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Apportionment of Representa
entitled to one Senator, except the first district, which shall be
entitled to three Senators. Same subject. Sec. 8. The same rules shall be applied, in apportioning
the fractions of Senatorial districts, and in annexing districts, which may hereafter have less than three-fourths of a Senatorial ratio, as are applied to Representative districts.
Sec. 9. Any county forming part of a Senatorial district, having acquired a population equal to a full senatorial ratio, shall be made a separate Senatorial district, at any regular de cennial apportionment, if a full Senatorial ratio shall be left in the district from which it shall be taken.
Sec. 10. For the first ten years, after the year one thoutives for ten sand eight hundred and fifty-one, the apportionment of Repre
sentatives shall be as provided in the schedule, and no change shall ever be made in the principles of representation, as herein established, or, in the Senatorial districts, except as above provided. All territory, belonging to a county at the time of any apportionment, shall, as to the right of representation and suffrage, remain an integral part thereof, during the decennial period.
Sec. 11. The Governor, Auditor, and Secretary of State, or and secretary of any two of them, shall, at least six months prior to the October mine ratio of re-election, in the year one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one,
and, at each decennial period thereafter, ascertain and determine the ratio of representation, according to the decennial census, the number of Representatives and Senators each county or district shall be entitled to elect, and for what years, within the next ensuing ten years, and the Governor shall cause the same to be published, in such manner as shall be directed
When the Gov. ernor, Auditor,
Sec. 12. For Judicial purposes, the State shall be apportioned as follows:
The county of Hamilton, shall constitute the first district, which shall not be subdivided ; and the Judges therein, may hold separate courts, or separate sittings of the same court, at the same time.
The counties of Butler, Preble and Darke, shall constitute 2d district. the first subdivision, Montgomery, Miami and Champaign, the second, and Warren, Clinton, Greene and Clark, the third subdivision, of the second district; and, together, shall form such district.
The counties of Shelby, Auglaize, Allen, Hardin, Logan, 3d district. Union and Marion shall constitute the first subdivision, Mercer, Van Wert, Putnam, Paulding, Defiance, Williams, Henry and Fulton, the second, and Wood, Seneca, Hancock, Wyandot and Crawford, the third subdivision, of the third district; and, together, shall form such district.
The counties of Lucas, Ottawa, Sandusky, Erie and Huron, 4th district. shall constitute the first subdivision, Lorain, Medina and Summit the second, and the county of Cuyahoga, the third subdivision, of the fourth district; and, together, shall form such district.
The counties of Clermont, Brown and Adams, shall consti- 5th district. tute the first subdivision, Highland, Ross and Fayetie, the second, and Pickaway, Franklin and Madison, the third subdivision, of the fifth district; and, together, shall form such district.
The counties of Licking, Knox and Delaware, shall consti- 6th district. tute the first subdivision, Morrow, Richland and Ashland, the second, and Wayne, Holmes and Coshocton, the third subdivision, of the sixth district; and, together, shall form such district.
The counties of Fairfield, Perry and Hocking, shall consti- 7th district. tute the first subdivision, Jackson, Vinton, Pike, Scioto and Lawrence, the second, and Gallia, Meigs, Athens and Washington, the third subdivision, of the seventh district; and, together, shall form such district.
The counties of Muskingum and Morgan, shall constitute 8th district. the first subdivision, Guernsey, Belmont and Monroe, the second, and Jefferson, Harrison and Tuscarawas, the third subdivision, of the eighth district; and, together, shall form such district.
The counties of Stark, Carroll and Columbiana, shall consti- 9th district. tute the first subdivision, Trumbull, Portage and Mahoning, the second, and Geauga, Lake and Ashtabula, the third subdivision, of the ninth district; and, together, shall form such district.
New counties attached.
Sec. 13. The General Assembly shall attach any new counties, that may hereafter be erected, to such districts, or subdivisions thereof, as shall be most convenient.
FINANCE AND TAXATION.
Taxation by uniform rule.
Sec. 1. The levying of taxes, by the poll, is grievous and oppressive; therefore, the General Assembly shall never levy a poll tax, for county or State purposes.
