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in geog sq. m.
6,900 11,300 12,000 11,000
17 2,138 $5,000 Corrientes
Some expeditions were made by bodies of Republic, Dr. Santiago Derqui, abdicated the Federal troops to towns in the northern part presidency, and the national government was of the State, during which many skirmishes provisionally intrusted to General Mitré, who occurred. The town of Athens was one of was charged with convoking a national congress the last in this part of the State to accede to on May 25, 1862, at Buenos Ayres, to which the Confederacy. The threats of devasta- place the diplomatic corps, which had hitherto tion by the neighboring town caused this resided in Parana, transferred its residence. change. Subsequently a body of Federal toops The congress adopted a new constitution, which belonging to the brigade of Col. Turchin, were provided for the federalization of the city of retiring from the town, about the 10th of May, Buenos Ayres, its relation to the Confederacy when some of the citizens cheered. The sol- being made similar to the relation of the District diers becoming provoked returned, and made a of Columbia to the United States. The province general onslaught upon the community; stores of Buenos Ayres, however, elects a governor, were sacked and dwellings plundered. The but his jurisdiction is only “ extra-mural,” thé affair was subsequently investigated by a court. city being exempt from it. The congress electmartial at Huntsville, and a verdict found dis- ed Gen. Mitré first president of the reunited missing Col. Turchin from service. Previous Argentine Republic, and he was installed on to the session of the court a commission ap- October 14. Since that time the republic has pointing him a brigadier-general was issued enjoyed a permanent peace, and both the people by President Lincoln. On the 25th of July, a and the men in power appear intent on peaceguard at Courtland bridge, consisting of two "ful and industrial improvement. Federal companies of the 10th Kentucky and The republic, as now constituted, embraces one company of the 1st Ohio cavalry, were 14 provinces, the names, subdivisions, area, and surprised and captured by a force of irregular population of which are as follows: cavalry. Some other small affairs occurred between the irregular troops of the State and
Popolaoutposts of the Federal forces.
The tax imposed by the Confederate Government in 1861, amounting to two millions of Juguy
1,577 83,200 Juguy dollars, was paid by the State, and the Legis
16 2,985 66,600 Salta...
8 (1,683 50,000 Catamarca lature also passed an act to guarantee the payment of a million and a half of Confederate Santiago
8 1.625 60,000 Santiago.. 6,000 bonds, and recommended a similar measure to
La Rioja... 7 1,463 84,500 La Rioja... 4,000 the other states of the Confederacy.
25,000 ARGENTINE REPUBLIC, Tue, is bounded Santa Fé.
15,000 on the north by Bolivia, on the east by the Para
883 62,000! San Juan guay and Uruguay rivers, south by the Atlantic
5,000 and Rio Negro, and west by Chili. It lies be
Buenos Ayres... | 51 8,933 850,000 Buenos Ayres.. 120,000 tween the 20th and 40th parallels of S. latitude and 56th and 70th degrees of W. longitude, and Besides these provinces, the territory of the contains about 780,000 square miles. President, republic comprises the district Gran Chaco, General Bartolomeo Mitré, elected 1862. Ever with 6,667 geographical square miles and about since the overthrow of the rule of the Dictator 100,000 free Indians, and the Southern Desert Rosas in 1853, the Argentine Republic has been as far as the Rio Negro, with 8,967 square miles. a prey to internal dissensions. There were two ARKANSAS, one of the southwestern States, great parties. The one, the old Federal party, is west of the Mississippi river and south of the sought to impart a kind of organization to the State of Missouri. Its population, according Argentine nationality, and succeeded for a mo- to the census of 1860, was 435,450, of whom ment in rallying upon this platform all the prov- 324,191 were whites; free colored, 144; slaves, inces save that of Buenos Ayres. The other 111,115. The ratio of increase from 1850 to party, the old Unitarians, had its centre in Bue- 1860 was, whites, 99.88; free colored, 81.25 ; nos Ayres, which for some time maintained a slaves, 135.91. The number of each sex of the separate existence. The constitution of the white population was: males, 171,447; females, Argentine.
