Imágenes de páginas




SCENE III.-Glycerium, the dealer in forers and garlands; the Chaplet of Isis; Garland

of Parsley for the lead; Garlands of Roses of Pæstum for the Neck; War Fruits.


C110, the chambermaid and confidant of || branches and Powers, imitated in metals and other Sabina, nos hastily enters and informs her mis- substances; among which she spied the chaplet, tress, that Glycerium, the well-known Alex the arrival of which she had so anxiously exandrian dealer in garlands and flowers, desires to pected ever since she first entered her dressing, be admitted to her. “ She is attended,” conti

It was a chaplet of Isis, such as was worn nues Clio, “ by two young slaves, carrying, in at solemn assemblies and sacrifices, by those inihandsome baskets, the newest and most tasteful tiated into the mysteries of the great Egyptian flowers, parily natural and partiy artificial. She goddess. The body of the chaplet was composed has been told that you have no time now to spare, of tresses formed of the most delicate rind of the and that she had better return in the afternoon papyrus, twisted and fastened with elegant knots. before the hour of bathing. She will not, how- Palm-leaves, of silver, resembling rays, projected ever, take any denial; and appears as though she | from it at small intervals. From behind, where has something which she can deliver only into the ends of the chaplet met, hung two ribbands, the hands of the Domina herself.

which were suffered to Aow on either side over Sabina, who had waited, with secret inrpa | the shoulders. Sabina hastily seized this chap. tience, for this morning visit, nods approbation; || let; and actually found the significant Greek and the loquacious Glycerium, with all ihe na words, “My life and my soul," embroidered in tural and artiscial treasures of Flora's kingdom, one of the ribbands. is instantly admitted.

It is obvious that this chaplet was not an ordi. What abundance of the choicest and most

nary article of sale; nay, perhaps, the reader elegant festoons, garlands, and chaplets, Glyce. may have already guessed that its object was no. rium now displays to the cyes of the eager Do- | thing less than to effect a secret assignation by mina and her astonished slaves! She bore, with the aid of the flower-dealer. The young kright justice, the name of that celebrated female who Saturninus, who had lately become the farivalled her lover, Pausias, the famous painter of sourite lover and cicisbeo of ou: Domina, had Sicyone, in the art of blending the variegated yesterday, at parting, concer:ed this siga with beauties of flowers. In the one kalathiskos, i her, and had found means to gain over to his infor so the curiously woven flower-baskets were terest the officious Glycerium, who was not acdenominated, were the loveliest children of customed to refuse any other occasional employFlora, which seem to have just sprung up in the ment in addition to the trade of making chaplets, footsteps of the dancing goddess of love. The for which her country was so renowned.* Sagilly-flower, the narcissus, the lily, the crocus, bina now knew, from this di-:inguished chaplet, the hyacinth, and the rose, entwine the young that every thing was prepared for the most so. shouls of myrtle with ingenious variety and the nicest attention to the shades of colour and re Egypt, subsequent to the time of Alexander semblance of smell. You might exclaim with the Great, was the only centre of Grecian refineGöthe's new Pausias : “ What ought I to admire ment, supported by Asiatic luxury. The art of the most? The exquisite beauty of the flowers, making chaplets was likewise carried to the the art with which they are arranged, or the taste || highest degree of perfection in that country, of her who selected them ?"

which, according to Athenzus, produced flowers Nevertheless, all this display was so far from all the year round. It was, therefore, natural satisfying the inquisitive looks of the lady, that enough that at Rome, where every nation was she scarcely designed to bestow upon it a hasty esteemed only in proportion as it contributed to glance. It was not till she examined the second the pleasures of the luxurious masters of the basket that the rays of joy were seen to illuminell world, a strong prepossession should prevail in her countenance. She there found the most favour of Egyptian tower-girls and dealers in rocent fashionable productions, consisting of chaplets.

