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CHAPTER IK.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN.

PAGE.

Lincoln's Early Life, and Education—His Mother—He Volunteers

for the Black Hawk War—Postmaster—Mode of Keeping Gov-

ernment Funds—A Surveyor—Elected to the Legislature—

Studies Law—His Protest Against Slavery—Lincoln at the Bar

—Early Illinois Courts—His Mode of Trying Cases—Accepts a

Challenge—Pleads the Case of the Negro Girl "Nance"—In

Congress—His Bill to Abolish Slavery—His Practice at the

Bar 67

CHAPTER IV.

LINCOLN AND SLAVERY FROM 1854 TO 1858.

Lincoln and Douglas Debate at Springfield, 1855—At Peoria—

Election of Trumbull to the Senate—Reorganization of Parties

on the Slavery Issue—The Republican Party—Presidential Elec-

tion of 1856—Margaret Garner—Brooks' Assault on Sumner—

Lincoln's Hatred of Slavery—Buchanan—Kansas—Lecompton—

Douglas—The Drcd Scott Case—Slavery Dominant, and its

Effects upon the Republic 89

CHAPTER V.

LINCOLN FROM 1857 TO 18G0—THE LINCOLN AND DOUGLA8 DEBATES.

Lincoln's Nomination for the Senate—His Springfield Speech—

Lincoln Challenges Douglas to Joint Discussion — Douglas

Accepts—The Debate , 112

CHAPTER VI.

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF 1860—ELECTION OF LINCOLN. AND CUL-

MINATION OF THE CONSPIRACY TO DISSOLVE THE UNION.

The Charleston Convention—Douglas—Secessionists Break up the

Convention — Adjourn to Baltimore and Richmond — Douglas

and Breckinridge Nominated—" Americans" Nominate Bell and

Everett — The Chicago Convention—The Wigwam—Seward—

PAOK.

Winter Davis—The Clay Guards—Missouri—Blockade of Seced-

ing States—Calls for Additional Troops—Rebels Seize Harper's

Ferry and Gosport Navy Yard—Death of Ellsworth—Great

Britain and France Recognize the Rebels as Belligerents—Lee

and Benedict Arnold—Death of Douglas 186

CHAPTER X.

EXTRA SESSION OF CONGRE8S—CIVIL FOLIC Y AND MILITARY EVENTS

TO THE CLOSE OF 1861.

Congress—President's Message—Action of Congress—Baker's Re-

ply to Breckenridge—Andrew Johnson—Denounces Davis—The

Rebel Leaders—Prominent Senators and Members—Sumner,

Baker, Fessenden and others—Stevens, Colfax, Lovejoy and

others—Bill to Confiscate the Property and Free the Slaves of

Rebels—The Army not to Return Fugitive Slaves—Crittenden's

Resolution—Bull Run — McClellan in Command—Fremont—

His Emancipation Order—Letter of Holt—President Modifies

the Order—His Reasons—Cameron's Instruction to Sherman in

South Carolina—Military Movements in the Fall of 1861—

Death of Lyon—Ball's Bluff—Death of Baker—Belmonf^-The

Trent Affair—Arrest of the Maryland Legislature 214

CHAPTER XI.

SECOND SESSION TIIIRTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS — CONGRESS OF 1862.

President's Message—Report of Secretary of War—Modified by

the President—Stanton Succeeds Cameron — Anti-Slavery

Measures—Article of War Prohibiting the Return of Fugitive

Slaves—Slavery Abolished at the Capital—Prohibited in all the

Territories—Negro Soldiers—Military Orders in Regard to

Slaves—Hunter's Negro Regiments in South Carolina—Wick-

liffe's Resolution—Hunter's Reply—Bill to give Freedom to the

Families of Negro Soldiers 244

CHAPTER XH.

CONFISCATION AND EMANCIPATION.

Bill to Confiscate the Property and Emancipate the Slaves of Re-

bels—Action of the Senate—Of the House—Speech of Critten-

den—Reply of Lovejoy—Wade, of Ohio—Sedgwick—Passage

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