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From an early stage of the can- events, throughout the Slave States vass, the Republicans could not help --next to the all but impossible sucseeing that they had the potent aid, cess of their own candidate-preferin their efforts, of the good wishes red that of the Republicans. In for their success of at least a large the Senate throughout the preceding proportion of the advocates of Breckampmales olores,

Session, at Charleston, at Baltimore,

o al inridge and Lane. The toasts drunk and ever since, they had acted prewith most enthusiasm at the Fourth- cisely as they would have done, had of-July celebrations throughout South they preëminently desired Mr. LinCarolina pointed to the probable coln's success, and determined to do election of Mr. Lincoln as the neces- their best to secure it. sary prelude to movements whereon And now, a large majority of Linthe hearts of all Carolinians were in- coln Electors had been carried, rentent. Southern “Fire-Eaters” can- dering morally certain his choice by vassed the Northern States in behalf the Electoral Colleges next month, of Breckinridge and Lane, but very and his inauguration on the 4th of much to the satisfaction of the friends March ensuing. So the result conof Lincoln and Hamlin. The “Fu- templated and labored for by at sion” arrangements, whereby it was least two of the four contending parhoped, at all events, to defeat Lin- ties in the canvass had been secured. coln, were not generally favored by What next? the “Fire-Eaters” who visited the North, whether intent on politics, In October, 1856, a Convention of business, or pleasure; and, in some Southern Governors was held at Rainstances, those who sought to com- leigh, N. C., at the invitation of Gov. mend themselves to the favor of their Wise, of Virginia. This gathering Southern patrons or customers, by was kept secret at the time; but it an exhibition of zeal in the “Fusion” was afterward proclaimed by Gov. cause, were quietly told: “What you wise that, had Fremont been elected, are doing looks not to the end we de- he would have marched at the head sire : we want Lincoln elected." In of twenty thousand men to Washingno Slave State did the supporters of ton, and taken possession of the CapiBreckinridge unite in any “Fusion” tol, preventing by force Fremont's movement whatever; and it was a inauguration at that place. very open secret that the friends. In the same spirit, a meeting of of Breckinridge generally—at all the prominent politicians of South


1 The Washington Star, then a Breckinridge ism, as being far more dangerous to the South organ, noticing, in September, 1860, the conver

than the election of Lincoln ; because it seeks to sion of Senator Clingman, of North Carolina,

create a Free-Soil party, there; while, if Lin

coln triumphs, the result cannot fail to be a from the support of Douglas to that of Breckin

South united in her own defense--the only key ridge, said :

to a full and—we sincerely believe--a peaceful “ While we congratulate him on the fact that and happy solution of the political problem of his eyes are at length open to the (to the South) | the Slavery question.” dangerous tendency of the labors of Douglas, Columns like the above might be quoted from we hail his conversion as an evidence of the

the Breckinridge journals of the South, showtruth of our oft-repeated declaration, that, ere the first Monday in November, every honest

ing that they regarded the success of Douglas and unselfish Democrat throughout the South as the great peril, to be defeated at all haze will be found arrayed against Douglas-Freesoil- | ards.

Carolina was held at the residence of very existence, depends upon our action. Senator Hammond, near Augusta,

| It was the old injunction, in times of great

suan | peril, to the Roman consuls, to take care on the 25th of October, 1860. Gov. that the Republic sustained no detriment; Gist, ex-Gov. Adams, ex-Speaker this charge and injunction is now addressed

to us. All that is dear and precious to this Orr, and the entire delegation to

people-life, fortune, name, and history-all Congress, except Mr. Miles, who was is committed to our keeping for weal or for kept away by sickness, were present,

woe, for honor or for shame. Let us do our

part, so that those who come after us shall with many other men of mark. By acknowledge that we were not unworthy of this cabal, it was unanimously re the great trusts devolved upon us, and not

unequal to the great exigencies by which solved that South Carolina should

.we were tried. Above all things, let us be secede from the Union in the event of one mind. We are all agreed as to our of Lincoln's then almost certain elec

wrongs. Let us sacrifice all differences of

opinion, as to the time and mode of remedy, tion. Similar meetings of kindred

upon the altar of patriotism, and for the spirits were held simultaneously, or sake of the great cause. In our unanimity soon afterward, in Georgia, Alabama,

will be our strength, physical and moral. No

human power can withstand or break down Mississippi, Florida, and probably a united people, standing upon their own other Slave States. By these meet

soil and defending their homes and firesides.

