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9. Limitation of action.-When a person is an alien subject or
Similar provisions: Canal Zone, Code Civil Proc. 1907, sec. 147; Idaho, 2 Rev. Code 1908, sec. 4072; Maine, Rev. Stat. 1916, ch. 86, p. 1218; Massachusetts, Rev. Laws 1902, ch. 202, sec. 8; Minnesota, Gen. Stat. 1913, sec. 7710; Missouri, 1 Rev. Stat. 1909, sec. 1898; North Dakota, 2 Comp. Laws 1913, sec. 7387; Oregon, 1 Lord's Laws 1910, sec. 19; Porto Rico, Rev. Stat. 1913, sec. 5026; South Dakota, 2 Comp. Laws 1913, p. 330, sec. 72; Vermont, Gen. Laws 1917, sec. 1859; Wisconsin, Stat. 1917, sec. 4232.
10. Right to sue.—The citizens of other States of the United States or of foreign States at peace with this State, and friendly Indians, shall by comity be allowed the privilege of suing in our courts or giving evidence therein, so long as the same comity is extended in their courts to the citizens of this State.
Georgia, 2 Park's Ann. Code 1914, sec. 2174. 11. Service of summons upon alien enemy.-When it appears by affidavits upon which an order for the service of summons was granted that the defendant, is within a country with which the United States is at war or in a place with which, by reason of the existence of a state of war, the United States does not maintain postal communication, the order may dispense with the mailing of any papers to such defendant, and in lieu thereof shall direct that such papers be mailed to such officer as may have been appointed by the President of the United States to take possession of the property of alien enemies at Washington, D. C., on behalf of such defendant.
New York, Laws 1918, ch. 309, sec. 440. 12. Composition of jury in trial on criminal charge.-Any alien, denizen, or foreigner who may be indicted for any offense committed within this State shall be tried by jury of the county in the same manner as the citizens thereof, and there shall be no challenge, either to the array or other polls, for want of foreigners on the panel or jury that may be returned.
Maryland, 1 Code Pub. Civil Laws 1911, art. 51, sec. 18, p. 1278. 13. Composition of jury in trial on criminal charge.--No alien shall in any criminal case whatsoever be entitled to a jury de medietate linguae, or partly of strangers.
Pennsylvania, 1 Purdon's Dig. 1905, p. 1038, sec. 41. 14. Right to practice law.-An alien who has declared his intention to become a citizen of the United States, whether man or woman, who has been admitted as an attorney or counselor of the highest primary court of any State, district, Territory, or country of which he was an inhabitant may, upon petition to the supreme court or to the superior court, be admitted to practice law in all the courts of this Commonwealth.
Massachusetts, Rev. Laws 1908 Supp., p. 1361. Similar provision: Oklahoma, Laws 1910, sec. 240, does not include a woman.
15. Americanization of all aliens.-To encourage and put a premium on the Americanization of all aliens within the State, and to cooperate with the United States Government in securing such Americanization, a special fund is placed at the disposal of the council for defense.
Arizona, Laws 1918, ch. 7, sec. 12, p.
15. 16. Alien enemy shall not act as lecturer, etc., without a permit.-No alien enemy shall act as lecturer, priest, preacher, minister, teacher, editor, publisher, or educator in any capacity or by any means within the State during the present war without first filing application with the district court in the county of his residence, setting forth the date of his arrival in the United States, the places where he has resided, what steps, if any, he has taken to become a citizen, together with a showing of the service he has rendered the Government since the war was declared, and obtaining a permit from said court to act as preacher, etc. Upon such application being filed the court shall notify the State council of defense of its pendency, together with the date when the same is set for hearing, and the State council of defense shall be afforded full opportunity to file any counter showing which they think advisable. If upon hearing a permit is granted, the same shall be revokable at any time in the discretion of the court.
Nebraska, Laws 1918, ch. 5, sec. 5. 17. Employment on public works forbidden.-No person, except prisoners, not a citizen or ward of the United States, or who has not declared his intention to become a citizen, shall be employed upon public works or at public employment. Violation is a criminal offense.
