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CLAIMS.

Against the United States....
Fraudulent claims...

Section.

89 90

89. Claims against the United States. The State board of examiners is directed to investigate all claims against the United States Government by persons who served in the Nevada quota in the War with Spain, and to approve such claims if just.

Nevada, 1 Rev. Laws 1912, sec. 4478. 90. Fraud.--It is an offense to present false claims against the United States upon any civil, military, or naval officer; to use false or fictitious evidence in support of such claims; to enter into a conspiracy to defraud the Government, any department, or officer thereof; or whoever having charge of Government property fraudulently transfers or conceals the same; or whoever, being authorized to make or deliver receipts for military property, fraudulently delivers the same to another person.

Philippine Islands, Laws 3d Legis. 1915, No. 2567, sec. 1, p. 158.

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CONTRACTS.

Sertion

91

Contracts validated..
Performance:

Excused....

Failure to perform..
Carrier liable for loss..
Seamen's contracts....
Cancellation of public contracts..

92 93 94 95 96

91. Contracts validated.--The past acts of towns in offering, paying, and contracting to pay, and in raising and providing means to pay expenses for recruiting for their several quotas, or bounties for volunteers, drafted men, or substitutes, or enrolled men mustered into or enlisted for the military or naval service of the United States, are valid if done at meetings legally called and held in pursuance of warrants therefor. Contracts made in pursuance of votes passed at such meetings with any volunteer, drafted man, or substitute, or with these persons or associations, are valid. Contracts so made, without previous authority, to pay bounties may be ratified by any town meeting.

Maine, Rev. Stat. 1916, ch. 4, secs. 66-68. 92. Performance excused.-Performance of contract is excused when it is prevented or delayed by the act of the public enemies of this State or of the United States, unless the parties have expressly agreed to the contrary.

California, Civil Code 1915, sec. 1511. 93. Failure to perform contract is an offense.—Whoever enters into an agreement to labor for another in any lumbering operation or in driving logs, and in consideration thereof receives any advance of goods, money, or transportation and without cause fails to enter into said employment as agreed and labor for sufficient length of time to reimburse his employer for said advance and expense of transportation, shall be punished by a fine or imprisonment.

New Hampshire, Laws 1917, ch. 3. 94. Liability of carrier. The carrier is not liable for loss occasioned by act of a public enemy of the United States or of this state, unless guilty of want of ordinary care.

California, Civil Code 1915, secs. 2194-95.

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95. Seamen's contracts.—The officers and crew of a vessel shall be exempt from all engagements, if they deem it proper, if there occurs a naval war with the power to which the vessel was destined.

Porto Rico, Rev. Stat. 1913, sec. 8206; Code Com., art. 647. 96. Cancellation of public contracts.--State, county, and municipal agencies, to meet emergency conditions in the performance of "contracts for construction of public works and in the employment of labor and procuring materials created by the existence of war between the United States of America and the German Government, may cancel and annul any contract made or advertised for letting prior to the declaration of war if not completed and accepted at the time this act becomes a law, and if the time within which the contract is to be performed and completed had not expired on or before April 6, 1917.

New York, Laws 1918, ch. 585 CORPORATIONS.

Who may be incorporated..
Powers.
Dissolution.

Section.

97 98-100

101

97. Who may be incorporated.—Seven or more persons may be incorporated as proprietors of a military library, as a Grand Army post, as a monument or memorial association, or for any military purpose.

Maine, Rev. Stat. 1916, ch. 62, sec. 1. 98. Powers.—Every domestic corporation or association organized for profit may, during the continuance of the war, by vote of a majority in interest of the stockholders present, authorize the directors to contribute from time to time for the relief, aid, and comfort of the armed forces of the United States not exceeding five per cent of the net profits for the preceding year. If any stockholder protest in writing, the corporation shall retain out of its contribution an amount equal to his interest and pay it over to him, on demand, within six months after the balance of the contribution shall have been paid.

Massachusetts, Gen. Acts 1918, ch. 196. Similar provisions: New York, Laws 1918, ch. 240; Rhode Island, Laws 1918, ch. 1662.

99. Cooperation authorized. During the continuance of the war any corporation organized under the laws of this State may cooperate with other corporations and natural persons in the creation and maintenance of instrumentalities conducive to winning the war, and may appropriate and expend such sums as the directors or trustees deem expedient to contribute to the protection of the corporate interests.

New York, Laws 1918, ch. 240. 100. Investment of surplus funds.--All corporations may reserve all or any part of their surplus funds in bonds of the United States Government issued for war purposes without obtaining the consent or approval of the stockholders.

Pennsylvania, Pub. Laws 1917, No. 248, p. 681.

101. Germanic corporation dissolved.—The corporate existence is annulled of each corporation whose certificate of incorporation includes in the statement of corporate objects, in terms or effect, that it recommends the establishment of educational associations as centers for fostering the German language and literature; that it recommends a systematic investigation into the part played by Germans in the development of their adopted country, in war as well as in peace, and in all fields of German-American activities from the earliest times on, as a basis for commencing and continuing a GermanAmerican history; that it approves of all efforts to promote and maintain friendly relations between the nations of the earth and such as tend to promote civilization, especially as between American and German speaking countries; every such corporation is dissolved and its charter vacated; except so long as necessary to distribute its property and assets and wind up its affairs.

New York, Laws 1918, ch. 406. 113472-19

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