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create no other

not become joint owner or

ders, &c.

Sec. 3. Except the debts above specified in sections one The State to and two of this article, no debt whatever shall hereafter be cre- debt. ated by, or on behalf of the State.

SEC. 4. The credit of the State shall not, in any manner, Credit of State. be given or loaned to, or in aid of, any individual association or corporation whatever; nor shall the State ever hereafter be. The state shall come a joint owner, or stockholder, in any company or asso- stockholder. ciation in this State or elsewhere, formed for any purpose whatever. SEC. 5. The State shall never assume the debts of any No assumption

of debts by the county, city, town, or township, or of any corporation what- State. ever, unless such debt shall have been created to repel invasion, suppress insurrection, or defend the State in war.

Sec. 6. The General Assembly shall never authorize any counties, cities, county, city, town, or township, by vote of its citizens, or other- ships, not 'aw. wise, to become a stockholder in any joint stock company, come stockhol corporation, or association whatever; or to raise money for, or loan its credit to, or in aid of, any such company, corporation, or association.

Sec. 7. The faith of the State being pledged for the pay- Sinking fund. ment of its public debt, in order to provide therefor, there shall be created a sinking fund, which shall be sufficient to pay the accruing interest on such debt, and, annually, to reduce the principal thereof, by a sum not less than one hundred thousand dollars, increased yearly, and each and every year, by compounding, at the rate of six per cent. per annum. The said sinking fund shall consist, of the net annual income of the public works and stocks owned by the State, of any other funds or resources that are, or may be, provided by law, and of such further sum, to be raised by taxation, as may be required for the purposes aforesaid.

Sec. 8. The Auditor of State, Secretary of State, and At- The Commis torney General, are hereby created a board of commissioners, Sinking fund. to be styled, “ The Commissioners of the Sinking Fund.”

Sec. 9. The commissioners of the sinking fund shall, imme- Their biennial diately preceding each regular session of the General Assembly, make an estimate of the probable amount of the fund, provided for in the seventh section of this article, from all sources except from taxation, and report the same, together with all their proceedings relative to said fund and the public

report.

Semi-annual re. port.

debt, to the Governor, who shall transmit the same with his regular message, to the General Assembly; and the General Assembly shall make all necessary provision for raising and disbursing said sinking fund, in pursuance of the provisions of

this article. Application of Sec. 10. It shall be the duty of the said Commissioners Sinking fund.

faithfully to apply said fund, together with all moneys that may be, by the General Assembly, appropriated to that object, to the payment of the interest, as it becomes due, and the redemption of the principal of the public debt of the State, excepting only, the school and trust funds held by the State.

SEC. 11. The said Commissioners shall, semi-annually, make a full and detailed report of their proceedings to the Governor, who shall, immediately, cause the same to be published, and shall also communicate the same to the General Assembly, forthwith, if it be in session, and if not, then at its first session

after such report shall be made. Poard of Public Sec. 12. So long as this State shall have public works which

require superintendence, there shall be a Board of Public Works, to consist of three members, who shall be elected by the people, at the first general election after the adoption of this Constitution, one for the term of one year, one for the term of two years, and one for the term of three years; and one member of said Board shall be elected annually thereafter, who shall hold his office for three years.

Sec. 13. The powers and duties of said Board of Public Works, and its several members, and their compensation, shall be such as now are, or may be prescribed by law.

Works.

Their powers, duties and com. pensation,

ARTICLE IX.

MILITIA.

Who shall per. form military duty.

Sec. 1. All white male citizens, residents of this State, being eighteen years of age, and under the age of forty-tive years, shall be enrolled in the militia, and perform military duty, in such manner, not incompatible with the Constitution and laws of the United States, as may be prescribed by law.

SEC. 2. Majors General, Brigadiers General, Colonels, Lieutenant Colonels, Majors, Captains, and Subalterns, shall

What officers to be elected, and by whom.

be elected by the persons subject to military duty, in their respective districts.

Sec. 3. The Governor shall appoint the Adjutant General, Same subject. Quarter Master General, and such other staff officers, as may be provided for by law. Majors General, Brigadiers General, Colonels, or Commandants of Regiments, Battalions, or Squadrons, shall, severally, appoint their staff, and Captains shall appoint their non-commissioned officers and musicians.

SEC. 4. The Governor shall commission all officers of the Governor to line and staff, ranking as such; and shall have power to call ficere; and have forth the Militia, to execute the laws of the State, to suppress tia. insurrection, and repel invasion.

Sec. 5. The General Assembly shall provide, by law, for Public arms the protection and safe keeping of the public arms.

commission of

forth the mili

ARTICLE X.

COUNTY AND TOWNSHIP ORGANIZATIONS.

township offi

when elected.

Sec. 1. The General Assembly shall provide, by law, for County, and the election of such county and township officers as may be cers. necessary.

