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lands of the United States ? Are they here locked up/States." The power of disposition is plenary, unrefrom the people, and, for the sake of their game or tim-strained, unqualified. It is not limited to a specified obber, excluded from sale? Are not they freely exposed ject or to a defined purpose, but left applicable to any in market, to all who want them, at moderate prices ? object or purpose which the wisdom of Congress shall

The complaint is, that they are not sold fast enough, in deem fit, acting under its high responsibility. other words, that people are not multiplied rapidly The deeds from the ceding States, far from opposing, enough to buy them. Patience, gentlemen of the land fully warrant the distribution. That of Virginia ceded committee, patience! The new States are daily rising the land as "a common fund for the use and benefit of in power and importance. Some of them are already such of the United States as have become, or shall begreat and flourishing members of the confederacy. And, come members of the confederation or federal alliano if you will only acquiesce in the certain and quiet ope- of the said States. Virginia inclusive.” The cession ration of the laws of God and man, the wilderness will was for the benefit of all the States. It may be argued quickly teem with people, and be filled with the monu- that the fund must be retained in the common treasury. ments of civilization.

and thence paid out. But by the bill reported, it will There are good men in different parts, but especially come into the common treasury, and then the question in the Atlantic portion of the Union, who have been in-how it shall be subsequently applied for the use and duced to regard lightly this vast national property; who benefit of such of the United States as compose the conhave been persuaded that the people of the West are federacy, is one of modus only. Whether the money is dissatisfied with the administration of it; and who be- disbursed by the general government directly, or is paid lieve that it will, in the end, be lost to the nation, and out upon some equal and just principle to the States, to that it is not worth present care and preservation. But be disbursed by them, cannot affect the right of distributhese are radical mistakes. The great body of the West tion. If the general government retained the power of are satisfied---perfectly satisfied with the general admin- ultimate disbursement, it could execute it only by suitistration of the public lands. They would indeed like. able agents; and what agency is more suitable than that and are entitled to, a more liberal expenditure among of the States themselves ? If the States expend the them of the proceeds of the sales. But the great body money, the expenditure will, in effect, be a disbursement

of the West have not called for, and understand too wel for the benefit of the whole, although the several States their real interest to desire, any essential change in the are organs of the expenditure; for the whole and all the system of survey, sale, or price of the land. There may parts are identical. And whatever redounds to the bebe a few, stimulated by demagogues, who desire change; nefit of all the parts necessarily contributes in the same and what system is there, what government, what order measure to the benefit of the whole. The great question of human society, that a few do not desire to change ? should be, Is the distribution upon equal and just prin

It is one of the admirable properties of the existing ciples ? system, that it contains within itself and carries along And now I have a few more words to say and shall be principles of conservation and safety. In the progress done. We are admonished by all our reflections, and of its operation, new States become identified with the by existing signs, of the duty of communicating strength old, in feeling, in thinking, and in interest. Now, Ohio and energy to the glorious Union which now encircles

is as sound as any old State in the Union, in all her our favored country. Among the ties which bind us toviews relating to the public lands. She feels that her gether, the public domain merits high consideration. share in the exterior domain is much more important And if we appropriate, for a limited time, the proceeds than would be an exclusive right to the few millions of of that great resource, among the several States, for the acres left unsold, within her limits, accompanied by a important objects which have been enumerated, a new

virtual surrender of her interests in all the other public and powerful bond of affection and of interest will be lands of the United States. And I have no doubt that added. The States will feel and recognize the operanow, the people of the other new States, left to their tion of the general government, not merely in power and

own unbiased sense of equity and justice, would form burdens, but in benefactions and blessings. And the the same judgement. They cannot believe that what general government in its turn will feel, from the expenthey have not bought, what remains the property of diture of the money which it dispenses to the States, the themselves and all their brethren of the United States, benefits of moral and intellectual improvement of the

in common, belongs to them exclusively. But if I am people, of greater facility in social and commercial inmistaken---if they have been deceived by erroneous im-tercourse, and of the purification of the population of pressions on their mind, made by artful men, as the sales our country, themselves the best parental sources of naproceed, and the land is exhausted, and their population tional character, national union, and national greatincreased, like the State of Ohio, they will feel that ness. Whatever may be the fate of the particular protheir true interest points to their remaining copartners in position now under consideration, I sincerely hope that the whole national domain, instead of bringing forward the attention of the nation may be attracted to this most an unfounded pretension to the inconsiderable remnant interesting subject; that it may justly appreciate the which will be then left in their own Umits. * * value of this immense national property; and that,

By the second part of the third section of the fourth preserving the regulation of it by the will of the whole, article of the Constitution, Congroue "have power to for the advantage of the whole, it may be transmitted, dispose of, and make all needful rules and regulations as a sacred and inestimable succession, to posterity, for respecting the territory or other property of the United its benefit and blessing for ages to come.











