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necessary to the preservation of our constitution us. They differ from us in nothing but their always to remain a small nation; he therefore dress, which is more ornamental than ours, and enjoined us to hold from time to time a trial of the only prerogative which we reserve to ourselves our youth; and in send those who evinced un
over them is, that they wait upon us when we common capacities, a restless spirit, a propensity indulge in repose, and their principal business is to ambition, or even only a desire to see the to give us satisfaction. world, to some city of Egypt, of Syria, of Yemen, “ All our amusements are natural and artless; or Persia, where they would easily find an oppor and all our accommodations bear the marks of tunity to produce their talents and to make their simplicity and moderation. We enjoy the blesse fortune, according to the way of speaking amonging of perpetual peace, and a liberty which perthose nations. By this method we lose every haps is an advantage for us alone, as we know ten years a considerable number of young people; not its abuse. We enjoy the pleasure which but it likewise often happens, that, at least in age, nature has connected with the satisfying of the they return, in order to end their lives in the only
wants of life, with love, with rest after toil, and city of refuge possessed by beautiful nature per with all the social instincts, probably in a higher haps in the whole earth; and when they have degree than other mortals; we rejoice longer undergone a very severe kind of quarantine, and and more completely in existence; we know but we are certified that the health of our souls and
few of the infinite multitude of their plagues bodies has nothing to apprehend from them, and vexations, and even those hardly more than they are admitted with pleasure. Several of | by name. Accordingly, we willingly resign 10 them have brougbt back with them considerable
them their real or imaginary prerogatives, their riches, which are laid up in a place continually pomp, their debauchery, their insipid pastimes, open, and known to our whole nation, for such
their industry in being troublesome to each other, public exigencies as may arise, without ever ex.
their discontents, their vices, and their diseases. citing a thought in any one of appropriating a
Why should we envy them the arts, by the part to himself of what belongs to all. Our
boundless refinement whereof they render their children, from the third to the eighth year, are feelings so delicate that they no longer feel; or generally left to themselves, that is, to the eilu
the sciences, without which we are comfortable cation of nature; from the eighth to the twelfth
enough for raising the secret envy of the most they receive as much instruction as is necessary || learned of them all, if he were to know us? We for being happy as members of our society. are so far from entertaining such an envy, that When their perceptions and judgments are suf
every attempt that any of us should make to ficiently regulated for conceiving our constitution improve our constitution, or to enrich ourselves to be the best of all possible institutes, they are
with new arts and new wants, would be punished learned enough; every higher degree of refine
with perpetual banishment. I myself, added ment would be useless to them. On entering | the old man, have passed several years of my life his fourteenth year, every qualified youth re in travelling over a great part of the earth; I ceives the laws of the wise Psammis; he makes
have seen, observed, and compared; when I was a row, before the statues of the Graces, to ob
weary of it, with what transports did I thank serve them faithfully; which vow he repeats in heaven that I knew of a little corner of the world his eighteenth, when he is married to the girl where it was possible to be happy without mohe loved in his condition of a shepherd ; for love | lestation! With what ardour did I fly back to alone is the basis of our marriages. In his the abodes of innocence, and peace! It is true, thirtieth year every one is obliged, in addition to our nation is, in comparison of all others, a tribe his first wife, to take a second, and in his fortieth of decided voluptuaries; but so much the better a third, unless he can produce sufficient reasons
Are we to blame for not resisting all the against it, of which we have no instance. This powers of nature in her intentions to make us precaution is necessary, because the natural pro- | happy? portion between the number of youths and “Here the old man ended his discourse. The maidens is considerably diminished by the send
sun being now very high, he conducted his ing away a part of the former. We have slaves, guest into a covered saloon, shaded by the thick both male and female, but more for pleasure than interwoven branches of lofty chesnut trees. from any other views of utility. We purchase Scarcely had they seated themselves here on a them in their infancy from the bedouins; an un sofa which went round the walls, than the old blemished form is all that we look for in them. man was surrounded by a numerous offspring of We educate them as our own children; they | children, who, like clustering bees, swarmed have the same enjoyment of life with ourselves; || about him, to welcome his return, and to share their children are free, and they themselves are
