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enter and clear the State of Maine, to enter and clear vessels, and to perform such other vessels, &c.

official acts as the said Secretary shall think advisable.

tia River.

No. 524. -'JULY 26, 1866. Stat. at Large, CHAP. CCLXIII. - An Act to authorize The Chesapeake Bay and Potomac River Vol. XIV. p. 253. Tidewater Canal Companyto enter the District of Columbia, and extend their Canal 10

the Anacostia River at any Point above Benning's Bridge. The Chesa- Be it enacted, fc. That “ The Chesapeake Bay and Potomac River peake Bay, &c. Tidewater Canal Company,” incorporated by the general assembly of the Canal Company may extend its State of Maryland, at the January session thereof, eighteen hundred canal to Anacos- and sixty-six, by an act entitled “ An act to incorporate the Chesapeake

Bay and Potomac River Tidewater Canal Company,” be, and the same are hereby, authorized to extend their canal from the point where it strikes the boundary line of the District of Columbia, thence in and through the said District to the Anacostia River at any point thereon above Benning's

bridge. Tolls and rents. Sec. 3. That it shall be lawful for said company to levy, demand, and

receive such even tolls and rents for the use of the wharves and docks of said company on said extension, or for freight transported by said company, or for the passage through said extension of boats, rafts, or any other water craft, as a majority of the directors at any regular meeting shall assess therefor: Provided, That the Congress of the United States shall

at all times have power to increase or reduce such tolls or rents. Canal exten

Sec. 4. That the said canal extension, when completed, shall forever sion to be a pub- thereafter be esteemed and taken to be a public highway for the transporlic highway. tation of all goods, commodities, or produce of every kind and description,

and for all canal boats, rafts, or other water crafts of every kind whatever, upon the payment of such tolls or rents as are authorized to be imposed by this act.

Sec. 5. That the said company shall permit all public property belongerty of the

ing to the United States to pass through said canal extension free of all United States to go through free charge or toll; and the said company shall, from time to time, as may be

required, lay before Congress a just and true account of their receipts and Company when required to give

expenditures on said extension, with a statement of the clear profits Congress an ac- thereof. count of receipts Sec. 6. That, subject to the aforesaid provisions of this act, all and and expenditures, &c.

singular the provisions of the aforesaid act of the general assembly of the Provisions of State of Maryland, entitled “ An act to incorporate the Chesapeake Bay charter to apply and Potomac River Tidewater Canal Company,” relating to the powers, to extension, subject, &c. liabilities, and authority of said company, in operating and using their

canal, shall take effect and apply to the extension aforesaid in the District

of Columbia. Act to be a Sec. 7. That this act shall be deemed a public act, and shall take effect public act, and, and be in force from and after its passage, and shall be subject to alteration fect.

or repeal by Congress.

Public prop

of tolls.

No. 525. — JULY 26, 1866. Stat. at Large, CHAP. CCLXIX. — An Act to provide for and to regulate the Weighing of Esports, Vol. XIV. p. 289.

and for other Purposes. Upon certain Be it enacted, &c. That upon all weighable articles hereafter exported, weighable arti

upon which a drawback or return duty is allowed, and upon all weighable cles exported, three cents per goods withdrawn from bonded warehouses for export, there shall be levied hundred pounds and collected, by the collectors of the several ports, three cents per hunto be collected. dred pounds, to be determined by the returns of the weighers. Office of Sec. 2. That the office of measurer at the port of New York is hereby

abolished, and the duties heretofore performed by them shall be performed New York abolished. by the weighers.

measurer at

Sec. 3. That the weighers at the port of New York shall receive, from Duties to be and after the passage of this act, an annual salary of twenty-five hundred performed by dollars: Provided, That the increase of compensation, over and above the

Salary of present salary of said officers, shall not exceed, in any fiscal year, the weighers at amount of fees earned by them.

Proviso.

No. 526. - JULY 27, 1866. CHAP. CCLXXX. An Act to authorize the Use in Post-Offices of Weights of the Stat. at Large, Denomination of Grams.

Vol. XIV. p. 301. Be it enacted, &c. That the Postmaster-General be, and he is hereby, Postal balanauthorized and directed to furnish to the post-offices exchanging mails with ces denominated foreign countries, and to such other offices as he shall think expedient, metric system postal balances denominated in grams of the metric system; and, until may be furnished otherwise provided by law, one half-ounce avoirdupois shall be deemed Offices. and taken for postal purposes as the equivalent of fifteen grams of the One half

ounces to be the metric weights, and so adopted in progression ; and the rates of postage

equivalent of shall be applied accordingly.

fifteen grams.