Confederacy was adopted in May, 162,666.* The number of manumitted slaves
, 1853, and provided for two chambers, a senate was 41 ; fugitives, 28. The mortality in the consisting of 30 members, and a house of rep- State for the year ending May 31, 1860, was resentatives counting 51 deputies. Buenos 8,860. Consumption, fever, and pneumonia Ayres was again united with the Argentine were the most fatal diseases. The number of Republic by the peace of San José de Flores, deaf and dumb in the State was 142, of whom Nov. 10, 1859, and by the act of union con- 15 were slaves. The product of iron founderies cluded June 6, 1860, at Parana. Hostilities be- during 1860 was valued at $52,000. The value tween Buenos Ayres and the Argentine Con- of sawed and planed lumber, $1,033,185. The federacy recommenced in 1861. On Sept. 17. number of gallons of spirituous liquors distilled 1861, Gen. Mitré, of Buenos Ayres, defeated in the year ending June 1, 1860, was 8,500, the Argentine troops at Pavon. In consequence valued at $6,125. Value of leather produced, of this victory, the President of the Argentine $115,375. Number of acres of improved land,
14 2,775 180,000 Cordova
4 1,180 40,000 Santa Fé..
1,933,086; do. unimproved, 7,609,938. The For the important military movements in cash value of farms was $91,673,409. Number the State, see ARMy Operations. It was beyond of horses, 101,249; mules, 44,458; milch cows, the power of the Confederate Government to 158,873; working oxen, 70,944; sheep, 202,674; send aid to Arkansas, and the State was forced swine, 1,155,379. Value of live stock, $22,- to rely upon its own resources and such aid as 040,211. Wheat, 955,298 bushels; rye, 77,869 might be obtained from Missouri, the Indian bushels; corn, 17,758,665 bushels; oats, 502,- territory, and Texas. This state of affairs in866 bushels; tobacco, 999,757 pounds; cotton, duced the governor, in May, to issue an ad867,485 bales, of 400 pounds each; wool, 410,- dress to the people, in which his indignation 285 pounds; peas and beans, 439,412 bushels; is expressed in these words: Irish potatoes, 418,000 bushels; sweet potatoes,
It was for liberty that Arkansas struck, and not for 1,462,714 bushels; barley, 3,079 bushels. Value subordination to any created secondary power, north or of home-made manufactures, $928,481. Rail- south. Her best friends are her natural allies, nearest roads, 38 miles.
at home, who will pulsate when she bleeds, whose utThe military movements of the Federal troops of the Confederate heart do not permeate beyond the
most hope is not beyond her existence. If the arteries at the West in the beginning of the year excited
east bank of the Mississippi, let southern Missourians, great apprehensions in Arkansas. Already Arkansians, Texans, and the great West know it and twenty-five regiments and six battalions of in- prepare for the future. Arkansas lost, abandoned, fantry and cavalry and ten companies of artil- subjugated, is not Arkansas as she entered the Conlery, amounting to 21,500, had been sent to the federate Government. Nor will she remain Arkansas,
a Confederate State, desolated as a wilderness. Her Confederate army for the war. On the 18th children, fleeing from the wrath to come, will build them of February Governor Rector issued a procla- a new ark, and launch it on new waters, seeking a mation calling into immediate service every man
haven somewhere of equality, safety, and rest. in the State subject to military duty. They After the military movements in the northwere required to appear within twenty days. western part of the State, including the battle On the same day a despatch from St. Louis to of Pea Ridge, Gen. Curtis moved to the White Washington, sent by Gen. Halleck, announced river, and occupied Batesville about the 1st of that Gen. Curtis had driven Gen. Price from May. Here he was met by many demonstraMissouri into Arkansas, and that “the flag of tions of attachment to the Union. Many citithe Union is floating in Arkansas.” At the zens came forward and the oath of allesame time the commandant at Pocahontas, a giance to the United States; these were judges short distance southeast of the position of the of courts, clergymen, and citizens holding poFederal forces under Gen. Curtis, becoming sitions of influence. His advance being pushed alarmed, issued the following appeal to the forward on the road to Little Rock, a great people:
excitement was produced there. The governor POCAHONTAS, Ark., Feb. 26, 1862. Reliable information has just been received by me
issued a proclamation calling upon the State that the enemy, 16,000 strong, left Greenville, Mo., on
militia to repair immediately to its defence. Saturday last, for the purpose of attacking Pocahontas. Finding himself not sufficiently supported, Gov. It now becomes the duty of every man to turn out Rector fed, and the State was left without any promptly, shoulder his musket, and drive the Vandals executive government. Martial law was then from the State.
