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Castle or Beacon
riving from the Cape of Good Hope, or from any place beyond the same,
Island, and du-
* For additions, see index – Title, “Ports.”
the interior port of entry, to which such vessels may be destined, where like entries shall be made and like proceedings bad, as are required by
the general regulations and provisions of this act. Vessels bound Sec. 19. That the master or commander of every ship or vessel bound to certain ports to a port of delivery only, in any of the following districts, to wit: Portfirst come to at land and Falmouth, except the ports of North Yarmouth, Freeport and the port of entry, Harpswell; Bath, except the ports of Georgetown and Brunswick ; Newand exceptions. buryport, New London, except the port of Stonington ; Middletown, ex
cept the ports of Lyme, Saybrook, Killinsworth, Haddam, and East Haddam; Norfolk and Portsmouth, Bermuda Hundred or City Point, Yorktown, Tappalannock, except the port of Urbanna, or Edenton ; shall first come to, at the port of entry of such district, with his ship or vessel, and there make report and entry in writing, and pay, or secure to be paid, all legal duties, port fees, and charges, in manner provided by this act, before such ship or vessel shall proceed to her port of delivery; and that any ship or vessel bound to a port of delivery in any district other than those above mentioned, or to either of the ports of delivery above mentioned, may first proceed to her port of delivery, and afterwards make report and entry within the time by this act limited ; and the master of every vessel arriving from a foreign port, or having goods on board, of which the duties have not been paid or secured, and bound to any port on Connecticut river, shall take an inspector on board at Saybrook, before proceeding to such port; and if any master of a ship or vessel shall proceed to a port of delivery, contrary to the directions aforesaid, he shall forfeit and pay five hundred dollars, to be recovered with costs of suit ; that the master or commander of any ship or vessel, bound to any district in Connecticut, through or by the way of Sandy Hook, shall, before he pass by the port of New York, and immediately after his arrival, deposit with the collector for the district of New York, a true manifest of the cargo on board such ship or vessel ; if bound to the district of Hudson, shall, before he pass by the port of New York, and immediately after his arrival, deposit with the collector thereof a like manifest ; if bound to the district of Burlington, shall, before he pass by the port of Philadelphia, and immediately after his arrival, deposit with the collector thereof a like manifest; it bound to the district of Nottingham, shall, before he pass by the port of Town Creek, and immediately after his arrival, deposit with the surveyor of the said port a like manifest; if bound to the district of Tappahannock, shall, before he pass by the port of Urbanna, and immediately after his arrival, deposit with the surveyor of that port a like manifest; if bound to the district of Bermuda Hundred and City Point, shall, on his arrival in Hampton Road, or at Sewell's Point, and immediately after such arrival, deposit with the collector of Norfolk and Portsmouth, or with the collector of the port of Hampton, a like manifest ; and if bound to the district of South Quay, shall, before he pass by the port of Edenton, and immediately after his arrival, deposit with the collector of the port of Edenton a like manifest; and the said collectors and surveyors respectively shall, after registering the manifests, transmit the same, duly certified to have been so deposited, to the officer with whom the entries are to be made ; and the said collectors and surveyors respectively, may, whenever they judge it to be necessary for the security of the revenue, put an inspector of the customs on board any ship or vessel as aforesaid, to accompany the same until her arrival at the first port of entry or delivery, in the district to which such ship or vessel may be destined ; and if the master or commander of any ship or vessel shall neglect or omit to deposit a manifest in manner aforesaid, or shall refuse to receive an inspector of the customs on board, as the case shall require, he shall forfeit and pay five hundred dollars, to be recovered with costs of suit, one half for the use of the officer with whom such manifest ought to liave been deposited, and the other half to the use of the colday of
lector of the district to which the said ship or vessel may be bound :
Officers apact, before they enter upon the duties of their respective offices, shall pointed under
this act to take severally take and subscribe an oath or affirmation, diligently and faith
an oath, and fully to execute the duties of their said offices respectively, which oath or transmit' it to affirmation shall be of the form and tenor following, to wit:
the Comptroller. I [A. B.] having been appointed [collector or other officer as the case may be,] of the [district or port of] do solemnly sincerely, and truly [swear or affirm] that I will diligently and faithfully execute the duties of the said office of
and will use the best of my endeavors to prevent and detect frauds in relation to the duties imposed by the laws of the United States; I further (swear or affirm] that I will support the constitution of the United States.
