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connection to be

connection, having an area of opening into each boiler of at least one similar steam square inch for every two square feet of effective heating surface con- also provided. tained in any one of the boilers so connected, half the flue and all other surfaces being computed as effective. And no boiler shall hereafter be working presallowed, under any circumstances, a greater working pressure than one sure of boiler. hundred and fifty pounds to the square inch.

Maximum

Safety-valves

steamers;

SEC. 3. That one or more additional safety-valves, of such dimensions and arrangement as shall be prescribed by the board of supervising in- on boilers of spectors, shall be placed on the boilers of every steamer, and shall be loaded to a pressure not exceeding two pounds above the working steam how loaded pressure allowed, and shall be secured by the inspector against the in- and secured. terference of all persons engaged in the management of the vessel or her machinery. And the alloyed metals now required by law, to be placed on flues of boilin or upon the flues of boilers shall be fusible, as now required by law, ers to be fusible, and at a temperature not exceeding four hundred and forty-five degrees of and at what temthe Fahrenheit thermometer; and a good and reliable water-gauge and a perature. full set of gauge-cocks shall be provided for each boiler, whether con- and gauge-cocks. Water-gauge nected or otherwise.

Alloyed metals

hereafter built;

employed on

SEC. 4. That no steamboat boiler hereafter built, to which the heat is Construction applied on the outside of the shell, shall be constructed of plates of more of steam-boilers than three tenths of an inch in thickness, the ends or heads of the boiler only excepted. And every steamboat boiler hereafter built, if employed on rivers flowing into the Gulf of Mexico, or their tributaries, shall have not less than three inches of clear space for water between and around its internal flues. And steamers hereafter built, which shall employ four or more boilers set in a battery, shall have the same divided in such a to have boilers manner that one half, as nearly as may be, of the number of boilers employed will act independently of the other half, so far as relates to the water connection; but the steam from all the boilers may be connected as provided by this act.

Steamers hereafter built, how divided.

guards of pas

SEC. 5. That cotton, hemp, hay, straw, or other easily ignitible com- Cotton, hemp modity, shall not be carried on the decks or guards of any steamer carry not to be carried hay, straw, &c. ing passengers, except on ferry-boats crossing rivers, and then only on the on deck or sterns of such boats, unless the same shall be protected by a complete and suitable covering of canvas or other proper material, to prevent ignition from sparks, under a penalty of one hundred dollars for each offence. Nor shall coal oil or crude petroleum be hereafter carried on such steam- crude petroleum ers, except on the decks or guards thereof, or in open holds where a free not to be so carcirculation of air is secured, and at such distance from the furnaces or ried, unless, &c. fires as may be prescribed by any supervisors [supervising] inspector or any board of local inspectors.

senger steamers,
except, &c.
Penalty.
Coal oil or

SEC. 6. That barges carrying passengers while in tow of a steamer Barges carrying passengers shall be subject to the provisions of the acts for the preservation of the in tow of a lives of passengers, so far as relates to fire-buckets, axes, and life-preserv- steamer. ers. For a violation of this section the penalty shall be one hundred dol

lars.

SEC. 7. That steamers used as freight boats shall be subject to the same inspection and requirements as provided for ferry, tug, and canal boats, by an act relating to steamboats, approved the eighth day of June, eighteen hundred and sixty-four, and to the provisions of this act. SEC. 8. That if any person connected, as a member or otherwise, Penalty for with any association of steamboat pilots, engineers, masters, or owners, attempting to shall accept or attempt to exercise the functions of the office of steamboat act as steamboat inspector, it shall be a misdemeanor, for which he shall forfeit his office, inspectors. and shall be further subject to a penalty of five hundred dollars.

certain persons

Steamers used as freight boats

to be subject to inspection, &c. 1864, ch. 118.

Repealed.

See act of Feb.

