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which produces food until live stock shall be in good marketable condition, until on or after August 15, 1918, unless the person holding such lien shall apply to a court and a hearing shall be had.

North Dakota, Res. No. 46, council of defense, August 3, 1918. 199. Sale of necessities by municipalities.-A State food commission is created to consist of three commissioners to be appointed by the governor. During the existence of a state of war the production, manufacture, marketing, storage, uccumulation, distribution, supply, waste, hoarding, destruction, cost to producers and distributors, price to consumers, and expense of handling necessaries, are matters of public interest and proper subjects for investigation, encouragement, development, regulation, and control by the State while such war exists, so that the people may have an adequate supply of pure and wholesome food, their health protected, their energies conserved, and that they may not suffer from the excessive cost, unreasonable prices in the necessaries of life. The term “necessaries” shall include foods, feeds, fuel and oil, fertilizers and ingredients, tools, utensils, implements, machinery, and equipment required for the actual production of foods, feeds, and fuel. It is unlawful for any person wilfully to destroy any necessaries, to enhance the price or restrict the supply, to commit waste or to permit preventable deterioration, unfair, deceptive, or wasteful practice or device or to hoard necessaries. Municipalities may in actual or anticipated emergency purchase food and fuel with municipal funds and sell the same to its inhabitants.

New York, Laws 1917, ch. 813. Similar provisions: Pennsylvania, Pub. Laws 1917, No. 108, p. 197; No. 369,

p. 1105.

200. State supplies may be used.—During the present war the State department, board, commission, or officer having jurisdiction and control of the administration of any State institution, State asylum, prison, or reformatory, with the approval of the governor and State comptroller, may loan to or set aside for the temporary use of the United States Government or any department of the State of New York, or of any relief or preparedness organization, such accommodations or supplies of such institution and may utilize such labor of the inmates or employees as is practicable to meet the temporary emergency.

New York, Laws 1917, ch. 596. 201. Hoarding and profiteering. It is unlawful for any person carrying on or employed in intrastate trade in any article suitable for human food who, either in his individual capacity or as an officer, agent, or employee of a corporation, or member of a partnership, carrying on or employed in such trade, to store any such article for the purpose of cornering the market or increasing the price above

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the market price thereof, or for the purpose of limiting the supply thereof to the public, whether temporarily or otherwise.

Maryland, Laws 1917, ex. sess., ch. 7, sec. 1. Similar provision: West Virginia, Acts 1917, 2d ex. sess., ch. 14.

202. Hoarding and profiteering. If the commission becomes satisfied that there is speculating, gambling, or charging excessive profits by any person dealing at wholesale or retail in the necessaries of life which interferes with the distribution or sale at a reasonable price, the commission may enact and publish rules to correct or discontinue such practices and may fix the difference between the purchase and selling price so as to prevent excessive profits.

New York, Laws 1918, ch. 384. 203. Electric current for shipbuilding plant.-The Bay State Street Railway Co., is authorized to sell any part of the electricity generated at its power plant in Quincy, which is not needed in the operation of its cars, to the Fore River Shipbuilding Corporation, during the performance by that corporation of any contracts which it has at the date of the passage of this act with the Government of the United States for the building of vessels for the Navy. The Shipbuilding Corporation may construct a line for the sole purpose of transmitting to its shipyard the electricity so purchased.

Massachusetts, Sp. Acts 1917, ch. 352. 204. Supplying water to camp.—The metropolitan water and sewerage board is authorized to sell and deliver water from any of the reservoirs or aqueducts of the metropolitan water system to any concentration camp established in this Commonwealth by the United States, and to lay and maintain such pipe lines and other works as may be necessary for the purpose, upon such terms and conditions as may be agreed upon by the duly authorized officer of the United States Government and said board.

Massachusetts, Gen. Acts 1917, ch. 314. 205. City may loan funds to company supplying water to military reservation.--Cities may loan a fund to a waterworks corporation operating a plant and supplying water to the United States at a military reservation within five miles of the boundaries of such city.

Iowa, Code 1913 Supp., secs. 742–742e. 113472-19

GRATUITIES.

Enlisted men shall receive State pay..
Bounties remaining unpaid may be recovered...

Section, 206, 207

208

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206. Enlisted) men mustered into Federal service shall receive State pay.-State pay shall be allowed to each noncommissioned officer and soldier mustered into military service of the United States as part of the quota of this Commonwealth for service on the Mexican border in the sum of $10 per month from date of muster in until January 15, 1917, unless the service is sooner terminated. In case of death of any enlisted man, his widow, minor children, parents, or dependents shall receive said monthly compensation. Bonds may be issued to pay such claims.

