Land-locked States of Africa and Asia
Since 1991 more than a dozen new land-locked states have emerged to be confronted with the geostrategic problems of access and communications. Contributors present the implications of land-lockedness and the historical development of trade routes.
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The Experience of Landlockedness in Africa
Power Vacuum or Geopolitical Focus
Landlocked Niger and its Alternative Seaport Access
The Case of Ethiopia
African Land and Access Corridors
the Geopolitics of a Buffer State
Implications for the Future
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administrative Afghan Afghanistan African land-locked Aozou Strip Article Asian Assab bilateral border boundary British buffer buffer-state Caprivi Strip Caspian cent Central Asia century Chad China Chinese coastal colonial Congo Convention corridor of access cotton country’s crude dependent Djibouti east eastern economic Eritrea Ethiopia European exports foreign freedom of transit French FROLINAT frontier geographical Geopolitics Ibid important independence India Indochina infrastructure international law Iran Iranian Kazakh Kazakhstan Kyakhta land corridor land-locked country land-lockedness Lao PDR Lesotho Libya London LOSC Matadi Mekong military Mongol Mongolia neighbours Nepal Nepalese Niger Nigeria northern Organisation Pakistan People’s Petroleum Economist pipeline political population port problems rail railway region Republic river road Russian South Africa southern Soviet strategic Swaziland territory Thailand trade and transit traffic transit routes transit treaty transport Turkmenistan Tuva Uganda Ulan Bator USSR Uzbekistan Vientiane Vietnam World