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THE NEBRASKA BILL IN THE HOUSE.

233

people of these Territories to choose we have seen reported by Mr. Dougtheir own Governor as well as Legis- las to the Senate, and adopted by lature,—which was rejected; Yeas that body, repealing the 8th section 10;14 Nays 30.

of the Missouri act, and insert instead So far, the bill had been acted on the following: as in Committee of the Whole. On Provided, That nothing in this act shall coming out of Committee, Mr. Clay be so construed as to prevent the people of

said Territory, through the properly constiton's amendment, above mentioned,

tuted legislative authority, from passing was disagreed to—22 to 20—and the such laws, in relation to the institution of bill engrossed for its third reading by

Slavery, as they may deem best adapted to

| their locality, and most conducive to their 29 to 12-and, at a late hour of the

| happiness and welfare; and so much of any night 15_or rather, morning-passed : | existing act of Congress as may conflict

with the above right of the people to reguYeas 37; Nays 16 14: whereupon the

late their domestic institutions in their Senate, exhausted by struggle and | own way, be, and the same is hereby, excitement, adjourned over from Fri- repealed." day to the following Tuesday.

It is highly probable that this

proposition.could not have been deIn the House, this bill was not feated on a call of the Yeas and taken up for more than two months Nays in the House-which was after it had passed the Senate. There doubtless the reason why it was were scruples to vanquish, objections never acted on. The House bill was to remove or to soften, and machinery never taken up, save at a late day, 18 to adjust, in order to give the meas- so as to enable the Senate bill to be ure a chance of success. Meantime, moved as an amendment. the hum of public dissatisfaction rose There was a violent struggle in louder and louder, and members who the House for and against closing were soon to face Northern constituen- the debate on this measure, and it cies were reasonably reluctant to vote was finally agreed that said debate for it, unless the Democratic majori- should terminate on Saturday the ties in their districts were well-nigh 20th. And now, Mr. Alex. H. Steimpregnable.

phens, of Georgia, originated, and A House bill (nearly a copy of was enabled to execute, a parliathat of Mr. Douglas) having been mentary maneuver which, if recogreported" by Mr. Richardson, of Il- nized as legitimate, must prove an linois, from the Committee on Ter- important aid to party despotism ritories, Mr. English, of Indiana—a and a screen to vicious legislation most unflinching Democrat-from through all future time. The right the minority of said Committee, proof a majority to prescribe a reasonposed to strike out the clause which / able limit to discussion—to afford

14 Messrs. Chase, Fessenden, Foot, Hamlin, on it at all, now voted Nay. Messrs. Bayard, Norris, Seward, Shields, Smith, Sumner, Wade of Delaware, Cass, of Michigan, Thompson, of --10.

Kentucky, Geyer, of Missouri, Thomson, of New 15 March 3d.

Jersey, who did not vote for or against Gov. 16 Messrs. Bell, of Tennessee, Houston, of Tex- Chase's amendment, whereon we have given the as, and Walker, of Wisconsin, who had voted Yeas and Nays, were now present and voted for against Mr. Chase's amendment above cited, and the bill. Mr. James, of Rhode Island, who had not voted 17 January 31st. 18 May 8th.

fair opportunity for debate, but in- , thereupon called the Previous Quessist that it shall close at a definite tion, which was seconded: Yeas and not too distant day and hour- 116; Nays 90; when his amendhas become a part of our parliament- ment was adopted-Yeas 115; Nays ary law. But the right of a minority 95; the bill ordered to be engrossed to seek to improve what it deems a -Yeas 112; Nays 99; the Previous vicious and mistaken measure to Question again ordered and sussoften, if it may, objectionable fea- tained; and the bill finally passed : tures which it is unable wholly to Yeas 113; Nays 100. Thus the remove—is still sacred; and it has opponents of the measure in the accordingly been established, after House were precluded from promuch experience of the evils of the posing any amendments or modifiopposite rule, that even a vote of the cations whatever, when it is morally House, enforcing the Previous Ques- certain that, had they been permittion on a reluctant, struggling mi- ted to do so, some such amendment nority, does not cut off amendments as Gov. Chase's or Mr. English's which may have already been pro- would have been carried. posed, but only arrests debate and The Free States contributed 44 brings the House to vote successively votes-all cast by Democrats—to the on all the propositions legitimately support of this measure. From the before it, including, it may be, the Slave States, 12 Whigs and 57 Demengrossment of the bill. But Mr.ocrats sustained it. Against it were Stephens, when the hour for closing 91 members from Free States, of the debate in Committee had arrived, whom 44 were chosen as Whigs, moved that the enacting clause of the three as “Free Soil” proper, and 44 bill be stricken out, which was carried as Democrats. So that precisely as by a preconcerted and uncounter- many Democrats from Free States acted rally of the unflinching friends voted for as against the final passage of the measure. Of course, all pend- of the Nebraska bill. Only nine 20 ing amendments were thus disposed members from Slave States opposed of-the bill being reported as dead. it, of whom but two 21 had been reHaving thus got the bill out of garded as Democrats; and of these Committee and before the House, Col. Benton was not so regarded Messrs. Stephens & Co. voted not to thereafter. Of the Whigs. who so agree to the report of the Committee voted, but two 29 were returned to the of the Whole, thus bringing the next House. House to an immediate vote on the The bill had thus passed the House engrossment of the bill. Mr. Rich- in form as an original measure of ardson now moved an amendment that body, although it was in essence in the nature of a substitute (being, the amended Senate bill. Being in effect, the Senate's bill), and sent 23 to the Senate as such, an at