This is probably the advance guard of a much larger declared by Brig.-Gen. Roane, commanding the force of the enemy. Come without delay, singly or in department, and George C. Watkins was apsquads, and rendezvous in Jacksonport. 'Bring as few pointed provost marshal. The weakness of borses as possible, as forage is scarce.
Arkansas at this moment was caused by the MAJOR KEYWORTH, Com’g.
concentration of all the Confederate military The Confederate force, retiring before Gen. strength at Corinth, and her fate was as much Curtis, abandoned Mudtown. They were subse- involved in the security of that position as the quently charged with having poisoned the pro- fate of Tennessee or Mississippi. But while visions not taken away and the wells of the the forces of Arkansas were taken to defend town. It was reported to Gen. Halleck that
Corinth, ten regiments were taken from Gen. forty-two officers and men were thereby poi- Curtis to reënforce the Federal troops attacksoned, whereupon he issued, on the 28th of
ing it. This left him in no condition to march February, an order, saying:
upon Little Rock, and the capital of the State We cannot retaliate by adopting the same barbarous thus escaped being captured. mode of warfare, nor can we retaliate by punishing the innocent for the acts of the guilty. The laws of war
On the 19th of May a skirmish took place forbid this, but the same code authorizes us to retaliate
near Searcy, between one hundred and fifty upon the guilty parties.
men of Col. (acting Brig.-Gen.) Osterhaus's diPersous guilty of such acts, when captured, will not vision and a State force under Cols. Coleman be treated as ordinary prisoners of war, nor will they and Hicks. The loss was small on both sides. be shot, but will suffer the ignominious punishment of Other skirmishes occurred during the march being hung as felons. Officers are in a measure responsible for the acts of their troops. Officers of
of Gen. Curtis from Batesville to Helena, of troops guilty of such acts, although not themselves small importance. Bridges were burned by the advisers or abettors of the crime, will, when cap- the Arkansas troops across Bayou Des Are and tured, be put in irons and conveyed as criminals to Cypress river, and about ten thousand bales of these headquarters. The laws of war make it their duty to prevent such barbarities, and if they neglect cotton on the Arkansas river, and all the cotton that duty they must suffer the consequences.
and sugar at Jacksonport. By the first of June,
631,100 291.888 826.782 421.294
twelve thousand men were collected at Little has been very carefully pursued by the ConRock in answer to the call of the governor, but federate Government. No precise statement were very destitute of arms. The State records, of its forces in the field has ever been pubhowever, had been removed to Arkadelphia. lished, or any such details as would enable the
After Gen. Curtis had occupied Helena, the United States Government to form an accurate Federal Government appointed John S. Phelps estimate of their numbers. In all the military of Missouri military governor, and Col. Wm. operations of the Confederate States, large, and F. Switzler secretary for_Arkansas. He left probably exaggerated statements of the numSt. Louis on Aug. 19, for Helena. It was con- bers of men have been made before action, templated at this time that a movement on which have been greatly reduced after a conLittle Rock would be made. This however flict. It is also impossible for the most unwas not done, and the office of governor be- prejudiced observer to form a correct estimate came of little importance. Two regiments of the numbers of men from the mere appearwere organized at Helena, composed of citizens ance of an army. These circumstances have of Arkansas; they were chiefly men who had rendered it difficult to state with precision the suffered in consequence of their attachment to number of Southern troops which have been the Union, and were refugees.
actually brought into service. The entire white The legislative proceedings in Arkansas population of the States comprising the Confedpossess little interest.' An act was passed im- eracy, by the census of 1860, was as follows: posing a tax of thirty dollars per bale on cotton.
