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such institution shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. Any person in charge of such military school who shall permit such act shall be likewise guilty. Every person being a student or in attendance at any such military school who shall tattoo or knowingly and wilfully permanently disfigure the body, limbs, or features of any fellow student or person attending such institution by the use of nitrate of silver or any like substance, or by any other means, shall be guilty of a crime of the degree of mayhem, and upon conviction shall be imprisoned from one to ten years.

Rhode Island, Laws 1909, ch. 431. 272. Rifle ranges to be furnished civilian clubs.—The county commissioners are authorized at any time that a state of war exists to appropriate to civilian rifle clubs, duly chartered by the National Rifle Association of the United States, moneys for the maintenance and rental of rifle ranges, the employment of competent instructors and equipment and uniform for such members as volunteer for special duty in their counties,

Pennsylvania, Pub. Laws 1917, No. 275, p. 750. 273. Unlawful discharge of firearms.—The proprietor of any private military school which has received or shall receive, by authority of the general assembly, arms or accoutrements from the State, or the principal person having charge of such school, who shall fire or cause to be fired any cannon in the limits of any city or borough, without a permit from the mayor or selectmen of such city, shall be fined, but in other respects such school may be conducted according to the military rules established for its government.

Connecticut, Rev. Stat. 1902, sec. 1285.

MILITIA.

Section.

274 275 276 277

278 279 280 281 282

283–288

289

Organizations:

Constitutional provisions..
Statutory provisions...
Return of organizations to National Guard..

National defense act complied with....
General provisions:

Members not to be discriminated against..
Quartered in houses....
Unlawful to molest members when on duty.
Colored troops separate from white....

Credit for war service..
Appointments:

Eligibility for office..

Voting on appointments..
Military organizations:

Organization...
Name to be used..

Support of unauthorized military company.
Equipment.....
Governor's powers:

Commander in chief..
Call out troops.......
Transfer militia to United States..
Call for volunteers...
Declare martial law..
Relieve officers from duty to attend military schools.
Appoint delegates to National Guard convention...

Staff of governor..
Military service:

State may require service....
Conscientious objectors....
Exemption from military duty..

Within the State...
Jurisdiction..

290-298 299, 300

301 302-303

304-306 307, 308

309 310 311 312 313 314

315 316, 317 318-321 322–324 325–328

274. Constitutional provision for militia.—The legislature shall have power to declare who shall constitute the militia of the State and to provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the same as nearly as practicable in conformity with the regulations governing the United States Army. Volunteer organizations are authorized.

Alabama, Const. 1901, art. 15, secs. 271-8. Similar provisions: Arizona, Const. art. 16; Arkansas, Const. art. 11, secs. 1-4; California, Const. art. 8, sec. 1; Colorado, Const. art. 4, sec. 5; Florida, Const. art. 14, secs. 1-3; Georgia, Const. art. 10; Idaho, Const, art. 14, secs. 1-3; Illinois,

2

Const. art. 12, sec. 1; Indiana, Const. art. 12, secs. 214–18; Iowa, Const. art. 6, Kansas, Const. art. 8; Kentucky, Const. sec. 219; Louisiana, Const. arts. 298–301; Maine, Const. arts. 2, 5, 7; Maryland, Const. art. 9; Bill of Rights, art. 28; Massachusetts, Const. ch. 2, arts. 7–10; Michigan, Const. 1908, art. XV, secs. 1-2; Minnesota, Const. art. 12; Mississippi, Const. art. 9; Missouri, Const. art. 13; Montana, Const. art. 14, secs. 1-2; Nebraska, Const. art. 13; Nevada, Const, art. 12, sec. 1; New Hampshire, Const. Bill of Rights, art. 24; part 2, arts. 50–54; New Jersey, Const. art. 7, secs. 1-10; New Mexico, Const. art. 18, secs. 1-2; New York, Const. art. 11; North Carolina, Const. art. 12, sec. 1; North Dakota, Const. art. 13, sec. 188; Ohio, Const. art. 9, secs. 1-5; Oklahoma, Const. art. 5, sec. 40; Oregon, Const, art. 10; Pennsylvania, Const, art. 11; South Carolina, Const. art. 13; South Dakota, Const. art. 15; Tennessee, Const. art. 1, sec. 24; art. 4, sec. 1; art. 8; Texas, Const. art. 16, sec. 47; Utah, Const. art. 15; Vermont, Const. ch. 1, art. 4; ch. 2, sec. 22; Virginia, Const. art. 1, sec. 13; Washington, Const. art. 10; art. 3, sec. 8; Wisconsin, Const. art. 4, sec. 29; Wyoming, Const. art. 17.