in his caresses ;
the youngest of them were so from the moinent they are desirous to leave brought by amiable mothers, among when there
was not one who, in her simple and charming the mask, could coinprehend how he was able negligence of ornament, with the wide sleeves to paint so well. He migbt have been useful if thrown back from her snow-white arms, and he had stuck to this; but from disgust and deher playful boy leaning on her slightly covered spair he was unable to confine himself within the bosom, did not present a beautiful picture of bounds of discretion. He stood forth as the dethe goddess of love. The emir, at this moving clared enemy of all the joys and satisfactions of spectacle, forgot a number of questions which life; witl ut distinguishing the natural and had occurred to him during the narrative of his prudent use, from the self-punishing abuse of host, who had resigned himself entirely to the them, he described voluptuousness and joy as pleasure of amusing himself with the children of fatal syrens, decoying the poor traveller by the his children. The contrast of advanced age with sweetness of their voice, in order to suck the infancy, mitigated by the rejuvenescence of the marrow from his bones, to gnaw the flesh from one, and the caressing tenderness of the other, his carcass, and when they can get nothing more and by a great number of smaller shadings, which from him, to throw away the remains for worms' are better felt than described; the healthy and
He described the love of pleasure as an cheerful looks of this old man, the brightening | insatiable passion; to hope to set bounds to it, of his venerable brow, the silent raptures which said he, would be just as wise as for a man to sparkled through all his features at the sight of nurse a hyæna in his bosom, in hopes to make so many happy beings in whom he beheld hiin. him tame and good natured. Under this presell multiplied; the affectionate complacency text he enjoined the necessity of eradicating the with which he bore their restless vivacity, or with sensual appetites. Even the pleasures of the which he let the least of them, in the arms of || imagination he pronounced to be dangerous their lovely mothers, play with his hoary beard ; snares, and the refined gratification of the heart all together formed an animated picture, the and mind, an artfully prepared poison, the comsight whereof was a better proof of the goodness || pounder whereof deserved to be punished in of the morality of the wise Psammis, than the everlasting fames. This senselsss morality, the most ingenious arguments could have done. The fruit of his corrupted juices, of his exsiccated emir himself, much as the impetuous sway of || brain, and the perpetual remorse which possessed gross sensuality hail suppressed the nobler senti his gloomy soul, he preached so long, tuok so ments of nature, felt at this scene his hardened much pains, by numberless sophistical arguments heart grow tender, and a transient gleam of plea- || to make evident to himself, that at last he sucsure sparkled in his visage; a pleasure like the ceeded in bringing himself to think that he was flashes of celestial fires, which, suddenly striking | fully convinced of it. He now imagined it to be on the dark abyss, give the condemned spirits a pure charity, which prompted him to endeavour transient view into the everlasting abodes of love to render all men as unhappy as himself; and and bliss, to make ille lorinent of their despair when his disease har attained to its highest pitch, complete.”
he finished by arraigning the supreme Being of “ The original from whence I have taken this the derangement of his iinagination and reason, narrative, continued Danishmende, here breaks and depicting the creator of good, whose ime off abruptly, without giving any farther account
mensely extended energy is lite and bliss, as a of the emir’s sojourn amongst these happy people. cruel dæmon, who was offended at the joy of Some scholiasts say, that, in a burst of rage at his creatures, and whose wrath could only be the distressing comparison of their condition with appeased by a total abstinence from pleasure, by his own, he threw himself headlong from the || sighs and tears, and voluntary mortifications. summit of a rock; but another, whose authority
“Many other memorable things are related has incomparably more weight, affirms, that im concerning the consequences of this misanthro. mediately on his departure from the children of pical morality, and of the artful use which the nature, he entered into the order of dervises, and, | dervises, fakirs, tala poins, bonzes and lamas, in in the sequel, under the name of Sheik Kuban, || all parts of Asia and India made of it; but I acquired the reputation of being one of the should, after all, only relate things which have greatest moralists in Yemen. He distinguished | been long known to the Sultan, my lord, and to himself, it is said, chiefly by the lively pictures
the whole world (though the world is apparently he used to inake of the deplorable consequences
not a whit the better for it), and there is a time of an unbridled sensuality; the force and truth
to begin, and a time to leave off, says the wise of his delineations were greatly admired, and
Zoroaster." none, or but very few, who had the talent of
(To be continued.] guessing what sort of a visage was hid behind
GENIUS AND LITERARY CHARACTER OF VOLTAIRE.
