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or for any lesser estate, as fully as any natural born citizen if he has declared his intention to become a citizen; but no such alien may buy or hold more than 500 acres until he becomes a citizen of the United States (1807); not exceeding 200 acres in quantity or $20,000 in value, if in 1812 was a subject of a nation at war with the United States, and intention to become a citizen has been declared (1814); may purchase not exceeding 5,000 acres, if not alien enemy (confirmed 1837); titles to lands not exceeding 2,000 acres confirmed in 1844; may purchase and hold real estate not exceeding in quantity 5,000 acres, nor in net annual income $20,000 (1861).
Pennsylvania, 1 Purdon's Dig. 1905, pp. 299, 300. Similar provisions: South Carolina, 1 Code 1912, sec. 2689, not exceeding 500 acres; Wisconsin, Stat. 1917, secs. 2200–1, limited to 320 acres if nonresident.
30. Right to hold land for limited time.-Aliens may acquire and hold, encumber, devise and convey land and their title shall descend to the heirs, but if such alien be above 21 years of age he may hold title only for six years, when the State shall bring action to sell such land.
Illinois, 1 Ann. Stat. 1913, pars. 283–290. Similar provisions: Connecticut, Gen. Stat. 1902, sec. 4411; 2 Gen. Stat. 1918, sec. 5165, 10 years; Indiana, 2 Burns's Ann. Stat. 1914, secs. 3940-46, 5 years; Kentucky, 1 Stat. 1915, secs. 335–39, for 21 years if resident, 8 years if nonresident; Mississippi, 1 Hem. Ann. Code 1917, sec. 2272, 20 years if nonresident; Oklahoma, 2 Rev. Laws 1910, secs. 6646–52, Const. art. 22, sec. 1, 5 years; South Carolina, 1 Code 1912, sec. 2689, 5 years; Texas, 1 Vernon's S. Civil Stat. 1914, arts. 15–21; 2 Vernon's S. Civil Stat. 1914, art. 2474, 10 years.
31. Escheator shall not sell lands.---When, under any treaty now in force between the United States and any foreign country, time is allowed a citizen or subject of such country to sell lands held by him, the official called the escheator shall not sell the lands until after the expiration of the time so allowed.
Virginia, 2 Code 1904, sec. 2388. Similar provision: West Virginia, 2 Hogg's Code 1913, secs. 3737–38. 32. Nonresident alien may hold real estate for the purpose of mining and smelting.–Any alien, not a resident of the State or the United States, may acquire and hold any real estate in the State, for the purpose of quarrying, mining, dressing or smelting ores on the same or converting the products into articles of trade and commerce, to escheat if not so used for 10 years; but the time of hostilities between such country and the United States shall not be included.
Connecticut, Gen. Stat. 1902, sec. 4411; 2 Gen. Stat. 1918, sec. 5165. 33. Property may be held subject to law.-The rights of aliens in reference to the purchase, enjoyment or descent of property may be regulated by law.
Kansas, Const. Bill of Rights. sec. 17.
34. Sequestration of real or personal property.-The law relative to the taking, holding and disposing of property by aliens shall not prevent the sequestration of any real or personal estate belonging to any such alien during the continuance of war between the United States of America and the state or prince of which such person may be a citizen or subject.
Pennsylvania, 1 Purdon's Dig. 1905, p. 299. : 35. Right of alien women to hold property.-A wife of an alien resident may take and hold real estate in the State by devise or inheritance, and shall be entitled to. dower or statutory share in the real estate of her deceased husband, and the lineal descendants of any person capable of holding lands in this state may take and hold such lands as heirs at law.
Connecticut, Gen. Stat. 1902, sec. 4410; 2 Gen Stat. 1918, sec. 5164. 36. Right of alien women to hold property.-If a woman, a wife of an alien or of a citizen of another State, has resided in this State six months successively, separate from her husband, she may acquire and hold real and personal estate and convey.it the same as if she were sole and unmarried, and shall have the exclusive care, custody, and guardianship of her minor children living with her in the State and the earnings of the children shall be expended in the same manner as if her husband had deceased.
