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on the wharf or pier. As used in this Rule, the term “unauthorized persons” shall mean and include all persons other than (a) officers, members of the crew, and passengers of such vessel, and (b) persons who bear proper photographic identification and establish that they have legitimate business on board such vessel.

(As added by E. O. No. 9228 of August 19, 1942, promulgated by the President under authority of section 9 of title 2 of the Canal Zone Code.)


Navigation in Canal and Harbors

(See 4, 7, 8, 25, and Chapter XII.)

RULE 46. Meals to be Furnished by Vessel in Certain Cases: Pilots, extra deck hands, and other Panama Canal personnel on duty aboard a vessel during regular meal hours while the vessel is transiting the Canal, and pilots and extra deck hands on duty aboard a vessel during regular meal hours while the vessel is being shifted from one dock or berth to another, shall be furnished meals by the vessel without charge: Provided, That if the vessel is unable to furnish such meals they may be furnished by The Panama Canal at the expense of the vessel.

(As amended by E. O. No. 9563 of June 4, 1945 (10 F.R. 6639), promulgated by the President under authority of section 9 of title 2 of the Canal Zone Code.)

Rule 47. Vessels Not to Anchor in Canal: Except in designated localities in Gatun Lake, no vessel shall anchor in any part of the Canal except in an emergency.

REGULATION 47.1. Assignment of Berth: All vessels entering port must take the berth or dock assigned them by the Port Captain.

REGULATION 47.2. Obstructions: No warp or line shall be passed across any channel or dock so as to obstruct the passage of vessels or cause any interference with the discharging of cargoes.

REGULATION 47.3. (Superseded.)

REGULATION 47.4. Shifting Berth: Whenever it is deemed advisable by the Receiving and Forwarding Agent or Port Captain to shift the berth of any vessel, shifting will be made by the direction of the Port Captain, and the towing and other expenses thereby incurred will be charged against the vessel so shifted, unless such shift will be for the benefit of the Canal.

RULE 48. Fishing boats shall not anchor nor draw nets nor trawls in the Canal prism, nor elsewhere in the navigable waters of the Canal Zone, unless authorized by the Governor.

RULE 49. Navigating in Gaillard Cut: Other than vessels transiting the Canal, no floating craft shall navigate in Gaillard Cut unless authorized to do so by the Governor.

REGULATION 49.1. The movement of vessels in Gaillard Cut will be regulated by the Port Captain, Balboa, through the signal stations and Pedro Miguel Locks.

RULE 50. Sailing Craft and Disabled Vessels: A vessel whose machinery is disabled, or a vessel without motive power, must be towed through the Canal, for which the tug service is chargeable to the vessel. Such vessels, upon arrival, shall anchor in the anchorage area designated by the Governor, and there wait for a tug.

RULE 51. The master of a vessel which steers badly, or which is liable to become unmanageable for any reason, shall report such fact and request the service of a tug to assist the vessel through the Canal. Such report and request may be made through the pilot or by radio to the Port Captain. The Canal authorities may require any vessel to take a tug through the Cut, in the approaches to the locks, or in any other part of the Canal, when, in their opinion, it may be necessary to insure the safety of the vessel or of the Canal. The tug service in any of these cases is chargeable to the vessel.

RULĖ 52. If any defect in a vessel be discovered during transit, of such a serious nature that it might interfere with further passage, the vessel shall stop, and, if practicable, be anchored or moored at the first available place. A full report shall immediately be made to the Port Captain, by radio, or by the best means available.

RULE 53. Passing through Locks: Vessels passing through the locks shall habitually be handled by electric towing locomotives; except that, a small vessel may be permitted to pass through the locks under its own motive power, in which case the use of the engines while in the locks shall be under the direction of the pilot, or of the lockmaster if there is no pilot on board. After cables from the towing locomotives have been placed aboard, a vessel's main engines may be used, when considered necessary by the pilot, to assist in starting ahead. The main engines shall not be used in any other way while in the locks, except to stop a vessel in an emergency where the towing locomotives are unable to effect a stoppage.

RULE 54. Maximum Speeds of Vessels: Vessels in Canal Zone waters shall not exceed the speeds designated below:


Atlantic Entrance to Gatun Locks.