May we be so united, and may the great ings, and by the incessant interchange

Governor of men and of nations inspire our of messages, letters, and visits, the en hearts with courage, and inform our undertire slaveholding region had been

standings with wisdom, and lead us in the

way of honor and of safety.” prepared, so far as possible, for disunion in the event of a Republican, Gov. Gist (whose term expired if not also of a Douglas, triumph with the current year) communicated

to both Houses his Annual Message, The Legislature of South Carolina immediately on their organization. does not regularly meet until the It is as follows: fourth Monday in November; but,

“EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, I the recent act of Congress requiring

“COLUMBIA, S. C., Nov. 5, 1860.)

Gentlemen of the Senate a choice of Presidential Electors prior

and House of Representatives :

“The act of Congress, passed in the year to that time, Gov. Gist had good 1846, enacts that the electors of President reason for calling the Legislature of

and Vice-President shall be appointed on the

Tuesday next after the first Monday of the 1860 to meet in advance of the regu

month of November, of the year in which lar day. It met, according to his they are to be appointed. The annual summons, at Columbia, on Monday,

meeting of the Legislature of South Carolina,

by a constitutional provision, will not take Nov. 5 (the day before the choice of place until the fourth Monday in November Presidential Electors throughout the instant. I have considered it my duty, Union), when Mr. W. D. Porter, of

under the authority conferred upon me to

convene the Legislature on extraordinary Charleston, was chosen President of occasions, to convene you, that you may, on the Senate. On taking the Chair,

to-morrow, appoint the number of Electors

of President and Vice-President to which he said:

this State is entitled. "I do not seek now to lift the veil that “Under ordinary circumstances, your hides the future from our sight; but we duty could be soon discharged by the elechave all an instinctive feeling that we are on tion of Electors representing the choice of the eve of great events. His Excellency, the people of the State ; but, in view of the the Governor, in the terms of his call, has threatening aspect of affairs, and the strong summoned us to take action, if advisable, probability of the election to the Presidency for the safety and protection of the State of a sectional candidate, by a party commitHeretofore, we have consulted for its conve- ted to the support of measures, which, if nience and well-being; now, its destiny, its | carried out, will inevitably destroy our


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equality in the Union, and ultimately reduce | officers chosen by themselves, and hold the Southern States to mere provinces of a themselves in readiness to be called on upon consolidated despotism, to be governed by a the shortest notice. With this preparation fixed majority in Congress hostile to our in- for defense, and with all the hallowed memostitutions, and fatally bent upon our ruin, I | ries of past achievements, with our love of would respectfully suggest that the Legisla- | liberty, and hatred of tyranny, and with the ture remain in session, and take such action knowledge that we are contending for the as will prepare the State for any emergency safety of our homes and firesides, we can that may arise.

confidently appeal to the Disposer of all “That an exposition of the will of the human events, and safely trust our cause in people may be obtained on a question in- His keeping.

WM. H. Gist." volving such momentous consequences, I would earnestly recommend that, in the

Mr. James Chesnut, Jr., one of the event of Abraham Lincoln's election to the United States Senators from South Presidency, a Convention of the people of this State be immediately called, to consider

Carolina, was among the large numand determine for themselves the mode and ber of leading politicians in attendmeasure of redress. My own opinions of

ance at the opening of the legislative what the Convention should do are of little moment; but, believing that the time session. He was known as a zealous has arrived when every one, however hum- advocate of Secession, and as such ble he may be, should express his opinions in unmistakable language, I am constrained

was serenaded on the evening of Noto say that the only alternative left, in my vember 5th, aforesaid. Being called judgment, is the secession of South Carolina

out to speak, Mr. Chesnut (as reportfrom the Federal Union. The indications from many of the Southern States justify | eu by telegraph to I ne u

ed by telegraph to The Charleston the conclusion that the secession of South Courier) said: Carolina will be immediately followed, if not adopted simultaneously, by them, and “Before the setting of to-morrow's sun, ultimately by the entire South. The long- in all human probability, the destiny of this desired coöperation of the other States hav- confederated Republic would be decided. ing similar institutions, for which so many He solemnly thought, in all human probaof our citizens have been waiting, seems to bility, that the Republican party would be near at hand; and, if we are true to our triumph in the election of LINCOLN as Presiselves, will soon be realized. The State has, | dent. In that event, the lines of our enewith great unanimity declared that she has mies seem to be closing around us; but the right peaceably to secede, and no power they must be broken. They might see in on earth can rightfully prevent it.

