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and Courtenay, succeeded to the Imperial Louis the Ninth of France, commonly called throne, and Constantinople was for sixty years St. Louis, as he was canonized after his death. in possession of the Latins.

He was a prince eminent for his love of justices Few of the conquerors recollected their origi- , and his strict impartiality in adjusting the clains nal solemn engagement to succour Jerusalem, of the neighbouring states, who, from his welland only those repaired thither who could gain known honour, frequently appealed to his decinone of the spoils of the Greeks. Some of the sions. His virtues, however, were clouded by Imperial family of the Comneni preserved the the fanatical spirit of the times, and the ardour wreck of the empire, and founded two small with which he twice encountered the Infidels, kingdoms, one at Nice, in Bithynia, the other at was by no means inferior to any of his predecessors. Tribisond, between the sea and Mount Caucasus. With a fieet of 1800 ships, and a well appointed They took Villchardouin, Prince of Achaia, pri- army of 50,000 men, he made an expedition to soner, and thus deprived the Latins of their most the coast of Egypt. At the first assault he took powerful vassal.

Damietta, but this was the only trophy of his The Genoese took part with the Greeks, | conquest, for advancing along the banks of the and some Greek peasants engaged in a stratagem Nile, his troops were harassed by the Egyptian to admit a party of soldiers by a secret way into | gallies, and the Arabs of the desert. They inthe city. They succeeded, set it on fire in four tercepted all provisions, and his army, reduced by different places, and caused Baldwin, the af sickness and famine, were obliged to surrender ; frighted emperor, precipitately to fly with Jus all who could not redeem their lives by service, tinian the patriarch, and some of his friends or ransom, were inhumanly massa

ssacreil, and the (1261.) Michael Palæologus, with the empress walls of Cairo were covered with Christian heads. his wife, and their litile son Andronicus, en. The king was loaded wish chains, but the contered the city in solemn procession, on foot, by queror, a descendant of Saladin, sent him a robe the golden gate, and gained the throne. He of honour, and ransomed him and his nobles, on caused Alexius Cæsar, his General, by whose condition that Damietta should be restored, and address and bravery he had recovered it, to be a vast suin of gold should be paid. The King of carried in triuniph. He wore a crown scarcely | France, with the relics of his army, was permitinferior to the Imperial diadem, and his statue ted to embark for Palestine, where he passed was placed upon a lofty pillar.

four years without being able to efface the im

pression of his military disgrace. THE PIFTH CRUSADE (1207.)

After a repose of sixteen years, he undertook This furnished, at its commencement, another the last of the crusades. He steered for the coast instance of the Christians assuming the badge of | -f Africa, accompanied by his three sons, his nethe Cross, not against Infidels, but against those phew, and the great lords of his court, either to who professed the same faith with themselves. punish the King of Tunis for interrupting the Innocent the Third, who established the inquisi- || free passage of the Mediterranean, or to contion, and to whose legate, John, King of Eng

vert him to the Christian faith. On the Jand, resigned his crown, instigated Simon de

barren sands of Africa, his army, sinking un. Montford, at the head of a great army, to extir

der the heat of a burning sun, was quickly pate the Albigsés, who were stigmatised as here

reduced to a smaa!l number, and the king ex. tics. He likewise excited Andrew, King of pired in his tent. His brother, the King of Sicily, Hungary, and John de Brienne, to make a cru

arrived soon after, and saved the relics of the sade to Egypt, where their camp was inundated gallant crusaders from destruction. His son by the crafty Sultan ; and they were happy to

Phillip, named the Hardy, defeated tbe King of capitulate, for a secure but disgraceful return to

Tunis ; and, after making a truce, in which it Europe, on condition of not invading Egypt for

was stipulated that the Moors should pay a eight years.

double tribute for fifteen years, and the Christian

missionaries be allowed to preach in his domiAND SEVENTH CRUSADES (4. D. nions, which were conditions imposed to save 1249, AND 1270).

the honour of these crusaders, he returned in The two last crusades were undertaken by Europe.