SEC. 9. [That all vessels navigating the bays, inlets, rivers, harbors, and other waters of the United States, except vessels subject to the jurisdiction of a foreign power and engaged in foreign trade and not owned in whole or in part by 25, 1867, ch. 83. a citizen of the United States, shall be subject to the navigation laws of the

Passenger vessels to have the life-boats required by law provided with suitable boat-disengaging appa

ratus.

Foremast

head light only on ocean-going steamers and

those carrying

sail.

1864, ch. 69.

SEC. 11. That the provision for a foremast-head light for steamships, in an act entitled "An act fixing certain rules and regulations for preventing collisions on the water," approved the twenty-ninth day of April, eighteen hundred and sixty-four, shall not be construed to apply to other than ocean-going steamers and steamers carrying sail. River steamers Lights of river navigating waters flowing into the Gulf of Mexico shall carry the followsteamers navi- ing lights, viz: one red light on the outboard side of the port smoke-pipe, gating waters flowing into Gulf and one green light on the outboard side of the starboard smoke-pipe; these lights to show both forward and aft, and also abeam on their respective sides. All coasting steamers, and those navigating bays, lakes, or other inland waters, other than ferry-boats, and those above provided for, other than ferry-shall carry the red and green lights, as prescribed for ocean-going steam

of Mexico;

boats, &c.

ers; and, in addition thereto, a central range of two white lights; the after light being carried at an elevation of at least fifteen feet above the light at the head of the vessel; the head light to be so constructed as to show a good light through twenty points of the compass, namely, from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on either side of the vessel; and the after light to show all around the horizon.

of coasting steamers, &c.

Annual pay of local inspec

tors of steamboats.

Norfolk;
Charleston;
Savannah;

United States; and all vessels propelled in whole or in part by steam, and navigating as aforesaid, shall also be subject to all rules and regulations consistent therewith, established for the government of steam-vessels in passing, as provided in the twenty-ninth section of an act relating to steam-vessels, approved the thirtieth day of August, eighteen hundred and fifty-two. And every seagoing steam-vessel now subject or hereby made subject to the navigation laws of the United States, and to the rules and regulations aforesaid, shall, when under way, except upon the high seas, be under the control and direction of pilots licensed by the inspectors of steam-vessels; vessels of other countries and public vessels of the United States only excepted.]

Mobile;
New Orleans;
Galveston;
St. Louis;
Nashville;

Louisville;

Cincinnati;

SEC. 10. That all sea-going vessels carrying passengers, and those navigating any of the northern and northwestern lakes, shall have the life-boats required by law, provided with suitable boat-disengaging apparatus, so arranged as to allow such boats to be safely launched with their complements of passengers while such vessels are under speed or otherwise, and so as to allow such disengaging apparatus to be operated by one person disengaging both ends of the boat simultaneously from the tackles by which it may be lowered to the water.

District of Portland;

For the district of Portland, in Maine, three hundred dollars; for the district of Boston and Charlestown, in Massachusetts, one thousand dolBoston and lars; for the district of New London, in Connecticut, five hundred dollars ; Charlestown; for the district of New York, two at two thousand dollars each, two at New London; fifteen hundred dollars each, and one additional inspector of boilers at New York; Philadelphia; fifteen hundred dollars; for the district of Philadelphia, in Pennsylvania,

Baltimore;

thirteen hundred dollars; for the district of Baltimore, in Maryland, twelve hundred dollars; for the district of Norfolk, in Virginia, three hundred dollars; for the district of Charleston, in South Carolina, five hundred dollars; for the district of Savannah, in Georgia, four hundred dollars; for the district of Mobile, in Alabama, one thousand dollars; for the district of New Orleans, or in which New Orleans is the port of entry, Louisiana, two thousand dollars; for the district of Galveston, in Texas, four hundred dollars; for the district of St. Louis, in Missouri, sixteen hundred dollars; for the district of Nashville, in Tennessee, four hundred dollars; for the district of Louisville, in Kentucky, twelve hundred dollars; for the district of Cincinnati, in Ohio, sixteen hundred dollars; for the district of Wheeling, West Virginia, five hundred dollars; for the district of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, sixteen hundred dollars; for the district of Chicago, Illinois, eight hundred dollars; for the district of Detroit, Michigan, one thousand dollars; for the district of Cleveland, Ohio, six hundred dollars; for the district of Buffalo, New York, twelve hundred

