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nearly a mile before meeting the enemy in force. At the close of the battle on the first day,
They immediately became engaged. There was Gen. Beauregard sent the following despatch to no straggling, as upon the previous day. Gen. Richmond : Nelson slowly but steadily advanced, pushing
BATTLE FIELD OF SHILON, April 6, the exhausted enemy before him until half past General S. Cooper, Adjutant-General :
via Corinth and Chattanooga "Š ten, when under cover of the timber and a fu
We have this morning attacked the enemy in a strong rious cannonading they made a general rally; position in front of Pittsburg, and after a severe batSuddenly the masses of the enemy were hurled tle of ten bours, thanks to Almighty God, gained a with tremendous force against the Federal lines, complete victory, driving the enemy from every posi
tion. which now halted, wavered, and fell back. At this moment Terrill's battery of 24-pounder mander-in-Chief, Albert Sidney Johnston, who fell
The loss on both sides is heavy, including our Com. howitzers rushed up, and in a few minutes was gallantly leading his troops into the thickest of the unlimbered and firing into the compact and ad- light. vancing ranks of the enemy. Here was the turn
(Signed) G. T. BEAUREGARD, Gen'l Com’d'g. ing point of the battle on the left. The enemy In consequence of the reception of this meswere only checked, not halted; then followed sage, President Davis sent the following Mesfor two hours a contest of artillery and musketry sage to the Confederate Congress, then in sesat short range. The enemy began to waver, when sion at Richmond, on the 8th of April: Gen. Buell coming up, saw at a glance the chance and ordered a charge by brigades, at “double
To the Senate and House of Representatives of the Con
federate States of America : quick.” The Confederates fell back for a quarter
The great importance of the news just received from of a mile, became more confused, and at half past Tennessee induces me to depart from the established two that point of the field was cleared. The usages, and to make to you this communication in adnext divisions, of Gens. Crittenden and McCook, despatches, received from official sources, I am able to
vance of official reports. From official telegraphic after an obstinate struggle, were equally success- announce to you, with entire confidence, that it has ful. The divisions of Gens. McClernand and Hurl- pleased Almighty God to crown the Confederate arms but, nothing daunted by the reverses of the pre- with a glorious and decisive victory over our invaders. ceding day, fought with much bravery. On the On the morning of the 6th, the converging columns right the contest was more severe, and longer Gen. A. Sídney Johnston, in an assault on the Federal
of our army were combined by its Commander-in-Chief, continued. A design was manifested by the en
army, then encamped near Pittsburg, on the Tennesemy to turn the flank of Gen. Wallace's division. see river. This was thwarted, and the enemy steadily
After a hard-fought battle of ten hours, the enemy driven back until four P. M., when a general re
was driven in disorder from his position, and pursued
to the Tennessee river, where, under cover of the guntreat took place on the right. Thus the original boats, he was at the last accounts endeavoring to effect plan of the
enemy was frustrated. It was his de his retreat by aid of bis transports. The details of this sigo to drive Gen. Grant into his transports and great battle are yet too few and incomplete to enable the river, or to capture his force in time to profit me to distinguish with merited praise all of those who by the victory, and remove to the rear all the tinction, and I prefer to delay our own gratification in
may have conspicuously earned the right to such disstores and munitions that would be taken. This recommending them to your special notice, rather than was to be done before the arrival of Gen. Buell. incur the risk of wounding the feelings of any by failOn the retreat of the Confederate army, the ing to include them in the list.
When such a victory has been won over troops as original ground, and even the tents of Gen.
numerous, well-disciplined, armed, and appointed, as Grant's army, were recovered. No regular pur- those which have just been so signally routed, we may suit was attempted until the next day. The well conclude that one common spirit of unflinching number of the Federal army engaged on Sun- bravery and devotion to our country's cause must have day, was estimated by Gen. Beauregard at five animated every breast, from that of the Commanding dirisions of nine thousand men each, or forty. the ranks. There is enough in the continued presence
General to that of the humblest patriot who served in five thousand men. The reënforcements of of invaders on our soil to chasten our exultation over Sunday night were estimated by him at twenty- this brilliant success, and to remind us of the grave five thousand from Gen. Buell's army, and duty of continued exertion, until we shall extort from eight thousand under Gen. Wallace, and the ledgment of our right to self-government,
a proud and vain-glorious enemy the reluctant acknowentire force on Monday fifty-three thousand. But an All-wise Creator has been pleased, while This estimate slightly exceeds the Federal force vouchsafing to us his countenance in battle, to afflict us engaged, especially in the number of reënforce- with a severe dispensation, to which we must bow in ments furnished by Gen. Buell. On the other humble submission. The last long, lingering hope has hand, the Confederate force was estimated at disappeared, and it is but too true that Gen. Albert
Sidney Johnston is no more.