526,481 The object was to favor the cultivation of grain
77,748 and to discourage that of cotton.
At the State election in August, Flanagan was chosen governor. The opposing candidate was
853,901 Governor Rector. On the day of inauguration the 1st Monday in November, the governor elect being absent in the army, the duties of the
1,047,411 office devolved upon Mr. Fletcher, the president
Total....... of the senate. An animated contest took place
5,449,463 between B. C. Johnson and Augustus H. Gar- This statement of the population includes the land for the senatorship in the Confederate whole of Virginia and the whole of Tennessee. Congress. Mr. Johnson was elected.
A statement of the population made in the The loss of all communication with the North Confederate States, for an estimate of the efand foreign countries, stimulated the domestic fects of conscription embraces only one half of manufactures of the State. At the close of the Virginia, and two thirds of Tennessee. A stateyear there was in operation a tobacco factory ment, however, including all of Virginia and at Burtonville; a large cotton factory in Wash- Tennessee, and excluding aid received from ington county; another for cotton and wool at Kentucky and Missouri, somewhat exceeds the Van Buren, Crawford county, another at Nor- available force of the Confederate Government. ristown, Pope county; another in Pike county. According to the census of 1850 the population Large saltpetre works were set up in Newton of the United States between the ages of eighteen county; and in Independence county some fine and thirty-five was fifteen per cent of the agcaves of the same article were mined. Lead gregate population. Under this ratio the males mines in Newton and Sevier counties were between those ages in the Confederate States, worked. Salt was made on the White river, and by the census of 1860, were 817,419. The estialso near the Louisiana State line. Works on mate made in the Confederate States on this the Washita, with an unlimited supply of brine, . basis was for a white population of 5,015,618. commenced vigorous operations. A cannon 'The number between the ages of eighteen and foundery was at work at Camden; two foun- thirty-five was put at 752,342. It was also deries at Little Rock were at work, one of which estimated that the volunteers offering who were furnishes grapeshot for the army. At Hope- not embraced in these ages, together with those field, opposite Memphis, the machine shop of from Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri, would the Memphis and Little Rock railroad was make the aggregate soldiery of the Confederacy turned into an armory for altering and repair- reach the number of 800,000. It has been ing guns. Several extensive tanneries were com- generally supposed that the number of volunmenced in various parts of the State. The State teers under eighteen and over thirty-five, in. arsenal at Little Rock was converted into an cluding also those from Kentucky and Missouri, armory for the use of the Confederate Govern- was large. The Confederate estimates make it ment. At the State penitentiary, gun carriages, about 50,000. From the male population be caissons, wagons, boots and shoes, clothing, and tween the ages of eighteen and thirty-five in other material for the army were manufactured. 1860, amounting to 817,419 if the entire popu
ARMY, CONFEDERATE. The policy usu- lation of the States which have joined the Conally adopted by countries between which hos- federacy is estimated; and amounting to 752,342 tilities exist, to conceal from each other not only if only the population is estimated, which was their military plans, but especially the strength under the control of the Confederate Governof the forces by which they are to be executed, ment on the 16th of April, when the conscrip
tion act was passed; there is to be a deduction resist them. The first disasters showed to the for those who were not able bodied, or who Government and people their real weakness. were exempt from service. This deduction Soon after the session of Congress commenced would amount to fifteen per cent. If this de- under the Permanent Government, President duction is made on the Confederate estimate of Davis sent in a Message urging the passage of 752,312, it is 112,851, and leaves the number a conscription act. One was passed on the 16th of able-bodied men 639,491, to which fifty of April, which declared every man, with a few thousand should be added' for volunteers exceptions, between the ages of 18 and 35 under and above the prescribed ages, and also years, a soldier. (See CONFEDERATE STATES.) from Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri, mak- Thirty days were allowed in which to voluning the total 689,491. If the deduction of teer, after which the law took absolute effect. fifteen per cent. is made from the whole popu- All contracts with volunteers were annulled, lation of the Confederate States within the pre- and those over 35 and under 18 years were rescribed ages in 1860, viz., 817,419, it is 122,612, quired to continue in the service 90 days after and leares 694,807, with no additions to be their term of enlistment expired. Before the made for volunteers from other States or of ninety days expired an order from the Secreother ages. The troops furnished by the States tary of War extended the time of service. at the close of 1861 with their quotas were near- This conscript act thus brought out the full ly as follows:
number liable to conscription, 639,491, reduced
by the losses of war and sickness, exemptions, Quota.
and desertions up to midsummer 1862, which Alsbama.