Sec. 2. Laws shall be passed, taxing, by a uniform rule, all moneys, credits, investments in bonds, stocks, joint stock companies, or otherwise; and also all real and personal property, according to its true value in money; but burying grounds, public school houses, houses used exclusively for public worship, institutions of purely public charity, public property used exclusively for any public purpose; and personal property, to an amount not exceeding in value two hundred dollars, for each individual, may, by general laws, be exempted from taxation: but, all such laws shall be subject to alteration or repeal; and the value of all property, so exempted, shall, from time to time, be ascertained and published, as may be directed
Sec. 3. The General Assembly shall provide, by law, for taxing the notes and bills discounted or purchased, moneys loaned, and all other property, effects, or dues, of every description, (without deduction, of all Banks, now existing, or hereafter created, and of all bankers, so that all property employ. ed in banking, shall always bear a burden of taxation, equal to that imposed on the property of individuals.
SEC. 4. The General Assembly shall provide for raising revenue, sufficient to defray the expenses of the State, for each year, and also a sufficient sum to pay the interest on the State debt.
SEC. 5. No tax shall be levied, except in pursuance of law; Levying of tax.
and every law imposing a tax, shall state, distinctly, the object of the same, to which only, it shall be applied.
Sec. 6. The State shall never contract any debt for purposes of internal improvement.
No debt for in. ternal improvement.
Sec. 1. The General Assembly shall pass no special act Corporate pow. conferring corporate powers.
Sec. 2. Corporations may be formed under general laws; Corporations, but all such laws may, from time to time, be altered, or repealed.
Sec. 3. Dues from corporations shall be secured, by such Dues from corindividual liability of the stockholders, and other means, as may secured. be prescribed by law; but, in all cases, each stockholder shall be liable, over and above the stock by him or her owned, and any amount unpaid thereon, to a further sum, at least equal in amount to such stock.
Sec. 4. The property of corporations, now existing or here- erty subject to after created, shall forever be subject to taxation, the same as the property of individuals.
Sec. 5. No right of way shall be appropriated to the use of Right of way. any corporation, until full compensation therefor be first made in money, or first secured by a deposit of money, to the owner, irrespective of any benefit from any improvement proposed by such corporation: which compensation shall be ascertained by a jury of twelve men, in a court of record, as shall be prescribed by law.
Sec. 6. The General Assembly shall provide for the organ- Organization of ization of cities, and incorporated villages, by general laws; and restrict their power of taxation, assessment, borrowing money, contracting debts and loaning their credit, so as to prevent the abuse of such power.
Sec. 7. No act of the General Assembly, authorizing asso- Associations ciations with banking powers, shall take effect, until it shall be powers. submitted to the people, at the general election next succeeding the passage thereof, and be approved by a majority of all the electors, voting at such election.
JURISPRUDENCE. Sec. 1. The General Assembly, at its first session after the Commissioners. adoption of this Constitution, shall provide for the appointment
of three Commissioners, and prescribe their tenure of office, compensation, and the mode of filling vacancies in said commission.
Sec. 2. The said commissioners shall revise, reform, simplify and abridge, the practice, pleadings, forms, and proceedings of the Courts of record of this State; and, as far as practicable and expedient, shall provide for the abolition of the distinct forms of action at law, now in use, and for the administration of justice by a uniform mode of proceeding, without reference to any distinction between law and equity.
Sec. 3. The proceedings of the Commissioners shall, from time to time, be reported to the General Assembly, and be subject to the action of that body.
Seat of govern. ment.
Sec. 1. Columbus shall be the seat of government, until
otherwise directed by law. Public printing. Sec. 2. The printing of the laws, journals, bills, legislative
documents and papers for each branch of the General Assembly, with the printing required for the Executive and other departments of State, shall be let, on contract, to the lowest responsible bidder, by such Executive officers, and in such man
ner, as shall be prescribed by law. Receipts and
Sec. 3. An accurate and detailed statement of the receipts and expenditures of the public money, the several amounts paid, to whom, and on what account, shall, from time to time, be published, as shall be prescribed by law.
Sec. 4. No person shall be elected or appointed to any office in this State, unless he possess the qualifications of an
elector. Iuelits ineligi. Sec. 5. No person who shall hereafter fight a duel, assist
in the same as second, or send, accept, or knowingly carry, a challenge therefor, shall hold any office in this State.
Sec. 6. Lotteries, and the sale of lottery tickets, for any purpose whatever, shall forever be prohibited in this State.
Sec. 7. Every person chosen or appointed to any office under this State, before entering upon the discharge of its
Who eligible to office.
Oath of officers.