275. Statutory provision for militia.-Provision is made for the organization, officers, equipment, drilling, discipline, etc., of the organized Militia.

Alabama, 1 Code 1907, secs. 929–98; Gen. Acts 1915, No. 695, pp. 745–766. Similar provisions: Arizona, Laws 1917, ch. 74, p. 109; Arkansas, Kirby's Dig. Stat. 1904, secs. 5289–5325, 7767–76; Kirby's Dig. Stat. 1911, Supp., secs.5301a-5301wl; 1 Acts 1917, No. 207, p. 1122; California, Stat. 1911, ch. 160, p. 326; Pol. Code 1915, secs. 1895–2112; Colorado, Rev. Stat. 1908, secs. 4350–4463; Laws 1909, ch. 185; Laws 1915, ch. 122; Laws 1911, ch. 169; Connecticut, 1 Gen. Stat. 1918, secs. 736–824; Pub. Acts 1917, ch. 11, p. 2225; Delaware, Rev. Code 1915, secs. 293–355; Laws 1917, ch. 32, p. 101; Florida, 1 Comp. Laws 1914, secs. 662-749; Gen. Laws 1917, ch. 7291, p. 88; ch. 7293, p. 95; Georgia, 5 Park's Ann. Code 1914, sec. 6591; 6 Park's Ann. Code 1914, secs. 1360–1467; Park's Ann. Code 1917, Supp., sec. 1467a, pp. 988–1018; Hawaii, Rev. Laws 1915, secs. 179–250; Laws 1917, Acts 86–87; Idaho, Laws 1911, ch. 72; Illinois, 6 Ann. Stat. 1913, pars. 10851-11078; Laws 1915, p. 717; Laws 1917, pp. 781, 789; Indiana, 4 Burns' Ann. Stat. 1914, secs. 8431, 8434–8564b; Iowa, Code 1897, secs. 2167–2215; Supp. 1913 Code, secs. 2215f2215f43; S. Supp. 1915, secs. 2215f4-2215f43; Laws 1917, ch. 314; Kansas, Gen. Stat. 1915, secs. 1129, 1545, 6172–6239; Laws 1917, ch. 220; Kentucky, Stat. 1915, ch. 86, secs. 2652–68; Acts 1916, ch. 43, p. 436; Louisiana, 2 Marr's Ann. Stat. 1915, secs. 4510_4651; Maine, Rev. Stat. 1916, ch. 15, secs. 1-133; Maryland, 3 , Code Pub. Gen. Laws 1914, art. 65, secs. 7–97a; 2 Code Pub. Civil Laws 1911, art. 64, secs. 1-97; Laws 1916, ch. 311, p. 626; Laws 1917, ch. 26; Massachusetts, Rev. Laws 1902, ch. 16, secs. 1-185, pp. 281-318; Rev. Laws 1908, Supp. pp. 249–346; Michigan, 1 Howell's Ann. Stat. 1912, secs. 1588–1724; Pub. Acts 1913, No. 405, sec. 32; Minnesota, Gen. Stat. 1913, sec. 2351; Laws 1917, ch. 400; Gen. Stat. Supp. 1917, secs. 2452–2475; Mississippi, 2 Hem. Ann. Code 1917, secs. 5578–5658; Laws 1916, ch. 245; Missouri, 2 Rev. Stat. 1909, secs. 8331-2; Nebraska, Rev. Stat. 1913, s ecs. 3899–3973; Nevada, 1 Rev. Laws 1912, secs. 3982–4000; Laws 1913, ch. 51; New Hampshire, Laws 1909, ch. 102; Pub. Stat. 1913 Supp., p. 185; Laws 1917, ch. 123; New Jersey, 3 Comp. Stat. 1910, pp. 3347–95; New Mexico, Stat. 1915, secs. 3810–3920; Laws 1917, extra, ch. 4; New York, Laws 1917, ch. 644; North Carolina, 2 Revisal 1908, ch. 102, secs. 4848–52; 3 Revisal 1913, ch. 102, sec. 4848; Laws 1913, ch. 47; North Dakota, 1 Comp. Laws 1913, secs. 2347–2442; Ohio, 2 Ann. Gen. Code 1910, secs. 5176-5319; 2 Ann. Gen. Code 1915, Supp., secs. 5176–5273; 106 Laws 1915, p. 470; 107 Laws 1917, p. 382, secs. 79-85; Oklahoma, 1 Rev. Laws 1910, secs. 3898–3936; Oregon, 2 Lord's Laws 1910, secs. 3742–3857; Laws 1917, ch. 327; Pennsylvania, 3 Purdon's Dig. 1905, pp. 2532–2535, 3198–3218; 6 Purdon's

