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SLAVERY FROM 1788 TO THE COMPROMISE MEASURES OF 1850.
Opinions of the Fathers upon Slavery-Ordinance of 1787—Early
Abolition Societies—Slavery Abolished in the New England
States, New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey-Cotton and
Slavery–Location of Capital at Washington-Fugitive Slave
Law of 1793—Admission of Tennessee, Alabama and Missis-
sippi, as Slave States—Purchase of Louisiana and Florida—Mis-
souri Compromise — Seminole War - Annexation of Texas-
Mexican War-Wilmot Proviso—California—Anti-Slavary Con-
vention-Suppression of Right of Petition-John Quincy
Adams—Judge Hoar's Mission-Abolition, Liberty and Free-
Soil Parties—Compromise Measures of 1850......................... 25
REPEAL OF THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE AND THE STRUGGLE FOR
The Thirty-third Congress—Douglas Introduces the Kansas-Ne-
braska Bill-Debate upon it in the Senate—Douglas-Chase-
-Passage of the Bill—Struggle over its Passage in the House
of Representatives — Benton -- Richardson — Campbell— Wash-
burne—Stephens of Georgia-Passage of the Bill through the
House-Struggle Between Free and Slave State Men for Kansas
-General Atchison-John Brown-Lane and Robinson.......... 48
Lincoln's Early Life, and Education-His Mother-He Volunteers
for the Black Hawk War—Postmaster-Mode of Keeping Gov-
ernment Funds-A Surveyor-Elected to the Legislature-
Studies Law–His Protest Against Slavery-Lincoln at the Bar
-Early Illinois Courts-His Mode of Trying Cases--Accepts a
Challenge-Pleads the Case of the Negro Girl “ Nance"-In
Congress—His Bill to Abolish Slavery-His Practice at the
LINCOLN AND SLAVERY FROM 1854 to 1858.
Lincoln and Douglas Debate at Springfield, 1855-At Peoria-
Election of Trumbull to the Senate—Reorganization of Parties
on the Slavery Issue–The Republican Party-Presidential Elec-
tion of 1856–Margaret Garner-Brooks' Assault on Sumner-
Lincoln's Hatred of Slavery-Buchanan-Kansas-Lecompton-
Douglas—The Dred Scott Case-Slavery Dominant, and its
Effects upon the Republic................................................ 89
LINCOLN FROM 1857 to 1860—THE LINCOLN AND DOUGLAS DEBATES.
Lincoln's Nomination for the Senate-His Springfield Speech-
Lincoln Challenges Douglas to Joint Discussion - Douglas
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF 1860-ELECTION OF LINCOLN, AND CUL-
. MINATION OF THE CONSPIRACY TO DISSOLVE THE UNION.
The Charleston Convention-Douglas-Secessionists Break up the
Convention — Adjourn to Baltimore and Richmond - Douglas
and Breckinridge Nominated -- Americans” Nominate Bell and
Everett -- The Chicago Convention --The Wigwam-Seward
Lincoln-The Nomination—The Canvass—The “Wide Awakes"
-Position of Parties on the Slavery Question-Lincoln Elected
-Conspiracy to Dissolve the Union-Preparations of the Con-
spirators—The North Disarmed...........
PROGRESS OF THE CONSPIRACY-FROM THE ELECTION OF LINCOLN TO
HIS ARRIVAL AT WASHINGTON, FEBRUARY, 1861.
The Conspiracy Extending-Administration of Buchanan—General
Scott—General Cass-Action of Congress in Winter of 1860-61
-Committee of Thirty-three-Peace Convention-Report of
Adams-Secret Meetings of the Conspirators at the Capitol -
Seven States Secede, and Organize a Provisional Government-
Jefferson Davis-Rebellion Without Excuse-Slavery the Cor-
ner-Stone of the Confederacy—Counting Electoral Votes by Con-
gress-Lincoln Leaves Springfield for Washington-His Journey
-Assassination Plot-His Arrival............. .............156
LINCOLN IN THE WHITE HOUSE.
Lincoln's Inauguration and Inaugural—Douglas and his Prophecy
-Lincoln's Cabinet—Condition of Affairs on the 4th of March,
1861— Benjamin F. Butler's Position—The “ Prodigal Son".....173
FROM THE 4TH OF MARCA TO THE 4TH OF JULY, 1861–FROM THE IN
AUGURATION OF LINCOLN TO THE MEETING OF CONGRESS.
The Rebels send Commissioners to Washington--Position of the
Border States—The Rebels Begin the War-Attack on Sumter
-Danger of Washington—President's Call for 75,000 Men-
Douglas Supports Lincoln-Uprising of the People—Murder of
Massachusetts Soldiers-Response of Border States to Call for
Troops--The Northwest-Virginia, Tennessee, Maryland—Henry
Winter Davis--The Clay Guards—Missouri-Blockade of Seced-
ing States—Calls for Additional Troops—Rebels Seize Harper's
Ferry and Gosport Navy Yard—Death of Ellsworth-Great
Britain and France Recognize the Rebels as Belligerents—Lee
and Benedict Arnold-Death of Douglas.......... ..........186
EXTRA SESSION OF CONGRESS-CIVIL POLICY AND MILITARY EVENTS
TO THE CLOSE OF 1861.
Congress-President's Message-Action of Congress—Baker's Re-
ply to Breckenridge-Andrew Johnson-Denounces Davis— The
Rebel Leaders—Prominent Senators and Members—Sumner,
Baker, Fessenden and others — Stevens, Colfax, Lovejoy and
others--Bill to Confiscate the Property and Free the Slaves of
Rebels—The Army not to Return Fugitive Slaves—Crittenden's
Resolution — Bull Run - McClellan in Command-Fremont-
His Emancipation Order—Letter of Holt-President Modifies
the Order-His Reasons—Cameron's Instruction to Sherman in
South Carolina-Military Movements in the Fall of 1861–
Death of Lyon-Ball's Bluff-Death of Baker—Belmont—The
Trent Affair-Arrest of the Maryland Legislature..................214
ull RunReturn Party and Pr
SECOND SESSION THIRTY-SEVENTI CONGRESS — CONGRESS OF 1862.
President's Message-Report of Secretary of War—Modified by
the President - Stanton Succeeds Cameron - Anti-Slavery
Measures—Article of War Prohibiting the Return of Fugitive
Slaves-Slavery Abolished at the Capital-Prohibited in all the
Territories--Negro Soldiers—Military Orders in Regard to
Slaves—Hunter's Negro Regiments in South Carolina—Wick-
liffe's Resolution-Hunter's Reply-Bill to give Freedom to the
Families of Negro Soldiers..........
CONFISCATION AND EMANCIPATION.
Bill to Confiscate the Property and Emancipate the Slaves of Re-
bels-Action of the Senate-Of the House-Speech of Critten-
den-Reply of Lovejoy-Wade, of Ohio-Sedgwick-Passage