No. 527. JULY 27, 1866.
CHAP. CCLXXXIV. - An Act to amend the Acts relating to Officers employed in the Stat. at Large,

Examination of imported Merchandise in the District of New York, and for other Vol. XIV. p. 302.
Purposes.
Be it enacted, &c. That in lieu of the appraisers now authorized by law

One appraiser

to be appointed for the appraisement of goods, wares, and merchandise at the port of New

at the port of York, the President of the United States shall, by and with the advice New York. and consent of the Senate, appoint for said port one appraiser, who has had experience as an appraiser, or who shall be practically acquainted with the quality and value of some one or more of the chief articles of Qualifications. importation subject to appraisement, and who, before he enters upon the duties of his office, shall take and subscribe an oath faithfully to direct Oath. and supervise the examination, inspection, and appraisement according to law, of such goods, wares, and merchandise as the collector may direct, and as is hereinafter provided for, and to cause to be duly reported to the collector the true value thereof, as required by law: Provided, That the Packages to collector shall not, under any circumstances, direct to be sent for examina. be sent for ex; tion and appraisement less than one package of every invoice, and one appraisement. package at least out of every ten packages of goods, wares, and merchandise, and a greater number should he, or the appraiser, or any assistant appraiser, deem it necessary : Provided, nevertheless, that when from the Proviso. character and description of the goods, wares, and merchandise, the Secretary of the Treasury may be of the opinion that the examination of a less proportion of packages will amply protect the revenue, he may, by special regulation, direct a less number of packages to be examined. And the appraiser, created by this act, in cases of his necessary and occasional ab- When and sence, may perform his functions, ad interim, by deputy, designated by him how appraiser in writing, from the assistant appraisers to be appointed under the pro- deputy. visions of this act.

SEC. 2. That in lieu of the assistant appraisers now authorized by law Ten assistant for the port of New York, the Secretary of the Treasury may appoint appraisers to be not exceeding ten assistant appraisers for said port, who have had experi- the port of ence as appraisers, or who shall be practically acquainted with the quality New York. and value of some one or more of the chief articles of importation subject

Qualifications. to appraisement, and included among the goods, wares, or merchandise, to the examination and appraisement of which they are respectively to be assigned, and who shall be employed in appraising goods, according to law, direction of

To act under under the direction and supervision of the appraiser; and each of whom appraiser.

shall, before entering upon the duties of his office, take and subscribe an Oath. oath diligently and faithfully to examine and inspect such goods, wares, Their report

and merchandise as the appraiser may direct, and truly to report to him approved by the true value thereof, according to law; such report to be subject to reappraiser, co be vision and correction by the appraiser, and when approved by him to be

appraisement re

transmitted to the collector, and to be deemed and taken to be the appraisequired by law. ment by the United States local appraiser of the district of such goods,

wares, or merchandise required by law. One of the as- Sec. 3. That one of the assistant appraisers to be appointed by virtue sistant apprais- of this act, with special reference to his qualifications for the duties in special examiner this section set forth, shall, in addition to the duties that may be required of drugs. of him by the appraiser, perform the duties and act in the place and

stead of the special examiner of drugs, medicines, chemicals, and so forth,

at the port of New York, as provided by the act of June twenty-six, 1848, ch. 70.

eighteen hundred and forty-eight, chapter seventy, and one of the assistOne assistant appraiser to ex

ant appraisers to be appointed by virtue of this act shall be detailed by amine damaged the appraiser for the supervision of the department for the examination merchandise.

of merchandise damaged on the voyage of importation, and as far as practicable to make examinations and appraisals of such or any other merchandise as the appraiser may direct, and in all cases truly to report to him the extent of such damage, or the true value of the merchandise appraised, as the case may be, according to law, such report to be subject to the same revision, correction, and approval by the appraiser, as prescribed in the second section of this act, and to be in like manner, and for the

same purpose, transmitted to the collector. Examiners to SEC. 4. That in lieu of the clerks now employed in the examination, be appointed. inspection, and appraisement of goods, wares, and merchandise at the port

of New York, the Secretary of the Treasury may, on the nomination of Number and the appraiser, appoint such number of examiners as said Secretary may pay to be deter- in writing determine to be necessary, their compensation to be limited and mined by Secretary of Treasury.