Arizona, Rev. Stat., 1913, ch. 1, sec. 3105; ch. 7, sec. 5125. 18. Employment as teacher forbidden. --No person shall be employed to teach in the public schools of the State who is not a citizen. A person now so employed may continue in such employment if within one year from the passage of this act he or she shall make application and shall become a citizen.
New York, Laws 1918, ch. 158. 19. Insane aliens shall be deported.--Insane aliens shall be deported by the State board of control in cooperation with the Bureau of Immigration.
Washington, Laws 1915, ch. 82. 20. Exempt from militia duty.-Residents not citizens and resident aliens shall not be liable to militia duty, except in so far as repelling local invasions or suppressing insurrections.
Georgia, 2 Park's Ann. Code 1914, sec. 2176. Similar provision: New Jersey, 1 Comp. Stat. 1910, p. 40, unless resident over five years.
21. Unnaturalized foreign born person must have a license to hunt.It shall be unlawful for any unnaturalized foreign born person who is not a taxpayer on real estate, and who has not resided in the State two years, to hunt, pursue, catch, or kill, or have in possession any wild animals or birds unless licensed to do so, or to have in possession upon wild lands or in woods or fields of the State any firearms, unless licensed.
Maine, Rev. Stat. 1916, ch. 33, secs. 65–66. Similar provision, including fishing, ownership of hunting dog, etc.: Massachusetts, Acts & Res. 1915, ch. 240; New Jersey, Laws 1915, ch. 355; Oregon, Laws 1913, ch. 232, sec. 28; Laws 1915, ch. 188; Pennsylvania, 5 Purdon's Dig. 1905, p. 6304, secs. 186–196; p. 6308, secs. 197–206; p. 5260, sec. 1; Pub. Laws 1915, No. 283, p. 644; Utah, Laws 1917, ch. 95; Washington, Laws 1915, ch. 31, secs. 43, 58; Pierce's Code 1912, p. 763, tit. 135, sec. 887. Requirements as to amount of property to be owned by such aliens and the length of residence in the State vary.
22. Possession of firearms is forbidden.-It shall be unlawful for any citizen or subject of any nation with which the United States is at war and who has not declared his intention to become a citizen of the United States to have in his possession or under his control any firearms of any kind or nature whatsoever, or any explosive of any kind or nature whatsoever, or the necessary ingredients from which explosives could be manufactured. Any person having possession or control of any such forbidden articles shall have five days after the passage of this act to dispose of the same.
Minnesota, Laws 1917, ch. 435, sec. 1. Similar provisions: Kentucky, Acts 1918, ch. 10, sec. 1, p. 30; Louisiana, Acts 1917, ex. sess., No. 12, p. 19; New York, Laws 1913, ch. 608.
23. Not entitled to hold land.--No alien or person who is not a citizen of the United States shall acquire title to or own land in this State, and the legislature shall enact laws whereby all persons not citizens, and their heirs, who may hereafter acquire real estate by devise, descent or otherwise, shall dispose of the same within five years upon condition of escheat or forfeiture to the State. This shall not apply to aliens or persons not citizens of the United States who may become bona fide residents of this State, nor to lands now owned by aliens in this State.
Oklahoma, Const. art. 22, sec. 1; 2 Rev. Laws 1910, secs. 6646–52. Similar provision: Texas, 1 Vernon's S. Civ. Stat. 1914, arts. 15–21; 2 Vernon's. S, Civ. Stat. 1914, art. 2474, allowed 10 years in which to alienate lands.
24. Not entitled to hold land. The ownership of land by aliens is prohibited, except to those who in good faith have declared their intention to become citizens, except when acquired by inheritance, under mortgage, or in collection of debts.
Washington, Const. art. 2, sec. 33; Pierce's ('ode 1912, p. 71, tit. 13..
25. Obtain grants for vacant and unappropriated lands.-All persons who have or shall come into the State with the bona fide intent of becoming residents and citizens thereof shall have the right and privilege of making entries of and obtaining grants for vacant and unappropriated lands.
