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HER ROYAL HIGHNESS PRINCESS SOPHIA.

Engraven after an orginal.

original miniature picture in the pesosbion of The Dincolo Slizal th
by special pormission, for. La Botte Acombles
Printed for John Bell, Ne prister of the Wickly. Nesenger, Fel vuxry 1.1877.

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HER ROYAL HIGHNESS THE PRINCESS SOPHIA was born November 3, 1777.The education of this Princess has been similar to that of her Royal Sisters. Under the eye of her Majesty, and the superintendance of her truly amiable governess, Lady Charlotte Finch, she commenced that course of study, which had been traced out for the Royal pupils, with a zeal and an industry not inferior to any of her family.

Music and drawing, as we have often observed, are the most favourite studies of their Royal Highnesses; and in their pursuit of excellence in these branches of science, they have not only distinguished themselves as scholars and amateurs, but two of the Princesses have attained to a perfection which would not pass without its just applause in a master.

man.

Her Royal Highness the Princess Sophia is rendered extremely prepossessing by a loveliness and delicate vivacity in her manner, which, as softened by the most gracious affability, and heightened by the most perfect modesty, are, perhaps, the most attractive qualities in a young woOne of her amusements is the unfashionable employment of the needle.➡ The knowledge of this once famed instrument of housewifery has long ceased in the upper circles; it still, however, preserves its importance at Windsor Castle; and whilst the more elevated and refined arts are cultivated with an enthusiasm, to which nothing but more serious duties are suffered to give way, the primitive and truly English employments of our British matrons are not spurned or neglected.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

ON THE ADVANTAGES OF A WELL CULTIVATED MIND.

IT is not without reason that those who have tasted the pleasures afforded by philosophy and literature, have lavished upon them the greatest eulogiums. The benefits they produce are too many to enumerate, valuable beyond estimation, and various as the scenes of life. The man who has a knowle of the works of God in the creation of the universe, and in his providential government of the immense system of the material and intellectual world, can never be without a copious fund of the most agreeable amusement; he can never be solitary, for in the most Jonely solitude he is not destitute of company and conversation; his own ideas are his companions, and he can always converse with his own mind. How much soever a person may be engaged in pleasures, he will certainly have some moments to spare for thought and reflection; no one who has observed how heavy the vacuities of time hang upon minds unfurnished with images, and unaccustomed to think, will be at a loss to make a just estimate of the advantages of possessing a copious stock of ideas, of which the combinations may take a multiplicity of forms, and be varied to infinity. Those who have heard the frequent complaints of ennui among such as have no source of amusement in themselves, must feel some degree of commiseration for these whose minds, destitute of cultivation, must either be melancholy from the immediate impulse of external objects, or sink into a lethargic state of torpid inaction. Mental occupations are a pleasing relief from bodily exertions, and that perpetual hurry and wearisome attention which, in most of the employments of life, must be given to objects which are no otherwise interesting than as they are necessary. The mind, in an hour of leisure, obtaining a short vacation from the perplexing cares of the world, finds in its own contemplation, a source of amusement, of solace, and pleasure. The tiresome attention that must be given to an infinite number of things, which singly and separately taken, are of little moment, but collectively considered form an important aggregate, requires to be sometimes relaxed and dissipated by thoughts of a more general and extensive nature, or at least of a different kind, and directed to objects of which the examination may open a more spacious field of exercise to the

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mind, give scope to its exertions, expand its ideas, present new combinations, and exhibit to the intellectual eye images new, various, sublime, or beautiful. The time of action will not always continue, the young ought ever to have this consideration present to their minds, that they must grow old unless prematurely cut off by sickness or accident; they ought to contemplate the certain approach of age and decrepitude, and consider that all temporal happiness is of uncertain acquisition, mixed with a variety of alloy, and in whatever degree attained, only of a short and precarious duration; every day brings some disappointment, some diminution of pleasure, or some frustration of hope, and every moment brings us nearer to that period when the present scenes shall recede from the view, and future prospects cannot be formed.

This consideration displays, in a very interest. ing point of view, the beneficial effects of furnishing the mind with a stock of ideas that may amuse it in leisure, accompany it in solitude, dispel the gloom of melancholy, lighten the pressure of misfortune, dissipate the vexations arising from baffled projects, or disappointed hopes, and relieve the tediousness of that season of life when new acquisitions can no more bo made, and the world can no longer flatter and delude us with its illusory hopes and promises.