Wheeling;

Pittsburg;
Chicago;
Detroit;
Cleveland;
Buffalo;

SEC. 12. That the annual compensation paid to local inspectors of steamboats shall be hereafter as follows, to wit:

dollars; for the district of Oswego, or of which Oswego is the port of entry, New York, three hundred dollars; for the district of Vermont, of which Burlington is the port of entry, three hundred dollars; for the district of San Francisco, California, fifteen hundred dollars; for the district of Memphis, Tennessee, nine hundred dollars; for the district of Galena, Illinois, one thousand dollars; for the district of Portland, Oregon, seven hundred dollars; to the supervising inspector of the Pacific coast, two thousand five hundred dollars; to other supervising inspectors, two thousand dollars each.

Oswego; Vermont;

No. 521.- JULY 25, 1866.

CHAP. CCXLVI. An Act to authorize the Construction of certain Bridges, and to establish them as Post Roads.

-

San Francisco;
Memphis;

Galena;
Portland.

Clerk in local offices at New

SEC. 13. That there shall be appointed, under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, one clerk each in the local offices at New York and New Orleans, and the annual compensation allowed to these clerks shall be seven hundred and fifty dollars each.

SEC. 14. That the Secretary of the Treasury may procure, for the
supervising and local inspectors of steamboats, such stationery, printing,
instruments, and other things necessary for the use of their respective offi-
ces, as may be required therefor; and shall make such rules and regula-
tions as may be necessary to secure the proper execution of the steamboat ulations.
acts; and may from time to time cause special examinations to be made
into the administration of the inspection laws.

York and New
Orleans.
Pay.
Stationery,
printing, instru-
ments, &c. for
supervising and
local inspectors.
Rules and reg-

SEC. 15. That supervising, and local, and assistant inspectors of steam-Bonds of superboats shall execute proper bonds, in such form and upon such conditions vising, local, and assistant inspecas the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe, and subject to his ap- tors of steamproval, conditioned for the faithful performance of the duties of their boats. Form and conrespective offices, and the payment, in the manner provided by law, of ditions. all moneys that may be received by them.

Supervising inspectors.

SEC. 16. That all acts and parts of acts inconsistent with the provis- Repeal of inions of this act are hereby repealed.

consistent laws.

Special examinations, &c.

Stat. at Large, Vol. XIV. p. 244.

nois, and railroad

tracks laid thereon.

Be it enacted, &c. That it shall be lawful for any person or persons, Bridge may be company or corporation, having authority from the States of Illinois and built across the Mississippi River Missouri for such purpose, to build a bridge across the Mississippi River at Quincy, Illiat Quincy, Illinois, and to lay on and over said bridge railway tracks, for the more perfect connection of any railroads that are or shall be constructed to the said river at or opposite said point, and that when constructed all trains of all roads terminating at said river, at or opposite said point, shall be allowed to cross said bridge for reasonable compensation, to be made to the owners of said bridge, under the limitations and conditions hereinafter provided. And in case of any litigation arising from any obstruction or alleged obstruction to the free navigation of said river, the cause may be tried before the district court of the United States of any State in which any portion of said obstruction or bridge touches.

Trains may cross for compensation. Question of obstruction to navigation may be tried where.

or unbroken

broken spans.