New Hampshire, Pub. Stat. 1901, ch. 176,sec. 8. 37. Alien woman shall not be barred of her dower.-A woman being an alien shall not, on that account, be barred of her dower.
Oregon, 3 Lord's Laws 1910, sec. 7306. 38. Investments shall not be subject to reprisals.--Funds belonging to foreigners invested in corporations shall not be subject to reprisals in case of war.
Porto Rico, Rev. Stat. 1913, sec. 7728; Code Com., art. 169. 39. Aliens must register.-Every alien resident in this State shall, within 30 days after the passage of this act, furnish to the chief of police or town sergeant information as to his or her name, age, birthplace, street address, occupation, and length of residence in this state, and shall swear to the same.
Rhode Island, Laws 1917, ch. 1508. 40. Alien enemies must register.—Whenever a state of war exists between the United States and a foreign country, or in the judgment of the governor public safety or necessity requires such action, the governor, by proclamation, may direct every subject or citizen of such foreign countries as the governor may designate in such proclamation who are in the State or may come into the State to appear within 24 hours before such public authorities as the governor may designate and personally register his name, residence, business, length of stay, and such other information as the governor may prescribe. Every such person shall also comply with such rules of personal identification as the governor may prescribe. The occupant of every private residence, and the owner, lessee, or proprietor, operating or managing every hotel, inn, boarding or rooming house, shall, within 24 hours, notify such public authorities of the presence therein of every subject or citizen of a foreign country to whom such proclamation is applicable and shall each day notify such public authorities of the arrival thereat or departure therefrom of every such subject or citizen.
Connecticut, Pub. Acts 1917, p. 2503, ch. 350, sec. 1; 2 Gen. Stat. 1918,
sec. 6186. Similar provisions: Florida, Gen. Laws 1917, ch. 7394, p. 271; Iowa, Laws 1917, ch. 378; Louisiana, Acts 1917 ex. sess., No. 20, p. 29; Massachusetts, Acts & Res. 1917, ch. 342, secs. 2-3; New Hampshire, Laws 1917, ch. 173; New York, Laws 1917, ch. 159, sec. 10.
41. Alien enemies must be registered. The head of each State department, each and every manager or superintendent of every State institution, farm, railway, penitentiary, asylum, school, college, or university, each and every sheriff, county commissioner, county judge, constables or their deputies, mayor or managers of towns and cities or any other person drawing pay or honor from the public shall be required within 60 days to file with the secretary of state a sworn detailed statement of all enemy aliens or subjects of countries with which the United States is at war and all such countries as the United States has severed diplomatic relations with, and a separate detailed statement of each and every other alien, giving the date their employment began, their name, place of birth, date of birth, length of time of residence in the United States and in Texas, and their present local address. The term “enemy alien” means all those who are not citizens as at present construed by State and National regulations.
Texas, Gen. Laws 1918, p. 202. 42. Suffrage denied.--No alien not naturalized shall be entitled to vote at any town meeting.
New Hampshire, Pub. Stat. 1901, ch. 31, sec. 7. Similar provision: Texas, Gen. Laws 1918, ch. 60, applies to primary election or convention. In 1918 constitutional amendments were submitted limiting the right of suffrage to citizens of the United States, either native born or fully naturalized, in the following States: Kansas, Laws 1917, ch. 353; Const. art. 5, sec. 1 amendment; Nebraska, Const. art. 7, sec. 1 amendment; South Dakota, Laws 1918, ch. 31; Const. art. 7, sec. 1 amendment; all amendments were adopted.
43. Subject to the same taxes as citizens.-All unnaturalized foreign-born residents shall be subject to all taxes of State, county, city, borough, town, township, or school district, in the same manner as citizens who have been residents one whole year within the Commonwealth; but this shall not apply to poll tax for the purpose of qualifying citizens to vote.