[Sworn or affirmed] and subscribed, this before me,
And the oath or affirmation aforesaid, if taken by a collector, may be taken before any magistrate authorized to administer oaths within the district to which he belongs ; but if taken by another officer, shall be taken before the collector of his district; and being certified under the hand and seal of the person by whom the same shall have been administered, shall within three months thereafter be transmitted to the comptroller of the treasury, in default of taking of which oath, or transmitting a certificate Penalty in dethereof, the party failing shall forfeit and pay two hundred dollars, to be fault thereof. recovered with cost of suit in any court of competent jurisdiction, to the use of the United States.
SEC. 21. That the several officers of the customs shall respectively perform the duties following, to wit: At such of the ports to which there shall be appointed a collector, naval officer and surveyor, the collector shall Duties of the
collector receive all reports, manifests and documents to be made or exhibited on the entry of any ship or vessel, according to the regulations of this act; shall record, in books to be kept for that purpose, all manifests; shall receive the entries of all ships or vessels and of the goods, wares and merchandise imported in them ; shall, together with the naval officer where there is one, or alone where there is none, estimate the amount of the duties payable thereupon, endorsing the said amount upon the respective entries; shall receive all moneys paid for duties, and take all bonds for securing the payment thereof; shall grant all permits for the unlading and delivery of goods; shall, with the approbation of the principal officer of the treasury department, employ proper persons as weighers, gaugers, measurers, and inspectors, at the several ports within his district; and also, with the like approbation, provide, at the public expense, storehouses for the safe keeping of goods, and such scales, weights and measures, as may be necessary; the naval officer shall receive copies of all manifests Duties of the
naval officer. and entries, and shall, together with the collector, estimate the duties on all goods, wares and merchandise subject to duty (and no duties shall be received without such estimate), and shall keep a separate record thereof, and shall countersign all permits, clearances, certificates, debentures, and other documents, to be granted by the collector; he shall also examine the collector's abstracts of duties, and other accounts of receipts, bonds and expenditures, and if found right, he shall certify the same.
The surveyor shall superintend and direct all inspectors, weighers, meas- Duties of the urers and gaugers, within his port, and shall once every week report to surveyor. the collector, the name or names of such inspectors, weighers, gaugers or measurers, as may be absent from or neglect to do their duty, shall visit or inspect the ships or vessels which arrive therein, and shall make a re
Duties of the turn in writing every morning to the collector, if any, at the port where surveyor.
he resides, of all vessels which shall have arrived from foreign ports or places the preceding day, specifying the names and denominations of the vessels, the masters' names, from whence arrived, whether laden or in ballast, whether belonging to the United States, or to what other nation belonging, and if American vessels, whether the masters thereof have or have not complied with the law, in having the required number of manifests of the cargo on board, agreeing in substance with the provisions made necessary by this act, and shall have power, and is hereby required, to put on board each of such vessels, one or more inspectors, immediately after their arrival in his port; the surveyor shall also ascertain the proof, quantities and kinds of distilled spirits imported, rating sueh spirits ac
cording to their respective degrees of proof as defined by the laws impos| 1791, ch. 15.
ing duties on spirits : he shall likewise examine and ascertain the quality, kind and quantity of all wines imported ; also the quantity and kind of all teas and sugars imported; and shall «grant certificates for the said spirits, wines and teas, and make returns thereof, in manner hereafter provided. He shall also examine whether the goods imported in any ship or vessel, and the deliveries thereof, agreeably to the inspector's returns thereof, correspond with the permits for landing the same; and if any error or disagreement appear, he shall report the same to the collector, and to the naval officer, if any
there be. The surveyor shall also superintend the lading for exportation of all goods entered for the benefit of any drawback, bounty or allowance, and shall examine and report whether the kind, quantity and quality of the goods, so laden on board any vessel for exportation, correspond with the entries and permits granted therefor: he shall also from time to time, and particularly on the first Mondays in January and July in each year, examine and try the weights, measures and other instruments, used in ascertaining the duties on imports, with standards to be provided by each collector at the public expense for that purpose; and where disagreements or errors are discovered, he shall report the same to the collector, and obey and execute such directions as he may receive for correcting thereof, agreeably to the standards aforesaid ; and the said surveyor shall in all cases be subject to the direction of the collector. And at ports to which a collector and surveyor only are assigned, the said collector shall solely execute all the duties in which the co-operation of the naval officer is requisite, at the ports where a naval officer is appointed; which he shall also do in case of the disability or death of the naval officer, until a successor is appointed, unless there is a deputy duly authorized under the hand and seal of the naval officer, who in that case shall continue to act, until an appointment shall take place. And at the ports to which a collector only is assigned, such collector shall solely execute all the duties in which the co-operation of the naval officer is requisite as aforesaid, and shall also, as far as may be, perform all the duties prescribed to the surveyors at the ports where such officers are established. And at the ports to which surveyors only are assigned, every such