23,000 83,750 reduction was not less than 100,000 men, and 21,500 21,485
probably near 200,000. The weakness of the
7,000 5,141 Georgis.
Confederate armies was however so sensibly Lealdada.
felt, that the press publicly declared in the Vinissippi.
17,824 23,284 North Carolina.
middle of August that the Confederacy had Sautà Carolina,
19,000 16,270 not 300,000 effective men in the field, and 44,600 52,843
Congress, in October, passed a second conTeras...
19,500 29,578 Virginia.
70,000 66,105 scription act, by which the President was au
thorized to call into the field all men beTotal..
tween the ages of 35 and 45 years. The act These volunteers were mostly for twelve provided that only such portions of this conmonths. To these troops in the Confederate scription should be called out as the President service should be added the militia force called deemed necessary. By the 1st of November put in Georgia, and the volunteers from Mary- the Secretary of War issued an order for the land, Kentucky, and Missouri, making the en- enrolment of all persons, except exempts, betire force about 350,000.
tween 18 and 45 years of age. This law was On the 1st of February the President called declared to be “odious to a large class of the upon the States for an additional quota of people.” A few regiments of Indians have been troops: Mississippi, 7 regiments; Alabama, 12; brought into the field, but they have proved so North Carolina, 5; Georgia, 12,000 men, &c. troublesome that the experiment has not been The governors resorted to threats of a draft, tried any further. and the quotas were completed. The original The following is an official list of general force had been reduced by sickness and the officers in the service in August, 1862. The casualties of war to such an extent, that when major and brigadier generals are said to belong the Federal armies commenced operations to the Provisional Army, their commissions havin February and March, 1862, the Confed- ing been granted under the Provisional Goverate Government was entirely unprepared to ernment, or prior to 1862: General-in-Chief. *William J. Hardee.
Georgia. Henry A. Wise ...... Virginia Robert E. Lee.......
..Virginia. *Benj. Huger (rel'd).... South Carolina. *August B. Lawton.. Georgia *James Longstreet..
Alabama. G. J. Pillow (red).......... Tennessee. Adjutant and Inspector-General. *J. B. Magruder..... Virginia. *Daniel 8. Donelson........ Tennessee. Samuel Cooper ........ .Virginia. *Thomas J. Jackson
Virginia. *David R. Jones.. South Carolina. #Mansfield Lovell... District Columbia. *John H. Winder..
.Virginia .Louisiana. William W. Loring..
*E. Kirby Smith (reld)......... Florida. *Ashbel A. Early. *Larkin Smith (Assistant).
... North Carolina. *Arnold Elzey..
*John P. McCown.. Tennessee. *C. O. Sibley (dead).. Louisiana
*Daniel H. Hill... *Benjamin Huger...
North Carolina. *Wm. H. C. Whiting. Georgia.
Virginia. Generals-Regular Army.
*John C. Pemberton.
Virginia. *Roswell 8. Ripley .South Carolina. *Joseph E. Johoston...... Virginia. John C. Breckinridge... .Kentucky. *Isaac R. Trimble.
Louisiana *P. G. T. Beauregard...
.. Louisiana. Thomas C. Hindman........ Arkansas. *Richard C. Gatlin.....North Carolina. .Louisiana *Richard H. Anderson..South Carolina. L. Pope Walker..
Alabama. James E. B. Stewart. Major-Generals-Provisional Army.
Virginia. *Albert B. Blancbard. .....Louisiana
*Simon B. Buckner.... .Kentucky. *Gab. J. Rains (killed)...... Kentucky. Leonidas Polk. Louisiana. *James M. Witbers.. Alabama. *Lafayette McLaws..