North Carolina, 1 Revisal 1908, ch. 37, sec. 1692. 26. Title by descent.--In making title by descent, it shall be no bar to a demandant that any ancestor through whom he derives his descent from the intestate is or has been an alien.
Arkansas, Kirby's Dig. Stat. 1904, sec. 2641, Similar provisions: Kentucky, 1 Stat. 1915, sec. 1396; New Jersey, 1 Comp. Stat. 1910, pp. 39–40; New York, Laws 1913, ch. 152, sec. 10; Oklahoma, 2 Rev. Laws 1910, secs. 8416, 8434; South Carolina, 1 Code 1912, sec. 3446; South Dakota, 2 Comp. Laws 1913, sec. 1110, p. 195; Utah, Comp. Laws 1907, sec. 2847; Tennessee, Code 1918, secs. 3660–62; Virginia, 2 Code 1904, sec. 2551; West Virginia, 2 Hogg's Code, 1913, sec. 3909.
27. Title to real estate shall be valid.-No title to real estate shall be invalid on account of the alienage of a former owner.
Rhode Island, Gen. Laws 1909, ch. 252, sec. 4, p. 870. 28. Right to hold property.-An alien, resident or nonresident, may take and hold property, real and personal, either by purchase, descent or devise, and dispose of and transmit the same by sale, descent or devise, as a native citizen.
Alabama, 2 Code 1907, sec. 2831. Similar provisions: Arkansas, Const. art. 2, sec. 20; Colorado, Const. art. 2, sec. 27; Connecticut (applying to citizens of France), Gen. Stat. 1902, sec. 4410; 2 Gen. Stat. 1918, sec. 5164; Georgia (if governments are at peace), 2 Park's Ann. Code 1914, sec. 2173; Illinois (personal only), 1 Ann. Stat. 1913, pars. 283–90; Iowa, Const. art. 1, sec. 22; Kentucky, 1 Stat. 1915, sec. 334; Maryland, 1 Code Pub. Civil Laws 1911, art. 3, p. 124; Mississippi, 1 Hem. Ann. Code 1917, sec. 2272; Montana, Const. art. 3, sec. 25; Nebraska, Const. art. 1, sec. 25; Nevada, Const, art. 1, sec. 16: 1 Rev. Laws 1912, sec. 3602; New Hampshire, Pub. Stat. 1901, ch. 137, secs. 16, 17; New Jersey, 1 Comp. Stat. 1910, pp. 39–40; New Mexico, Const. art. 2, sec. 22; Stat. 1915, sec. 4772; New York, Laws 1913, ch. 152, sec. 10; North Carolina, 1 Revisal 1908, ch. 3, secs. 182–3; North Dakota, 1 Comp. Laws 1913, secs. 5256, 5759; Oklahoma (personal only), 2 Rev. Laws 1910, secs. 6646-52; Oregon, Const. art. 1, sec. 31; 3 Lord's Laws 1910, sec. 7172; Pennsylvania, 1. Purdon's Dig. 1905, p. 299; Rhode Island, Gen. Laws 1909, ch. 252, sec. 4, p. 870; South Carolina, 1 Code 1912, sec. 3446; South Dakota, Const. art. 6, sec. 14; 2 Comp. Laws 1913, sec. 193, p. 22, sec. 1110, p. 195; Texas (personal only, according to treaty rights), 1 Vernon's S. Civ. Stat. 1914, arts. 15–21; 2 Vernon's S. Civ. Stat. 1914, art. 2474; Utah, Comp. Laws 1907, sec. 2847; Virginia, 1 Code 1904, sec. 43; West Virginia, Const. art. 2, sec. 5; 2 Hogg's Code 1913, secs. 3737–38, 3909; Wisconsin, Stat. 1917, secs. 2200-1; Const. art. 1, sec. 15; Wyoming, Const. art. 1,
29. Right to hold land in limited amounts. It shall be lawful for any alien or aliens actually resident within this Commonwealth and not being subject of some sovereign, state or power at war with the United States to purchase real estate and hold the same in fee simple,