The tale of his death is sixty thousand by the Union officers, which was simply narrated in a despatch from Col. William Presundoubtedly an overestimate. Gen. Grant had ton, in the following words: a force somewhat less than the enemy on Sun
“Gen. Johnston fell yesterday at half past two day, but on Monday he outnumbered them. No o'clock, while leading a successful charge, turning the official statement of numbers has been afforded Minié ball cut the artery of his leg, but he rode on un.
enemy's right, and gaining a brilliant victory. A on either side. The Federal loss was 1,735 kill. til, from loss of blood, he fell exhausted, and died withed, 7,882 wounded, and 3,956 taken prisoners. out pain in a few moments. His body has been inTotal, 13,573. The Confederate loss was killed trusted to me by Gen. Beauregard, to be taken to New
Orleans, and remain until directions are received from 1,728, wounded 8,012, missing 959.
Total, his family.' 10,699.
My long and close friendship with this departed
chieftain and patriot forbids me to trust myself in give and the enemy's advance. I did not believe, ing vent to the feelings which this sad intelligence has however, that they intended to make a deterevoked. Without doing injustice to the living, it may mined attack, but simply to make a reconsafely be asserted that our loss is irreparable. Among the shining hosts of the great and good who now clus noissance in force. My headquarters were at ter around the banner of our country, there exists no Savannah, though I usually spent the day at purer spirit, no more heroic soul, than that of the illus. Pittsburg. Troops were constantly arriving to trious man whose death I join you in lamenting.
be assigned to the different brigades and divi. In his death he has illustrated the character for which through life he was conspicuous-that of single sions. All were ordered to report at Savannah, ness of purpose and devotion to duty--with his whole making it necessary to keep an office and some energies. Bent on obtaining the victory which he one there. I was also looking for Buell to ar. deemed essential to his country's
cause, he rode on to rive, and it was important that I should have the accomplishment of his object, forgetful of self, while his very life-blood was fast ebbing away. His last every arrangement complete for his crossing breath cheered his comrades on to victory. The last and transit to this side of the river." sound he heard was their shout of victory. His last Gen. Beauregard issued the preliminary orthought was of his country, and long and deeply will bis ders for his troops to move from Corinth at country mourn his loss. JEFFERSON DAVIS,
one o clock on the morning of the 3d of April. On the 10th of April, President Lincoln, The movement did not commence until during having received reports of the battles at Pitts- the forenoon. It was expected to reach the burg Landing, or Shiloh, issued the following Federal lines in time to commence the attack proclamation:
on the 5th. They arrived too late in the afterWASHINGTOX, April 10, 1862.
noon of that day to attack. It could not have It has pleased Almighty God to vouchsafe signal been with the advance of this force that “ skirvictories to the land and nåval forces engaged in suppressing an internal rebellion, and at the same time to mishing had been going on for two days." avert from our country the dangers of foreign interven- On the 9th of April, Maj.-Gen. Halleck, with tion and invasion.
a portion of his staff, left St. Louis for PittsIt is therefore recommended to the people of the burg Landing, to assume command in the field. United States that, at their next weekly assemblages His first efforts were devoted to reorganizing in their accustomed places of public worship, which shall occur after the notice of this Proclamation shall the army. Two days after his arrival, an er. have been received, they especially acknowledge and pedition was sent under convoy of the gun boats render thanks to our Heavenly Father for these ines- to destroy the railroad bridge over Bear Creek, timable blessings; that they then and there implore spiritual consolation in behalf of all those who have
seven miles inland from Chickasaw. This was been brought into afliction by the casualties and ca
successfully done by Gen. Sherman, and cut the lamities of sedition and civil war, and that they rever- communication between Richmond, Va., and ently invoke the Divine guidance for our national Corinth. The state of the roads delayed for some counsels, to the end that they may speedily result in days any movement of importance. Frequent the restoration of peace, harmony, and unity throughout our borders, and hasten the establishment of fra skirmishes, however, took place with the Conternal relations among all the countries of the earth.
federate infantry and cavalry hovering near. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and On the 22d of April, Gen. Pope, with his divi. caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, this tenth day of April
, burg Landing from New Madrid.
