The Legal Ideology of Removal: The Southern Judiciary and the Sovereignty of Native American Nations

Portada
University of Georgia Press, 2002 - 331 páginas
This study is the first to show how state courts enabled the mass expulsion of Native Americans from their southern homelands in the 1830s. Our understanding of that infamous period, argues Tim Alan Garrison, is too often molded around the towering personalities of the Indian removal debate, including President Andrew Jackson, Cherokee leader John Ross, and United States Supreme Court Justice John Marshall. This common view minimizes the impact on Indian sovereignty of some little-known legal cases at the state level.

Because the federal government upheld Native American self-dominion, southerners bent on expropriating Indian land sought a legal toehold through state supreme court decisions. As Garrison discusses Georgia v. Tassels (1830), Caldwell v. Alabama (1831), Tennessee v. Forman (1835), and other cases, he shows how proremoval partisans exploited regional sympathies. By casting removal as a states' rights, rather than a moral, issue, they won the wide support of a land-hungry southern populace. The disastrous consequences to Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Seminoles are still unfolding.

Important in its own right, jurisprudence on Indian matters in the antebellum South also complements the legal corpus on slavery. Readers will gain a broader perspective on the racial views of the southern legal elite, and on the logical inconsistencies of southern law and politics in the conceptual period of the anti-Indian and proslavery ideologies.

 

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Contenido

Introduction
1
Removal The Separation Solution
13
Spiritual Sovereignty The Emergence of the Cherokee Nation
34
The Precedents Sources of Law for the Southern State Courts during the Removal Crisis
59
The Supremacy of State Jurisdiction Georgia v Tassels
103
Domestic Dependent Nations Cherokee Nation v Georgia
125
The Southern Response to Marshall Caldwell v Alabama
151
Sovereign Nations Worcester v Georgia
169
The Law of the Land Tennessee v Forman
198
The Triumph of the Southern Removal Ideology
234
Notes
247
Bibliography
291
Index
313
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Acerca del autor (2002)

Tim Alan Garrison is a professor of history at Portland State University.

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