of every one with whom he conversed. In the If the following story, in which I formed a wit of Lysander there was an acuteness which party, be worthy of insertion in your valuable inspired something of dread; Acasto was gay Magazine (and I think I may presume from its and trifling, easy to his own faults, and indif. very superior quality, its interest, and authenti.

ferent to those of others : Acasto, in short, was city, that it cannot be objectionable), you are

the more agreeable lover, but Lysander seemed welcome to make what use of it you choose.

best suited for the husband. As Belise and mya The names are, of course, fictitious ; but many self have walked up the lanes, we would often will recognize the facts. I am, &c.

dispute on the different qualities of the two lovers. BELINDA. One day, however, a circumstance happened

which determined her choice. As it marks the In the county of Devon lived a lady, whom, || singularity of her character, and has something for particular reasons, I shall call Belise. Her | strange in itself, I will relate it. father was a gentleman of the neighbourhood, a One morning as we were walking before the man of birth and ample estate. She was an only house, and conversing as usual on their separate child, and this was the first misfortune of her merits, the caprice took me to speak in favour of life. Her parents, with a blind fondness too Acasto, in order to judge liow the heart of my usual with such children, indulged her from friend was disposed. earliest infancy in every wish, and thus en “Well, for my part," I exclaimed,

were I couraged in her that sickly delicacy of mind to determine, Belise, my choice should fall upon which was of so fatal consequence to her future Acasto." happiness, Her next misfortune was the loss of “ But he is so great a coxcomb,” she replied. her mother, when she had scarcely attained her “ That is, my dear," returned I, “ he has so twelfth year. Belise upon this event left school, | much of that gaiety and good humour which whence she was called to the consolation of her || please the generality of our sex, and is so unusual father; and his affection would not suffer her to among men; and if the greater part abuse it, it return.

is that they want talents to reach it. It is a A governess was taken into the house, | customary kind of policy to affect to despise and every master of eminence in every elegant || what they have not the power to attain. It is accomplishment engaged to attend her. With an artifice that saves our credit, and converts our advantages like these, the most inferior talents incapacity to acquire a quality into the seeming might have become respectable; but the quick || virtue of despising it. Shew me any man,” I mind, the lively imagination of Belise, her ready continued, “ with the gifts of a coxcomb, who wit, and prompt conception turned these oppor. || has not become a coxcomb. Moreover, if we tunities to the best account.

may believe the moralists, those marriages are In the neighbourhood of Belise, and within generally the most happy where the parties are a few miles of her house, lived two gentlemen, most alike-where there is most harmony of who, by the death of their fathers, had obtained | temper and inost similitude of pursuit. Now let an early possession of their estates. These were me ask you, my dear, what can more resemble a the chief candidates for her favour. Her father woman than a coxcomb?" had referred them to Belise herself, informing Belise laughed, and added, that I had pleaded them that the education he had given his the cause well. “And here," she cried, daughter enabled her to chuse for herself, and your client-demand yous fee.” that, wherever that choice might fall, it should We were now joined by Acasto, who, dise be confirmed by his consent. With this candid mounting, and leading his horse, begged we answer, the gentlemen began their addresses, and might continue our conversation, and enquired exerted themselves to gain her good opinion.

into the nature of it. Belise had some difficulty to decide between her “ Certainly,” replied Belise; “ we have fallen lovers. If Lysander had the better wit, Acasto || into an argument upon which of two qualities had the better person; if Lysander had more of a rational preference should be grounded-wit the manly character, Acasto had more of that and good-humour are the subjects. This lady suppleness which enabled him to assume the tone has taken the part of good humour, and I have

Ne, XIV. Vol. II.


been defending wit. Pray what is you opinion, || infant, and giving her some money, desired her Sir?"

to hasten to the next town, as he foresaw a fall Why, with your pardon, Madam, I inust

of snow.