When life begins, like a distant landscape, gradually to disappear, the mind can then receive no solace but from its own ideas and reflections; philosophy and literature will then furnish it with an inexhaustible source of the most agree||able amusements, as religion will afford substantial consolation. A well spent youth is the only sure foundation of a happy old age; no axiom of the mathematics is more true, or more easily demonstrated; old age, like death, comes unexpectedly on the unthinking, and unprepared, although its approach be visible, and its arrival certain. Those who have in the earlier part of life neglected to furnish their minds with ideas, to fortify them by contemplation, and regulate them by reflection, seeing the season of youth and vigour irrecoverably past, its pleasing scenes annihilated, and its brilliant prospects left far behind, without the possibility of a return, and feeling, at the same time, the irresistible en

croachments of age with its disagreeable append-, and enquiry. The various phenomenon of the ages, are surprised and disconcerted by a change moral, as well as the physical world, the investiwhich, although they knew to be certain, they gation of science, and the information commuhad scarcely expected, or for which at least they nicated by literature, are calculated to attract had made no preparation. A person in this attention, exercise thought, excite reflection, predicament, finding himself no longer capable and replenish the mind with an infinite variety of taking, as formerly, a part in the busy walks of ideas. of life, of enjoying its active pleasures, and The evening of life is a melancholy season sharing its arduous enterprises, becomes peevish when the whole day has been spent without and uneasy, troublesome to others, and burden- any preparation for its arrival. The man who, some to himself; destitute of the resources of in youth, has been favoured by fortune with philosophy, and a stranger to the amusing pur-affluence, or at least with competency, or has suits of literature, he is unacquainted with any enjoyed fair opportunities of acquisition, and agreeable method of filling up the vacuity left || having squandered the former, or neglected the in his mind by his necessary recess from the latter, feels the pressure of age and infirmity active scenes of life; ignorance renders him ob- without any other resource than the precarious stinate, things that pleased him please him no assistance of friends, the penurious support of longer, and experiencing this revolution in his parochial allowance, or the humiliation of menown notions and inclinations, he thinks it ought dicity, is in a situation truly deplorable, and also to take place in those of others. The plea- with anguish of heart has reason to reproach sures and amusements of youth, however inno-himself as the author of his own misfortunes. cent, he stigmatizes with the name of folly and The condition, however, of that man, is scarcely vanity, merely because they are no longer ac-less miserable, and certainly not less blamable, commodated to his period of fe, censures the who having possessed abilities and leisure, has conduct of the rest of the world, and because his made no provision of knowledge for that season own head is covered with grey hairs, thinks every when the mind, no less than the body, requires one else should be old through complaisance. to be well supported, when the gaiety of youth, Finding the world neither able nor willing to and the vigour of manhood are no more, when consult his pleasures, or comply with his whims, the festive song and dance have lost their power he turns fretful and peevish, and wanting mate- of pleasing, and when the glittering shew, the rials for the exercise of his mind, perplexes delusive hopes and flattering prospects of the himself with useless cares, teazes himself for world no longer fascinate the imagination. The trifles, and instead of looking back on the illu- man of letters, when compared with one that is sory scenes of life with magnanimous indiffer- illiterate, exhibits nearly the same contrast as ence, and waiting for the conclusion with equa- that which exists between a blind man and one nimity and fortitude, too often consumes his that can see; and if we consider how much literalatter years in whimsical peevishness, and stupid ture enlarges the mind, and how much it vacuity of thought. multiplies, adjusts, rectifies, and arranges the All this is the consequence of squandering the ideas, it may well be reckoned equivalent to an days of youth and vigour without acquiring the additional sense. It affords pleasures which habit of thinking; excepting the case of the wealth cannot procure, and which poverty canvery lowest classes of society, to whom indigence not entirely take away. A well cultivated mind has precluded the means of education, and con- places its possessor beyond the reach of those tinued labour has allowed no leisure for reflec- trifling vexations and disquietudes which contion, the period of human life, short as it is, is tinually harrass and perplex those who have no of sufficient length for the acquisition of a con- resources within themselves, and, in some measiderable stock of useful and agreeable know-sure, elevates him above the smiles and the ledge, and the circumstances of the world afford frowns of fortune. a superabundance of subjects for contemplation

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