Soon after Mr. Jefferson's Inauguration as to the foot of a hill, I saw there a load of hay President, the Federal party were beaten in upset, and a boy standing beside it crying.New-Hampshire, where they had borne sway · My lad!' said I, do n't blubber after that Sfor many years, and a .Democratic' Governor fashion! Just turn to, and I'll help, and Sand Legislature chosen. The new lords' we'll have your hay all on the cart again in proceeded to turn out all the officers of the half an hour.'— Oh, it is n't the hay,' said defeated party, after the most decided fashion. the boy, crying louder than ever I care noThe Supreme Court was almost the only thing for the hay, but father is under the branch of the public service not within their load!'” reach, its Judges being all Federalists, appointed for life or during good behavior,'

-Mr. H' said Chauncey Langdon, a under an express provision of the Constitu

Federal Member of Congress, in 1814-16, to tion, and men of the highest character. The Legislative majority paused but a moment to

a one-eyed, rough farmer neighbor, “it was study the ways and means,' and then pro

always a puzzle to me how so sensible a man ceeded to abolish the Supreme Court and es

as you could be a Democrat-but now I pertablish a Superior Court, of similar duties

ceive-having only one eye, you can only see and powers-the substantial difference being · Mr. Langdon," replied the other, we read in

one side, or half as much as other folks.' -that the old Federal Judges were sent to the Good Book that when the eye is single grass with the old Court, and new Democratic the whole body is full of light.? Judges filled the bench of the new Court.

The announcement of this change created sa prodigious excitement all over the State, -Mr. John C. Spencer, now of the Cabibeing regarded by the Federalists as a clear net, was the Clintonian candidate for the Sevasion and virtual violation of one of the New-York Senate in one of the severe strug. most important principles of the Constitution, gles which preceded each re-election of De and as a fatal stab to the independence of the Witt Clinton as Governor. In the heat of the Judiciary. Meetings were held, newspapers contest, a political runner from the East ratblazed, and bar-rooms teemed with indignanttled into Canandaigua, (where Mr. Spencer declamation against the overthrow of the resided,) and abruptly accosted the distinJudiciary. Among others, young Mr.C-guished Gen. D. M-as to the prospects son of one of the discarded Judges, (who has of the rival candidates in that section. “I himself since risen to some distinction in the know nothing about it," was the gruff answer Political world,) sat one day, as was not un- of Mto his volunteer acquaintance. usual with him, in a barroom at A-, de. Don't know? rejoined the astonished emis. ploring and denouncing the overthrow of the sary why Mr. Spencer of your place Judiciary. A rough-looking teamster from candidate for the Senate.'—"Spencer !--well, up-country, now on his return from Boston he'll be beaten."-Oh, Gen. M, do n't market, who had sat hearing him in silence say so: he's running against Byram Green.' Shalf an hour, at length broke forth"My Against Byram Green, is he?-then he friend! your case reminds me of one I fell in may be electedI thought he was running Swith on my way up from Boston. Coming alone."



was of course excited, and at the appointed -In the winter of 1830–1, Gen. Thomas hour an immense assemblage had collected Armstrong was a Jackson Senator from the on the Court House green. Of Mr. Clay's Seventh District of this State, and for a time powerful and triumphant Speech on this oca boarder at the Columbian Hotel, Albany, casion it is lamentable that no full report was

which he left, and removed to the Eagle. A made or has ever appeared, but the following friend inquired the reason of this change passage from its close has reached us :

"Oh, I could n't stand it down there," was “ It is now more than forty years," said the reply, “ too much Anti-Masonry." Why Mr. Clay, “since I came here, a poor and how do you mend that ?' pursued the querist, friendless youth. I was taken by the hand

here are Granger, and Seward, and several by your fathers, and led to fame and fortune. others.'--"O yes," testily replied, the Gene. All that I am and have been I owe to their

ral, “but those fellows down there actually generous kindness and steady confidence. believe in it."