lemn nocturnal devotions (perrigilium) in the to Egypt. As to garlauds fro the neck and sacred temple of the benevolent Isis, who so bosom, even the all-fructifying Nile cannot disreadily affords relief to all the distressed, and can 1 pense, from his boundless stores, any thing more even prescribe ihe most efficient remedies for beautiful and becoming than these leaves and the pains of tender lovers. She consequently roses of Pæstum fixed, in the most modern taste, knew also what she had to do; and, in a whisper, to sost bandeaus of linden-bark. You know we directed the trusty Clio to make the needful pre- have discovered the secret of keeping them fresla parations for an interview in the temple of Isis for several days. And were it even for infusion the following night.

in beverage, nothing could surpass these roses of Not till then bad Sabina either time or inclina- | Pestum.”+ tion to examine, with attention, the baskets of

“ I shall trust entirely to you, my dear Gly. tlowers and chapleis which the young slaves still cerium,” replied Sabina, with unusual condeheld on their heads, and to chuse what she should scension. “ Give me one of those chaplets. vant for the evening. 6 Here, Spatale,” cries But what treasures are contained in that basket, she, “ run and hang this fragrant garland of in which I perceive nothing but green plants? Egyptian lotus upon the statue of the great Have you transformed yourself from the Egyptian health-dispensing goddess that stands in my queen of flowers into the mother of Euripides, chamber, in the liitle golden temple beside my the tragedian, and taken up the trade of selling Ded, and forget not lo swing round the silver chervil and anis?" sistrum three times in a circle from right to

Thus said Sabina, and laughed. The whole left. * We shall stand in need, to-day, of the circle of her surrounding attendants did the same; protecting care of the goddess who nourishes all

and pointed contemptuously to the basket of green beings."

chervil. Glycerium was so far from being dis“And now, dear Glycerium,” continues she, concerted, that she appeared to be the only perwhat novelties out of the kingdom of Flora

son in the company who was in the right. “I have been imported from Alexandria in the fleet beg pardon, Domina,” said she, “ for not show, of merchantmen that the day before yesterday ing you, at first sight, this new and wonderful arrived at Ostia ? For what kind of chaplets production of a most skilful gardener on the have you had the greatest demand since the last Tusculan hill: but you prevented me by your A pollinarian games? You know how stedfastly questions concerning the novelties of my native all eyes are fixed upon ine. My husband gives country. Know, then, that these are garlands a great entertaininent to-day, and it is neces of water-parsley (upiun), which my friend, the sary that I should appear in the newest style of gardener, of Tusculum, has such a method of fashion.”

rearing, that in delicacy and beauty of appear“ Domina,” replies the artful Glycerium, with ance it is not surpassed by the hair of Queen Be. a smile scarcely half suppressed, and yet with a

retrice; which, as you know, now shings a star respectful inclination, “ the silk fancy-flowers, in the firmament of Heaven. How admirably after Indian patterns, are still universally in would a garland of this parsley decorate, this fashion, for chaplets to be worn on the hand.- evening, your charming locks, which the hand Here," continued she, taking the basket from

of nature herself has formed into such elegant the head of one of the boys, and shewing a fra- || curls and ringlets. Our ancestors, it is true, grant garland, in which the flowers of the lotus, | likewise wore garlands of this kiad of parsley : intermingled with the leaves of the Indian

but they knew nut, in those days, how to imspikenard, were as naturally imitated in silk as if

prove it by art. People tell many curious things they had been plucked only the same day among concerning its secret virtues and ancient origin, the banians on the shores of the Indus or Ganges, and give it the mystical appellation of blood “ you see the newest that the Rower-dealers of of the Corybantes.' 'But I ought rather to hold Alexandria have sent me. They are sprinkled | my tongue, lest I should expose myself still with essence of roses and cinnamon, but just invented and brought by the last feet from India + It was customary to pluck the leaves from

the chaplets, to infuse them in wine and to drinks # The priinitive use of the sistrum was, un them with it. Pliny, who relates a curious anecdoubtedly, to accompany, in some measure, the dote of Cleopatra's curing Anthony of his dislamentations made for Osiris. In process of trust of her, by means of an impoisoned chapa time the real molive of this custom was lost; let, calls it, to drink chaplets-coronas bibere. and it appears, that the Roman females shook In the comedies of Aristophanes, he often the sisurum just as in modern times there are indulges in sarcastic allusions to Euripides, or persons who mechanically repeat prayers with account of his mother, who is said to have sold beads.

