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Section.

102 1103-112

113-115 116-118

119 120

121 122, 123

124

Addressing petitions to legislature...
Discouraging assistance to the United States.
Enemy:

Aid to the enemy.
Correspondence with the enemy.
Delaying troops...
Dealing in German products.

Flag or insignia of enemy..
False reports..
Map making.
Property:

Destruction of property...

Guard for property shall have power of arrest.
Provoking war.
Sabotage..
Sedition:

Definition..
Indicted of sedition shall not address the public..
Convicted of sedition shall not address the public..
Inciting insurrection or sedition.......

Officeholder may be removed from office..
Unauthorized military expedition......

125 126, 127

128 129

130-133

134 135 136 137 138

102. Addressing petitions to legislature.--It is made an offense for those who, forming part of an armed force, collectively address petitions to either of the colegislative bodies, even though such petitions are not personally presented. If presented individually by part of an armed force not according to law, the penalty shall be imposed on those who hold a command in such armed force.

Porto Rico, Penal Code, Cuba and P. R. 1900, art. 164. 103. Discouraging assistance to the United States.--It shall be unlawful for any person to teach or advocate by any written or printed matter whatsoever, or by oral speech, that the citizens of this State should not aid or assist the United States in prosecuting or carrying on war with the public enemies of the United States. A citizen is defined as any person within the confines of the State.

Louisiana, Acts 1917, ex. sess., No. 10, secs. 3–4. Similar provision: Minnesota, Gen. Stat. S. 1917, secs. 8521–24.

104. Encouraging hostility or opposition. It is unlawful for any person to advocate, in public or private, by speech, writing, printing, or by any other mode or means, the subversion and destruction by force of the Government of the United States or of the State of Iowa, or attempt by speech, writing, printing, or in any other way whatsoever to incite or abet, promote or encourage hostility or opposition to the Government of the United States or of the State of Iowa.

Iowa, Laws 1917, ch. 372, sec. 2. Similar provision: Louisiana, Acts 1917, ex. sess., No. 24, sec. 2.

105. Interference with enlistment.--It shall be unlawful for any person to print, publish, or circulate in any manner whatsoever any book, newspaper, pamphlet, or written or printed matter that advocates or attempts to advocate that men should not enlist in the military or naval forces of the United States or of the State of Louisiana. It shall be unlawful for any person in any public place, or at any meeting where more than five persons are assembled, to advocate or teach by word of mouth, or otherwise, that any man or men should not enlist in the military or naval forces of the United States, or of the State of Louisiana.

Louisiana, Acts 1917, ex. sess., No. 10, secs. 1-2. Similar provisions: Minnesota, Gen. Stat. S. 1917, secs. 8521–26.

106. Interference with recruiting.-Whenever the United States is at war or our foreign relations tend to indicate an impending war or state of war, it shall be unlawful for any person or persons to solicit o persuade a citizen or citizens of the United States of America not to enlist in the Army or Navy thereof, or in the National Guard or active militia of the State of Florida, or to publicly attempt to dissuade any such citizen or citizens from so enlisting. The provisions of this act shall not apply to such soliciting or persuading done by any person related by affinity or consanguinity to the person solicited or persuaded. Violation is a misdemeanor.

Florida, Gen. Laws 1917, ch. 7392, p. 269. 107. Falsely claiming deferred classification.-Any person who furnishes or signs or aids or assists in furnishing or signing a false affidavit or certificate relating to the physical or financial or domestic relations or condition of any person which affidavit or certificate is used for the purpose of securing a deferred classification under the selective service regulations of the United States shall be guilty of felony.

Arizona, Laws 1918, ch. 9, p. 28. 108. Draft resistance.--If any person during any war against the United States shall forcibly resist any military draft ordered by authority of the United States or of this State, or shall incite, encourage, or command any other person or persons so to resist such draft, or shall unlawfully and wilfully dissuade, discourage, or

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endeavor to hinder any other person from volunteering, enlisting, or mustering into the military service of the United States, or shall forcibly resist or attempt to resist such volunteering, etc., he shall be punished by imprisonment in the State prison or county jail not over, one year or fined not over $500.

Michigan, 4 Howell's Ann. Stat. sec. 14900. 109. Causing desertion or mutiny punishable.--If any person during any war, rebellion, or insurrection against the United States or against this State shall maliciously and advisedly endeavor to seduce any person or persons serving in the forces of this State, or of the United States, by land or water, from his or their duty and allegiance or to incite or stir up any such person or persons to commit any act of mutiny, or to desert, he shall upon conviction be punished by imprisonment in the State prison for a period not exceeding five years.

Michigan, 5 Howell's Ann. Stat. 1912, sec. 14898. 110. Harboring deserters.-- Any person who shall conceal or harbor any soldier or volunteer enlisted in the service of the United States, knowing him to have deserted, and with intent to aid him in deserting, or shall refuse to deliver him up to the orders of his commanding officer shall be imprisoned in the State prison not over two years or by fine not over $500.

Michigan, 5 Howell's Ann. Stat. 1912, sec. 14901. 111. Penalty for joining organization. Any person, who shall become a member of any organization, society, or order organized or formed, or attend any meeting or council, or solicit others so to do, for the purpose of inciting, abetting, promoting, or encouraging hostility or opposition to the Government of the United States or to the State of Iowa, or who, in any manner, shall aid, abet, or encourage any

such organization, society, order, or meeting in the propagation or advocacy of such a purpose, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be imprisoned in jail not less than six months nor more than one year or shall be fined not less than $300 nor more than $1,000, or both, at the discretion of the court.