And now I have come to spend the evening

of my days among their children. I feel like John RANDOLPH.

the stag who has been long hunted, and who The world is full of anocdotes of Mr. Ran- returns at last to die on the spot whence he dolph's sarcastic humor, but the following started in vigor and hope. The curs of party has not, to our knowledge, appeared in print: have þeen long barking at my heels, and the During one of the last years of his life, Mr. bloodhounds of personal malignity are springR. was an attendant on the sessions of the ing at my throat, but (rising to his full hight, Virginia Legislature, when a bashful, back- and looking round with flashing eyes on his country planter met the eccentric orator in defamers who had mingled with the crowd of the lobby and endeavored to introduce him-hearers] I SCORN AND DEFY THEM NOW, AS I self. “Mr. Randolph,” said he, fumbling

EVER DID!” and scraping with especial awkwardness, “I live only fifteen or twenty miles from you-I who related this passage to us from memory,

• I. wish,' said the Kentucky eye-witness pags your plantation quite often.”—Sir,' said that you could have heard and seen our gal. John, regarding him from head to foot with

lant Harry say this. He looked at least ele. infinite scorn, 'you are welcome to pass it as

ven feet high. often as you please.' MR. CLAY ON THE STUMP IN 1843.

Davy CROCKETT was once attending a In the spring of 1843, Mr. Clay returned to menagerie exhibition in Washington, and diKentucky from a winter residence in New-lating to some friends on the similarity of Orleans, and found that during his absence countenance between one of the monkeys and personal as well as partisan malevolence had a brother Member of Congress. He looked been busy with his fair fame. The wealthy up, and behold! the Member in question was and powerful family of the Wickliffes had en- a quiet listener to his discourse !" I suplisted under Tyler and come out violently pose, Mr. W,” said Davy, “ that I ought against him, while the Hon. Tom. Marshall to apologize; but I can't tell whether to you had come home from Washington surcharged or the monkey!” with bitterness against every body, and espe -The last year that Davy was in Congress cially his eminent neighbor, and was travers- the Loco Members held a jollification, proing the District making speeches filled with fessedly in honor of the Birth-Day of Jeffer. pointed inuendo against and ill-concealed ha- son. Davy met several of them going home tred of the pride of Kentucky. Soon a notice from the festival, and thus graphically deappeared on the Court House door, setting scribed their condition: “ They were so forth that · Henry Clay would address his brunk that I'll be - if either of them could fellow citizens of Fayette County on the first hit the ground with his hat in three times day of the ensuing Court.' A lively interest throwing !"


PRES'T, 1840. Caledonia,

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1 P. Dill'ham.jr. (L.) 6317 (2025 1713 LEGISLATURE, 1843.

Chandler, (W.).4957


Essex, Counties. Whigs. Locos. No choice. Harr'n. V.B.

Putnam, (Ab.).. 797 907 898 Arcstook



Peck, (L.)

1297 745

480 Cumberland

3, .6790 6438

Orleans, Smilie, (L.)..... 80 2057 1984 Franklin. .

56 .1848 2038 Washington, J Scattering. Hancock

. .2434 2303


.6,131 6,317 6,734 5,633 Kennebec



Maj. for Dillingham over all, 286... Harrison, 1101. Lincoln


.6286 5188 The votes of Holland and Troy, for Congress, were Oxford

4800 not returned. Penobscot 3

.4333 4145 Total, 1810, Harrison, 32,440; V. B., 18,018; Maj.14,422. Piscdtaquis

.1275 1136 Somerset



2507 Waldo 1 12

2694 8009 Washington. 3

. .2357

2 12

4785 5725 Totaj......43 85 23 46,612 46,201

GOVERNOR, 1843. PRESIDENT, 1840. Majority-Loco-Foco, 42....for Harrison, 411.

(W.) (L.) Senate, 3 Whigs. 22 Loco-Focos. House, Whigs 43, Counties. Briggs. Morton. Scat. Harrison. V.B. Loco-Focos 85, no choice 23. Loco-Foco majority on Barnstable, ... 1798 1506 241.

