Imágenes de páginas

to pay the visit I have njentioned. It happened || conducted Acasto, seing the violence of the by one of those unfortunate accidents, which gentlemen, had fled to the house, and spread almost confirm us in the belief of fate, and a cer he alarm. The sister of Acasto, hearing that tain and necessary destiny, that Belise was ac the stranger, for the lad knew not Lysander by tually on her way to visit the sister of her lover.

any other name, had presented a pistol at her Belise was not ignorant of her husband's jea- | brother, hurried to the place in great terror, follousy, and her friends had often remonstrated lowed by Belise, who was yet ignorant of the with her, and amongst them myself, against an dreadful event. They arrived the moment intimacy with Acasto's sister in the present com- | Lysander fell; and Belise in that moment recogo plexion of affairs. But her unhappy foible, the nised her husband, and sprang forward instincpride of innocence, made her disdain all appear-tively. Belise, too confounded as yet to comance of concession, and rather increased the fre-prehend the extent of her misfortune, attempted quency of her visits to this lady. She dctied all to raise him up, but found that he was dead ! censure, from an assurance of its groundlessness; She gave a shriek of madness and horror, and and being supported by a conscious innocence, fell senseless beside him! would stuop to no submission. She was now, Endeavour now to present to your mind the therefore, in the very house of Acastu, and her horrid scene! The sister of Acasto stanching carriage remaining at the door.

the blood which fiowed from her brother's Lysander, who had pushed his horse to its wound-Lysander dead, and his wife, to all apfull, goaded on by jealousy and revenge, arrived pearance so, beside him—the pistols lying in at the avenue leading to the house the moment the roall, and a whole parish, for the people were Belise, in her carriage, stopped at the gate. He fast collecting, surrounding the spot! saw Acasto come to the door, take her hand, and I will here conclude my history. I will only conduct her within. This was enough. He add, that Belise remained for some years in a perceived a lad at a distance, whom he beckoned state of perfect insensibility, almost approaching to him, and dispatched with a message to Acasto. lo idiotism. Her senses, however, were at It was “That a strange gentleman desired to length providentially restored; but as they see him on business of importance.”.

brought her to the full perception of her misAcasto, surprised at this singular message, fortune, I have sometimes thought the loss of came, directed by the boy, to the entrance of the them would have been more tolerable. She avenue. Lysander, in the fury of his passion, still retains her grief, and will often wholly seimmediately cullared him, and presenting a pistol clude herself from society, and spend the day in in one hand, held in the other the fatal billet. tears. Acasto likewise felt sensibly his misfortune He then retreated a few paces, and levelling his in having murdered his friend by his own hand; pistol, fired it, desiring Acasto tu do the sume. and, to dissipa:e his grief, and give time for the The shot wounded his rival, who, irritated by story to die away, he fled to the Continent. He paio, discharged his own pistol. The ball en is now a sincere peniteni, and has lately returned; tered the heart of Lysander, who fell dead upon but liis former gay spirits are lost, and he somethe spot!

times experiences the distraction of a mind In the meantime, the affrighted lad who had || wholly possessed by melancholy.


[Continued from Page 15.]

Chap. IX,
Of Fashion.

The celebrated Dr. Young has admirably It is truly astonishing that this prodigious depicted the divinity to whom all ages and all power of opinion, which successively proscribes ranks render servile homage, who even finds whatever it once approved, should oblige us to means to bow the neck of wisdom to the yoke of bend the knee before the idol which it will so folly, by the threat of ridicule; that divinity soon overthrow; should cause us to day to think whose power has never been disputed by infidels, that form graceful which yesterday appeared ri. whose worship is every where established, who diculous. reckons temples in every region of the globe, but Women are perhaps too lightly accused of whose metropolis is chiefly at Paris and London. inconstancy; we impute to them as a crime a