The following singular conversation took place i little of this, and you must own that I am a pretty some years since, at M. Duclos's, on ihe genius competent judge, having made it my particular and writings of Voltaire.
study. With this exception, our author certainly Several learned men having met at the house is a prodigy. Never did any man succeed in so of the late M. Duclos, Secretary to the Academie many different styles; and he is with the greatest Françoise, the universal genius of Voltaire was truth acknowledged an universal genius." praised. A celebrited German jurist entered at An English historian who had not yet spoker, the mom nt when several were exclaiming aloud and who had been deeply reflecting, replied, “I on the unbounded extent of Voltaire's genius. agree with you, tha: Voltaire is a man who never The German joined his voice to their's; a small hud his fellow. Our country has not yet produced scruple, however, arose in his mind." Yes," so great, so universal a genius. Pope cannot be said he, “ Voltaire was a man universally learn compared to him. He unites the merit of Ote ed: poetry, moral and natural history, ma way, Swift, Addison, and Bolingbruke. But thematics, medicine, and criticism, every thing why would he write history! his style is indeed fell within his grasp. It is a pity he should have charming, but I ain forced to say that he has been so deficient in th- code of jurisprudence. not adopted the right manner. Epigrams, reflecWhenever he begins to speak of legislature, tions, and alterations of facis.--Oh! we write politics, or justice, I do not know how it hap- || history quite differently from him. Our authors pens, but his pen is bewildered, and his genius never sacrifice truth to beauty. Voltaire was seems suddenly to abandon him. I will not be wrong in cultivating that kind of literature ; but lieve that it is on this account he lias so often in other respects he is truly superior, indeed, al. spoken ill of our Grotius, Puffendorff, and your most divine. You will never have a wiser philoMontesquieu, who were a little better skilled in sopher, a more acute critic, or agreeable rede these matters than himself. But this observation soner. He is, indeed, truly charming !- In a is a mere triple, and Voltaire is an universal word, he is an universal genius." genius."
"I am enchanted,” exclaimed M. Borden, a “ Yes,” cried a celebrated mathematician, | physician, renowned for his profound knowledge “nothing escaped him, and posterity will nou be and talents, “ I am truly enchanted to hear an able to credit that so many productions can have | Englishman render justice to Voltaire, in a manr.er flowed from one pen. Our descendants will ima. so honourable for our nation ; but, Sir, will you gine that there have been several men of that || permit me to observe to you, that our author is not name, and, thanks to him, the intellectual world, so unequal and frivolous in history as you seem like the fabulous one, will have its mental Her to believe. I have verified the greatest part of the cules. What a piry it is that he ever wished to facts he relates without proof or quoting the meudle with mathematics ! for, beiween our sources from which they are derived, and I assure selves, I entreat you will not repeat it, he is but you I have succeeded in discovering the truth of a schoolboy in geometry, witness his“ Elements || them ; that is to say, I have found authorities of Philosophy according to Newton.” Notwith. capable of supporting them, which prove at least standing this, every one must allow that Voltaire | that Voltaire has not invented them. It is my never was equalled; no, a more extensive or uni opinion that if he be weak in any ihing it is not versal genius never existed."