fixed by him, but not to exceed the rates of twenty-five hundred dollars per year, to aid each of said assistant appraisers in the examination, inspection, and appraisement of goods, wares, and merchandise, according

to law; and no person shall be appointed such examiner who is not, at Qualifications, the time of his appointment, practically and thoroughly acquainted with

the character, quality, and value of the article or articles in the examination and appraisement of which he is to be employed ; nor shall any such

examiner enter upon the discharge of his duties, as such, until he shall Oath.

have taken and subscribed an oath faithfully and diligently to discharge

such duties according to law; and the Secretary of the Treasury shall Clerks, verifi- also appoint, on the nomination of the appraiser, the clerks, verifiers, ers, samplers, samplers, openers, packers, and messengers employed in the appraiser's openers, packers, and messen- office, or in any of the departments thereof, and shall limit and fix their gers.

number and compensation ; but their compensation shall not exceed the

rates of compensation usually paid for similar service. No officer Sec. 5. That it shall not be lawful for the appraiser, the assistant appointed under appraisers, examiners, clerks, verifiers, samplers, messengers, or other this act to engage in mercan

persons employed in the departments of appraisal, or any of them, to entile business. gage or be employed in any commercial or mercantile business, or act as

agent for any person engaged in such business, during the term of their

appointment. Pay of

Sec. 6. That the appraiser who may be appointed under the provisappraiser and ions of this act shall receive a compensation of four thousand dollars per

annum, and the assistant appraisers shall each receive a compensation of three thousand dollars per annum, to be paid out of the appropriations

for defraying the expenses of collecting the revenue. Compensation Sec. 7. That the compensation allowed, respectively, to the appraiser to be paid and the assistant appraisers, under the provision of this act, shall be paid monthly.

to them in monthly payments, and in due proportion for any period less than one month for the time they may actually serve.

assistants.

Assistant

Sec. 8. That all acts and parts of acts inconsistent with the provisions

Inconsistent

laws repealed. of this act be, and the same are hereby, repealed ; and all provisions of Present laws existing acts relating to the duties of the appraisers now provided for by respecting law, or to any proceedings consequent or dependent upon the action of appraisers, &c. such appraisers and not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, shall appointed under be construed to apply to the appraiser and assistant appraisers pro- this act. vided for by this act, and shall be continued in full force, and that this act When this act shall take effect on and after the first day of September, anno Domini takes effect. eighteen hundred and sixty-six.

Sec. 9. That if at any time, from an increase of importation, or from any other cause, there shall be found upon the floors of the public stores de required to

appraisers may in the city of New York an accumulation of merchandise awaiting ap- work more than praisement, it shall be the duty of the appraiser, under regulations estab- usual business lished by the Secretary of the Treasury, to direct the assistant appraisers, and others associated with them in this branch of the public business, to devote time beyond the usual business hours, in each day, during daylight, to their respective duties, to the end that the business of appraisement may be faithfully and more promptly despatched. Sec. 10. That all aids to the revenue or others performing the duties

revenue to have of inspectors of customs in any collection district, shall be paid the same pay of inspectors per diem compensation as inspectors of customs.

of customs.

hours.

Aids to the

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CHAP. CCLXXXVI. - An Act to prevent the Wearing of Sheath Knives by American Stat. at Large, Seamen.

Vol. XIV. p. 304.

not to wear

Be it enacted, &c. That the existing regulation for the government of

Seamen in

merchant service the navy of the United States, prohibiting the wearing of sheath knives on shipboard is hereby extended and made applicable to all seamen in the sheath knives. merchant service. Sec. 2. That it shall be the duty of the master or other officer in com

Persons offermand of any ship or vessel registered, enrolled, or licensed under the ing to ship as laws of the United States, and of the owner or other person entering notified of law. into contract for the employment of a seaman or other subordinate upon any such ship or vessel, to inform every person offering to ship himself of the provisions of this law, and to require his compliance therewith, under a penalty of fifty dollars for each omission, to be sued for and re- Penalty. covered in the name of the United States of America, under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, one half for the benefit of the informer and the other half for the benefit of the fund for the relief of sick and disabled seamen.

No. 529. — JULY 27, 1866.

[No. 93.] Joint Resolution to enable the Secretary of the Treasury to furnish to each State Stat. at Large, one Set of the Standard Weights and Measures of the Metric System.