Iowa, Laws 1917, ch. 372, sec. 3. Similar provisions: Kansas, Gen. Stat: 1915, sec. 3364; Louisiana, Acts 1917, ex. sess., No. 24, sec. 3; Maryland, 3 Ann. Code, art. 27, sec. 469, p. 458.

112. Manufacture not to be hindered.—No person shall during time of war or invasion influence or cause or attempt to influence or cause any person or persons not to work in any shop, mill, factory, munition plant, or other industry or establishment whatever, nor instigate or encourage any strike or lockout among the employees thereof, so long as such industry or establishment is making or delivering sustenance, clothing, weapons, munitions, material, or other supplies for the

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Army or Navy of the United States or the military or naval service of the State.

New Hampshire, Laws 1917, ch. 146. Similar provisions: Montana, Laws 1918, ch. 11; Nebraska, Laws 1918, ch. 5,

1 (L). 113. Aid to the enemy.--Any person being a citizen of or residing within this State, or under the protection of its laws, who shall take or accept a commission from any person for the purpose of joining or commanding any army or band of men, hostile or in rebellion against this State or the United States, or who knowingly and wilfully aids or assists any enemies in open war or rebellion against this State or the United States, by joining their armies or by enlisting or procuring or persuading others to enlist for that purpose or by furnishing such enemies and persons in rebellion with arms and ammunition, provisions, or any other articles for their aid or comfort, or by shipping, sending, or carrying to such enemies or rebels or their agents any arms, ammunition, provisions, or other articles for their aid or comfort, or carrying on a traitorous correspondence with them, or shall form or be in any wise concerned in forming any combination or plot or conspiracy for betraying this State or the United States or the armed forces of either into the hands or power of any foreign enemy or of any organized or pretended government engaged in resisting the laws or authority of this State or of the United States, or who shall give or send any intelligence to any such enemy or their forces for that purpose shall on conviction be imprisoned and fined.

Indiana, 1 Burns' Ann. Stat. 1914, sec. 2328. 114. Aid to the enemy.--Any person who while this State shall be engaged in war in cases authorized by the Constitution of the United States shall attempt or endeavor to join or give aid or comfort to enemies of the State, or shall counsel, advise, persuade, or induce any other person to join, give aid, or comfort to them in this State or elsewhere, shall be liable to imprisonment in the penitentiary or fine from $1,000 to $5,000.

Missouri, 2 Rev. Stat. 1909, sec. 4341. 115. Aid to enemy.-In case of war, no pilot shall bring in or furnish supplies to any armed vessels belonging to an enemy at war with the United States, or carry out any armed vessel to such enemy, without being ordered to do so by the constituted authorities of the United States. Every pilot in any wise offending shall be forever disqualified from acting as a pilot. If the President of the United States, or the governor of the State, shall prohibit the furnishing with supplies, or the bringing in, or the carrying out, of any vessel or vessels belonging to any nation or state, or to a subject or subjects of any nation or state, it shall be the duty of every such pilot to

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comply with such prohibition, on pain of incurring the same penalty and punishment as for like offenses in time of war.

South Carolina, 1 (ode 1912, sec'. 2486. 116. Aiding or corresponding with the enemy.-Every person who, in time of war against the State or United States, shall carry on any intercourse with any enemy or with any person with intent to defeat the Government of this State or of the United States, or shall directly or indirectly sell or transport to such enemy arms, munitions of war, provisions, or supplies, shall be fined or imprisoned.

Connecticut, 2 Gen. Stat. 1918, sec. 6185. 117. Correspondence with hostile country.--Various penalties are given for holding correspondence in time of war with a hostile country or territory occupied by its troops, if carried on in cipher or code agreed on between the parties, or if carried on in the usual form and forbidden by the Government, or if there is given therein notice or information of which the enemy could take advantage, whatever the form or even though not forbidden by the Government. Penalties shall be the same even though the correspondence is sent through friendly or neutral territory.

Porto Rico, Penal Code, Cuba and P. R. 1900, art. 149. 118. Furnishing information to enemy.--A person who furnishes or attempts to furnish any information as to the location, construction, or condition of any military camp, etc., in which munitions of war are being made or stored, or their proposed location, or as to the National Guard, or the land or naval forces of the United States, to any Government at war with or threatening war on the United States or to a citizen of such Government, or to a person who he has reason to believe will furnish such information to such Government or citizen, shall be imprisoned.

Vermont, Gen. Laws 1917, sec. 67€0. 119. Causing delay of troops. It is unlawful for any person to destroy, damage, injure, render impassable, or attempt to conspire or threaten to destroy, damage, injure, or render impassable, any bridge spanning any stream so as to hinder or delay the passage of troops in the service of the State of Louisiana or of the United States, or of supplies or provisions for such troops.

Louisiana, Acts 1917, ex. sess., No. 31. 120. Dealing in German products prohibited.—The sale, exchange, bartering, or giving away of any goods produced, grown, manufactured, or assembled in Germany or elsewhere through German agencies, or in any country allied to Germany or through any of its agencies, is unlawful. Articles now held in stock and used for medical, mechanical, and other useful purposes, and not offensive or inimical to the United States or any of its allies, are excepted from the above pro

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