SEC. 2. That any bridge built under the provisions of this act may, at Bridge may be the option of the company building the same, be built as a drawbridge, built with draw with a pivot or other form of draw, or with unbroken or continuous spans. spans: Provided, That if the said bridge shall be made with unbroken Height, if and continuous spans, it shall not be of less elevation in any case than made with unfifty feet above extreme high-water mark, as understood at the point of location, to the bottom chord of the bridge, nor shall the spans of said Length of bridge be less than two hundred and fifty feet in length, and the piers of spans. said bridge shall be parallel with the current of the river, and the main span shall be over the main channel of the river and not less than three hundred feet in length: And provided also, That if any bridge built under Pivot drawthis act shall be constructed as a drawbridge, the same shall be constructed bridge, with

draw over main as a pivot drawbridge with a draw over the main channel of the river at channel, and spans, &c.

an accessible and navigable point, and with spans of not less than one hundred and sixty feet in length in the clear on each side of the central or pivot pier of the draw, and the next adjoining spans to the draw shall not be less than two hundred and fifty feet; and said spans shall not be less than thirty feet above low-water mark, and not less than ten above extreme high-water mark, measuring to the bottom chord of the bridge, and the piers of said bridge shall be parallel with the current of the river: And provided also, That said draw shall be opened promptly upon reasonable signal for the passage of boats, whose construction shall not be such as to admit of their passage under the permanent spans of said bridge, except when trains are passing over the same; but in no case shall unnecessary delay occur in opening the said draw during or after the passage of trains.

Draw to be

opened promptly, except, &c.

Bridges constructed according to this act to be lawful structures and post

routes.

SEC. 3. That any bridge constructed under this act, and according to its limitations, shall be a lawful structure, and shall be recognized and known as a post route; upon which, also, no higher charge shall be made for the transmission over the same of the mails, the troops, and the munitions of war of the United States, than the rate per mile paid for their transportation over the railroads or public highways leading to the said bridge.

Chicago, Burlington,

SEC. 4. That it shall be lawful for the Chicago, Burlington, and Quin

Company may
build a railroad
bridge across the
Mississippi, if,
&c.

Quincy Railroad Cy Railroad Company, a corporation whose road has been completed to the Mississippi River, and connects with a railroad on the opposite side thereof, having first obtained authority therefor from the States of Illinois and Iowa, to construct a railroad bridge across said river, upon the same terms, in the same manner, under the same restrictions, and with the same privileges, as is provided for in this act in relation to the bridge at Quincy, Illinois.

Rates of toll.

Bridge may be built across the

river at Hannibal, Missouri;

between Prai

rie du Chien and North McGreg

or;

between Keokuk and Hamilton;

between Winona and opposite bank of river, if, &c.;

this bridge made a post road;

SEC. 5. That a bridge may be constructed at the town of Hannibal, in the State of Missouri, across the Mississippi River, so as to connect the Hannibal and Saint Joseph Railroad with the Pike County and Great Western railroads of Illinois, on the same terms and subject to the same restrictions as contained in this act for the construction of the bridge at Quincy, Illinois.

SEC. 6. That a bridge may be constructed across the Mississippi River between Prairie du Chien, in the State of Wisconsin, and North McGregor, in the State of Iowa, with the consent of the legislatures of Wisconsin and Iowa, on the same terms and subject to the same restrictions as are contained in this act for the construction of the bridge at Quincy, Illinois.

SEC. 7. That the Keokuk and Hamilton Mississippi Bridge Company, a corporation existing under the laws of the State of Iowa, and the Hancock County Bridge Company, a corporation existing under the laws of the State of Illinois, be and are hereby authorized to construct and maintain a bridge over the Mississippi River between Keokuk, Iowa, and Hamilton, Illinois, of the same character, description, and construction as provided in this act for the bridges at Quincy and Burlington; and the said bridge, in its use and operation, shall be subject to the same restrictions that apply to said bridges at Quincy and Burlington by the terms of this act.