The woman took her leave, but had pass over to this side of the house; this larly's | proceeded only a few steps, when excess of fapreference, I confess, is mine. The value of tigue brought her to the ground. Acasto ran any quality must be rated according to its utility and assisted her, and the woman presently con. in life-in other words, according to its effect in tinued on her way. Lysander, as soon as he saw promoting our happiness. Now, who will deny her fall, without seeming to go to her assistance, t'at good-humour does more to promote this end or telling us his intention, walked to the house than all the wit in the world? The happiness of Belise's father, which was not far distant from of domestic life, the pleasures of society and con the road where we were walking. We were at a veržation, depend entirely upon this quality; and loss to know what he intended, when in less than there are thousands who, with very moderate a quarter of an hour we saw him return in his pretensions to intellectual distinctions, diffuse phaeton; and bowing as he passed, and telling joy and life around them by the mere possession Belise that he dined with her father, he pro. of this homely gift. But here comes Lysander ceeded onwards, and soon reached the womani to give his sentiments.”

and child. He instantly took them up, and Lysander having joined us, was informed by having no servant with him, drove off himself. his rival of the nature of our conversation; and Acasto and myself laughed, but Belise appeared I thought, upon mentioning the dispute between serious, and in a short time pensive. wit and good-humour, he appeared as if he In truth, it was this singular and half ludiunderstood the meaning of the argument, which crous circumstance that determined her choice. had escaped his more shallow rival. He seemed

Her mind, which had all the warm enthusiasm to perceive that his mistress was comparing her of ro, ance, was sensibly struck by a singularity two lovers, and endeavouring to weigh, by their like this; and her heart was, from this day, deown assistance, their different qualities.

cided in favour of Lysander. He soon perceived “I confess,” said he, in giving his opinion, her preference, and pursued her by his impor

my preference is for what you are pleased to tunities into an acknowledgement of his being call wit, but which, with your permission, I will an accepted lover. As his family and fortune change into understanding. And you must give were unexceptionable, the choice of the daughter se leave to remark an error. In setting wit on was confirmed by the consent of the father : in one side, and good humour on the other, you short, the day was soon fixed which was to give seem to have adopted as a principle that there is him Belise for ever. In the meantime, the suco a kind of natural incongruity between them, cess of his rival was soon visible to Acasto, and and that they cannot be mixed together in the he saw it with an indifference which even asto. same person. A very common error; but there nished those that best knew the easiness of his is no such natural distinction. There are many temper. who have been equally known for good unler As Belise and myself were one day walking, standing, and to u e a ulgar expression, for || Acasto perceived us from a distance, and instantly good tenpers. There is a difference, indeed, I rode up.-"Tam come,” said he, taking Belise's between the insipid good-nature-a blind instinct | hand, “ with a dire intent." of a fool, and that higher kind which marks the “ How so?” said Belise, man of understanding. A man of good-nature “Why to put you to the rack, Madam. In will, indeerl, relieve any distress which is im- short, I have now a business of some importmediately presented to his eyes, but he will re

ance.” lieve it in a common way. A man of under At this I was preparing to leave them. He standing will sometimes step out of his way, and stopped me. will do things of which the other would have

Nay, Madam, it may concern you too," never thought."

said he. Lysander had scarcely finished, when a poor I waited to hear him. woman, apprently the wife of a soldier, came “ Pray may I ask your sentiments," he conup to us, and asked alms. She had a fine child tinued, on the conduct of those ladies who with her, but boih mother and child, though it gratify their vanity at the expence of their was a cold wintry day, were so thinly clad, that lovers' peace-- who, while positively engaged to they seemed sinking beneath the inclemency of one man, give a tacit encouragenient to a hunthe season. Acasto, with his usual good-nature, | dred others, whose too favourable opinion may gave her some loose silver. She next applied to have put them in the way of being so fooled ?" Lysander, who, to our astonishment, pulling off I saw Belise bite her lips at this remark, which bis great coat, threw it over the woman and her was evidentiy levelled at herself. She assented,


however, to the observation, and with as admir to her own and her husband's peace. This was able address as candour, added—“I not only a kind of haughtiness of mind which, when supagree with you, Sir, but were I myself in that || ported by consciousness of right, disdained to yield, situation, I mean, had I two lovers, and had de and paid too little regard to the opinions of others. termined in favour of one, the other would have || To this was added a lively and unrestrained resentbut to ask my sentiments, and my acknowledged ment of any treatment she imagined unjust. In preference for his rival should put an end to his these foibles the source of their subsequent misfuture hopes.”