10 Gatun Lake in the 1,000-foot channels.

15 Gatun Lake in the 800-foot channels.

12 Gatun Lake in the 500-foot channels

10 Rounding Bohio or Darien Bend

10 Gaillard Cut-In the straight reachesVessels under 250 feet in length.

8 Vessels 250 feet or over in length -

6 (or as near thereto as possible while

maintaining steerage way) In or near a lock...

2 Miraflores Locks to Buoy 14.

6 Buoy 14 to Pacific Entrance.

10 Miraflores Lake Vessels under 300 feet in length.

6 Vessels 300 feet or over in length

shall proceed as slowly as possible

consistent with maneuverability. (As amended by E. O. No. 6128, May 10, 1933 and E. O. No. 9515, January 18, 1945 (10 F.R. 771), promulgated by the President under authority of section 9 of title 2 of the Canal Zone Code.)

RULE 55. Vessels Meeting in Canal: In the Canal, vessels meeting shall pass to the port side of each other, unless there be some special reason to the contrary and passing to starboard is authorized by the Canal pilots. When two vessels sight each other in a Canal channel less than 800 feet wide they shall, when about a mile apart, reduce speed and proceed cautiously until they have passed and cleared.

REGULATION 55.1. Vessel Out of Control and on Port Side of Channel: In the event of ship being out of control and on the port side of the channel such ship shall give the danger signal followed by two short and distinct blasts to signify its intention to keep to its port side of channel.

RULE 56. Vessels Rounding Bends: A vessel when approaching any bend of the Canal beyond which there is not a clear view shall, when about one-half a mile from such bend, slow down and blow one prolonged blast, as notification to any vessel which may be coming from the opposite direction. If there be no reply, the vessel may proceed; but if a reply is made, both of the vessels concerned shall stop their engines and then proceed cautiously. They shall not pass each other

pass to the

in the turn of the bend, and the vessel which has the convex bend on its port shall have the right to first proceed and make the turn.

RULE 57. Overtaking Vessels: Vessels proceeding in the same direction, other than Canal craft, shall not pass each other in the Canal, except in Gatun Lake between points designated by the Governor, and then only on advice of the pilot to do so. The overtaking vessel, except when there are special reasons to the contrary, shall port side of the vessel ahead. The vessel ahead shall not attempt to cross the bow or crowd upon the course of the overtaking vessel.

REGULATION 57.1. Overtaking vessels, other than Canal craft, are permitted to pass each other only in Gatun Lake between buoys 17 and 78.

RULE 58. Navigating in Fog, Mist, or Heavy Rain Storm: In thick and foggy weather vessels will not be allowed to enter the Canal or to leave the locks, mooring stations, or wharves until the weather has cleared. A vessel underway, when overtaken by thick or foggy weather, or rain so dense as to obscure the vision, shall immediately take every precaution necessary for safety and anchor or moor at the first available place. The anchoring or mooring shall be done under the advice of the pilot and the vessel shall remain at such anchorage or mooring until the weather clears. Full report shall immediately be made of such occurrence to the Port Captain by radio, or by the best means available.

RULE 59. Vessels Passing Canal Equipment at Work: Panama Canal floating equipment at work in a stationary position in the Canal prism shall have the prior right to such position; and it shall be unlawful for a passing vessel to foul such equipment, or its moorings, in any way whatever.

REGULATION 59.1. Self-propelled Canal craft, such as tugs and launches, shall, whenever practicable, keep to the side of the Canal and out of midchannel when large vessels are passing, but nothing in this regulation shall be construed to warrant a violation of the Rules of the Road.

RULE 60. Floating equipment of the Canal from which divers are working, and a vessel under repair and in such condition that a high wash would endanger swamping it or be hazardous to the workmen, must be passed by all vessels at a speed sufficiently slow that a dangerous wash or wake shall not be caused. Such divers' craft or vessel under repair will display a red flag during the day, and a red light at night, as high upon such craft as may be practicable.

RULE 61. The Governor is hereby authorized to prescribe the day marks and night lights for all Canal floating equipment when at work

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