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with not less than 150,000 sabers and had been called to command at Washbayonets, eagerly awaited the long- ington on the same day that Fremont expected permission to prove itself left New York for St. Louis, stood but fairly represented in that casual cooped up and virtually besieged in detachment which had fought and the defenses of Washington, holding won at Dranesville.

barely ground enough in Virginia to In every other quarter, our arms | encainp and maneuver his army; were in the ascendant. The blow while the Rebels impudently obwell struck by Butler and Stringham structed the navigation of the lower at Hatteras, had never been retaliated. Potomac, on one hand, by batteries The Rebels' attempt to cut off Brown's erected at commanding points on the regiment at Chicamicomico had re- Virginia shore, while the Baltimore sulted in more loss to them than to and Ohio Railroad was dismantled us. Du Pont's triumph at Port Royal and obstructed by them at Harper's had dealt a damaging blow to our Ferry and further west on the other; foes, and inflicted signal injury on leaving the city of Washington, as the original plotters of treason, with well as his vast army, dependent on out loss to our side. In West Vir- the single track of the Branch Railginia, the campaign was closing with road for all their subsistence and supthe prestige of success and superiority plies, throughout the tedious Winter gilding our standards, and with at that followed. least nine-tenths of the whole region The Confederates had not yet ensecurely in our hands. In Missouri, forced a general Conscription; and, Gen. Fremont-though vehemently though volunteering was widely stimreproached for not advancing and ulated by Police discipline and Lynch fighting sooner, and though never law, while the more ignorant and illenjoying facilities for obtaining arms, informed young women of many munitions, or any material of war, at slaveholding localities were envenall comparable to those at all times omed Secessionists, refusing to give eagerly accorded to McClellan-had any but the most furious countecollected, organized, armed, and pro- nance to young men who hesitated vided, a movable column of nearly to enlist, yet the white population 40,000 men, at whose head he had of the States actually controlled by pushed Price-one of the very ablest the Rebels was so very far inferior in of the Rebel chieftains-to the fur- numbers to that of the loyal North thest corner of the State, and was on and West, that the Rebel armies the point of hunting him thence into were necessarily and vastly the less Arkansas or eternity, when the order numerous likewise. which deprived him of his command Gen. McClellan, indeed, appears to was received at Springfield on the 2d have estimated their numbers in Eastof November. Yet then and through-ern Virginia at 150,000; but the inout the Winter, Gen. McClellan, who formation on which he acted differed



states the force under his more immediate com- | 169,452 were “fit for duty." This does not inmand on the 1st of December---that is, the force clude Gen. Wool's command at and near Fortress then in the Federal District, Maryland, Delaware, Monroe. On the 1st of January following, he and the small patch of Eastern Virginia opposite makes his total 219, 707; on the 1st of February, Washington held by him-at 198,213; whereof | 222,196.

widely from that of his subordinates | wore heavily away, and saw nothing who spent the Winter in camp in of moment attempted. Even the Virginia, while he remained snugly Rebel batteries obstructing the lower housed in Washington. Gen. Wads- Potomac were not so much as menworth, who saw and (until forbidden) aced the Navy laying the blame on questioned the contrabands' and the Army; the Army throwing it other deserters who came within our back on the Navy—probably both lines from Centerville and vicinity right, or, rather, both wrong: but the that Autumn and Winter, was con- net result was nothing done; until fident that 60,000 was the highest the daily repetition of the stereotyped number they ever had encamped in telegraphic bulletin, “All quiet on our front; and these we might have as the Potomac”_which had at first sailed at a day's notice with 120,000; been received with satisfaction; afterand, by taking three days for prepara- ward with complacency; at length tion, with 150,000. Why not? evoked a broad and general roar of

The weather was magnificent; the disdainful merriment. roads hard and dry, till far into Win- And so,. Winter at last settled down ter. An artillery officer wonderingly upon that vast, gallant, most effectinquired: “What is such weather ive army, Two Hundred Thousand for, if not fighting ?”

strong, able and ready, on any fair The loyal masses-awed by the ob- field, to bear down at a charge all the loquy heaped on those falsely accused | Rebels in their front without coming of having caused the disaster at Bull to a stand; yet lying thus beleaguered Run by their ignorant impatience and and paralyzed, shivering and dying in precipitancy-stood in silent expecta- the tents to which they had been so tion. They still kept raising regiment suddenly transferred from their coinafter regiment, battery after battery, fortable homes—not allowed to build and hurrying them forward to the all-themselves huts, such as the Rebels ingulfing Army of the Potomac, to had, because that would reveal to the be in time for the decided movement country the fact that nothing was to that must be just at hand—but the be attempted till Spring or later; extorrent was there drowned in a lake pecting, hoping every day to receive of Lethean stagnation. First, we were the long-awaited order to advance; waiting for reënforcements—which but seeing night after night close in was most reasonable; then, for the without it; and sinking into homerequisite drilling and fitting for ser- sickness and disease, which employvice-which was just as helpful to the ment for body and mind would readiRebels as to us; then, for the leaves ly have repelled and dissipated. to fall — so as to facilitate military Is this obstinate fixity, this rooted movements in a country so wooded neglect and waste of the grandest opand broken as Virginia; then, for can-portunities, explicable ? Not by the non—whereof we had already more hypothesis of a constitutional aversion than 200 first-rate field-guns in Vir- to the shedding of blood—that is, of ginia, ready for instant service: and other men's—-on the part of our so the long, bright Autumn, and the Young Napoleon;' for he was at colder but still favorable December, that moment among the most eager