fortune was found. “ Thank you, Madam,” said he; “ I acknow Acasto, as I have said, continued to visit at ledge your principle, and I now claim it. Will their house, and Lysander admitted himn with his you be pleased to answer me a plain question?" usual confidence. In giving the character of

Belise, well knowing what was coming, blush Acasto, I have described him rather as a coxcomb, ed, but replied firmly that she was ready to an than as having any thing mischievous in his deswer him. In short, she acknowledged her signs. He had a levity, however, which is frepreference for Lysander. Acasto rallied his own quently as dangerous as vice, and not unusually ill luck with great good humour and wit; and leads into it. His love for Belise was not dimiBelise, with an inconsistency but too common nished either by her marriage or her cruelty ; and among our sex, seemed really disconcerted at the though he carefully concealed it from others, and easy indiference with which her rejected lover eren endeavonred to hide it from himself, the bore his dismissal.

flame yet. lived, wanting only opportunity to In a few weeks after this, Belise and Lysander | burst forth, and burn with stronger vigour than were married. For some time they realized the expectations that had been formed; and, as their

The openness of Belise, and a certain playgood qualities deserved, enjoyed the highest por- | fuiness in her temper, which made her addicted tion of domestic felicity. Acasto continued to to raillery, and therefore easily pardoning it, im- • visit them, and nothing was talked of throughout | fortunately encouraged these imprudent sentithe country but the long friendship and steady

ments in Acasto ; and he found himself daily harmony of the rivals--a friendship that held more confirmed in his dishonourable passion. out against their clashing pretensions in the He struggled for some time with his principles, course of so long an address to the same woman. which, though not naturally vicious, were yet too But this astonishment was soon dissipated, this weak to maintain the contest; and in a kind of mutual confidence soon destroyed, and all their despair of his own virtue, he surrendered himself domestic happiness, in one rash moment, and by up to the sweet delusion. one foible, equally in the character of Lysander Lysander, though not addicted to jealousy, and his wife, lost for ever.

was yet a little displeased with some symptoms he Lysander, with all that manly firmness and perceived in his friend. His suspicions did not constancy of mind which constitute a marked rest here, but were soon increased by a trifling character, had one foible--that of a warm and incident, impetuous temper. In spite of the curbing re Belise was fond of plays, and this humour strcints of his stronger reason, this heat would at would often lead her to declaim and act a fatimes break forih; and if inflamed by the least vourile part with Acasto. It happened one day opposition, rage with a fury that left all decorum | that Acasto, according to some passage he was far behind a cast of mind very common; and performing, had thrown himself on his knees as to its effects on the happiness of ourselves and before Belise, when the door on a sudden opened, o'hers, more truly pernicious than any passion and her husband entered. Acasto great conwhatsoever. Every other vice is attended by some fusion endeavoured to rise; and as the situation temptation ; something is gained, or at least pro- had some awkwardness, Belise blushed as she posed to be gained, and the consciousness of explained it. Lysander said not a word, but left criminality is assuaged by the reflection that if the room. Belise was irritated by this unjust something is lost in peace, something is acquired suspicion; and in subservience to that fatal in profit. But the passionate man is vicious only || foible, that pride of mind I have mentioned beto his own cost; he works industriously the fore, disdained submitting to explain, where she misery of himself and those around him, and his was conscious there was nothing to defend. sacrifice of self-esteem is not compensated by any Lysander, as is customary with inen of his returning advantages.--This foible of her hus. | passionate cast, construed ibis haughtiness of his band was truly painful to Belise, as the long in wife into di gust of himself, and disduined with dul_ence of her parents had formed her mind to equal pride, to seek that conviction which was a more than coinmon sensibility. She herself, not voluntarily offered. Tlius was their mutual however, was not without a foible, of equal danger happiness sacrificed to a false pride and a mise


taken delicacy: each considered it a point of at some future time, as acceptable to Belise herhonour not to be the first in submission.