surveyor shall perform all the duties hereinbefore enjoined upon surveyors; and shall also receive and record the copies of all manifests which shall be transmitted to him by the collector : shall record all permits granted by such collector, distinguishing the gauge, weight, measure, and quality of the goods specified therein, and shall take care that no goods be unladen or delivered from any ship or vessel, without a proper permit for
And at such ports of delivery only to which no surveyor is assigned, it shall be lawful for the collector of the district occasionally, and from time to time, to employ a proper person or persons to do the duties of a surveyor, who shall be entitled to the like compensation with inspectors during the time they shall be employed. And the said collectors, naval officers and surveyors, shall respectively attend in person at the ports to which they are respectively assigned; and shall keep fair and
true accounts and records of all their transactions, as officers of the customs, in such manner and form as may from time to time be directed by the proper department, or officer having the superintendence of the collection of the revenue of the United States; and shall at all times submit their books, papers and accounts, to the inspection of such persons as may be appointed for that purpose; and the said collector shall at all times
Further duties pay to the order of the officer, who shall be authorized to direct the pay- of the collector, ment thereof, the whole of the moneys which they may respectively re- naval officer and
surveyor. ceive by virtue of this act (such moneys as they are otherwise by this act directed to pay only excepted,) and shall, once in every three months, or oftener if they shall be required, transmit their accounts for settlement to the officer or officers whose duty it shall be to make such settlement: and if any collector, naval officer or surveyor, shall omit to keep fair and true accounts as aforesaid, or shall refuse to submit forthwith their books, papers and accounts to inspection as aforesaid ; or if any collector shall omit or refuse to render his accounts for settlement, for a term exceeding three months after the same shall have been required by the proper oficer, in each and every such case the delinquent officer shall forfeit and pay, for the use of the United States, one thousand dollars, to be recovered with costs of suit.
SEC. 22. That every collector, naval officer and surveyor, in cases of Collectors, &c. occasional and necessary absence, or of sickness, and not otherwise, may deputies. respectively exercise and perform their several functions, powers and duties by deputy, duly constituted under their hands and seals respectively, for whom, in the execution of their trust, they shall respectively be answerable: That in case of the disability or death of a collector, the duties and authorities vested in him shall devolve on his deputy, if any there be at the time of such disability or death, for whose conduct the estate of such disabled or deceased collector shall be liable ; and in defect of a deputy, the said authorities and duties shall devolve upon the naval officer of the same district, if any there be ; and if there be no naval officer, upon the surveyor of the port appointed for the residence of such disabled or deceased collector, if any there be, and if none, upon the surveyor of the port nearest thereto and within the said district. And in every case of the disability or death of a surveyor, it shall be lawful for the collector of the district to nominate some fit person to perform his duties and exercise bis authorities ; and the authorities of the persons who may be empowered to act in the stead of those who may be disabled or dead, shall continue until successors shall be duly appointed, and ready to enter upon the execution of their respective offices.
Sec. 23. That no goods, wares or merchandise, shall be brought into Masters of vesthe United States, from any foreign port or place, in any ship or vessel, sels from foreign belonging in the whole or in part to a citizen or citizens, inhabitant or in- manifests of the habitants of the United States, unless the master or person having the cargoes. charge or command of such ship or vessel, shall have on board a manifest
July 18, 1866, or manifests in writing, signed by such master or other person, containing ch. 201,' $ 25. the name or names of the port or ports, place or places, where the goods in such manifest or manifests mentioned shall have been respectively taken on board, and the port or ports, place or places within the United States for which the same are respectively consigned or destined, particularly noting the goods, wares and merchandise destined for each port or place respectively, and the name, description and built of such ship or vessel, and the true admeasurement or tonnage thereof, the port or place to which such vessel belongs, with the name or names of each owner, according to the register of the same, together with the name of the master or other person having the charge or command of such ship or vessel, and a just and particular account of all the goods, wares and merchandise, so laden or taken on board, whether in packages or stowed loose, of any kind or nature whatsoever, together with the marks and numbers as marked on
See act of