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The Board of Directors of the Barristers' Club took note of several potential ambiguities in the Act, and these are presented in the within statement. Specifically, in Section 3(a), on page 6, reference is made to agreements for "operation on joint tourist facilities". It would appear that this reference is specifically to transportation facilities, and possibly certain other minor facilities. However, it might be helpful if at some point the subcommittee or the committee were to take specific note of that fact, and to note that hotels, motels, restaurants, etc., are not intended to be included within this reference, if this should be consistent with the intent of this provision, and with the findings of this committee.

Secondly, on page 14 of the Act, paragraph (i), provision is made for federal lands in Marin and San Francisco Counties which are within the Presidio or border on the San Francisco Bay or the Pacific Ocean, and which have been or shall be declared excess to the needs of the United States. It provides that such lands should be transferred to the Secretary, and that the Secretary may dispose of the same upon declaration that such property is not needed for the recreation area. It would appear that this section does not intend or have the effect of allowing the Secretary to make such a declaration and thereby dispose of lands specifically included within the recreation area by this bill, but rather is applicable only to lands which have been or will be declared surplus and which are not now included within the recreation area. However, if this interpretation is in conformity with the intent and findings of this committee, it might be appropriate to so specifically note the same.

Exhibit A

RESOLUTION OF THE BARRISTERS' CLUB OF SAN FRANCISCO

AUGUST 5, 1971

WHEREAS, a Bill for the establishment of a Golden Gate National Recreation Area (HR 9498) has been introduced in the House of Representatives by Mr. Burton and others;

WHEREAS, such Bill does intend to provide and preserve for public use and enjoyment certain lands in areas of Marin and San Francisco Counties in California, consisting of portions of the Presidio, Forts Mason, Baker, Funston, Miley, and Cronkhite, together with privately held lands in the Marin County Headlands.

WHEREAS, the lands in question possess unique natural, historic, scenic, and recreational values:

BE IT RESOLVED that the Barristers' Club of San Francisco hereby endorses and expresses its support of the establishment of a National Recreation Area over and upon the lands described in the Bill referred to above, in order that such lands may be protected and preserved so as to provide needed recreational open space appropriate and necessary to urban environment and planning, and in order to maintain unique historic and scenic lands.

Mr. TAYLOR. Amanda C. Miminn and then Herby Luster.

I notice people back in the back of the room cannot hear the witnesses unless they talk out loud, so you might want to move up near the front where you can hear better. There are a lot of vacant seats. Go right ahead.

STATEMENT OF AMANDA C. MIMINN, CITIZEN OF SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF.

Mrs. MIMINN. As a mother, teacher, and interested citizen of San Francisco, I would like to voice my plea for preserving our open air. I believe that without Golden Gate National Recreation Area and other such parks preserved by our National Government our children will eventually be deprived of any free, healthy recreational

area.

78-016 - 72 - 12

It is particularly easy for me to judge, having lived in several southern States over the last few years I grew up in the South, as a matter of fact, and have compared the emotional impact of city living without access to expansive parks on children particularly and on adults to that of free and easy access to forests, beaches, and lakes. The lack of yards for each home in the city makes this need even more pertinent.

One recent example of the disappearing beaches is the small beach near the Marina Green which has been cut to half size in the past year. This is a very popular beach utilized by nearby families and people from all over the city.

The PFGGNRA Greenbelt Gazette, volume 1, No. 1, July 10, 1971, expresses my feelings quite well.

Mr. TAYLOR. Thank you for a very fine statement.
Herby Luster; Marlene Sarnat on deck.

Is Mr. Luster here ?

All right. Marlene Sarnat; on deck, Victor Rowe.

STATEMENT OF MARLENE SARNAT, COORDINATOR, SAN FRANCISCO BAY CHAPTER, SIERRA CLUB INNER CITY OUTINGS PROGRAM, SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF.

Mrs. SARNAT. My name is Marlene Sarnat.

As the coordinator of the San Francisco Bay chapter of the Sierra Club's inner city outings program this spring and summer, I have been made acutely aware of the need for accessible parks and natural science centers for the children of the city of San Francisco, many of whom live in highly congested areas.