Georgia. *Earl Van Dorn.. Mississippi.
*Thomas F. Dayton.... South Carolina "Gastarus W. Smitb.... ....Kentucky.
*Lloyd Tilghman.. ....... Kentucky. Theo. N. Holmes......North Carolina, John B. Floyd (reld).......... Virginia. I *Nat. G. Evans.........South Carolina
Robert E. Lee....
*Cadınus C. Wilcox. Tennessee. John S. Williams....... ... Kentucky. Ripley, Ohio; Leadbeater, Con-
.. Tennessee. necticut; 8. G. French, New Jersey ; Richard Taylor.....
Louisiana. Robert E. Garland (killed).... Virginia. D. M. Frost. *James H. Trapier.... South Carolina. *A. W. Reynolds..
.Virginia CASUALTIES, &c.- Kiled.-Maj.-Gen. *Samuel G. French.. Mississippi.
Jenkins.. South Carolina. A. S. Johnston,* Texas, at Shiloh, April William H. Carroll.. Tennessee.
Pender .North Carolina. 6, 1862. *Hugh W. Mercer.. Georgia. Edward W. Gantt.
Arkansas. Brig:-Gen. R. S. Garnett,* Va., at CarHumphrey Marshall........ Kentucky. So orland.
. Arkansas. rick's Ford, July 11, 1861. *Alexander P. Steuart...... Tennessee. *M. L. Smith
Mississippi. Brig.-Gen. Bernard E. Bee,* s. C., at *W. Montgomery Gardner.....Georgia. *William B. Taliaferro. . Virginia. Manassas, July 21, 1861. *Richard B. Garnett... Virginia. *George E. Pickett.
Virginia Brig.-Gen. F. K. Zollicoffer, Tenn., at William Mahone. . Virginia Wright
..Georgia. Somerset, January 19, 1862. L. O'B. Branch (killed). North Carolina. Helm.
.Kentucky. Brig.-Gen. Ben McCulloch, Texas, at Maxey Gregg.. .... South Carolina. George Maurey..
.Tennessee. Pea Ridge, March 7, 1862. Robert Toombs.. ... Georgia. Blanton Duncan.
.Kentucky. Brig.-Gen. A. II. Gladden, La., at *George H. Stewart.. .. Virginia *L. A. Armistead.
. Virginia. Sbiloh, April 6, 1862. *Wm. W. Mackall... District Columbia.
.Georgia. Brig.-Gen. T. W. Ashby, at *Henry Heth..
May -, 1862.
h Carolina. Brig.-Gen. Robert Hatton, Tenn., et
Missouri. Seven Pines, May 31, 1862.
Arkansas. fore Richmond, June 27, 1862.
Brig.-Gen. c. S. Winder,* Ma., at
Virginia. Brig.-Gen. J.T. Hughes, Mo., at Inde*John H. Forney..
pendence, August -, 1862. *John B. Villepigue (dead).
Martin....... North Carolina. Brig.-Gen. Robert E. Garland, Va., at *Bushnel R. Johnson. Tennessee. *Fitz Hugh Lee...... Virginia. South Mountain, September 14, 1562. *Thomas K. Jackson........
John R. Jones,
Virginia Brig.-Gen. Starke, N. C., at Antictam, *Thomas Jordan.... . Virginia. James E. Slaughter...
September 17, 1862. *John S. Bowen.. ....... Missouri. Henry Hayes.....
Louisiana. Brig-Gen. Law. O'B. Branch, N. C., *John B. Hood...
.Texas. Henry W. Hilliard. ... Alabama at Antietam, September 17, 1862. *G. B. Anderson (k’d)..North Carolina. *Abraham Buford.
.Kentucky. Brig.-Gen. Henry Little, Missouri, at
Iuka, September 19, 1862. Total--15.
Arkansas. divided among the several States as fol. at Manassas, July 21, 1861.
Georgia. lows: Virginia, 31; South Carolina, 14; Acting Brig.-Gen. James McIntosh, Hamilton P. Bee..