Vol. XIV. p. 369. Be it resolved, &c. That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and he is

A set of stand

ard weights and hereby, authorized and directed to furnish to each State, to be delivered measures of to the governor thereof, one set of the standard weights and measures of metric system the metric system for the use of the States respectively.

to be furnished each State.

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District of

Stat. at Large, CHAP. CCXCIII. – An Ad to fix the Compensation of certain Collectors of Customs, Vol. XIV. p. 308.

and for other Purposes. Salaries of Be it enacted, &c. That the collectors of customs hereinafter named certain collectors shall, from and after the first day of July, eighteen hundred and sixty-six, of customs changed and in lieu of the salaries to which they are now by law respectively entitled, established.

receive the salaries following, to wit: The collectors of the districts of Texas, at Galveston, Saluria, Corpus Christi, and Brazos de Santiago,

Texas, each at the rate of one thousand five hundred dollars a year in Maximum. addition to the fees of office; Provided, That such compensation shall in

no case exceed the sum of twenty-five hundred dollars per annum in the aggregate; the collectors of the districts of Beaufort, South Carolina, and Pensacola, Florida, each at the rate of one thousand dollars a year ; the collectors of the district of Georgetown, in the District of Columbia, and of the districts of Cherrystone, Virginia; Brunswick, Georgia ; [Saint] Augustine, Saint Mark's, and Apo[ajiachicola, Florida, and Techê, Louisiana, five hundred dollars a year each.

Sec. 2. That all that part of the State of Texas and the waters Corpus Christi in Texas estab

thereof included within the counties of Nueces, Starr, Zapata, Duval, lished, and col- Encinao, Webb, La Salle, McMullen, Live Oak, Bee, Refugio, and San lector anthor

Patricio, shall be a distinct collection district, to be called the district of ized.

Corpus Christi Corpus Christi, and the town of Corpus Christi shall be its only port of to be port of en- entry; and a collector shall be appointed to reside at said port. And try, and Aran

Aransas shall be a port of delivery in said district. sas a port of delivery

Sec. 3. That the town of Indianola shall hereafter be the port of entry Indianola to be for the district of Saluria, in said State, instead of La Salle. And all port of entry for district of

acts and parts of acts conflicting with the provisions of this act are hereby Saluria. repealed : and this act shall take effect on and after the first day of Au

This act to gust 1, 1866.

Sec. 4. That in lieu of the compensation now allowed by law there Pay of certain shall hereafter be paid to each of the deputy collectors at the ports of deputy collec

New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, New Orleans, Portland, and tors, general and local appraisers ; San Francisco, and to each of the general appraisers and local appraisers

at Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, New Orleans, Portland, and San deputy naval Francisco, three thousand dollars per annum; each of the deputy naofficers and surveyors ;

val officers and the deputy surveyors at New York, Boston, Philadelphia, custom-house Baltimore, New Orleans, Portland, and San Francisco, two thousand five weighers.

hundred dollars per annum ; and to each of the custom-house weighers at the ports of Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, New Orleans, Portland, and San Francisco, two thousand dollars per annum, out of the appropri

ation for expenses of collecting the revenue from customs : Provided, Twenty-five' That the additional compensation of twenty-five per centum, as now protional to officers vided by law, shall be continued to officers as aforesaid at the port of at San Fran- San Francisco.

Sec. 5. That all blank books, blanks, and stationa[e]ry of every kind Blank books, blanks, and sta- required by collectors and other officers of the customs, shåll, so soon as tionery for offi- they can be prepared for delivery, by or under the direction of the Secrecers of customs.

tary of the Treasury, be furnished to them for the use of their respective offices, upon requisition made by them, and the expense of such books, blanks, and stationa[e]ry shall be paid out of the appropriation for de

fraying the expenses of collecting the revenue from customs. Per diem como

SEC. 6. That the fourth section of the act of February twenty-eight, pensation of

eighteen hundred and sixty-five, entitled “ An act to revive certain provisappraisers not increased by act ions of the act entitled. An act further to provide for the collection of 1865, ch. 67, 14. duties on imports and tonnage,' approved March three, eighteen hundred

and fifteen, and for other purposes,” shall not be construed to increase the per diem allowed to appraisers by the first section of the act of April two, eighteen hundred and forty-four, which it amends.

take effect Au- gust next.

cisco.

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