On the in the year of our Lord one thousand eighỉ hundred and sixty-two, and of the independence of the United 27th, orders were issued by Gen. Halleck for States the eighty-sixth.
the army to hold itself in readiness for an imABRAHAM LINCOLN. mediate movement. Gen. Grant's divisions By the President—Wx. H. Seward, Secretary of State. formed the right wing of the army, those of
On the 8th Gen. Sherman, with a body of Gen. Buell the centre, and those of Gen. cavalry and infantry, advanced on the Corinth Pope the left wing. Gens. Grant and Buell road. His progress was at first checked by a retained the immediate command of their reforce of the enemy's cavalry, which afterward spective armies. The advance of the army was driven back. The roads were found in a was now gradually commenced. Day after bad state, in consequence of the heavy rain on day a division or a brigade was moved a few Sunday night, and strewn with abandoned wag. miles, and the outposts extended. On the 1st ons, ambulances, and limber boxes. A general of May, Monterey was occupied. It is a small hospital, containing about two hundred and nine- village in McNairy Co., Tenn., four miles from ty wounded Confederate soldiers, was also found. the Mississippi line, and about midway beThe force of Gen. Sherman returned to camp tween Pittsburg Landing and Corinth. A few at night.
days previously, an expedition under Gen. It was charged against Gen. Grant that the Wallace had gone as far as Purdy, about twencommencement of the battle was a surprise to ty miles west of Pittsburg Landing, and dethe Federal forces, and that he was absent stroyed the bridge of the railroad connecting from the field until some hours after. In re- Corinth with Jackson. ply he said: “As to the talk of our being sur- On the 2d of May, Gen. Beanregard issued prised, nothing could be more false. If the the following address to his soldiers : enemy had sent us word where and when they would attack, we could not have been better
HEADQUARTERS OF THE FORCES AT CORINTH,
Miss ISSIPPI, May 2, 1862. prepared. Skirmishing had been going for
Soldiers of Shiloh and Elkhorn : We are about to two days between our reconnoitring parties meet once more, in the shock of batile, the invaders
of our soil, the despoilers of our homes, the disturbers made with the extremity of each wing thrown of our family ties, face to face, hand to hand. We are back in echelons to prevent a flank attack. to decide whether we are to be freemen or vile slaves of those who are free only in name, and who but yes
Meantime the Confederate forces at Corinth terday were vanquished, although in largely superior were active in strengthening their position and Dumbers, in their own encampments, on the ever-mem- accumulating reënforcements. Pensacola and orable field of Shilob. Let the impending battle de- New Orleans had at this time been captured by cide our fate, and add a more illustrious page to the the Federal forces, and Gen. Lovell had with history of our revolution-one to which our children will point with noble pride, saying, “Our fathers his force arrived at Corinth from the neighborwere at the battle of Corinth.” I congratulate you on hood of the latter city. On the 9th, a strong your timely junction. With your mingled banners, Confederate force drove in the Federal pickets for the first time during this war, we shall meet our beyond Farmington, and advanced upon the foe in strength that should give us victory. Soldiers, can the result be doubtful ? Shall we not drive back brigade occupying the farther side of the creek into Tennessee the presumptuous mercenaries collect- in front of the Federal camp. The brigade ed for our subjugation? One more manly effort, and, maintained its position for some time, but Gen. trusting in God and the justness of our cause, we shall Pope, finding it would be necessary to move his recover more than we have lately lost. Let the sound whole force across the creek, contrary to orders, of our victorious guns be reëchoed by those of the army of Virginia on the historic battle field of York- in order to sustain it, directed it to retire. G. T. BEAUREGARD,
Great as was the army of Gen. Halleck, the General Commanding. Confederates were believed to be stronger, and J. M. OTET, Acting Assistant Adjutant-General.
