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• Increasing personal and national capital resources by the en

couragement of thrift, by eliminating usury, and by the sound

use of credit.
• Contributing to the economy and increased measure of demo-

cratic control of economic activity and of equitable distribu-
tion of surplus.
Increasing national income, export revenues, and employment
by a fuller utilization of resources; for instance, in the im-
plementation of systems of agrarian reform and of land settle-
ment aimed at bringing fresh areas into productive use, and
in the development of modern industries, preferably scattered,

processing local raw materials.
• Improving social conditions, and supplementing social services

in such fields as housing and, where appropriate, health, edu

cation, and communications. • Helping to raise the level of general and technical knowledge

of their members. • Policy concerning cooperatives should be integrated in devel

opment plans insofar as this is consistent with the essential

features of cooperatives. In relation to methods of implementation of policy, the proposed Recommendation states that "there should be laws or regulations specifically concerned with the establishment and functioning of cooperatives, and with the protection of their right to operate on not less than equal terms with other forms of enterprise.”

The laws and regulations should authorize cooperatives to federate.

On the subject of education and training, the Recommendation states that appropriate instruction should be given not only in cooperative schools, colleges, and other specialized centers but also in many other educational institutions.

Provisions should be made both for appropriate technical training and for training in cooperative principles and methods, of persons who will be—and, where necessary, of persons who are—office bearers or members of the staffs of cooperatives, as well as of their advisers and publicists.

The Recommendation states that, when necessary, financial aid from outside should be given to cooperatives when they initiate their activities or encounter financial obstacles to growth or transformation. Such aid should not entail any obligations contrary to the independence or interest of cooperatives and should be designed to encourage rather than replace the initiative and effort of the members of cooperatives.

Cooperatives should be subject to a form of supervision designed

to ensure that they carry on their activities in conformity with the objects for which they were established and in accordance with the law. The supervision should preferably be the responsibility of a federation of cooperatives or the competent authority.

The competent authority should collect and publish at least once a year a report and statistics relating to the operations and growth of cooperatives of the national economy.

TRADE DEVELOPMENTS A recent development in the United States in the trade field is considered of sufficient interest for inclusion in this report. In the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 and the Automotive Products Trade Act of 1965, the Congress of the United States recognized that economic changes brought about as a consequence of expanding world trade would, in some cases, cause dislocation of industry and workers. Both of the above acts contained provisions for special manpower programs to be made available to workers injured because of the national trade policy. These programs are entirely federally financed and provide for the training and relocation of workers as well as the payment of trade readjustment and relocation allowances to injured workers who meet the eligibility requirements of the law.

The U.S. Department of Labor is concerned with the administration of the adjustment assistance program for affected workers and the several State employment services are integrally involved in the administration of the assistance programs for individual workers. So far, no workers have received adjustment assistance under the Trade Expansion Act, but quite recently assistance has been granted under the Auto Act to one group of workers in New Jersey, and other claims are pending in Alabama and Michigan.

REGIONAL ECONOMIC COMMISSIONS The U.S. Department of Labor increased its participation in a number of regional economic/social organizations during the year. In the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), it continued representing the United States in the manpower and social affairs committee, and assisted other U.S. agencies in representation on the economic policy committee and the scientific and technical personnel committee. The OECD's program being primarily concerned with finding solutions to internal problems besetting the 21 most highly developed non-Communist countries, most of the Department's bureaus were represented in OECD joint socioeconomic research working parties and conferences for the benefit of domestic U.S. programs. These include such topics as: Selection of industries for location in depressed areas, elimination of seasonal unemployment for construction workers, vocational training, and active manpower policies. The results of this research is made available to the States through the Department of Labor.

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INTERNATIONAL TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE CORPS The Department of Labor International Technical Assistance Corps (DOLITAC) was examined at some length in the report last year. During its first year of operations, it has proven a useful instrument in the oversea labor and manpower technical assistance activities of the U.S. Government. DOLITAC is a small


of technicians available for short- or long-term assignments in lessdeveloped countries.

Fifteen experts in labor administration and manpower fields have thus far been appointed to DOLITAC. These individuals have been recruited from a variety of sources. Three of these formerly were employed in State labor agencies.

During the year, DOLITAC members have filled a total of 28 assignments in 18 different less-developed countries. Because of its initial success, DOLITAC is now being expanded to better service the many requests for technical assistance from the less-developed countries. In the course of this expansion, it is most likely that greater resort will be had to the experienced and qualified employees of State labor agencies, particularly in employment service, skilled training, and related manpower areas.