Georgia, 14; Kentucky, 11; Tennessee, at Pea Ridge, March 7, 1862. Total--13. Henry McCulloch..
.Texas, 11; Louisiana, 9; North Carolina, 9; Died.-Brig.-Gen. J. B. Grayson, William Preston..
Kentucky. | Alabama, 7; Mississippi, 5; Missouri, Ky.; T. A. Flourney, Ark.; Philip St.
.North Carolina. 8; District of Columbia, 2; Florida, 1; Resigned.-Maj.-Gens. David E.
Twiggs, Ga. (since dead); M. L. Bon.
.. Alabama. North: Gen. 8. Cooper, New York; Brig.-Gens. H. R. Jackson, Ga; T. T. Kemper. South Carolina. Maj.-Gen. John C. Pemberton, Penn- Fauntleroy, Va.; G. W. Randolph, Va.; Kershaw, .. South Carolina, sylvania; Brig.-Gens. H. C. Whiting, L. T. Wigfall, Texas; S. C. Anderson, Leadbeater
Tennessee. X. B. Blanchard, Massachusetts; John Tenn.; J. R. Anderson," Va.; Albert Armstrong
son K. Duncan, Pennsylvania; R. S. | Pike, Ark.; W. H. T. Walker, * Ga.-11.
Graduates of West Point.
The Confederate army in Virginia, near the that cooking, utensils in many cases had been left beclose of the year, was in a most destitute con
hind, as well as everything else that would impede
their movements. It was not unusual to see a comdition. The following statement, dated at Win
pany of starving men have a barrel of four distributed chester, Virginia, on September 26, was cir- to them, which it was utterly impossible for them to culated through the Confederate States, as en- convert into bread with the means and the time al. tirely reliable, and made the basis of appeals lowed to them. They could not procure even a piece to the people to contribute to the relief of the of plank or a corn or flour sack upon which to work up
their dough. soldiers:
Do you wonder, then, that there should have been I can recall no parallel instance in history, except stragglers from the army?-that brave and true men Napoleon's disastrous retreat from Moscow, where an should have fallen out from sheer exhaustion, or in army has ever done more marching and fighting, un. their efforts to obtain a mouthful to eat along the roadder such great disadvantages, than Gen. Lee's has sides? Or that many seasoned veterans, the condone since it left the banks of the James river.
querors in the valley, at Richmond and Manassas, This army proceeded directly to the line of the Rap: should have succumbed to disease, and been forced pabandock, and, moving out from that river, it fought back to the hospital? I look to hear a great outcry its way to the Potomac, crossed the stream, and moved against the stragglers. Already lazy cavalrymen and on to Frederick and Hagerstown, had a heavy engage- dainty staff officers and quartermasters, who are ment at Boonsboro' Gap, and another at Crampton mounted and can forage the country for something to Gap below, fought the greatest pitched battle of the eat, are condemning the weary private, who, notwith. war at Sharpsburg, and then recrossed the Potomac standing his body may be covered with dust and per. back into Virginia. During all this time, covering the spiration, and his feet with stone bruises, is expected full space of a month, the troops rested but four days! to trudge along under his knapsack and cartridge box, And let it always be remembered, to their honor, that on an empty stomach, and never turn aside for a morof the men who performed this wonderful feat one fifth sel of food to sustain his sivking limbs. Out upon of them were barefooted, one half of them in rags, and such monstrous injustice! That there has been unnethe whole of them half
famished. The country from the cessary straggling is readily admitted; but, in a large Rappahannock to the Potomac had been visited by the majority of cases, the men have only to point to their enemy with fire and sword, and our transportation bleeding feet, tattered garments, and gaunt frames for was insufficient to keep the army supplied from so an answer to the unjust charge. No army on this distant a base as Gordonsville; and, when provision continent has every accomplished as much or suffered trains would overtake the army, so pressing were the as much as the army of Northern Virginia within the exigencies of their position, the men seldom had time last three months. At no period during the first Rev. to cook. Their difficulties were increased by the fact olutionary War, not even at Valley Forge, did our