very curious


taste with which we have perhaps inspired them; such abject slaves to this tyrant as the French. this inconstancy which, it is true, they carry tn This brings to my recollection excess, with respect to objects of ornament or caricature. A painter had represented the difdress, reflects more severely perhaps on our levity | ferent nations of the world in the costume of their than on theirs. They are afraid to appear the respective countries; but the Frenchman was same, because they are rather distrustful of our naked, and had a bundle under his arm; constancy; they renew themselves, as it were, derneath the painter had written these words, every day, in order to furnish fresh reasons for “As this man changes his fashion every moment, our homage; they attempt to fix us by our in we liave given him the stuff, that he may get it constancy itself, and are well aware that they made up in any fashion he pleases." must proceed by leaps and bounds, to keep pace The artist probably borrowed this idea from with the heart of man.

an Italian book, printed a great many years ago, I cannot venture to affirm that this motive is in which is related the following anecdote :-A the only cause of the instability of the fashions, fool walked stark naked through the streets carry. many other causes are sometimes combined with ing a piece of cloth under his arm; being asked it, and are less flattering for our sex; but let us wly he went without clothes, as he had matepreserve at least, if possible, the happy illusion, rials for making them, he replied, “I am waitwhich frequen:ly forms the most genuine portioning to see when the fashions will stop, because I of our pleasures.

will not have the cloth made up into a dress For my part I am fully convinced that when which in a short time I should not be able to the men become less frivolous, the women will wear, on account of some new fashion.” be less inconstant. The object of women is to This love of change is of very ancient date in please, and their nice discernment gives them a the neighbouring kingdom of France; Monperfect knowledge of what is calculated to afford | taigne reproaches his countrymen with it, and it us pleasure. The ineans they employ are there is of the French that he says, “ I complain of fore deduced from our particular inclinations, as their particular indiscretion, in suffering themthe bait which conceals the perfidious hook is | selves to be so exceedingly duped and blinded by always adapted to the taste of the fish which is the authority of present usage, as to be capable intended to be caught. , If women make mis of changing their opinion and ideas every month, takes, it is not in the theory, but sometimes, as if it should so please custom, and of judging so we shall presently see, in the execution; they differently of themselves; when they wore the draw false conclusions from a true principle.

busk of their doublets at the breast, they proSome authors have sung the praises of fashion, | duced forcible reasons for maintaining that it was considering it in an economical and political in its proper place; a few years afterwards, when view; they have beheld in it an interesting and it was removed down to between the thighs, productive branch of commerce, a real gold mine, | they ridiculed the former fashion, as absurd and advantageous to all the states that can work it not to be endured. The present mode of dress with skill, an increase of luxury necessary for cause them immediatcly to condemn the former, the general circulation but these writers are with such unaniinity that

it must mistaken.

be some kind of madness which thus deranges Much, both of good and bad, has been ad their understandings; because our changes are vanced concerning luxury, and were we to col so sudden and so rapid in this respect, that the lect all that has been said of it by its partizans | invention of all the tailors in the world would not and its enemies, we should find that the argu be able to furnish novelties enough.” ments in its favour are perhaps inferior in strength What would Montaigne say were he to come to those that bave been produced against it; but to life again, and to see to what a pitch this ridi. we have already treated of the luxury of the sex, culous love of novelties, this general propensity and therefore it is not in that point of view that for change, has arrived, were he io hehold his we shall now consider fashion.

country womea engaged in varying without any In our enquiry concerning fashion, we shall other motive than that of variation; dressing toexainine only the tyrannic I power which it ex day in a different manner from what they did ercises over us, and which, as I have already ob yesterday, not to appear better, but merely for served, fascinates our eyes to such a degree as to the pleasure of appearing otherwise; abandoncause us to discover charms in objects which we ing a handsome costume, not to make way for had condemned, and to make us despise what one still more handsome, but to adopt one which once appeared enchanting-a foible of a most nobody ever saw before! extraordinary nature, and which has at all times But Fashion has extended her empire in France been an object of censure.