chervil and other culinary vegetables,

" and you

more to your raillery and the laughter of your With respect to the cause of its extraordinary servants : especially as you have no occasion for name, you, perhaps, recollect reading, in the the secret virtues of this wonderful plant; and ancient books, lent you some time ago by the as Clio told me, when I came in, you have not priestess of Isis, a tradition relative to the rea moment to lose on my unprofitable gos bellious smiths of Crete, called Cyclops or Co. sipping."

rybanies. They slew one of their comrades, or The crafty Glycerium knew but too well that their third brother, as the fable has it, covered this address would only inflame the curiosity of the head of the deceased with a purple cloth, Sabina, and that the Roman ladies of distinction and buried him at the foot of Mount Olympus. were as superstitious, and as easily gave credit to The parsley is said to have sprung up immedievery ridiculous tale, as the lowest of their slaves. I ately from the blood of the sufferer; and for On the very day the sleet of Egyptian merchant this reason, in the mysteries and orgies of the. vessels was unladen, she had brought Sabina Corybantes, it has ever been considered as the some bottles of unadulterated Nile water, with greatest of crimes to lay a plant of this kind on which the votary of Isis did not fail the same the sacred table." erening to sprinkle the statue of the great god “ I shall take your chaplet of parsley;" exdess in her temple. Nor was she deceived in her claimed Sabina, with sparkling eyes, expectation.

sha!l see that in a few days all Rome shall wear Stop a moment,” said Sabina, “meanwhile | chaplets of parsley, as did our grandmothers fifty I will have my nails pared. But tell me how years ago, as we are told by Horace.” does your good friend at Tusculum contrive to The Domina had, in fact, more thas one mogive his parsley this admirable curly and frizzled tive for chusing this chaplet. Certain secret inappearance? Perhaps he understands something | dulgences had given her breath, especially at of magic?"

rising in the morning, a kind of odor not much “ No doubt,” replied Glycerium, "he makes less disagreeable than that of a fasting Jew. On vse, in planting, of some secret arts, which he this account she was accustomed to take the takes care not to communicate. So much, first thing after rising, and sometimes even before however, I know and have witnessed with my own she was up, a decoction of aniseerl, and some eyes, that after treading down the young shoots honey boiled in wine. At this very time, while with his feet, he every morning draws the garden- || she was engaged with her toilette, she was chewroller over his parsley-bed. In short, his parsley || ing myrtle pastils to cure an evil, which gave is the most beautiful and curly of any in the rise to an important question among the lawyers whole country, and —” Here Glycerium paused, of old, namely, Whether a person with offensive and seemed preparing to depart.

breath were to be considered as sick or in health? “ Go on, go on!” exclaimed Sabina with im How welcome then was the chaplet, whose leares patience, you praised the secret virtues of combined such elegance with such salutary virthe plant, and said something about the sacred Isis herself, in a happy hour, sent this origin from which it derives its romantic name. excellent remedy to her pious votary. Explain yourself, or I shall not buy one leaf of Spatale now returned, and with great concern all these herbs, which are much fitter for the col announced that the Domina's monkey had lection of a Rhizo!omos* than for the toilette of a found means to introduce himself into her bedlady of distinction,"

chamber, and had broken and destroyed the “ The secret virtue of this parsley, illustrious beautifully painted wax-figures and garlands, Domina," rejoined Glycerium, “is that, when I suspended beneath the figure of Isis, in two chewed, it operates as a powerful sweetener of small silver cornucopia entwined in each vther, the breath. For this reason I provide a regular probably mistaking these fruits for real apples, supply of it for the little Arbuscula, the dancer, nuts, and pears. None appeared to be so dis. who lives behind the Temple of Peace: and it tressed at this intelligence as Clio, who had the is asserted, that among all the remedies for a care of that apartment, and who might certainly foul breath, prescribed in the works of our Greek be accused, with justice, of some degree of nemasters in the cosmetic art, ihis is the most na gligence. tural, the most effectual, and the most harmless. Fortuna:cly Sabina, in whom the coming of

Glycerium had awakened pleasing hopes, re* Sabina every where affec:s Greek appella- | garded the emptying of the cornucopia as a fatives. She miglit have employed the Roman

vourable omen. “ Blessed and praised be Isis, word herbarists. What we call botanists, the the great goddess !" exclaimed she aloud. “The Greeks denominated Rizotomous, cutters of goddess pours forth her favours on her handinaid, roots. By Botanistai, the Greeks denoted only I vow to present to her three of the fatiest geese the labourers who were employed in weeding. in our poultry-yard, and a silver lamp on her

sacred table!”