RENATO RICCIUTI, Connecticut, Chairman
B. G. JOHNSON, Alaska, Vice Chairman
L. R. PETERSON, British Columbia
GERARD G. DUCLES, New Brunswick
C. H. BALLAM, Newfoundland

John E. LAWYER, U.S. Department of Labor [Adopted.]

Commissioner RICCIUTI. May I just add a very personal note. I have always been interested in international affairs. And during the presentation of the committee report last year, I commented that all of us should take an active interest in this very important field. You may remember that at the time of our meeting last year, Mr. Justice Goldberg had just been appointed U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations. His appointment served to reinforce the point that there is a very strong community of interest between labor matters and foreign affairs.

A short time after making that report, I was designated as one of the U.S. delegates to the metal trades conference of ILO held

in Geneva in December 1965. My name had previously been recommended by IAGLO officials in response to a request for nominations from the U.S. Department of Labor. I wish to thank IAGLO for this great opportunity. It was a fascinating and exciting experience and one which ranks among the highlights of my life, one which I will never forget.

This conference reinforced my opinion that all of us should participate more vigorously in matters involving our relations with other countries. We must continue to try to understand not only the problems of the older, established nations, but also those of the newer emerging nations—countries with people of diverse colors, customs, and background struggling to achieve a better standard of living.

We labor administrators understand the struggle against poverty and despair better than most other people. We are in a unique position to provide leadership to achieve not only better understanding of the problems of other countries but also a much more friendly and peaceful relationship among the nations of the world. Thank you very much.

President CATHERWOOD. Thank you, Commissioner Ricciuti, for that very meaningful report.

DISCUSSION Mr. BORTZ. If I may, I would like to make a few remarks with reference to Mr. Ricciuti's report—the subject matter.

First, all State labor commissioners will be receiving a copy of a letter which Secretary Wirtz is also sending to each Governor, transmitting a recommendation. I cannot recall what this particular recommendation deals with, but you will be getting it within a week.

Second, in addition to Mr. Ricciuti, Mrs. Clifton of California attended an ILO meeting as a State representative. I believe there have been two this past year.

And third, a word of appreciation to some 22 States which this past year have cooperated in making available services and staff to meet and to show various foreign visitors from labor departments and related agencies of different countries throughout the world, and for taking them out in the field and showing them how laws are administered in the various types of programs. We deeply appreciate this. In some instances, I know it is perhaps a hardship or at least it puts you to additional effort. But I hope that it does give not only the people coming from foreign countries, but perhaps you folks also a little insight into some of the labor problems in other sections of the world. We do appreciate very much your cooperation in this endeavor.

President CATHERWOOD. Thank you, Nelson, for those very appropriate supplementary remarks. I am sure the various States participating with you get a great deal out of this themselves. We are certainly glad to participate with you.

Commissioner MALE. I want to ask what became of the implementation of the Henning resolution adopted by this organization in 1961 in Portland ? The Henning resolution dealt with inviting labor ministers of Latin and South American countries to observe, participate, and perhaps eventually become full partners in the International Association of Governmental Labor Officials. I have never been able to learn what happened to those resolutions.

President CATHERWOOD. Thank you, Ray, for your reminder. I will ask that the Secretary-Treasurer be sure to call this to the attention of the executive board so that it can be followed up.

Minister PETERSON. Mr. Chairman, perhaps I should just recall to the attention of the assembly that 1 year ago now, during my term of office as President, I endeavored to implement the provision of that particular resolution without involving the U.S. State Department of this country by proceeding directly to Mexico, meeting with the Under Secretary of Labor there, sending him an invitation on behalf of the association, and also in several South American countries. You will find the record of that in the last Report of the President in the proceedings of last year's conference. Whether any followup has taken place, it did not materialize in applications for membership, although there certainly was an interest, particularly on the part of Mexico, in finding out more about our association. The doors seemed to be open for possible membership, but I cannot report beyond my term of office.

President CATHERWOOD. Thank you for that progress report.

Is there any further discussion on the Ricciuti report! If not, we will hear from the Committee on Minimum Wage, under the chairmanship of Alfred Laureta of Hawaii.

Report of the Minimum Wage Committee

Chairman: ALFRED LAURETA, Director, Hawaii Department of Labor

Your committee on minimum wage, being in accord with the suggestion of our executive committee for brevity, is refraining this year from any dissertation or report on advances made in minimum wage legislation throughout the year. In all probability such information may be contained in the report of our legislative committee, but if not, it certainly is available from publications of the

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