The pictures you are looking at are a group of inner-city kids that were taken on their first field trip by our volunteers. A volunteer organization like our own cannot even hope to scratch the surface of the need for natural science programs and outings for inner-city kids. One of the most pressing arguments for the formation of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area is that currently many of the parks we hope to see tied into one recreational area are not accessible to children by public transportation nor are there facilities to stimulate their interest in the world of nature.

Tying these parks into one recreation area and providing transportation to and within it should greatly increase the pleasure of growing up in San Francisco and greatly increase the preparation of young people for growing up in this very complex and very highly pressurized society.

I would also like to urge that the open space in the Presidio be incorporated into this recreation area primarily to insure its preservation as open space and, secondly, to increase its accessibility to all of the children of San Francisco. And, furthermore, I don't believe that civilian populations should rely upon military to police their parks.

Mr. TAYLOR. Thank you, ma'am.

(Prepared statement of Mrs. Sarnat follows:)

STATEMENT OF MARLENE SARNAT, COORDINATOR, SAN FRANCISCO BAY CHAPTER, SIERRA CLUB INNER CITY OUTINGS PROGRAM, SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF.

My name is Marlene Sarnat. As the coordinator of the San Francisco Bay Chapter of the Sierra Club's Inner City Outings Program this spring and summer, I have been made acutely aware of the need for accessible parks and natural science centers for the children of the city of San Francisco, many of whom live in highly congested areas. I am enclosing with this statement a copy of the history of the program's beginning in the Chinese community.

One of the most pressing arguments for the formation of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area is that currently many of the parts that we hope to see tied together into one Recreation Area are not accessible to children by public transportation, nor are there facilities to stimulate their interest in the world of nature.

Tying these parts into one Recreation Area and providing transportation to and within it should greatly increase the pleasure of growing up in San Francisco and greatly increase the preparation of young people for growing up in this very complex and very highly pressurized society.

I would also like to urge that the open space in the Presidio be incorporated into this Recreation Area primarily to ensure its preservation as open space and secondly to increase its accessability to all of the children of San Francisco.

The San Francisco Bay Chapter of the Sierra Club, long time spokesman for the preservation of the wilderness, has recently become aware of the extreme need for programs to enhance and improve the quality of urban life. In the fight against pollution it has, of course, been involved with many urban problems. The preservation of open space within the confines of a city is a prime concern if children living in the inner city are to have space to experience the joys of nature and room to play away from the hazards of the urban environment.

A number of Bay Chapter members have joined together with members of other conservation and civic groups to form the People for a Golden Gate National Recreation Area. In an attempt to include more people who live in the inner city meetings have been held to which representatives from different community centers have been invited. One such meeting was attended by representatives of the Chinese community (Chinese Community Design Center, Chinatown-North Beach Youth Council, Better Park and Recreation for Chinatown, Cameron House) who pointed out rather heatedly that Chinatown is a cement prison without enough playgrounds and almost no trees or grass. Everytime they request funds for more facilities they run into economic problems. Where, they asked, is the Sierra Club when they need help? How, they asked, will their children learn to care about preserving trees and streams and wilderness when they don't even get to visit parks and playgrounds?

In response to their request a small group of people started to put together a handbook of parks in the Bay Area, how to get to them and what to expect when you get there. This booklet currently being polished and condensed, will be translated into Chinese and the hope is that we will be able to translate it into Spanish and distribute bilingual copies free to children in all parts of the city. A second request was for slide shows, films and ecology exhibits which can be shown in the community centers both during the summer and throughout the year. The Bay Chapter Group for Inner City Outings is working on this now and expects to have programs ready by the end of May.

A third request, perhaps the most meaningful for long range effects, was to arrange a training program for outdoor recreation leaders. Twenty teens to be trained to take younger kids on outings both day and overnight in a way that would be consistant with the Sierra Club goals of preserving and enhancing the environment. Leaders from the membership are willing to volunteer their time and expertise to make the program a success. However, a program of this nature requires equipment and transportation both of which cost money that the committee does not have. We are attempting to get the donation of equipment for use by the younger children and feel that we must supply the equipment for the trainees. It will be used by them throughout the summer and for many years to come. The hope is that the young people trained by the Sierra Club members will train younger leaders and be in a position to start the recreation program off next year. We see this as an investment in the future and

would like to expand the program in future years to include youths from other communities.

To briefly touch on another project this committee is starting, we have a number of members who will take out 8 or 10 kids on day and overnight outings where the ratio of leaders to young people will be high and emphasis will be on seeing the interesting world around us.