“ The mischief may be very ea-ily repaired," said || forget not to give her the chaplets left from the Glycerium,“ for in this basket I have some wax last entertainment, and the other things that be fruits of the greatest beaury, such as are sold at long to them." Alexandria, at the great festival of Adonis, and For these the sly procuress had long been wait. as we shall have here in Rome at our Saturnalia | ing. Saturninus had expressly enjuined her to next December. It is true your friend Calpurnia being him some token from Sabina that all was had bespoken them of me as a votive gift to her right, and that the private significativu of his lis : but you shall have the preference; so take chaplet had been understood. Clin, obedient to and dedicate them to the benevolent goddess," the commands of her mistress, paid Glycerium Before Sabina had time to answer her, the trem iwo hundred sesterces, great part of which was ling Clio held both her havds, and ridded Gly. to recompence her secret services. She gave her cerium of a commodity for which ar that season the half-withered chaplet which the Domina of the year she would scarcely have been able to had worn at the last entertainment, and had put find a customer.

off on retiring to bed. A fg of Chios, of which Glycerium was now dismissed with her slaves Sabina had bitien off a piece, completed the with a gracious nod. “ Clio,” said the Domina, symbolical love-letter. Instead of the ng, she “pay the Alexandrian immediately, and without would undoubtedly have sent a love-apple, had any abatement, what we owe her. But bark, it not been loo early in season to procure any.



DURING the last conversation we had together, || dared to levy on several villages of Moldavia, my dear friend, you appeared to be much asto without the permission or knowledge of the reignnished, when I related 10 you that the Greeks | ing prince, to whom they were nearly allied. thought it their duty, and even a pleasure, some. The prince, irritated, hearkened 10 the voice of times to spend a whole day near the tombs of envy, and notwithstanding the lies of affinity, their departed friends. “ Truly a pleasant amuse

he sent these two noblemen to Constantinople, ment," you said, “ 10 go and sadden one's-self to be treated as slate criminals. Ja twenty-four upon a grave !" But, iny friend, the tombs of | hours, (for justice is expeditiously executed in rbe ancients, and those which are still seen in Turkey), they were condemned to have their Greece, particularly those of persons distinguished headls cut off, and all their estates were confisby birth and foriune, have nothing in then | cated. that ought to excite horror. I will give you a When the lady heard this fatal news, she fied description of one of these tombs, and then you from her house in a state of distraction, covered may judge. It was raised by a vinuous son un with a black veil followed by her slaves, and hoid. der the reign of the Sultaun Mahmoud, to immor-ing by the hand her only child, a boy of eleven tal:ze the memory of a beloved mother, years old, she went and placed herself on a spot

This lady, who enjoyed all the endowments of where she knew the Grand Seignior would pass. nature and fortune, and whose least advantage Before I proceed in my narration, allow nie to was that of being extremely beautiful, had the make a little digression to acquaint you with the happiness of saving the life of her father and her character of the Sultaun Mahmoud. There are husband, by her courage and her eloquence.. some people who, with a prejudiced mind, which These two persons filled the first stations under will not allow them to view things with an imthe Sovereign Princes of Moldavia ; their impartial eye, or, through a too great attachment mense riches excited jealousy in the breasts of to the nation to which they belong, imagine that, many who put every device in practice to create out of their own country every thing is bad, or suspicions respecting the conduct of the father inferior. But you, my friend, who know men, and son-in-law. They went so far as to say, that you who are unprejudiced, by the just attachitheir large estates were ihe produce of taxes they ment you have towards the niost celebrated na.


tion in the universe, and have not shut your sentence pronounced against them; if two viceyes to the merit of others, examine if among tims are absolutely wanting to appease your the Turks there be not also men truly worthy of wrath, take my head, and that of my son; it is the appellation of great.