Massachusetts, Gen. Acts 1916, ex. sess., ch. 310. Similar provisions: Massachusetts, Gen. Acts 1917, ch. 211, sec. 1, for service in the United States or any foreign country; Acts & Res. 1912, ch. 702, for Civil War service; Acts & Res. 1913, ch. 443; Rev. Laws 1908 Supp., p. 346,

includes pay

and rations to homes after discharge; Minnesota, Laws 1917, ch. 261, secs. 5–6; New Hampshire, Laws 1917, ch. 38; 213; South Dakota, Laws 1917, ch. 51.

207. Enlisted men mustered into Federal service shall receive State pay.--There shall be paid to each noncommissioned officer, musician, artificer, wagoner, and private, who was married when he was enlisted in the service of the United States in the War with Spain in any regiment of this State, in any division of the Naval Reserve of this State, or in the Eleventh Signal Corps, or Company A, Eighth United States Volunteer Infantry, which companies were recruited in this State, at the rate of $6 per month from the time of their enlistment during the term of their service, and those who were unmarried at the rate of $4 per month, and in the case of the death

enlisted man, the amount shall be payable to his widow or next of kin, but no assignment of such State pay shall be recognized or valid.

New Jersey, 4 Comp. Stat. 1910, p. 4878, sec. 82. 208. Bounties remaining unpaid may be recovered.-A person who enlisted in the Army or Navy of the United States for the suppression of the Rebellion, and who was honorably discharged from service, or who was held as a prisoner of war after the expiration of his term of service, and who thereby became entitled to any bounty voted by any town, and has not heretofore received the same may recover from such town the amount of any such bounty.

Connecticut, Gen. Stat. 1902, sec. 2879; 1 Gen. Stat. 1918, sec. 1910, Similar provisions: Maine, Laws 1917, ch. 101, p. 792, any Federal service; Michigan, 1 Howell's Ann. Stat. 1912, sec. 1745; Pennsylvania, 4 Purdon's Dig. 1905, p. 4407.

of any

INSANE.

Hearing and determining of lunacy cases.
Admission to hospitals....

Section.

209 210–212

209. Hearing and determination of cases Limitation of guardianship. In all cases of idiocy and lunacy of persons who have been or may be in the military, naval, or marine service of the United States, their widows, children, mothers, and fathers, said cases may be heard and determined without costs, except witness and jury fees, by the prerogative court or orphans' court of the county in which such person resides; and said court is authorized to appoint a guardian, also without costs, for the person and estate of said person; provided, said guardianship shall extend only to so much of said estate as may come or be derived from pension, bounty, or other allowance due or to become due to such person from the United States. Provision is made for bond of such guardian.

New Jersey, 2 Comp. Stat. 1910, secs. 3a-3b, p. 2784. 210. Admission of soldiers and sailors to hospitals.--The medical superintendent of any State hospital for the insane is authorized to admit thereto any insane soldier or sailor in the service of the United States, provided there is room therein, on such terms as may be agreed upon between the superintendent of the hospital and the properly authorized agents, officers, or representatives of the United States Government.

California, Pol. Code 1915, sec. 2185a. Similar provisions: Connecticut, Gen. Stat. 1902, secs. 2868, 2871; 1 Gen. Stat. 1918, secs. 1897–1900, includes dipsomaniacs; Illinois, 1 Ann. Stat. 1913, par. 1234, must not be sent to the hospital for the criminal insane.

211. Admission of soldiers and sailors to hospitals.-Any State hospital, and the McLean Hospital, may receive for care and treatment any insane person in the military or naval service of the United States who is suffering from mental disease and can not properly be cared for at the Army post or naval station or hospital where he is stationed or happens to be. Unless otherwise ordered by the proper military or naval authority, persons so received may be detained therein not exceeding sixty days, except that further detention, if necessary, may be authorized by the commission on mental diseases.

Such commission may make contracts with the Federal Government relative to the support of such person.

Massachusetts, Gen. Acts 1918, ch. 142. 212. Admission of sailors and marines to hospitals.-Insane persons in naval service of the United States may be sent to either of the hospitals for the insane at Weston and Spencer, respectively, by the Secretary of the Navy; but when it becomes necessary for the purpose of admitting insane persons who are citizens of the State, the board shall cause such insane persons of the naval service or Marine Corps, or so many as may be necessary, to be removed from the hospital and restored to the care of the Secretary of the Navy.

West Virginia, 2 Hogg's Code 1913, sec. 3343.

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