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person or persons so offending shall be punished by imprisonment in the State penitentiary not exceeding twenty years and shall be fined not less than $1,000 nor more than $10,000.
Iowa, Laws 1917, ch. 372, sec. 1. Similar provision: Louisiana, Acts 1917, ex. sess., No. 24, sec. 1.
137. Officeholder uttering treasonable or seditious words to be removed.--A person holding any public office shall be removable therefrom, in a manner provided by law, for the utterance of any treasonable or seditious words or the doing of any treasonable or seditious acts during his term, or while holding a position in the civil service of the State or any division thereof. A person employed as superintendent, teacher, or employee of the public school in any city or district shall be likewise removed for such words or acts.
New York, Laws 1917, ch. 416. 138. Unauthorized military or naval expedition.---Whoever shall begin or set on foot or provide or prepare the means for any unauthorized military or naval expedition or enterprise to be carried on from this State against the territory or people of any other State or of the United States shall on conviction be imprisoned, fined, disfranchised, etc.
Indiana, 1 Burns' Ann. Stat. 1914, sec. 2327 Similar provision: Nebraska, Rev. Stat. 1913, sec. 8578.
139. Children of soldiers admitted to schools.-Any child or children of a soldier or sailor in the service of the United States in the late War of the Rebellion, being temporarily or otherwise within any school district, shall upon application be entitled to admission and instruction the same as resident children in the proper common school of such district, notwithstanding such children may come into the district, daily or weekly, for the purpose of attending school, and the residence of the parents, etc., be in another district. Such pupils shall be charged for by the month at the same rate it costs the district receiving them in operation, and the tuition shall be paid by the district where the children have a permanent residence.
Pennsylvania, 4 Purdon's Dig. 1905, p. 4417, sec. 75. 140. Children of soldiers admitted to schools.-All the public schools in the State, including the State normal school, shall be open to the children of officers and soldiers belonging to the State, mustered into the service of the United States, and of those serving in the Navy of the United States, who died in said service during the late rebellion against the authority of the United States, or who were killed in battle or discharged in consequence of wounds and disease contracted in service, without any cost or expense for taxes or other charges imposed for purposes of public education. Rhode Island, Gen. Laws 1909, ch. 73, sec. 9, p. 284.
141. Scholastic credit for agricultural work.-Any high school pupil over fourteen years of age, who shall volunteer and be accepted for agricultural work on a farm, shall be permitted to reenter school without loss of standing by reason of absence, provided such pupil maintains the standard prescribed by the committee of food supply and receives a certificate signed by the governor.
Connecticut, Laws 1917, p. 2425, ch. 292, sec. 1; 1 Gen. Stat. 1918,
sec, 1003. 142. Deputy superintendent.-When a district superintendent enters the military or naval service of the United States during the present war, the board of school directors shall designate a person to act as deputy who shall, during the absence of the superintendent, perform all the duties and possess the power and authority conferred by law on the district superintendent.
New York, Laws 1918, ch. 107. 143. Extension of scholarship periods.-Where the holders of university scholarships shall be absent from colleges or universities where they are in attendence because of the performance of military service, they shall be entitled to an extension of the period covered by such scholarship on presentation of evidence satisfactory to the commissioner of education that they have been engaged in such service. This act shall be in force to the end of the present war and two months thereafter.
New York, Laws 1917, ch. 689, secs. 4, 6. Similar provision with reference to scholarship at Cornell University: New York, Laws 1918, ch. 76.
144. Soldiers shall be entitled to free tuition in University of Minnesota.--Any person who being at the time a resident of Minnesota enlisted in the Army, Navy, or Marine Corps of the United States during the war between the United States and Spain, or who has been a resident of Minnesota for fifteen years past or a veteran of the Civil War, or who answered the call of the President for troops for Mexican border service June 18, 1916, and served in Minnesota organizations in the Federal service under said call for ninety days or more, shall be entitled to pursue any course or courses in the University of Minnesota without expense for tuition; but the tuition hereby granted shall not exceed in value $250 to any one person.