Mr. TAYLOR. Victor Rowe?

Joyce Haerr on deck.

STATEMENT OF VICTOR H. ROWE, 100 HOMESTEAD BOULEVARD, MILL VALLEY, CALIF.

Mr. Rowe. Mr. Taylor and gentlemen. as a resident of Marin County across the Golden Gate Bridge from San Francisco, I wish to testify in behalf of the proposed legislation to establish a Golden Gate National Recreation Area in the San Francisco Bay area. This is the second most populous area in California with a present population of around 5 million, which is projected to triple within 50

years.

There is therefore a need, never more urgent, for space accessible to all people in the area, as an escape from crowded conditions and as a place where their recreational and esthetic needs may be met. Furthermore, this particular area is a resource open to and used by many people from other States and other lands because of its unusual scenic advantages and its accessibility. The extensive use of Point Reyes National Seashore demonstrates the need for and the advantages of such a resource in this region.

From my own experience in using parts of this area, I ask you to recollect or imagine the joys of glimpsing the blue bay in setting sun from a headland on the Marin side overlooking the Golden Gate or watching migratory birds in their winter rendezvous at the Audubon sanctuary on Richardson Bay or observing the nesting and hatching of the great blue heron and the noble egrets in the tall trees of Audubon Canyon Ranch near Bolinas Lagoon in Marin County. Think also of the pleasures of hiking, biking, or loafing on the slopes of Mount Tamalpais or in the Point Reyes National Seashore with great vistas of mountains or ocean in the sunshine or fog before you. And all of this in an hour or two, or less, from one's city home.

These are but a few hints of what the Golden Gate National Recreation Area can and will mean to people if we act quickly to preserve it for all the people now and in the future, rather than, by default, permitting it to pass into private, well-fenced, individual plots.

May I urge you to help make this valuable public resource a reality now.

Thank you.

Mr. TAYLOR. Thank you, Mr. Rowe. I know you are not only an able witness but you are a good listener. I have been noticing your reaction to the comments all day.

Mr. Rowe. Thank you. I am interested.

Mr. TAYLOR. Joyce Haerr; on deck, Edward J. Conroy.
Mr. Conroy, we will recognize you; on deck, Daphne Reece.

STATEMENT OF EDWARD J. CONROY, TIDE'S END COMMUNITY ASSOCIATION, SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF.

Mr. CONROY. Gentlemen, the organization that I represent, the Tide's End Community Association, is located out in the western section of San Francisco. It is immediately adjacent to this long strip of land at the southernmost part of the proposed park.

I shall not go into the whereas and be it therefor resolved clauses of the statement that I have submitted. Most of those reasons have been covered to some extent by other people and I shall not waste your time with them.

Suffice it to say that we endorse the proposal, especially Congressman Burton's proposal, and hope you will act on it favorably.

I would like to make another little statement, a personal one, as a teacher. I teach over in Marin County and therefore I am kind of in a unique position. I live across the street from one portion of the thing and I teach in another portion of it. As a teacher, I think the park would have a profound effect I think you are all aware that the schools are changing and we hear the terms "relevance" and "irrelevance" to the point where the terms become meaningless. However, there is a little bit of meaning in it and that is that we simply have to get at least part of education out of the classroom. We cannot simply have children sitting in rows of desks and have people talking at them all day long. This isn't pleasant. There are times when it is necessary. There are times when buildings are necessary. We must have libaries; we must have books. They have to be housed. We have to have science equipment and it has to be theirs to

use.

We have to get out where it is quiet, where practically the only noises are the real ones. the noises of nature, the sound of nature and odors of nature, and simply talk with the kids for a while and let the kids talk about what is important to them. Let them get it out and that will give us the leads on how we can motivate them. You cannot motivate standing in the front of a classroom talking with kids. You must have the time to listen to them.

This kind of a park will give us even more of an opportunity than we already have. We are using some of the available facilities already, such as Angel Island, Point Reyes National Park.

I would like to suggest that on any given school day you go out there and you will find 15 or 20 classes of kids out in those areas. It has gotten to the point where some of them are overcrowded. What we need is an extention of this.

I have to say one thing. I have attempted to use some of the areas controlled by the Army and by and large this has been a very “iffy” situation. Sometimes it has been used well; sometimes it has been rather unfortunate.

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