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Voted, on motion of Prof. Rust, that the first business of the afternoon be the election of officers for the ensuing year.
Messrs. Newhall, of Manchester, and Sawyer, of Concord, were added to the Committee on Seating Members.
The Institute was called to order at two o'clock by Vice-President Hedges.
Mr. Hammond, from the Committee on Nominations, reported a list of officers for the ensuing year.
On motion of Dr. Alcott, his report was accepted.
The Institute then proceeded to the election of officers. Messrs. Hammond, Perry, and Richards were appointed tellers.
The following named gentlemen were declared to be unanimously elected :
John D. Philbrick, Boston.
Ariel Parish, Springfield.
John Kneeland, Roxbury.
A. M. Gay, Charlestown.
William D. Ticknor, Boston.
Joseph Hale, Boston.
Daniel Mansfield, Cambridge.
James N. McElligott, New York. Mr. PHILBRICK was conducted to the chair by Messrs. Greenleaf, of Bradford, and Bulkley, of Brooklyn. He made a brief, but appropriate speech, accepting the office, and thanking the members of the Institute for the honor conferred upon him.
The subject of last evening's lecture, on motion of Dr. Alcott, was taken up for discussion.
Rev. Mr. COLLOM of Bradford, Mass., said he was interested in the lecture, but he thought one great principle that ought to be regarded in education, was not sufficiently brought out in it. Without treating the subject in a theological sense, every one will admit that there is a tendency to evil in the human heart, and that fact must be taken into account in all plans of education. Fear of God and fear of man may be presented properly as motives. The principle of fear was implanted in the human heart by the Creator, and it was designed to be used. God uses fear in the education of men ; he uses it in nature. Why do I not put my hand in the fire the second time? Why has God attached a penalty to violated law, as inexorable as fate, in which there is shown no pity ; and no prayers and no tears are regarded. The penalty is connected with the violation of the law, so that we may fear to violate the law.
So in the education of a child, he must be made to feel that there is a penalty attached to the violation of law. This should be felt in the school-room; and when that idea is once fully established in the mind of the child, a great deal is accomplished.
Rev. ARTHUR B. FULLER, of Boston, said : I felt interested both in the lecture last evening and in the comments made upon it; and I felt some disposition then to say a word, -perhaps less desire now. I will, however, at this time say what seems needful. So far the remarks commenting on the lecture have all been on one side ; and when I see one man alone, with five or six or twenty against him, there is something in my heart that makes me want to stand side by side with the lesser party, and to see that he has justice.
I have always been in the minority in church and State, and am likely to continue so to the end. But I thank God that I am in good company, and am animated by the thought that “ If God be for us, who can be against us? When the servant of the ancient prophet was disheartened and asked what they were to do, he was told that they who were for them were more than they who were against them. And when the prophet prayed that his servant's eyes might be opened, it was done, and then he looked and saw the mountains around them filled with chariots and horses, and the servant exclaimed, “ The chariots of Israel and the horsemen thereof !” Those who are in the right are more than those who are in the wrong, though they stand, humanly speaking, alone.
I accede to all of the remarks of the lecture of last evening, except in their incompleteness. The man who ignores fear, ignores a principle of God's government. God were not a benevolent being, if in endeavoring to influence our conduct and our hearts, he did not use every motive, not in itself wrong. By the hope of heaven and by the fear of hell, by all motives that can be employed to influence the human heart, he urges us to pursue the right and forsake the evil ; he were not a perfect God if he did not do this. The Bible were not a perfect book, if it did not present all the motives that can be used to induce us to act wisely in reference to the future life. So far, I am with the gen. tleman who spoke last evening.
I do believe with my venerable friend, (Rev. Mr. Andrews, of Ct.,) who first commented on the lecture, that “ The fear of God is the beginning of wisdorn.” Had I thought the lecturer ignored that principle, I could not defend his words. But he said " The fear of God directly,” that fear which is without the mingling of judg. ment and reason. The appeal which is only fear, and the government which is based only on fear, would not be a government like that of God; for God's throne is founded on justice and judgment;" He does command to spreach the acceptable year of the Lord," as well as the day of vengeance."
It seems to me we must look to another verse which I did not hear quoted last evening. That other text to which I refer, says, “ Perfect love casteth out fear.” Love is a higher motive, and “ love" should be the banner on which the pupil casts his eyes in the school-room, and not