Brookings Trade Forum: 1998

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Robert Z. Lawrence
Brookings Institution Press, 2010 M12 1 - 434 páginas

The Brookings Institution introduces a series of annual volumes that provide the most authoritative and in-depth analysis available on current and emerging issues in international trade. Each edition will present a series of papers on a particular theme prepared by leading experts in the field. Discussions of the papers by other leading trade practitioners will also be included. This first edition focuses on private practices and trade policy, examining the future of international rules on antidumping and competition. Contents include: •"Antidumping and Antitrust: What Problems Does Each Address?" by Alan Sykes, University of Chicago •"Antidumping: What Does the Evidence Show?" by Bobby Willig, Princeton University •"Unilateral and Bilateral Experience" by Merit Janow, Columbia University "Regional Agreements" by Bernard Hoekman, The World Bank •"Multilateralizing Competition Policy Conventions: Foundations and Guidelines" by J. David Richardson, Syracuse University •"Political Economy of Competition Policies" by I.M. Destler, University of Maryland

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Contenido

What Problems Does Each Address?
1
Comments and Discussion
44
Antidumping
55
Economic Effects of Antidumping Policy
57
Possible Instances of Predatory Pricing in Recent US Antidumping Cases
81
Economic Impact of Canadian Antidumping Law
99
The European Communitys Experience
127
Antidumping Policies in Electronic Products
147
Comments and Discussion
241
International Competition Policy
251
Unilateral and Bilateral Approaches to Competition Policy Drawing on the Trade Experience
253
Comments and Discussion
286
Preferential Trade Agreements
299
Comments and Discussion
321
Multilateralizing Conventions
335
Comments and Discussion
375

The Semiconductor Industry
173
Comments and Discussion
201
An Economic Approach to ITC Sunset Reviews
219
US Approach to International Competition Policy
395
Comments and Discussion
419
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Página 3 - Every contract, combination in the form of trust or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce among the several States, or with foreign nations, is hereby declared to be illegal . . . Every person who shall make any contract or engage in any combination or conspiracy hereby declared to be illegal shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction thereof, shall be punished by fine not exceeding $5,000, or by imprisonment not exceeding one year, or by both said punishments,...
Página 11 - It is competition, not competitors, which the Act protects. But we cannot fail to recognize Congress' desire to promote competition through the protection of viable, small, locally owned businesses. Congress appreciated that occasional higher costs and prices might result from the maintenance of fragmented industries and markets. It resolved these competing considerations in favor of decentralization. We must give effect to that decision.
Página 10 - In other words, having by the first section forbidden all means of monopolizing trade, that is, unduly restraining it by means of every contract, combination, etc., the second section seeks, if possible, to make the prohibitions of the act all the more complete and perfect by embracing...
Página 17 - States, commonly and systematically to import, sell or cause to be imported or sold such articles within the United States at a price substantially less than the actual market value or wholesale price of such articles, at the time of exportation to the United States...
Página v - The Brookings Institution is an independent organization devoted to nonpartisan research, education, and publication in economics, government, foreign policy, and the social sciences generally.
Página 10 - Throughout the history of these statutes it has been constantly assumed that one of their purposes was to perpetuate and preserve, for its own sake and in spite of possible cost, an organization of industry in small units which can effectively compete with each other.
Página 9 - The dominant theme pervading congressional consideration of the 1950 amendments was a fear of what was considered to be a rising tide of economic concentration in the American economy.
Página 5 - The popular mind is agitated with problems that may disturb social order, and among them all none is more threatening than the inequality of condition, of wealth, and opportunity that has grown within a single generation out of the concentration of capital into vast combinations to control production and trade and to break down competition.
Página 10 - to monopolize ' and ' monopolize ' as used in the section reach every act bringing about the prohibited results. 'the ambiguity, if any, is involved in determining what is intended by ' monopolize." But this ambiguity is readily dispelled in the light of the previous history of the law of restraint of trade to which we have referred, and the indication which...

Acerca del autor (2010)

Robert Z. Lawrence is Albert L. Williams Professor of International Trade and Investment at the Kennedy School of Government. He is also a senior fellow at the Institute for International Economics, and a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. He served as a member of the President's Council of Economic Advisers from 1998 to 2000. Lawrence has also been a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution. His books include Globaphobia: Confronting Fears about Open Trade (Brookings, 1998) and Single World, Divided Nations? International Trade and the OECD Labor Markets (Brookings/OECD, 1996).

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