MCCLELLAN'S TORPOR-FITFULLY BROKEN. 629 to have our country involved in still frontier, and a perpetual interdict of another great war, by a refusal, on all Anti-Slavery discussion and effort the part of our Government, to sur- | throughout the Republic. On this render Mason and Slidell. Not even hypothesis, and on this alone, Gen. Vallandigham was more belligerent McClellan's course while in high in that direction. Constitutional command, but especially during that timidity and irresolution-an over long Autumn and Winter, becomes whelming sense of responsibility and coherent and comprehensible. inadequacy to so stupendous a trust, The Rebels, so vastly outnumbered were probably not without their in- and overmatched in every thing but fluence in the premises. But, beyond leadership, were, of course, too glad and above all these, there was doubt to be allowed to maintain a virtual less a slowly awakened consciousness siege of Washington, with all but one that Slavery was the real assailant of of its lines of communication with the our National existence, and that to loyal States obstructed, to make any put down the Rebellion by a positive, offensive movement; and the only asdetermined exertion of force, was to sault made that Winter upon our Genseal the doom of its inciting cause, eral-in-Chief's main position was rewhich had so recently transformed pelled with prompt, decided energy. into downright traitors so many high The circumstances were as follows: officers who once honored and loved A portion of the melodious Hutchour Union and its flag. It was hard inson family, having been attracted for one who had long been arguing to Washington by the novelty of findand voting that, in our current policing the public halls of that city no tics, Slavery was not the aggressor, longer barricaded against the utterbut the innocent victim, to unlearn ance of humane and generous sentithis gross error in a year; and Gen. ments, had there solicited of the Sec

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in the high position to which he had camps across the Potomac, in order to been so suddenly exalted, it was hard break the monotony and cheer the also not to see that, in order to save ruggedness of Winter with the sponboth Slavery and the Union, there taneous, unbought carol of some of must be little fighting and a speedy their simple, heartfelt songs. Gen. compromise that fighting must be Cameron gave their project not merepostponed, and put off, and avoided, ly his cordial assent, but his emphatic in the hope that financial embarrass- commendation; and, thus endorsed, ment, a foreign war, or some other they received Gen. McClellan's gracomplication, would compel the mu- cious permission. So they passed over tual adoption of some sort of Critten to the camps, and were singing to deden Compromise, or kindred 'adjust- lighted crowds of soldiers, when an ment,' whereby the Slave Power officer's quick ear caught the drift of would graciously condescend to take what sounded like Abolition! Forththe Union afresh into its keeping, and with, there were commotion, and efconsent to a reünion, which would fervescence, and indignation, rising be, in effect, an extension of the em- from circle to circle of the military pire of Jefferson Davis to the Canada | aristocracy, until they reached the



very highest, drawing thence the fol-1 O North and South,

Its victims both, lowing order:

Can ye not cry, “ By direction of Maj.-Gen. McClellan,

“Let Slavery die!” the permit given to the Hutchinson Family to sing in the camps, and their pass to cross

And Union find in Freedom? the Potomac, are revoked, and they will not be allowed to sing to the troops."

What though the cast-out spirit tear

The nation in his going? As the then freshly uttered stanzas

We, who have shared the guilt, must share of John G. WHITTIER, which thus

The pang of his o’erthrowing! caused the peremptory, ignominious Whate'er the loss, suppression and expulsion of the Whate'er the cross, Hutchinsons, are of themselves a Shall they complain

Of present pain memorable and stirring portion of

Who trust in God's hereafter? the history of our time, they may fitly-as they will most worthily-close For who that leans on His right arm this volume:

Was ever yet forsaken?

What righteous cause can suffer harm 6. EIN FESTE BURG IST UNSER GOTT." 12 If He its part has taken? (Luther's Hymn.)

Though wild and loud WE wait beneath the furnace-blast

And dark the cloud, The pangs of transformation:

Behind its folds Not painlessly doth God recast

His hand upholds And mold anew the nation.

The calm sky of To-Morrow! Hot burns the fire

Above the madd’ning cry for blood, Where wrongs expire;

Above the wild war-drumming, Nor spares the hand

Let Freedom's voice be heard, with good That from the land

The evil overcoming. Uproots the ancient evil.

Give prayer and purse The hand-breadth cloud the sages feared

To stay the Curse Its bloody rain is dropping ;

Whose wrong we share, The poison-plant the fathers spared

Whose shame we bear,
All else is overtopping.

Whose end shall gladden Heaven!
East, West, South, North,

In vain the bells of war shall ring
It curses earth;

Of triumphs and revenges,
All justice dies,

While still is spared the evil thing
And fraud and lies

That severs and estranges. Live only in its shadow.

