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For MAY, 1807.




The Seventeenth Number,


MARIA CAROLINA, the present The Court of Maria Theresa was filled Queen of Naples, was born in the year | with Jesuits; she was a Romanist, in the 1753, at Vienna. She is the daughter of most bitter sense of the term ; and though, the illustrious Maria Theresa, Empress of but for the assistance of many of the ProGermany, a Queen celebrated, at one pe testant Princes and Communities of Ger. riod, in every quarter of the globe, for the many, she would never have been esta. heroic intrepidity, with which she sup-blished in her hereditary dominions, she, ported a contested succession to her crown nevertheless, continued to look upon and paternal dominions, and at length them all with an invincible dislike, and metriumphed over such of her own subjects as ditated a persecution against them, whenrevolted, and reduced the most powerful ever she should possess the power. states of Germany to sue for, and receive It was with this view, principally, that peace at her hands.

she assiduously laboured to form alli. In the reign of Maria Theresa, a species ances with the most powerful Catholic of policy first received its birth in the Princes of Europe, and the objects of her Court of Vienna, of which the object was ambition were fully crowned with success. to embrace, in one grand family associ She had lived to behold her daughter, ation, all the crowns and kingdoms of Eu- | Maria Antoinette, Queen of France. rope; and, by superadding the obliga- | Her son became Grand Duke of Tuscany, tions of marriage and the sanctity of blood and King of the Romans, elect, in her to the treaties that were formed between life time; and her daughter, Maria Caro. them, to endeavour to establish a recipro- lina, was married to Ferdinand, King of city of common interest, and the necessity || Naples, in the year 1708, many years beof a permanent and mutual faith.

fore the death of the Empress Theresa.


The elder sister of the Queen of Naples I constant recollection that you are the had been originally betrothed to Ferdi- || daughter of Maria Theresa-consider what nand; but she died before the marriage | you owe to such a mother, and that the took place. A singular incident, pre world will expect from you no less virtue vious to her being contracted to the King | than discretion."—After continuing some of Naples, is related of this Princess, || time longer in a style of similar exhortawhich is worth preserving.

tion, her Majesty closed the scene, and One night she was summoped by her the procession marched back to the pamother, the Empress Maria Theresa, to lace. attend ber to the Royal Chapel contiguous If this adventure of mock grandeur and to the palace. Ignorant of what was in- solemnity had thus terminated, all would tended by this solemn appointment, the have been well. Maria Theresa had only young Princess obeyed her mother's sum acted her part, and the young Princess mons, and was conducted by her into the had received her lesson; but uaforfamily vault of the Emperors of Germany. || tunately a cold, caught from the dampIt had been splendidly illuminated on the ness of the vault, threw the young lady occasion. The Queen was habited in deep into a violent fever, a few days before she mourning, and surrounded by a cluster of purposed to commence her journey, in or. Jesuits. She took the young Princess by der to join her destined husband, the the land, and leading her round the vault, | King of Naples. Her death was the result pointed out to her the various coffins and of this illness, and the alliance, for the tombs in which were interred the remains || present, was put an end to. The grand of her ancestors:–"You here, my child," | object of the Empress's ambition was not exclaimed she, “behold the ashes of those ihus to be frustrated : she had another illustrious Princes, who have supported by daughter; Ferdinand had seen neither; and their courage, and the wisdom of their go was, of course, alike indifferent to both.vernment, the fameand honourof the House Maria Carolina, therefore, stepped into the of Austria. They were Princes who have place of her deceased sister, and, though kept up the succession of the Roman name only in the fifteenth year of her age, was and glory untainted and undiminished , immediately contracted to the king of to the present period; and whilst the in-Naples. Ferdinand himself had scarcely fluence of their example sliall remain, the exceeded his sixteenth year; of the Bourstar of the House of Austria will never bon family, brother to the King of Spain, set. They owed their reputation and suc and cousin to the King of France, cess to their regard for our holy reli his descent was the most illustrious of gion, and their piqus cares of the priest any of the Princes of Europe. His eduhood."

cation had been greatly neglected; but The Jesuits here nodded assent, and, as bis natural understanding was good, and the Empress was somewhat fatigued by her his heart_uncorrupted. In an age, thereexertions, they took up the oration, | fore, when learning, by the example of wbich they continued much in the same a Frederick of Prussia, was abused to the strain.

worst of purposes, in sapping the founThe young Princess remained silent; || dations of religion and morals, and, under Hier Majesty at length revived. She now the affectation of philosophy, spreading turned to the various sepulchres and niches a general unbelief in the doctrines of in the vault, in wbich were deposited the Christianity amongst the nations of EuJemains of the female branches of the rope, it was perhaps better for this Prince, Austrian House-“And here, my child,"' || that he escaped the tutelage of those who she continued, “ are the female ancestors of I would, doubtless, have replaced iguorance our family; emulate their virtue, their by infidelity. dignity, the unblemished chastity of their When the contract of marriage was delives, and the prudence of their domestic || finitively settled between the two Courts, conduct. As the example they left was it seemed to follow next in course, that not lost upon me, let it make the same the parties should be brought together.impression upon you; and add to it, the Accordingly, in the spring of the year

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