SEC. 8. That the Winona and Saint Peter Railroad Company, a corporation existing under the laws of the State of Minnesota, is hereby authorized to construct and operate a railroad bridge across the Mississippi River between the city of Winona, in the State of Minnesota, and the opposite bank of the said river, in the State of Wisconsin, with the consent of the legislatures of the States of Minnesota and Wisconsin; and said bridge by this section authorized is hereby declared a post route, and subject to all the terms, restrictions, and requirements contained in the foregoing sections of this act.

leith and Du

SEC. 9. That a bridge may be constructed and maintained across the between DunMississippi River, between Dunleith, in the State of Illinois, and Dubuque, buque, if, &c.; in the State of Iowa, with the consent of said States previously given or hereafter acquired, with the same privileges, upon the same terms, and under the same restrictions as are contained in this act for the construction of a bridge at Quincy, Illinois.

SEC. 10. That any company authorized by the legislature of Missouri may construct a bridge across the Missouri River, at the city of Kansas, upon the same terms and conditions provided for in this act.

between the

Louis and East

SEC. 11. That the "Saint Louis and Illinois Bridge Company," a corporation organized under an act of the general assembly of the State of city of Saint Missouri, approved February fifth, eighteen hundred and sixty-four, and Saint Louis. an act amendatory of the same, approved February twentieth, eighteen hundred and sixty-five, and also confirmed in its corporate powers under an act of the legislature of the State of Illinois, approved eighteen hundred and sixty-four, or any other bridge company organized under the laws of Missouri and Illinois, be, and the same is hereby, empowered to erect, maintain, and operate a bridge across the Mississippi River, between the city of Saint Louis, in the State of Missouri, and the city of East Saint Louis, in the State of Illinois, subject to all the conditions contained in said act of incorporation and amendments thereto, and not inconsistent with the following terms and provisions contained in this act. And in case Question of of any litigation arising from any obstruction or alleged obstruction to the obstruction, where may be free navigation of said waters, the cause may be tried before the district tried. court of the United States of any State in which any portion of said obstruction or bridge touches.

SEC. 12. That the bridge authorized by the preceeding section to be built shall not be a suspension bridge, or drawbridge, with pivot or other form of draw, but shall be constructed with continuous or unbroken spans, and subject to these conditions: First, that the lowest part of the bridge or bottom chord shall not be less than fifty feet above the city directrix at its greatest span. Second, that it shall have at least one span five hundred feet in the clear, or two spans of three hundred and fifty feet in the clear of abutments. If the two latter spans be used, the one over the main steamboat channel shall be fifty feet above the city directrix, measured to the lowest part of the bridge at the centre of the span. Third, no span over the water at low-water mark shall be less than two hundred feet in the clear of abutments.

CHAP. CCLV.

Act may be

SEC. 13. That the right to alter or amend this act, so as to prevent or remove all material obstructions to the navigation of said river by the altered, &c. construction of bridges, is hereby expressly reserved.

No. 522. - JULY 25, 1866.

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- An Act to change the Port of Entry in Puget's Sound.

at the city of Kansas;

CHAP. CCLII.

Stat. at Large, Vol. XIV. p. 250. Be it enacted, &c. That from and after the first day of October, eighteen Port Townsend hundred and sixty-six, the port of Port Angelos, in the district of Puget's made the port of Sound, in Washington Territory, is hereby abolished as a port of entry, entry and delivery in and that Port Townsend be, and is hereby, established as the port of entry Puget's Sound. and delivery for the said district, from and after said date. Port Angelos abolished as a port of entry.

Bridge to be built with un

broken spans.

Conditions. Height and length of spans.

Be it enacted, &c. That, from and after the passage of this act, the Secretary of the Treasury may authorize, under such regulations as he shall deem necessary, the deputy collector of customs at the port of Calais, in

No. 523.

JULY 25, 1866.

-An Act to authorize the Entry and Clearance of Vessels at the Port of Stat. at Large,
Calais, Maine.
Vol. XIV. p. 251.

Deputy collector of customs at Calais, Me., may

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