in a very different manner. Not content with It is universally admitted, that no nation are il dictating laws to the Graces, with prescribing the

you would


fashion of our clothes, the colour of the stuff, or the fashion of the day is always the only one the number of the folds that should be made in admitted by good taste; in the Medical Journal, the bosomn of a coxcomb's shirt; she has like- || the system of the day is the only one avowed by wise subjected the arts, sciences, language, nay science; and yet each day sadly witnesses the even diseases, and the art of curing them, to her lie given to the oracle of the preceding; each invisible power. It would be a mark of extreme day our fair milliners seiluce us with new vulgarity to make use of a medicine which is out fashions, and each day our grave doctors terrify of fashion; and those who have had the misfor. us with new processes. I beg pardon, genile. tune to commit such an error, may, indeed, con men, but I was thinking of forty-eight glasses of gratulate themselves on their cure, but they must water! forty-eight!* not boast of it.

I could multiply the features of resemblance It would be extremely curious to compare the which cannot subsist between the Medical Jour. annals of inedicine for the last two hundred years. nal and La Belle Assemblée, but I should be acNo journal, perhaps, bears so perfect a resem cused of attempting to make an injurious comblance to the Journal of Fashions and Modes. | parison between the Graces who handle gauze In the latter, we see caps and dresses successively | and the Fates that hold the thread of our lives. I replaced with fresh caps and dresses; in the shall, therefore, be silent while the reader listens Medical Journal, we find systems and processes

to the testimony of a physician-an authority, replaced by other systeins and other methods of which, on such a subject, is not liable to suscure. Thus we have seen hot baths in fashion, | picion. and then cold baths, which, in their turn, have “ The sciences (says he), which, it would be been prescribed, and made way for the return of supposed, froin the grandeur and dignity of their hot baths. We have seen bleeding become the character, ought never to bend to the yoke of universal remedy, and soon afterwards it was fashion, are nevertheless unable at all times to unanimously agreed that it killed a great number preserve themselves from its influence. Media of patients. Water was, for a length of time, Il cine itself pays her tribute; not satisfied with a cure for all discases; and a celebrated Doctor | enthusiastically extolling many new remedies, now tells us, that wine has cured patients, who most of which are destitute of virtues, while the would certainly have died, had the physicians rest are rather prajudicial than profitable; not come in time to prescribe medicines for them-a content with giving celebrity to doctors, whose fine confession truly in the mouth of a physician ! history would furnish an excellent paragraph for During a long, and, indeed, too long a period, the chapter of usurped reputations, it is likewise purgatives wer

rere administered; fashion then necessary that her influence should extend even caused emetics to be substituted in their stead. to the most scientific combinations of physiology. The transfusion of the blood, emetic wine, elec Thus organic diseases have become fashionable; tricity, magnetism, galvanisin, inoculation, bark, they are now to be met with wherever you go. and Indian chesnuts, phosphorus, ice, gelatine, Those of the heart are most in vogue, especially vaccination,&c. &c. have alternately been praised among the fair sex; and though they are all to the skies, as all-healing remedies. To-morrow reputed mortal, by medical men, yet well will give birth to some new process, just in the authenticated instances of them have been same manner as La Belle Assemblée will furnish seen to end very happily in a natural accoucheus with new hats and new dresses. In both the

ment.” one and the other of these journals you see the system of the day universally extolled, and pre. sently as universally decried. In the one you * The writer here alludes to a celebrated Bath see the handsomest fashion last the shortest time, || physician, who recently prescribed forty-eight precisely because it is handsome, because every | glasses of water a day as a cure for the gout, if I one adopts, and because it is not genteel to be recollect right. like every body else; in the other, you see the simplest remedy soon decried, because it is within

(To le continued.) every one's reach ; because all would adopt it, and it would derogate from the dignity and prosperity of the medical art. In La Belle Assemblée




[Continued from Page 19.]

SCENE IV.- Cruelties towards Slaces; Carmion pares the nails; anriety to have hand

some hands and nails ; Latris lets fall the case of the Mirror.