in history, but in medicine, the formation of M. de Miran, one of the company, then said, man, and the animal constitution of our species; « Voltaire's enemies may do what they will, they for he is almost always wrong when he wishes to can never succeed in wresting from him the palm reason on this subject. But is he obliged to know of universul merit. What a man! how delightful as much as those who are physiologists by prois his p'easantry! I am indebted to his writings fession ? Such a reproach would be invidious, for the happiest moments of my life; they as he excels in so many other sciences, I conamuse, they enchant me, whenever I read them. clude that my observation will not detract He trcats every subject with equal wit and grace. from Voltaire's being considered an universal The collection of his works is a real Encyclo- \ genius." pædia. What a pity it is that he should not be as “ What, gentlemen, while each of you are suceesful in natural history as he is in light celebrating the muses' favoureil child, shall I obe subjects! for it inust be allowed that he knew serve a guilty silence,” cried an Abbé, who was
a theologist, and aspired to become a member of || Solomon, the prophets, the laws and the morals the French Academy!-"Tought, and will also of the Hebrews, from their original source: I give him my tribute of admiration. It is my opi even doubt whe: her he had read the works of nion that Voltaire unites in himself the talenis the fathers of the church whom he so often which have immortalized Aristotle, Plutarch, | quotes, But how was it possible that sa sublime Cicero, Tacitus, Sophocles, Anacreon, Lucre a geni's could descend to these dry and barren tius, Virgil, Horace, and the two Plinys. Thanks studies! His enemies will say that he should not to his works, our language will become classical, reason on what he did not perfectly understand, like that of the Greeks and Romans. He has or thithe ought, however, to have better chosen one merit which distinguishes him from the his extracts; but I woulil answer them, that philosophers that have preceded him, which is Jupiter had his weak momenti, and that transto have had the skill and courage to take the veil forming him eli into a bull, did not make him from the eyes of prejudiced bigots Lucian cease being master of the gods. Voltaire, though on this subject is but a school-boy when cuin sometimes he forgot himseli, did not cuase 1 be pared with hiin. No one has ever handled the Volaire; that is to say, the molelo wits, learned weapon of ridicule with more address than he; men, philosophers, poer, historians, and, in and you will allow this to be the most efficacious short, of all kinds or liter.ture" remedy against errors, Happy would it have been
A comic poet, a lyric poe", and an erudite, who if he had remained silent on the subject of re were also presen!, were going 10 s; eak in th ir ligion! When he wished to practice reasoning, turo, when some of the thene , looked si cach he has unfortunately fallen into mistakes which Other, and burst into a loud laugh. 1: wis time, have not been overlooked by our learned theo. or else the universal genius would suon have logists; they have even made him many bitter dwindlei in:o nothing. reproaches, and after having made a particular M. Duclos, who out of politeness hat allowed study of the ancient tongries, I am compelled to them to speak, broke up the meriin', saying, agree with them that Voltaire has noi the smallest he hoped the company would never repeat the knowledge of Hebrew, that he does not under conver-ation they had just heard, or that he had stand Greek, and that he has not derived his cri- joined in the laugh. tical observations on Abraham, David, Moses,
« HEY DAY! What is the matter? Behold when we are drunk we fight, and when we fight all the marks of invasion, or a civil war. Win
we do mischief, that's all." dows broken, doors demolished, sign-posts pulled “ The greater fools you to make yourselves down ! Here stands a man with a broken arm, such beasts.” and yonder go two or three more with bruised “ Nay, as to the matter of that, I think you faces and black eyes! Prithee, what have you great fokes, ought to know better han tu sei us been about?"
together by the ears, to serve their own turns.' “ 'Lectioneering, Sir," answers an elderly man, “And I think you ought to know betier than to whom I addressed my inquiry.
to be set tovether 'ay the cars by them." “ 'Lectioneering what do you mean by that, “Lord, Sir, if you could get your belly full good man
of vittels and drink for nothing, an! money “ Why, its going about to be made a Parla
given you into th- bargin, you would now, I'll mert man on; and he that gets the most votes
worut you. There is the l'hite Lion, and Greycarries the day.”
hound, and Blackamore’s Hearl, has been open for “ But I do not see the connexion, my honest! these three weeks successfully Ale was given friend, between choosing Mr. A. or Mr. B. for
away by pails full. You might go in and eat your representative, and demolishing your town, and drink till you burst again, at any time, and or knocking one another on the head.”
nobody would take no notice like." " Don't you? Why then I can tell you, “ So then you are foud of the diversion, I Meister," says the old gentleman, with a smile find." of contempt aimed at my ignorance, “ these “Alack-a-rlay, Sir! I have lived in the town, great fokes makes us little fokes drunk, and and paid scot and lot thirty-one years and three
quarters, come Christmas next: I've pulled for and taught how to direct it to the general good! eleven Parlament men, and have had my swill of And yet, where shall we find this disposition in ale and a broken pate every time, thank God.” those who are able to instruct them? On the
“ So I see these worthy gentlefolks first make contrary, is there not, alınost universally, a disbeasts of you, and then claim the honour of position to deceive and abuse? Are there any being your representatives; that's curious enough. instances in civil society, of immorality, chiBut pray tell me what these Parliament men are canery, and absolute villainy, equal to those magood for when you have them."