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19 Yeas (for agreeing) 97; Nays 117. MISSOURI.-Thomas H. Benton-1. OTEER 20 VIRGINIA.—John S. Millson-1. NORTH

SOUTHERN STATES.-None. Total—9. CAROLINA.-Richard C. Puryear, Sion H. Rog

21 Messrs. Millson, of Virginia, and Benton, ers--2. TENNESSEE.--Robert M. Bugg, William of Missouri. Cullom, Emerson Etheridge, Nathaniel G. Tayo! 22 Messrs. Puryear, of North Carolina, and lor-4. LOUISIANA.-Theodore G. Hunt-1. / Etheridge, of Tennessee. 28 May 24th.

MISSOURI ATTEMPTS TO MONOPOLIZE KANSAS.

235

tempt to amend it was voted down, Kansas lying within one or two hun-, and the bill ordered to be engrossed, dred miles of the Missouri border by 35 Yeas to 13 Nays. It was im- was suddenly opened to White apmediately passed, and, being ap- propriation and settlement. These proved by President Pierce, became simultaneous purchases of Indian a law of the land.

lands by the Government, though

little was known of them elsewhere, The struggle which ensued for the were thoroughly understood and appractical possession of Kansas was preciated by the Missourians of the one which Congress had thus clearly Western border, who had for some provoked and invited.

time been organizing “Blue Lodges," When the bill organizing Kansas “Social Bands,” “Sons of the South," and Nebraska was first submitted to and other societies, with intent to Congress in 1853, all that portion of take possession of Kansas in behalf Kansas which adjoins the State of of Slavery. They were well assured, Missouri, and, in fact, nearly all the and they fully believed, that the obaccessible portion of both Territories, ject contemplated and desired, in was covered by Indian reservations, lifting, by the terms of the Kansason which settlement by whites was Nebraska bill, the interdict of Slastrictly forbidden. The only excep- very from Kansas, was to authorize tion was that in favor of Government and facilitate the legal extension of agents and religious missionaries; Slavery into that region. Within a and these, especially the former, were very few days after the passage of nearly all Democrats and violent the Kansas-Nebraska act, hundreds partisans of Slavery. Among the of leading Missourians crossed into missionaries located directly on the the adjacent Territory, selected each border was the Rev. Thomas John- his quarter-section or larger area of son, of the Methodist Church South, land, put some sort of mark on it, who was among the few who had and then united with his fellow-adalready introduced and then held venturers in a meeting or meetings slaves in the territory which is now intended to establish a sort of MisKansas, in defiance of the Missouri souri preëmption upon all this reRestriction. He was a violent poli- gion. Among the resolves passed tician of the Missouri border pattern, at one of these meetings, were the and in due time became President following: of the Council in the first Territorial Legislature of Kansas elected al

"That we will afford protection to no

| abolitionist as a settler of this Territory. . most wholly by non-resident and “That we recognize the institution of fraudulent votes. Within the three Slavery as already existing in this Territory,

and advise slaveholders to introduce their months immediately preceding the

property as early as possible.” passage of the Kansas bill aforesaid, treaties were quietly made at Wash- Information being received, soon ington with the Delawares, Otoes, after this, that associations were beKickapoos, Kaskaskias, Shawnees, ing formed in the Eastern States, Sacs, Foxes, and other tribes, where designed to facilitate and promote by the greater part of the soil of the migration of citizens of those

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States to Kansas, with intent to young canvas city, and sent over make her a Free State, a violent formal notification that “the Aboand general indignation of the bor- litionists must leave the Territory, derers was thereby excited. Among never more to return to it.” The others, a meeting was held at West- settlers must have all their effects port, Mo., early in July, 1854, which gathered together preparatory to adopted the following:

leave by ten o'clock. The time was “ Resolved, That this association will,

afterward extended to one o'clock, whenever called upon by any of the citi- with abundant professions of a dezens of Kansas Territory, hold itself in sire to prevent the effusion of blood. readiness together to assist and remove any and all emigrants who go there under

The Yankees, meantime, had organthe auspices of the Northern Emigrant Aid ized and armed as a militia company, Societies.

and were quietly drilling amid their Resolved. That we recommend to the citizens of other Counties, particularly those tents, sending civil but decided anbordering on Kansas Territory, to adopt swers to the repeated messages sent regulations similar to those of this association, and to indicate their readiness to

to them. Finally, having satisfied cooperate in the objects of this first reso- themselves that they could only prelution.”

vent bloodshed by letting the Yan- . Before the passage of these re- kees alone, and going about their solves, at least one person, who had own business, the ruffians broke up strayed into the Territory with intent their camp by piecemeal and stole to settle there, and who was unable away, at evening and during the to convince the “ Border Ruffians,” night, back to their dens in Misalready in possession, that he was souri. one with them in faith and spirit, was seized by them, placed in a Président Pierce. appointed Ancanoe without oars, and sent float- | drew H. Reeder, of Pennsylvania, ing down the Missouri.