2751 1554 joint ballot, 61.

Berkshire,....3379 3724 263.

2931 Full returns of the vote for Governor cannot be pro- Bristol,..

3780 4274 5136 512.

4855 4904 cured until the Legislature meets. It is well settled that Dukes,.. ..... 246 269 45.

346 294 Anderson (L. F.) has about 1000 maj. over all others.

.6582 1879

108. 10056 65132 Franklin, .2778


3461 21373 Hampden, 3009 3547

3141 3812

Hampshire, 3494 1821 437. 4083

1025 Middlesex, .7969 9194


9716 GOVERNOR, 1843. PRESIDENT, 1840. Nantucket,... 493 210 34.


220 (W.) (Con.) Norfolk, .4223 4383 723. 5104

42:8 Counties: Colby. Hubbard. White. Harrison. V. B. Plymouth, 3918 3959 616. 5065 3548 Belknap. 118 1235 688

.6896 . New Co'ty. Suffolk,.

4444 493.

7557 4339 Carroll 521 1224 267.

Worcester,...8949 7966 1710. .11537 6764 Cheshire. 1895 1917 402. 3638 2302 Total,.. 58,003 54,419 9,133 72,874 51,944 Coos. 193 574 126.

1341 Grafton...

Maj, for Briggs. 3,594......for Harrison, 20,900 3250 708. 3691 4979 Hillsborough...1957 3770


4084 5072 1840, Scattering votes for President, 1,618. Merrimack.. 1339 3026

1066. 2755 5030 1843, No choice of Governor by the people. Rockingham...1977 3051 1003. .4102 4984 Strafford.


1514 303. 5280 6755 Sullivan..

. 1005 1690 245. 2088 2299 .12,551 23,050 5,497 26,158 32,761

RHODE ISLAND. 1843, Hoit, Abol. 3,402; scat. 83. Hubbard over all 1,417. 1840-Majority for Van Buren, 6,603


(Law & Order.) (L.F.) Counties. Fenner. Carpenter. Harrison. V. Buren. Bristol....maj. 588






372 CONGRESS, 1843.



Newport.. Dists.


Solo. Foote, W.).....6698 (Harr.:B: Washington...1348
Providence.....4305 5002


737 Bennington, Harringt'n, (L.) 4926 1796 1423

Theall, (Abol.).. 508 4114 1551 Total.. 8,856 7,110 5,278 3,301 Windham,.) Scattering, 67 3472 1715 Majority for Fenner, 1,746'; for Harrison, 1977: Total,

.5,501 6,698 9,382 4.689 Maj. for Foote over all,

1,197... Harrison, 4,693. The votes of Dumerston, Townsend and Hubbardton for Congress, were not returned.

CONNECTICUT. II. 1. Collamer, (W.)....5825

GOVERNOR, 1843. PRES'T, 1840. Orange,... Ransom, (L.)....4833 2874 2216 A. 1003, Sc. 260-123


5817 1821

Co's. Baldwin, Cleveld, Gilleth, Harrison. V.B. .6,906 5.825 8,691 Maj. against Collamer, 271....for Harrison, 4,654. Hartford.

4146 4037 124. .4871 3802 On the second trial Collamer was chosen by about Litchfield.

5239 290


4-190 800 majority over all.

3800 4800 293. .4542

2816 Middlesex.. .2017

183. 2276

2275 III.

New Haven. 4469 4307 206.

4012 Addison, 1 G. P. Marsh,(W.)...624 (2806 916 New London.2632


235. 3815 3143 Chittenden, Smith, (L.).... 4595

1381 Tolland ......1641 1832

93. .1991 1509 Franklin, French, TAbol.), 718 2186 1191 Windham ....1698

442. .2790

2188 Grand Isle, J Scattering,

133 363 162


25,591 27,416 1,872 31,601 25,296 Total,

.5,446 6,254 7,641 3,652 Maj. for Cleaveland, 1,825. for Harrison, 6,305. Maj. for Marsh over all, 808.... Harrison, 3,889. (No choice in 1842, there being 49 scattering votes.)



Rutland, ...

Windsor, ".

4,037 Fairfield.


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