self as they were now to her lover. Acasto still continued his visits, and both hus Being wrapt in these thoughts, she had entered band and wife, from the same stubborn principle, the house, and passed on to her mistress's room. still continued to receive them as before. From An open drawer on her lady's dressing table hapthis time, however, a coolness arose between the pened to catch her eye; at that moment she couple, and terminated shortly in that sure fore heard a step, and in mere despair of any other runner of wedded misery--separate tables and expedient, she threw the letter into the drawer, beds. The maid, who was immediately attend where it could not fail to meet the attention of ant on the person of Belise, was a French girl, her lady. She had not, however, the confidence and had all that spirit and zest of intrigue which to wait the effect of her scheme, but hurried out distinguish that kind of creature. She soon

of the room.

At the same moment her mistress penetrated into the love of Acasto, and the entered; she was preparing for a morning visit, groundless jealousy of her master: and when and happened to go to another table, and in the she had made the discovery, she determined to hurry of preparation, and her carriage waiting, turn it to account. For this purpose she would she did not discover the billet. contrive to meet Acasto, and beginning an artful Lysander happened at this time to be writing conversation with him, endeavoured to make some letters in the next chamber, when, wanting him believe that the indifference of Belise was a seal, and not having his own at hand, he but pretended, and that she was more favourable stepped into Belise's room to seek her's. Going to him than he imagined: moreover, that the up to the dressing-table, his eye caught the open change in her husband's conduct towards her had letter; he seized it with great agitation, and worked some change in his favour. The girl, || hastily retired to his own room. Here he locked however, with an adınirable artifice, had taken the door, and tore open the letter. Its contents care not to ruin her part by overacting it; and were as follows: in what she reported as having scen, or heard from her mistress, had said nothing which could

“ And are you then at last, my Belise, less appear too contradictory to the known modesty | insensible to my love? Havel at length touched of her lady.' This gave her words a degree of

your heart, and will my passion be rewarded by credit, which the common sense of Acasto would

your pity? Will you add one greater proof? I otherwise have refused them; and his ardent love

cannot see you at the house of Lysander. Need rendered :he deception the more easy, as it was

I give any further explanation? Your's, thus made the more pleasing. In short, he

“AÇASTO." suffered the girl to persuade him to write to his mistress, and she herself undertook to deliver Lysander, blinded with jealousy, was the letter.

confirmed in his suspicions. They were still Having written a billet, he put it into the more increased by an incident I have mentioned : hands of this confidante, and accompanying it | Acasto had forgotten to seal his letter, and his with a purse, entreated her to execute the com messenger had gratified her curiosity by reading mission with care and secrecy.

it. She was employed, indeed, in this, when, mised every thing, and departed. She had hearing the step of her mistress, she had thrown scarcely left him, when he remembered, in his it into the open drawer. perturbation, that he had forgotten to seal his

Lysander knew that his wife had but that letter. This, however, gave him little concern moment left the room, and that no one but him. at the time; but you will soon see that this self had since entered it. This unhappy contritling circumstance was of more serious con currence of circumstances put the matter beyond sequence than the letter itself—it confirmed a

doubt. His wife, therefore, had seen the letter suspicion into a belief.

the letter itself acknowledged some prior favour, The girl had no sooner departed with the letter, and with a confidence that could only arise from and undertaken to deliver it, than she began the most liberal encouragement, requested an considering with herself how she could best ex

appointment. Lysander was convinced. ecute her trust.

Something was necessary to Al this instant a sudden thought struck him. be done; she had received one large bribe al. He remembered that his wife was gone to pay a ready, and expected to receive many more. She

visit; this corresponded, he thought, with the was too well persuaded of the virtue of her mis

request in the note. He had no room for doubt tress to attempt at once delivering it into her his jealousy was blown into a flame. He loaded hands; not but that she entertaineid hopes that his pistols, mounted his horse, and took the road the love and merit of Acasto might at length to Acasto's house. soften this rigid virtue, and render her services, In the meantime Belise was proceeding to


The girl pro

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