While this was passing, Donna Sabina had traces of nocturnal orgies and debaucheries ! not been idle, or, to speak more correctly, she Her attendant damsels might then be as attenhad found means to keep half a dozen of slaves tive as they would, they might possess the dexin full employment about her person. We left terity of the Graces and of the Hours, still they her under the hands of her skillful hair-dresser. were sure to pay, with blood and tears, for the Nape had fortunately tied the bow in front, and ill humour of their guilty mistress. It was, completed the structure of a head-dress, which therefore, prescribed by the regulations relative the rigid Tertullian so justly denominates enor to the custom of these much to be pitied ser. mous protuberances of hair pinned up andvants, that while they were engaged in the dress. plaited together. And during all these prepara-fing-room, and at the toilette of the Domina, they tions and decorations, there had as yet, a cir- should appear perfectly naked down to the cumstance considered as a variety and almos: breasts, * that they might be ready to receive any miraculous, been no pins thrust into the arms chastisement she thought fit to inflict, even with and bosom of the busy Calamis, nor had the scourges of plaited wire, and to the ends of scourge been applied to the back or shoulders of which were fastened pieces of bone or balls of the wretched Psecas or Latris.

metal. Whatever the Domina had in her hand, It should be observed, that a cruel and san in the first emotion of passion, was converted guinary humour was the ordinary disposition ma-into an instrument of punishment. The long nifested by Roman ladies of distinction at the and sharp-pointed needles, described in the setoilette. Accustomed, from their early years, 10cond scene, was particularly convenient implethe murderous fights of gladiators, or of animals ments of torture for the miserable slaves. Noat the ainpitheatres, and to the bloody Aagella-thing was more common than for the Domina to Lions* of their slaves at home, they revenged, in pierce the hair-dresser with these in the arms and the morning, on their attendants, every disap-breasts, if she had the misfortune, at that mopointment, and every vexation experienced dur. ment, to excite her displeasure. Hence the ading the preceding day or the past ght. Woevice of the master, in the “ Art of Love," to to these unforiunate creatures if the love-letter females, not to behave with petulance and cru. was not delivered in due time, if an assignationelty to slaves, while at the toilette, if their lover in the Temple of Isis was disappointed; or if the happens to be present:mirror, alone a stranger to fattery, exhibited to

But no spectators e'er allow to pry, the Donna, at the first look in the morning, a Till all is finish'd, which allures the eye. red nose, a fresh pimple on the chin, or other Yet, I must own, it oft affords delight, * Let it only be recollected, that in every nu

To have the fair one comb her hair in sight; merous family, there were particular slaves whose

To view the flowing honours of her head,

Fall on her neck, and o'er her shoulders spread. sole occupation consisted in scourging their fellow-slaves. They were denominated Lorarii Instead of these, many Roman ladies (unless * That the most voluptuous effeminacy is caJuvenal has been guilty of exaggeration) empable of entering into horrid league with the ployed, for these executions, the public flagella-inost refined cruelty, has, in modern times, been tors, whom the Romans comprehended in the demonstrated by the many furies of the guil. general term, carnifices, and whose business it lotine and monsters of terrorism in the French was to inflict the cruel scourgings which pre- ll revolution, such as Lebas, Carrier, &c. as also ceded capital punishment, by way of torture, by that infernal novel, Justine, by the reading of and paid them a regular annual salary for their which, as Retif de la Bretonne asserts, Danton trouble

used to excite his diabolical thirst of blood.