Dig. 1915, Supp., pp. 6963–88; Pub. Laws 1915, No. 47, p. 80; Pub. Laws 1917, No. 71, p. 113; Philippine Islands, Laws 4th Legis. 1916, 'Act No. 2715, pp. 194–212; Rhode Island, Gen. Laws 1909, ch. 59, secs. 4, 10; ch. 365, pp. 1364-95; Laws 1909, ch. 394, ch. 302; South Carolina, 1 Code 1912, secs. 489–586, p. 173; Acts 1916, No. 364, pp. 657–667; Acts 1917, No. 2–6, pp. 7–36; South Dakota, 1 Comp. Laws 1913, ch. 23, p. 621; Laws 1917, ch. 297; Tennessee, Code 1918, ch. 6, 591-643a-152; Texas, 4 Vernon's S. Civ. Stat. 1914, arts. 5764–5893; Gen. Laws 1917, ch. 3; Utah, Comp. Laws 1907, secs. 1424–94; Comp. Laws 1909, ch. 73;] Laws 1911, ch. 18–23; Laws 1917, ch. 99; Vermont, Gen. Laws 1917, secs. 6015–81; Virginia, 1 Code 1904, secs. 300—382; Acts 1918, ch. 281, p. 460; West Virginia, 1 Hogg's Code 1904, secs. 779–873; Wisconsin, Stat. 1917, secs. 21.01–22.08; Wyoming, Comp. Stat. 1910, ch. 31, secs. 293–369; Laws 1913, ch. 88; Laws 1917, ch. 107.

276. Return of organizations to National Guard.-Provisions are made for return of members and officers of the National Guard who were mustered into the United States volunteer service in the Spanish-American War. Officers who return to the National Guard shall continue to serve under the commissions held by them at the time they entered said volunteer service for the unexpired portion of their commissions, the same as if they had remained continuously in the National Guard. Those officers whose terms of office would have expired during such time are granted all the privileges up to date of being mustered out of said volunteer service, the same as if they had remained in the National Guard, and should they return to duty within time specified and be reelected to any commissioned office, their time shall be continuous for all purposes, as if their said terms had not expired. If officers and members resume their places in the National Guard, they will be granted continuous service for all purposes up to such time as they so report; those who do not so report are granted honorable discharge from the National Guard, as of the date of the mustering into said volunteer service of their respective organizations. The governor is empowered to prescribe the time for the reentry into the National Guard of those organizations, officers, and members who entered in said volunteer service, and they may reenter the National Guard upon the terms and conditions provided.

California, Stat. 1899, ch. 127; Gen. Laws 1915, Act 2429.277. National defense act, section 110 complied with.-Section 110 of the national defense act of June 3, 1916,' has been complied with by the States? of Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, and

1 39 Stats., 166, 209.
2 For citations to statutory provisions, see p. 275, post.