But blest the ear What gives the wheat-field blades of steel? That yet shall hear' What points the rebel cannon?

The jubilant bell What sets the roaring rabble's heel

That rings the knell On th' old star-spangled pennon?

Of Slavery forever! What breaks the oath

Then let the selfish lip be dumb, Of th' men o' th' South?

And hushed the breath of sighing: What whets the knife

Before the joy of peace must come For the Union's life ?

The pains of purifying. Hark to the answer: SLAVERY!

God give us grace, Then waste no blows on lesser foes,

Each in his place, In strife unworthy freemen:

To bear his lot. God lifts to-day the vail, and shows

And, murmuring not, The features of the demon!

Endure and wait and labor!

12 "Our God is a strong fortress,' (or castle.)


victions of the Presbyterian Church, and must It is stated on page 119 that "the Synod of operate to mar its peace and seriously hinder its Kentucky adopted a report on Slavery which prosperity, as well as bring reproach on our holy condenined slaveholding broadly and thorough

religion; and we do hereby call on the Presby

tery to review and rectify their position. Such ly," etc. That statement is not literally accurate.

doctrine and practice cannot be permanently The Synod met at Danville, in the Autumn of

tolerated in the Presbyterian Church. May they 1835, and appointed a Committee of ten-five speedily melt away under the illuminating and ministers and five elders—who were instructed mellowing influence of the Gospel and grace of to "digest and prepare a plan for the moral and

God our Saviour!

"We do not, indeed, pronounce a sentence of religious instruction of our slaves, and for their

indiscriminate condemnation upon all our brethfuture emancipation," etc. The Committee did

ren who are, unfortunately, connected with the its duty faithfully, and the report in due time system of Slavery. We tenderly sympathize appeared-its character being such as is indicated with all those who deplore the evil, and are in the text. The result was duly submitted to

honestly doing all in their power for the present the Synod at its next meeting, at Bardstown, in

well-being of their slaves, and for their com

plete emancipation. We would aid, and not 1836; but no action was taken thereon, beyond |

embarrass, such brethren. And yet, in the lannoting on the Synod's records the reception of guage of the General Assembly of 1818, we the report, which had meantime been printed, would earnestly warn them against unduly exand had excited some feeling among the slave..

tending the plea of necessity; against making

it a cover for the love and practice of Slavery, holders.

or a pretense for not using efforts that are lawII.,

ful and practicable to extinguish this evil.'” The statement on page 120, respecting the Upon the announcement of this vote. Rev. attitude of the New School Presbyterian Church

James G. Hamner, of the Synod of Virginia, toward Slavery, is held by members of that

presented the protest of twenty-two Southern Church to require qualification, in view of its

members of the Assembly against this doctrine more recent action on the subject. The mate

of the Report, saying: rial facts are as follows:

"We protest— Because, while past General At the session of the General Assembly at Assemblies have asserted that the system of Cleveland, Ohio, for 1857, a report on Slavery Slavery is wrong, they have heretofore affirmed of the Committee on Bills and Overtures, after

that the slaveholder was so controlled by State having been debated with great animation for

laws, obligations of guardianship, and humanity,

that he was, as thus situated, without censure the better part of a week, was finally adopted

or odium as the master. This averment in the (June 3d), by the decisive majority of 169 yeas testimony of past Assemblies has so far sat to 26 nays. This report is largely devoted to a fied the South, as to make it unnecessary to do recital of the former testimonies of the Presby

more than protest against the mere anti-Slavery terian Church on the general subject, and is

part of such testimony.

“We protest, then, now, That the present act leveled at the new Southern doctrine that Sla

of the Assembly is such an assertion, without very is essentially beneficent and just-a doc

authority from the word of God, or the organic trine notoriously at variance with that originally law of the Presbyterian body. maintained by this Church. The Report says: “We protest that such action is, under pre.“We are especially pained by the fact that

sent conditions, the virtual exscinding of the the Presbytery of Lexington, South, have given

South, whatever be the motives of those who official notice to us that a number of ministers

vote the deed. and ruling elders, as well as many church-mem

"We protest, that such indirect excision is bers, in their connection, hold slaves 'from

unrighteous, oppressive, uncalled for-the exprinciple' and of choice,' believing it to be,

ercise of usurped power—destructive of the according to the Bible, right,' and have, without

unity of the Church-hurtful to the North and any qualifying explanation, assumed the respon

the South-and adding to the peril of the Union sibility of sustaining such ministers, elders, and

of these United States." church-members, in their position. We deem it From the date of this action which seems to our duty, in the exercise of our constitutional have been but a more explicit reaffirmance of authority, 'to bear testimony against error in the older testimonies of the Church against Sladoctrine, or immorality in practice, in any church,

very, and to have stopped far short of declaring Presbytery, or Synod,' to disapprove and earnestly condemn the position which has been thus

slaveholding inconsistent with the Christian assumed by the Presbytery of Lexington, South, character--the New School Presbyterian Church as one which is opposed to the established con- | had hardly a foothold in the Slave States.


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