But let her look, that she with care avoid the palace, as did formerly the despots of Sicily. All fretful humours while she's so employ'd; If she has privately received a letter from her Let her not still undo, with peevish haste, lover; if she has made an assignation to meet All that her woman does, who does her best. him in the garden of Cæsar, or in the shady grove I hate a vixen, that her maid assails,

of favouring Isis, the trembling Psecas enters, And scratches, with her bodkin or her nails, with dishevelled hair, and naked to the waist, While the poor girl in blood and tears must to arrange the head-dress of her mistress. "Ha! mourn,

why is that lock too high?" and the scourge inAnd her heart curses what her hands adorn. stantly punishes the atrocious crime. And what

And in one of his love-elegies, in which he fault has then Psecas committed? Can she help praises the beautiful hair of his Corinna, the poetit if the mirror shews an ugly pimple on the expressly mentions, as a proof of his sensibility nose of her rigid mistress? Yet Psecas must and tenderness, that the slave who dressed her bleed for it. A second trembling slave takes her hair, had never been thus barbarously treated on place, and curls and plaits the Domina's ringhis account: “ It was soft and pliable,” says he, lets. Next to her stands an old woman, who was “bending into a thousand forms. Never did it once expert at dressing hair, but is now removed give thee pain while dressing; nor did the pin or to the distaff. She first gives her opinion, and the teeth of the comb ever pull it out. Your after her the other slaves, who form an extensive maid never suffered while she was dressing it, circle, are heard according to their age and for this operation was often performed in my offices. A trial for life and death could not be presence; yet never did the arm of your Cy- || held with more solemnity than this consultation passis betray any marks of wounds from the upon the head dress of the lady, which is hair-pins."

mounted up, story after story, into a formidable Sometimes the mirror itself, which first be tower. traged the neglect of the trembling hair-dresser, What a revolting scene! but we shall not was thrown at the head of the culprit, Marshal think it improbable, if we recollect what modescribes a scene of this kind in the epigram dern travellers, and eye-witnesses, have related addressed to Lalage, under which name he ad concerning the ladies of the north, who cause dresses one of these female furies at the the most painful punishmeuts to be inflicted on toilette: “ Of all her ringlets of her head-dress, their female attendants for the slightest offences ; ens only slipped from under the pin. Lalage or how the unfeeling Creoles inaltreat their throws the mirror which shews her this mis negro slaves in the West Indies, almost without chance, at her unfortunato attendant. She tears any occasion. From all that we already know her hair, till at length the unfortunate Plecusa of our Donna Sabina, she was capable of refalls beneath redoubled blows at her feet. Cease, | newing such a scene at her toilette as often as Lalage, to adorn your mischievous hair; let not the least cloud of ill-humour threw a gloom the hand of a slave again touch your insensate over her brow; and it was, perhaps, owing only head. Let the scorching salamander crawl over to the dexterity and attention of Cypassis, and to ii, let the rasor despoil it, and let your head the welcome visit of the flower-woman, Glyce. henceforward appear as smooth as the surface of rium, that the Donna was this day rather milder your mirror.”

and better tempered than usual. And yet I am It was, nevertheless, a favour which called for

under some concern for poor Latris, whose office their gratitude when the slaves received this

it is to hold the mirror. Though the hairchastisement from the hand of the Domina. dressers have withdrawn to give place to another Far more cruel was the punishment, when, in class of attendants on the toilette, yet she is tot her anger, she directed it to be inflicted on the relieved from her troublesome employment.* wretched culprit by a female brought up to this employment, and kept for that particular pur

* Many an imperious lady, even at the prepose. In this case, they were immediately

sent day, takes particular delight in keeping her seized, without mercy, and bound, by their

servants, for half an hour together, in the most twisted hair, to a door-post or a pillar, and lashed unpleasant positions. Let the reader but recolon their bare backs, with thongs cut from ox

lect the lady-author, who used to write at night, hides, or knotted cords, till the mistress pro

made one of her chambermaids hold the inknounced the word “Enough!” or, “ Go!"

stand; and obliged the poor creature to remain A scene of this kind is delineated by the

in that posture, even when she herself was overRoman satirist, Juvenal, with such energy and

powered by slecp. expression, as not to leave the slightest doubt of its truth. He says, of one of these ladies,

(To be continued.) “ With tyrannic fury she storms and rages in No. XIV. Vol. II.


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