Minnesota, Gen. Stat. Supp. 1917, sec. 3058–1. 145.—Student released from obligation to State.-Any beneficiary student who is in actual attendance or may have graduated from any State college or institution of learning, and may thereby be obligated to teach for a term of years in the common or other schools of the State for any and all moneys expended in his education by the State, shall be released and absolved from such obligations by receiving an appointment to the Naval or Military Academy of the United
States, or to a position in the Army or Navy or other Government service of the United States.
South Carolina, Acts 1912, No. 338, p. 590. 146. Teachers' rights preserved until six months after the end of the war.–Any resident of this State holding a first grade or a State certificate authorizing the holder to teach in the public schools, who is absent when such certificate expires, and is engaged in the naval or military service of the United States or any service auxiliary thereto and recognized by the United States Government, including the National Red Cross, the Young Women's Christian Association, the Young Men's Christian Association, and the Knights of Columbus, shall continue to possess all rights, privileges and qualifica-. tions for the duration of the war and six months thereafter, and shall not lapse for want of renewal in person.
South Dakota, Laws 1918, ch. 40. 147. English language.--All instruction, either in the public or private schools of the State, in the first eight grades of the commonschool course shall be given only and entirely in English. It shall be unlawful to teach any subject except foreign and ancient languages, in any high school, academy, college or higher institution of learning, or in any private school, private college, private academy, or any private higher institution of learning in this State, in any except the English language. Violation is made a misdemeanor.
South Dakota, Laws 1918, ch. 41, 42. 148. Unlawful to teach German language.—It is made unlawful for any teacher, professor, or lecturer, etc., employed in the public or private educational institutions in the State to teach the German language to any pupil or class. The penalty for violation is a fine of not less than $25 or more than $100 or by imprisonment for not less than ten or more than ninety days or both, in the discretion of the judge. Each and every day that such person or persons shall violate the provisions of the act is a separate offense.
Louisiana, Acts 1918, No. 114, p. 188. 149. Industrial arts to be taught.—During the period of the present war and one year thereafter, instruction may be given in evening classes in industrial, agricultural, and household art schools to any pupils for whom it would be profitable, and is not restricted to persons under twenty-five years of age.
Massachusetts, Gen. Acts 1918, ch. 206. 150. Patriotism.—Courses of instruction in patriotism and citizenship shall be prescribed in all schools of the State to foster the moral and intellectual qualities which are essential in preparing children to meet the obligations of citizenship in peace or in war. All pupils over 8 years of age shall attend such instruction. Similar courses shall be prescribed and maintained in private schools.
New York, Laws 1918, ch. 241. Similar provisions: Minnesota, Laws 1917, ch. 108; Gen. Stat. Supp. 1917, sec. 2807–1; Nevada, Laws 1917, ch. 146;
South Dakota, Laws 1918, ch. 39. 151. Rehabilitation. For the purpose of fitting for employment in the industries of the Commonwealth, and of making self supporting and independent of charitable aid, soldiers and sailors who have been and may become disabled or diseased in the present war service of the United States or its allies, and who are residents of the Commonwealth at the time of their discharge or within one year thereafter and continue to be residents, the board of education is directed to establish a division for their training and instruction. A board is organized and provision made for using or leasing premises for the period of the present war and two years thereafter, or to permit the United States to use such premises to carry on the reeducation and rehabilitation in industries of any soldiers and sailors in the service of the United States or of its allies,
Massachusetts, Gen. Acts 1918, ch. 230. 152. Textbooks containing disloyal material not to be used. No textbook in any subject used in the public schools shall contain any matter or statements of any kind seditious in character, disloyal to the United States, or favorable to the causes of any foreign country with which the United States is now at war. The commissioner of education and two persons to be designated by the regents of the university shall, upon complaint, examine textbooks used in the public schools containing any such matter. Any person may make written complaint specifying the matter or statement complained of in detail.
New York, Laws 1918, ch. 246.