Governor, and Daniel Woodson, of The first company, about thirty Arkansas, Secretary of Kansas, with in number, of Eastern emigrants, judicial officers of whom a majority under the auspices of the New Eng- were from Slave States--one of them land Emigrant Aid Society, reached taking a number of slaves with him Kansas before the end of July, and into the Territory. These officers located on the site now known as reached Kansas, and established a Lawrence.24 Two weeks later, they Territorial Government there, in the were joined by a second and larger autumn of 1854. All of them were, company, numbering sixty or sev- of course, Democrats; but Gov. enty. While these were still living Reeder's soundness on the vital quesin tents, but busily employed in tion was early suspected at the erecting temporary houses, they were South. The Union (Washington), visited by a party of Missourians, President Pierce's immediate organ, one hundred strong, who were re- promptly rebuked these suspicions, inforced next day by one hundred as follows: and Tity more, wao pitched their | "A gentleman in Virginia calls our attencamp just across a ravine from the tion to the fact that the enemies of President

14 So named after Amos A. Lawrence, Treasurer of the Society.

no tempo party

who were red as

POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY RAMPANT IN KANSAS.

237

ame

Pierce in the South lay particular stress upon Whitfield, 25 an Indian agent, the his appointment of Gov. Reeder as proof of his willingness to favor Free-Soilers, and

Missouri candidate, had 597 of them. asks us whether, at the time of his appoint He received 2,268 in all, to 570 for ment, Gov. Reeder was regarded as a sound

all others. David R. Atchison, then national Democrat. It is in our power to answer this question with entire confidence,

a U. S. Senator from Missouri, in a and to say that, down to the time that Gov. speech in Platte County, Mo., a few Reeder went to Kansas to assume the duties

weeks before the election, said: of Governor of the Territory, there had not been, so far as we have ever heard, or so far “When you reside within one day's jouras the President ever heard, a breath of sus

ney of the Territory, and when your peace, picion as to his entertaining Free-Soil senti

your quiet, and your property, depend upon ments. He was appointed under the strong

your action, you can, without any exertion, est assurances that he was strictly and hon

send five hundred of your young men who will estly a national man. We are able to state,

vote in favor of your institutions. Should further, on very reliable authority, that,

rity; that; each county in the State of Missouri only do whilst Gov. Reeder was in Washington, at

its duty, the question will be decided quietly the time of his appointment, he conversed

and peaceably at the ballot-box. If we are with Southern gentlemen on the subject of

defeated, then Missouri and the other SouthSlavery, and assured them that he had no

ern States will have shown themselves recremore scruples in buying a slave than a horse,

ant to their interests, and will deserve their and he regretted that he had not money to

fate." purchase a number to carry with him to Kansas. We have understood that he re The city of Atchison, named after

way to this distinguished Senator, was foundKansas. We will repeat what we have had occasion to say more than once before-that ed 26 about this time by gentlemen of no man has ever been appointed by Presi- his faith, who established The Squatdent Pierce to office who was not at the time understood by him to be a faithful ad- | ter Soverergn as their organ. .One of herent to the Baltimore platform of 1852, its early issues contained the followon the subject of Slavery. If any appoint- lino sicnificant nararanh. ment was made contrary to this rule, it was done under a misapprehension as to the ap

“We can tell the impertinent scoundrels pointment. We may add that the evidences of The Tribune that they may exhaust an of Gov. Reeder's soundness were so strong | ocean of ink, their Emigrant Aid Societies that President Pierce was slower than many spend their millions and billions, their repreothers to believe him a Free-Soiler after he sentatives in Congress spout their heretical had gone to Kansas. It is, therefore, the

theories till doomsday, and his Excellency grossest injustice to refer to Gov. Reeder's appoint abolitionist after free-soiler as our appointment as proof of the President's Governor, yet we will continue to lynch and willingness to favor Free-Soilers."

hang, tar and feather and drown, every

white-livered abolitionist who dares to pol. An election for Delegate from

lute our soil.” Kansas was held near the close of Gov. Reeder, in the early months November. There were probably of 1855, had a census of the Territoless than two thousand adalt white ry taken, which showed a total popmales then resident in the Territory; ulation of 8,501, whereof 2,905 were yet 2,871 votes were cast, whereof voters and 242 slaves. He thereupon 1,114 were afterward ascertained to ordered an election for a first Terrihave been legal, while 1,729 were torial Legislature and for certain cast by residents of Missouri. At county officers, to be held on the one poll, known as “110,” 604 votes 30th of March, which took place acwere cast, of which 20 were legal cordingly. All of border Missouri and 584 were illegal. John W. was on hand; and the invaders had

25 A Tennesseean; last heard from in the Confederate army.

26 On the Kansas bank of the Missouri; some | thirty miles above Leavenworth.

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