the hurried paths of these starched men of “If, in the exercise of arbitrary power, livery the funeral cortege of the Constitution and forgetful of the lessons of history, the of the country. Peace, hope, independence, Government of the United States should at- 1 liberty, power, and the prosperity of Sovetempt coërcion, it will become our solemn reign States, may be draped as chief mournduty to meet force by force; and, whatever ers; still, in the rear of this procession, may be the decision of the Convention, rep- | there is the light of the glorious past, from resenting the Sovereignty of the State, and which they might rekindle the dying blaze amenable to no earthly tribunal, it shall, of their own altars. We see it all-know it during the remainder of my administration, all-feel it all; and, with heaven's help, we be carried out to the letter, regardless of any hazard that may surround its execution. “It was evident that we had arrived at the

“I would also respectfully recommend a initial point of a new departure. We have thorough reörganization of the Militia, so two ways before us, in one of which, wheas to place the whole military force of the ther we will or not, we must tread; for, in State in a position to be used at the shortest the event of this issue, there would be no notice, and with the greatest efficiency. | repose. In both lie dangers, difficulties, and Every man in the State, between the ages troubles, which no human foresight can of eighteen and forty-five, should be well | foreshadow or perceive; but they are not armed with the most efficient weapons of equal in magnitude. One is beset with humodern warfare, and all the available means miliation, dishonor, émeutes, rebellionsof the State used for that purpose.

with submission, in the beginning, to all, “In addition to this general preparation, and at all times, and confiscation and slavery I would recommend that the services of ten in the end. The other, it is true, has its thousand volunteers be immediately accept- | difficulties and trials, but no disgrace. Hope, ed; that they be organized and drilled by duty, and honor, shine along the path. Hopo

beacons you at the end. Before deciding, 1 revolution is to stare it in the face. I think consider well the ancient and sacred maxim the only policy for us is to arm as soon as -Stand upon the ancient way—see which we receive authentic intelligence of the is the right, good way, and walk in it.' election of Lincoln. It is for South Carolina,

“But the question now was, Would the in the quickest manner, and by the most South submit to a Black Republican Presi- | direct means, to withdraw from the Union. dent and a Black Republican Congress, Then we will not submit, whether the other which will claim the right to construe the | Southern States will act with us or with our Constitution of the country and administer enemies. the Government in their own hands, not by “They cannot take sides with our ene

of the fathers of the country, nor by the an ancient philosopher wished to inaugurate practices of those who administered seventy | a great revolution, his motto was to dare! years ago, but by rules drawn from their to dare!" own blind consciences and crazy brains. 1 “Mr. Boyce was followed by Gen. M. E. They call us inferiors, semi-civilized bar Martin, Cols. Cunningham, Simpson, Richbarians, and claim the right to possess our ardson, and others, who contended that to lands, and give them to the destitute of the submit to the election of Lincoln is to conOld World and the profligates of this. They sent to a lingering death." claim the dogmas of the Declaration of Independence as part of the Constitution, and

There was great joy in Charleston, that it is their right and duty to so administer the Government as to give full effect to and wherever “Fire-Eaters” most did them. The people now must choose whether

congregate, on the morning of Nothey would be governed by enemies, or govern themselves.

vember 7th. Men rushed to shake "For himself, he would unfurl the Pal- hands and congratulate each other on metto flag, fling it to the breeze, and, with the glad tidings of Lincoln's election. the spirit of a brave man, determine to live and die as became our glorious ancestors, Now, it was felt, and exultingly proand ring the clarion notes of defiance in the claimed, the last obstacle to “ Southears of an insolent foe. He then spoke of the undoubted right to withdraw their dele-, erli maependence has been removell, gated powers, and it was their duty, in the and the great experiment need no event contemplated, to withdraw them. It longer be postponed to await the was their only safety.