the people of the Southern States now looked On the 3d of May, the army, commanded by forward to a signal and brilliant victory. Gen. Halleck, numbering 108,000 men, was The advance of the Federal lines was slow, within eight miles of Corinth. The bridges and on the 21st their batteries were within burned had been rebuilt, and the roads had three miles of Corinth. The skirmishing of the become dry enough to render transportation pickets now increased every day, and soon beeasy. Few can conceive the difficulty of mov- came constant along the entire line. Almost ing such a mass of men with their tents, bag- daily the artillery was engaged, and the hour gage, artillery, and supplies, over an uneven, for battle was close at hand. marshy country, covered with woods, and with- The railroad communication to the northward out roads.
and eastward of Corinth had been destroyed at Corinth is a small village in the northeast Purdy and Glendale. With a view to prevent corner of Mississippi, ninety miles east from still further, so far as it was in his power, either Memphis, and about twenty miles west from the the reënforcement or the retreat of the ConfedTennessee river. The Memphis and Charles- erate armies at Corinth, Gen. Halleck directed ton railroad runs through it from east to west, that the railroad to the southward of Corinth and the Mobile and Ohio from north to south. and in the direction of Mobile should be also The country between it and the Tennessee cut. To effect this, Col. Elliott, with two regiriver is very uneven, broken into ridges of ments of cavalry, started on the night of the hills and abrupt valleys, and covered with a 27th, and early on the 30th reached Booneville, heavy forest. The bridges over the creeks had 24 miles south of Corinth. A large amount of been destroyed; the roads over the marshes stores was found and destroyed, consisting of had been torn up, and timber had been felled five railroad cars loaded with small arms, five in great quantities over them.
loaded with loose ammunition, six with officers' On the same day Gen. Paine, with his divi. baggage, and five with subsistence stores, harsion, made a reconnoissance to Farmington, five ness, saddles, &c. Some hundreds of sick Con. miles northwest of Corinth, and found about federate soldiers were paroled. The trains, en. 4,500 Confederate troops, who, on being at- gines, and depot were burned. tacked, retreated with a loss of 30 killed and On the 28th, Gen. Halleck sent the following 200 taken prisoners. At the same time an ar- despatch to Washington : tillery reconnoissance to Glendale on the Charleston and Memphis railroad, destroyed
HEADQUARTENS CONTATTI FOAD, 18413528P", }
May . two trestle bridges and some of the track. Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War:
At this time the organization of Gen. Hal- Three strong reconnoitring columns advanced this leck's force had been somewhat changed. morning on the right, centre, and left, to feel the eneGen. Thomas was assigned to the command my and unmask his batteries. The enemy hotly conof the right wing, composed of five divisions, with considerable loss. The column on the left en
tested his ground at each point, but was driven back viz.: his own, Hurlbut's, Sherman's, that of countered the strongest opposition. Our loss wag Gen. Smith, deceased, and Gen. Davies'; the twenty-five killed and wounded. The enemy left centre consisted of four divisions under Gens. thirty dead on the field. The losses at other points
are not yet ascertained. Some five or six officers and McCook, Wood, Nelson, and Crittenden ; the left under Gen. Pope, to which was added will probably be renewed to-morrow morning at day,
a number of privates were captured. The fighting one division of Gen. Curtis's army from Ar- break. The whole country is so thickly wooded that kansas. Gen. Grant was appointed second in
we are compelled to feel our way. command. The reserve under Gen. McCler
H. W. HALLÈCK, Major-General. nand consisted of his own and Gen. Wallace's The following despatches were sent on the divisions. The advance upon Corinth was 30th :
Near CORINTH, May 30, 1862. emy's fire was observable as the day wore Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War:
away, and before night it had wholly ceased. Gen. Pope's heavy batteries opened upon the ene. my's intrenchments yesterday, about 10°. ., and During the night heavy explosions were heard soon drove the rebels from their advanced battery.
in the enemy's works, which were conjectured Maj.-Gen. Sherman established another battery yes.
to be the destruction of their magazines and terday afternoon within one thousand yards of their ammunition, which subsequently proved true. works, and skirmishing parties advanced at daybreak Flames were also seen issuing from the town this morning.