Pennsylvania, 5 Purdon's Dig. 1905, p. 5262, sec. 11. 44. Vessels bringing aliens subject to taxation.--Any city or township may collect from the master, owner, or consignee of every ship or vessel arriving from any country out of the United States with alien passengers a sum from $1 to $10 for each and every alien passenger. The master of the ship shall furnish within 24 hours a list of all passengers on his vessel, with name, age, occupation, and place of birth of each, before any are permitted to land. If any alien passenger is landed and becomes sick, infirm, or incapable of providing for his or her own maintenance, then such city or township shall provide for the maintenance or support of said sick or infirm passenger as long as he or she may remain incapable.
New Jersey, 1 Comp. Stat. 1910, secs. 7–12, p. 40. 45. Workmen's compensation.--No person shall be excluded as a dependent from the benefits of the workmen's compensation act by reason of being a nonresident alien. Such may be officially represented by the consul or officers of the country of which they may be subjects.
West Virginia, 1 Hogg's Code 1913, sec. 895. 113172--19
46 47–50 51-54 55, 56
46. Definition.--The word "armory” in the Naval Militia law and in the Military Code shall include a vessel anchored, moored, or secured to the land while used only as an armory for the purposes of instruction, drill, or defense.
Pennsylvania, 3 Purdon's Dig. 1905, p. 3230, sec. 16. 47. Site for armory and State arsenal.-Provision is made for an armory commission to select and acquire a site for an armory and State arsenal. Appropriations are made for armories at Los Angeles and San Diego.
California, Stat. 1911, ch. 566, p. 1080; ch. 362, p. 637; ch. 364, p. 638. Various provisions as to erection of armories or arsenals by States or municipalities, appointment of armory commissioners or military boards, renting of buildings for armories, issuance of bonds for maintenance, etc., are found in Connecticut, 2 Gen. Stat. 1918, sec. 5177; Kentucky, 1 Stat. 1915, sec. 2667; Maine, Rev. Stat. 1916, ch. 15, secs. 90–98; Laws 1917, ch. 100, sec. 1, p. 792; Maryland, Laws 1916, ch. 681, p. 1538; Laws 1918, ch. 143, sec. 91, p. 300; Massachusetts, Rev. Laws 1902, ch. 16, sec. 107; Michigan, Pub. Acts 1915, No. 103; Pub. Acts 1917, No. 69; 1 Howell's Ann. Stat. 1912, sec. 1766; Minnesota, Laws 1915, ch. 118; Gen. Stat. 1913, secs. 2453-4; Gen. Stat. Supp. 1917, sec. 2464; Mississippi, 2 Hem. Ann. Code 1917, sec. 5648; Missouri, Laws 1915, p. 370, secs. 1, 3, 7; Montana, 1 Rev. Codes 1907, sec. 1051; Nebraska, Rev. Stat. 1913, secs. 3970–71, 3935; Nevada, 1 Rev. Laws 1912, sec. 3933; New Hampshire, Laws 1917, ch. 100, ch. 135, ch. 225; New Jersey, Laws 1911, ch. 253; Laws 1913, ch. 266; Laws 1914, ch. 177; Laws 1915, ch. 342; Laws 1917, ch. 158; New Mexico, Stat. 1915, secs. 3904–6; Laws 1915, ch. 32, ch. 46; North Dakota, 1 Comp. Laws 1913, secs. 4016–18; Ohio, 107 Laws 1917, p. 394, secs. 5237-44; Oregon, Laws 1917, ch. 327, sec. 80; Pennsylvania, 3 Purdon's Dig. 1905, p. 3211, secs. 73-5; Rhode Island, Gen. Laws 1909, ch. 365, sec. 83, p. 1378; Utah, Laws 1909, ch. 75; Virginia, Acts 1918, ch. 95, p. 164; Washington, Laws 1917, chs. 8, 108–9, 166, 172.
48. Armory building at State university and college of agriculture.—The board of education is authorized and directed to construct an armory building at the State university and at the State college of agriculture.
Iowa, Laws 1917, ch. 261