“Mr. C. favored separate State action; pleasure of the weak, the faithless, saying the rest would flock to our standard.” | the cowardly. It was clear that the

election had resulted precisely as the Hon. Wm. W. Boyce—then, and

master-spirits had wished and hoped. for some years previously, a leading Now, the apathy, at least of the other Representative in Congress from

Cotton States, must be overcome; South Carolina-was, in like manner,

now, South Carolina—that is, her serenaded and called out by the enthu

slaveholding oligarchy—will be able siastic crowd of Secessionists, at Co

to achieve her long-cherished purlumbia, on the following evening.

| pose of breaking up the Union, and He concluded a speech denunciatory

founding a new confederacy on her of the Republicans, as follows:

own ideas, and on the 'peculiar insti“The question then is, What are we to tution of the South. Men thronged do? In my opinion, the South ought not to submit. If you intend to resist, the way to

the streets, talking, laughing, cheerresist in earnest is to act; the way to enacting, like mariners long becalmed

This, and nearly all the proceedings at Co- | leading and wealthy gentleman in Charleston, lumbia at this crisis, are here copied directly states that the news of Lincoln's election was from the columns of The Charleston Courier.

received there with cheers and many manifesta

tions of approbation.” 3 Dispatch to The New York Herald, dated Washington, Nov. 8, 1860:

The Charleston Mercury of the 7th or 8th ex"A dispatch, received here to-day from a l ultingly announced the same fact.

COÖPERATION' URGED BEFORE SECESSION. 333 on a hateful, treacherous sea, whom In support of this proposition, Mr. a sudden breeze had swiftly wafted Lesesne spoke ably and earnestly, but within sight of their longed-for haven, without effect. “Coöperation” had or like a seedy prodigal, just raised been tried in 1850-1, and had sigto affluence by the death of some far- nally failed to achieve the darling off, unknown relative, and whose purpose of a dissolution of the Union; sense of decency is not strong enough so the rulers of Carolina opinion would to repress his exultation.

have none of it in 1860. Thus stimulated, the Legislature Still another effort was made in did not hesitate nor falter in the the House (November 7th), by Mr. course marked out for it by the mag- Trenholm, of Charleston-long connates of the State oligarchy. Joint spicuous in the councils of the State resolves, providing for the call of a “who labored hard to make “ CoöpConvention at some early day, with eration” look so much like Secession a view to unconditional secession that one could with difficulty be distinfrom the Union, were piled upon guished from the other. His propoeach other with great energy, as if sition was couched in the following nearly every member were anxious terms: to distinguish himself by zeal in the " Resolved, That the Committee on the work. Among others. Mr. Robert Military of the Senate and House of Rep

| resentatives, be instructed to meet during Barnwell Rhett, on the second day

the recess, and to prepare a plan for armof the session, offered such resolves, ing the State, and for organizing a percalling for the choice of a Conven

manent Military Bureau ; and that the said

Committee be instructed to report by bill to tion on the 22d of November; the their respective Houses on the first day of delegates to meet at Columbia on the the reässembling of the General Assembly.

Resolved, That the Committee of Ways 17th of December. .

and Means of the House of Representatives Mr. Moses and others offered simi be instructed to sit during the recess, and lar resolves in the Senate; where Mr. prepare a bill for raising supplies necessary

to carry into effect the measure recomLesesne, of Charleston, attempted to mended by the Military Committee, and to stem, or, rather, to moderate, the report by bill on the first day of the reäs

sembling of the General Assembly. roaring tide, by inserting the thin

" Resolved, that the Governor be renest end of the wedge of “Coöpera quested immediately to apply the one huntion." His resolves are, in terms, as

dred thousand dollárs, appropriated by the

last General Assembly, to the purchase of follows:

“1st. Resolved, That the ascendency of “Resolved, That immediately after the the hostile, sectional, anti-Slavery party, election of the Commissioner to the State styling themselves the Republican party, of Georgia, this General Assembly do take a would be sufficient and proper cause for the recess until the third Monday, being the dissolution of the Union and formation of a nineteenth day, of November, instant, at 7 Southern Confederacy.

o'clock. “2d. Resolved, That, in case of the elec- ' “ Resolved, As the sense of this General tion of the candidates of that party to the Assembly, that the election of a Black Reoffice of President and Vice-President of the publican to the Presidency of the United United States, instead of providing uncon- States, will be the triumph and practical ditionally for a Convention, the better course application of principles incompatible with will be to empower the Governor to take the peace and safety of the Southern States. measures for assembling a Convention 80 Resolved, That a Commissioner be elect800n as any one of the other Southern States ed, by joint ballot of the Senate and House shall, in his judgment, give satisfactory as- of Representatives, whose duty it shall be, surance or evidence of her determination to in the event of Mr. Lincoln's election, to withdrar from the Union."

I proceed immediately to Milledgeville, the


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