Three of our divisions are already in the enemy's in the latter part of the night. These indicaadvanced works, about three quarters of a mile from tions were plain to those in the advance of the Corinth, which is in flames.
Federal lines, and were understood to be the The enemy has fallen back of the Mobile railroad.
movements for an evacuation, H. W. HALLECK.
As no opposition was made to the advance NEAR CORINTH, May 30, 1862. on Friday morning, some officers dashed ahead Hon. Edwin H. Stanton, Secretary of War :
to satisfy themselves of the enemy's position. Our advanced guard are in Corinth. There are
The first party rode into the town at 6h. 30m. conflicting accounts as to the enemy's movements. They are believed to be in strong force on our left in the morning, and then was discovered the flank, some four or five miles south of Corinth, near whole extent of the success gained. Destructhe Mobile and Ohio railroad.
tion, waste, and desolation were visible on H. W. HALLECK, Major-General.
every hand. Huge piles of commissary stores HEADQUARTERS CAMP NEAE CORINTH, May 30. were smouldering in the flames. The remains Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War:
of buildings destroyed were conspicuous on the The enemy's position and works in front of Corinth streets. The enemy had fled, taking care that were unexpectedly strong.
He cannot occupy & what they could not carry away should at least stronger position in his flight.
This morning he destroyed un immense amount of not be left for the victors. One large warepublic and private property, stores, provisions, wag- house, filled with provisions, was all that reons, tents, &c.
mained undamaged of boundless stores of simFor miles out of the town the roads are filled with ilar goods, sufficient to withstand a much longer arms, haversacks, &c., thrown away by his fying siege. Sacks were torn open, barrels broken, troops.
A large number of prisoners and deserters have hogsheads knocked to pieces, and their contents been captured, and are estimated by Gen. Pope at two mixed in common piles, upon and about which thousand.
huge bonfires had been lit. Gen. Beauregard evidently distrusts his army, or he would have defended so strong a position. His troops
So complete was the evacuation that not are generally much discouraged and demoralized. In only was the Confederate army successfully all their engagements for the last few days their re- withdrawn, but they took every piece of sistance has been weak.
ordnance. A large quantity of ammunition H. W. HALLECK, Major-General. was left behind in a damaged state. The Confederate officers began to remove At Corinth the Confederate line of fortificatheir sick from Corinth preparatory to an evacutions was about fifteen miles long, with strong ation on Monday, the 26th of May. On the next batteries or redoubts at every road or assailable day, Tuesday the 27th, Gens. Beauregard and point. Between the fortifications and a marshy Bragg were making arrangements for falling stream covering the whole front, the dense back, which process was completed in great haste timber had been cut down to form a very strong on Thursday night, the 29th. On Wednesday abattis, through which no cavalry or artillery the entire line of Gen. Halleck was advanced could have passed, nor even infantry except as from one half to three quarters of a mile and skirmishers. The lines thrown up by the Fedup into easy range of the enemy's works. The eral troops at the end of the day's advance were heavy siege guns were put into position on mere rifle pits, while the fortifications around that day on the works thrown up by the Corinth were, as stated above, a strong conadvanced column. This movement throughout tinuous lino, constructed with great care and was hotly contested, the enemy doubtless seek- labor, and, independent of their position, were ing to keep their opponents at a safe distance in themselves immeasurably stronger than the if possible, until their evacuation should be mere precautionary defences on the Federal completed. They continued to show, an un- part against any sudden sortie of the enemy. broken front and to work their batteries with The Confederate works, moreover, were on the energy and without interruption throughout brow of a ridge considerably higher than any that and the next day. On Thursday morning in the surrounding country, at the foot of operations were resumed with the same earnest- which was a ravine correspondingly deep. ness as on Wednesday. The enemy appeared The zigzag course of the line gave to the destill in position, and contested every inch offenders the command of all the feasible ap: the Union advance with the utmost determina- proaches, and hundreds could have been mowed tion. At nine o'clock on that morning, how- down at every step made by an assailing army. ever, their musketry firing ceased, and was At the time of the evacuation of Corinth the not again resumed. After that hour there hot weather of summer had commenced and were no further close engagements. The bat- the period of low water in the rivers was close teries on both sides, however, were kept in at hand. Even the Tennessee could not be play, though a gradual dimination of the en- relied upon as a route by which to transport