just we should sacrifice our lives for those who The Sultaun Mahmoud was the most enlight. lave given us existence.” ened, the most amiable, and the most gallant But, said the Sultaun, “ it is not you, prince of the Ottoman house; he was a great your son, that are guilty; it is your father and admirer of painting, music, and poetry. While your husband."-She replied with so much re. he lived the arts had a protector in Turkey; he spect and wisdom to the Sultaun's question, and cultivated them himself with great success, and he was so touched with the supplicant's greatness whoever excelled in them were certain of his of soul, that, turning to those that surrounded esteem and patronage. Clemency was in gene- him, he exclaimed aloud, “ I cannot resist this ral his principal characteristic. He delighted in woman's tears; let her father and her husband redressing the wrongs of his subjects, parti be restored to her immediately.” Then, ad. cularly those of men who were incapable of re dressing her with a kind of placid countenance, pelling the attacks of injustice. He was not he said, “ Return home with your son, and b3inferior to his predecessors in greatness of soul, nish all inquietude. I also give you back your nor in the art of governing. From his cabi estates; but as your relatives have so many ene. net he made war against three great potentates, 1 mies, prevent their mixing in affairs of state."with whom he afterwards succeeded in making | This virtuous woman returned home full of graan advantageous peace. He excelled most men titude, and penetrated with the liveliest and of his kingdom in the knowledge of the Turk- purest joy to have saved the lives of two persons ish, the Arabian, and the Persian languages.- so dear to her heart. Some years after ibis, After this, perhaps, tov tedious portrait, I will her husband, for whom she had been so much resume the thread of my narrative.

alarmed, died; and, although slie was still handThe lady awaited the approach of the Sultaun some, rich, and young enough to make a second Mahmoud, and as soon as he arrived at a suffi. choice without being subjected to ridicule, she cient distance to hear her voice, she called upon preferred renaining a widow, rather than afflict him, at the same time raising her right hand, in her son by marrying a second time. She died which she held the petition she intended to pre- eighteen years after her husband. Her son, 10 sent him. The Grand Seignor turned his head, immortalize his regrets, caused a superb tomb to and sought with his eyes for the person who had be raised to her memory in his own ground, and called him; immediately one of his two hun this is the one I am going to describe. dred attendants approached the lady, took her Figure to yourself, my friend, a long square arm, and assisted her 10 follow the cavalcade till garden, situated at the extremity of a village, in they had arrived at the spot where his highness the walls of which there are several windows dismounted. All that day's petitions were read that on one side look to the sea, and on the to him. Several of these affairs were transferred other to a public road. It is planted with cyover to his visir, to be judged, as a last resource, presses, elms, and poplars; the walls are cobefore his tribunal; but the Sultaun was pleased | vered with flowers that do not require niucha to reserve a certain number for his own inspection.

care, such as jessamine, roses, and woodbine. The lady's affairs were fortunately among the lat The earıh is clothed with violets and all kinds of ter. Her petition was nearly couched in the wild flowers. From one angle of the garden there following terms :

flows a wandering stream, which, genily mur. “ He who created the Heavens, who is the muring, gives a refreshing coolness to this deLord of Kings, as well as of all men, does not || lightful spot, where reigns an eternal spring; disdain paying attention to the wants of the the shade of the trees, the peaceful tranquillity, smallest insect; allow me, mighty Sultaun, to the variety of flowers, the murmurs of the enter your august presence, that, prostrate be

stream, all inspire us with the idea of those fore your august throrie, 1 may reveal to you my || happy fields, where the ancient Greeks believed affliction, and implore your clemency.”

their souls were received and recompensed. She was permitted to present herself before This stream, which I have already mentioned, the Sultaun; for some time she remained silently | winds through the garden, and-at length falls prostrate at his feet, till ordered to speak, when in a reservoir placed against the wall, which she expressed herself ihus:

has several cocks; one of them is always open, “ Mighty Prince, as iny father and my hus and destined to water the flocks, the others are band have had the misturrune of appearing cri- || shut, and serve to relieve the thirst of the passers minal and deserving of death, I am come to throw | by. There are five or six brass cups fastened to, myself at your feet, to conjure you to change the the reservoir by long chains, which people on

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