nifested in the conduct of our elections? I must “ Good for, Sir! bless your heart, good for! confess my astonishment at finding such a come Why if it was not for them we should all trast in the human breast, as these periods disbe over-run with Papishes and Prespilerians, cover. Those, who perhaps are of decent and God knows."
honourable deportinent in all the concerns of " And what harm would they do you ?” private life, seem at such seasons to glory in
Lud, Sir, how you talk! why they would | acting the parts of deceitful knaves; and without knock us on the head, if we did not wear wooden pretending to a dispensation from any Pope, mushoes, and go to the l'antile house!”
tually consent to be guilty of as much accumu“ So you knock one another on the head to lated wickedness at these carnivals, as the most prevent these calainities !"
indulgent Pope ever had the insolence lo par“ Aye to be sure. Thof Ian't now the man I was, I'll fight for Old England as long But, do virtue, honour, integrity, change their as there's a drop of blood left in this old car lovely natures when the cause becomes national ? case of mine; and I'll stand up for the Church or, can those vices which are execrated in the too, agen all the Prespiterians sons of h-sin individual, become the ornament of a par. the nation, as long as my name's John Plodder, tisan? Can those dishonourable acts, which that I wul; I'll be d-d if I don't !"
would disgrace the perpetrator in his own cise With this pious exclaination honest John cumscribed sphere, where their influence is broke from us rather abruptly, and joining sonie merely local, become less culpable in proportion of his associates at a little distance, raised a laugh as their malignant effects are extensively diffused? upon us as we passed them.
Or, is virtue such an irksome restraint upon jaen, Although the description of this ludicrous scene that they shall be glad of an opportunity to give may afford a momentary amusenient, yet no their conscience a respite, “a schoolboy's holiday, man who wishes good to individuals, or is a and seize the occasion, when a regard to charactrue lover of his country, can seriously reflect ter is suspended, of giving a loose to the natural upon scenes of a similar nature, so frequently | propensity of their minds? repeated, withouł the utmost abhorrence. The Whatever be the cause, it is enough to amaze people, when they are thus issembled for elect-those who re:ain any portion of their native siming a representative, may justly be deemed not plicity, and strike horror into the minds of such only one part of the Legislature, but the most who still feel the workings of common humanity, important part. From them, governors derive to consider what desperate means are employed their power; and, for their benefit alone, all to answer the most trivial purposes ! To reflect good governments are instituted. And when how many an honest, sober, diligent mechanic, their superiors in fortune, or in education and has degenerated into an indolent vagabond, or understanding, take advantage of the indigence buen corrupted into a perjured villain, in conseand dependent state of the lower class of people, quence of the reigning dissoluteness of these or of the ignorance of uncultivated minds, and seasons! How many worthy and industrious thus seduce or impel them to prostitute the families have been threatened with immediate right which nature and our excellent constitu- 1 ruin, or actually turned adrift from their habita. tion have put into their hands, they are guilty tions, simply as sacrifices to the puerile ambia of an altempt as base in its motives, as it is ru tion of an insignificant individual, who, it is inous in iis consequences.
highly probable, is not of half the consequence The election of representatives in parliament, to the public weal, as the farmer, the weaver, is the most important act in which the commu. shoemaker or tailor, whom he seduces, depraves, nity at large can possibly be engaged. Nay, it or overwhelms with misery! is the only public act in which they have autho And for what is all this violent commotion ? ritative concer; and the issues of it remain Wherefore this temporary civil war? Why must irremediable for a space of time, long enough, contention, hatred, and irreconcilable animosi. at soine critical periods, to ruin a whole king ties be let loose upon a borough or a county? dom. Surely then constituents ought to be Is it not to determine sume absurd point of ho. well instructed in the nature of this their power, nour between the leaders of contending parties?