Sec. 2. County officers shall be elected on the second County officers, Tuesday of October, until otherwise directed by law, by the qualified electors of each county, in such manner, and for such term, not exceeding three years, as may be provided by law.

SEC. 3. No person shall be eligible to the office of Sheriff, Eligibility of or County Treasurer, for more than four years, in any period surer.

sheriff and trea.

of six years.

Sec. 4. Township officers shall be elected on the first Mon- Township ofli

cers, when electday of April, annually, by the qualified electors of their res- ed. pective townships, and shall hold their offices for one year, from the Monday next succeeding their election, and until their successors are qualified.

Sec. 5. No money shall be drawn from any county or County, and township treasury, except by authority of law.

Sec. 6. Justices of the peace, and county and township What officers officers, may be removed, in such manner and for such cause, ed. as shall be prescribed by law.

Sec. 7. The Commissioners of Counties, the Trustees of Local taxation.

township trea suries,

may be remov.

Townships, and similar boards, shall have such power of local taxation, for police purposes, as may be prescribed by law.

ARTICLE XI.

APPORTIONMENT.

Apportionment for members of

sembly.

House.

Same subject.

Sec. 1. The apportionment of this State for members of the the General As- General Assembly, shall be made every ten years, after the

year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-one, in the following manner: The whole population of the State, as ascertained by the federal census, or in such other mode as the General

Assembly may direct, shall be divided by the number One Reacties on the pre- Hundred," and the quotient shall be the ratio of representa

tion in the House of Representatives, for ten years next succeeding such apportionment.

Sec. 2. Every county, having a population equal to one half of said ratio, shall be entitled to one Representative; every county, containing said ratio, and three fourths over, shall be entitled to two Representatives; every county, containing three times said ratio, shall be entitled to three Representatives : and so on, requiring after the first two, an entire ratio for each additional Representative.

Sec. 3. When any county shall have a fraction above the ratio, so large, that being multiplied by five, the result will be equal to one or more ratios, additional Representatives shall be apportioned for such ratios, among the several sessions of the decennial period, in the following manner : If there be only one ratio, a Representative shall be allotted to the fifth session of the decennial period; if there are two ratios, a Representative shall be allotted to the fourth and third sessions, respectively; if three, to the third, second, and first sessions, respectively ; if four to the fourth, third, second, and first sessions, respectively.

Sec. 4. Any county, forming with another county or counties, a Representative district, during one decennial period, if it have acquired sufficient population at the next decennial period, shall be entitled to a separate representation, if there shall be left, in the district from which it shall have been separated, a population sufficient for a Representative; but no

Same subject.

Same subject.

ator.

tricts.

such change shall be made, except at the regular decennial period for the apportionment of Representatives.

Sec. 5. If, in fixing any subsequent ratio, a county, previ- Same subject. ously entitled to a separate repesentation, shall have less than the number required by the new ratio for a Representative, such county shall be attached to the county adjoining it, having the least number of inhabitants; and the representation of the district, so formed, shall be determined as herein provided.

Sec. 6. The ratio for a Senator shall, forever hereafter, be Ratio for a Senascertained, by dividing the whole population of the State, by the number thirty-five.

Sec. 7. The State is hereby divided into thirty-three Sena. Senatorial distorial districts, as follows: The county of Hamilton shall constitute the first Senatorial district; the counties of Butler and Warren, the second; Montgomery and Preble, the third; Clermont and Brown, the fourth; Greene, Clinton and Fayette, the fifth; Ross and Highland, the sixth; Adams, Pike, Scioto and Jackson, the seventh; Lawrence, Gallia, Meigs and Vinton, the eighth; Athens, Hocking and Fairfield, the ninth ; Franklin and Pickaway, the tenth; Clark, Champaign and Madison, the eleventh; Miami, Darke and Shelby, the twelfth; Logan, Union, Marion and Hardin, the thirteenth; Washington and Morgan, the fourteenth; Muskingum and Perry, the fifteenth; Delaware and Licking, the sixteenth; Knox and Morrow, the seventeenth; Coshocton and Tuscarawas, the eighteenth; Guernsey and Monroe, the nineteenth; Belmont and Harrison, the twentieth; Carroll and Stark, the twenty-first; Jefferson and Columbiana, the twenty-second; Trumbull and Mahoning, the twenty-third; Ashtabula, Lake and Geauga, the twenty-fourth; Cuyahoga, the twenty-fifth; Portage and Summit, the twenty-sixth; Me. dina and Lorain, the twenty-seventh; Wayne and Holmes, the twenty-eighth; Ashland and Richland, the twenty-ninth ; Huron, Erie, Sandusky and Ottawa, the thirtieth; Seneca, Crawford and Wyandot, the thirty-first; Mercer, Auglaize, Allen, Vanwert, Paulding, Defiance and Williams, the thirtysecond; and Hancock, Wood, Lucas, Fulton, Henry and Putnam, the thirty-third. For the first decennial period, after the adoption of this constitution, each of said districts shall be

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