73, 81st Cong. (63 Stat. 111; 22 U. S. C. 811a), which reads as follows: "The Secretary of State, or such person or persons designated by him, notwithstanding the provisions of the Foreign Service Act of 1946 (60 Stat. 999) or any other law, except where authority is inherent in or vested in the President of the United States, shall administer, coordinate, and direct the Foreign Service of the United States and the personnel of the State Department. Any provisions in the Foreign Service Act of