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Wyoming. The matter is pending in California, Colorado, Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Ohio, South Carolina, Utah, Virginia, and West Virginia.

278. Members of militia not to be discriminated against.-No employer or agent of any firm or corporation shall discharge any person from employment because he is an officer or enlisted man of the militia or because he shall have been called upon as such to do any proper military duty; nor shall any organization of social, fraternal, or beneficiary character incorporate into its constitution, charter, or by-laws any rule debarring from membership or from equal enjoyment of its privileges the members of the organized Militia.

Florida, 1 Comp. Laws 1914, sec. 731. Similar provisions: Arizona, Rev. Stat. 1913, sec. 4020; Illinois, 6 Ann. Stat. 1913, par. 11067; Kansas, Gen. Stat. 1915, sec. 6199; Louisiana, 1 Marr's Ann. Stat. 1915, secs. 731c-e; Maine, Rev. Stat. 1916, ch. 15, secs. 116, 117; Michigan, 1 Howell's Ann. Stat. 1912, secs. 1720–23; Mississippi, 2 Hem. Ann. Code 1917, sec. 5653; Montana, 3 Rev. Codes 1915, sec. 1109n; Washington, Pierce's Code 1912, tit. 337, secs. 133, 135, 137, p. 1435.

279. Quartering.—No soldier shall be quartered in any house in time of peace without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war except in manner prescribed by law.

Alabama, Const. 1901, art. 1, sec. 28. Similar provisions: Arizona, Const. art. 2, sec. 27; Arkansas, Const. art. 2, sec. 27; California, Const. art. 1, sec. 12; Colorado, Const. art. 2, sec. 22; Connecticut, Const. art. 1, sec. 19; Laws 1907, ch. 214, p. 789; Delaware, Const. art. 1, sec. 18; Florida, Const. art. 16, sec. 23; Georgia, Const. art. 1, sec. 1, par. 19; 5 Park's Ann. Code 1914, sec. 6375; Idaho, Const. art. 1, sec. 12; Illinois, Const. art. 2, sec. 16; Indiana, Const. art. 1, sec. 34; Iowa, Const, art. 1, sec. 15; Kansas, Const. Bill of Rights, sec. 14; Kentucky, Const. Bill of Rights, sec. 22; 1 Stat. 1915, sec. 2662; Louisiana, Const., art. 173; Maine, Const. art. 1, sec. 18; Maryland, Const. Decl. of Rights, art. 31; Massachusetts, Const. Part the First, art. 27; Michigan, Const. 1908, art. 2, sec. 7; Missouri, Const. art. 2, sec. 27; Montana, Const. art. 3, sec. 22; Nebraska, Const. art. 1, sec. 18; Nevada, Const. art. 1, sec. 12; New Hampshire, Const. Bill of Rights, art. 27; New Jersey, Const. art. 1, sec. 13; New Mexico, Const. art. 2, sec. 9; New York, Civil Rights Laws, sec. 7; North Carolina, Const. art. 1, sec. 36; North Dakota, Coast. art. 1, sec. 12; Ohio, Const. art. 1, sec. 13; Oklahoma, Const. art. 2, sec. 14; Oregon, Const. art. 1, sec. 24; Pennsylvania, Const. art. 1, sec. 23; Rhode Island, Const. art. 1, sec. 19; South Carolina, Const. art. 1, sec. 26; South Dakota, Const. art. 6, sec. 16; Tennessee, Const. art. 1, sec. 27; Texas, Const. art. 1, sec. 25; Washington, Const. art. 1, sec. 31; West Virginia, Const. art. 3, sec. 12; Wyoming, Const. art. 1, sec. 25.

280. Unlawful to molest members of militia when on duty.-It is unlawful to molest, interrupt, or insult by abusive words or behavior, or to obstruct or interfere with any officer or enlisted man while at parade, drill, or meeting of his military organization or while in the performance of any other proper military duty. Any such offender may be committed to the civil authorities.

Florida, 1 Comp. Laws 1914, sec. 731.

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