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OPINIONS OF LEVI LINCOLN, OF MASSACHUSETTS :

Appointed March 5, 1801.

Page.

January 21, 1802..Government liability.....

57

February 2, ..Governor of the Northwestern Territory.

60

March 11, Compensation for seizure..

62

March 26, ..Spanish grants in Mississippi.

64

May 26,

.Patents for inventions...

65

May 26,

.Recapture of Portuguese brig.

65

June 17,... Restoration under treaty with France.

67

June 25,....... Restitution under treaty with France.

71

October 29........ Barratry on private property in Europe..

73

March 14, 1803..Confirmations and grants in the Northwestern Territory.

74

March 18,.. ..Government liability.

76

November 15,... ....Claims under treaty with France. :

82

May 9, 1804. . Rights and immunities of public ministers..

86

December 31,... ....Pay of seamen discharged in a foreign country.

90

OPINIONS OF JOHN BRECKENRIDGE, OF KENTUCKY:

Appointed August 7, 1805.

December 24, 1805. . Effect of an award to several collectively...

March 25, 1806..Treaty of 1794 with Great Britain-Duties, Tonnage, &c.. 94

April 28.......Municipal authority to impose taxes....

96

OPINIONS OF CÆSAR A. RODNEY, OF DELAWARE :

Appointed January 20, 1807.

June 10, 1807..Land patents issued by mistake..

June 10,. ..House rent of commanding officer at navy yard..

July

20,

..Liability for capture of a chartered vessel.

99

October 24,....... Batture in front of St. Mary's, at New Orleans.

100

April

12, 1810..Power of the Presidentto nominate a brigadier for territorial militia. 101

March 16, 1811..Courts martial...

102

OPINIONS OF WILLIAM PINKNEY, OF MARYLAND:

Appointed December 11, 1811.

July 13, 1811.. Enlistment for naval service.

105

March 22, 1812. .Patents for inventions.

106

May

20,.

... Delivering copies of specifications of patents..

106

March 5, 1813. .In the matter of John Kent, suspected to be a spy

107

May 12,.......Offenders against naval laws.

107

OPINIONS OF RICHARD RUSH, OF PENNSYLVANIA :

Appointed February 10, 1814.

April

11, 1814..Fur trade at Michilimackinac.

109

April

14,......

.Sureties of a Purser.....

109

April 16, . Duties on goods sold under order of court, &c.

110

May 24, ........Offences on vessels with letters-of-marque.

110

July 26, .Marshal's commissions....

111

December 26,. .Abuse of letters-of-marque and reprisal.

112

April 4, 1815. . Intruders upon public lands...

112

April 6,.......Pensions to officers, &c., in the peace establishment.

113

August 1,.... Warrants for bounty lands.....

115

August 29, .Prosecutions for piracy..

116

March 27, 1816..Rights of captors in prizes of war.

116

March 28, ...Courts martial..

117

April 27, ... Endorsement of bills of exchange.

118

June 20,

Allowances to navy agents.

118

July

.Neutrality.

119

August 8, .Land certificates.

120

August

.Patents to purchasers at Sheriff's sales.

120

August

.Pay of officers of the navy.

120

October

..Judicial privileges of foreigners,

121

November 27, ...Cutting timber from the public lands.

122

December 24, ...Commutation by guardians...

122

29,

172

July

29,

Page. August 27, 1817..Petty navy officers.....

123 December 30, 1816..American prisoners at Algiers...

123 OPINIONS OF WILLIAM WIRT, OF VIRGINIA :

Appointed December 16, 1817. January 23, 1818.. The Attorney General.

133 March 8,... ....Frauds upon the Government....

133 June 12, ..Office of Attorney General.

134 June

15
..Duty of the President as to a Register of wills.

135 June 23, .Power of the President concerning bail..

136 June .The Saline Bank of Virginia.

136 July 8, Water lots on the Potomac...

142 August 19, Death warrants.....

145 September 8, . The power to cause an arrest.

146 September 8,.... Executive power to discharge public debtors.

147 September 10,.......Neutrality.

148 September 14,.......New trials before Courts martial..

149 October 20, .Surrender of a midshipman to a State authority..

156 October 20, ...Case of the Peacock-Liability of the United States.

157 November 6, . The case of the Fourth-of-July privateer...

159 December 22, Duties of Attorney General-Frauds on the Treasury.

162 January 8, 1819. .Claim for damage by fire..

163 January 15,.. United States vs. the Bank of Somerset.

165 March 6, ..Right of a collector to a moiety of double duties.

166 March

26,
.Duties of Government under contract for supp'ies.

166 April 3, .. Interest on claims.

172 April 15, ..United States bank bills receivable at the Treasury. April 15, Duties on goods destroyed by an enemy.

173 May 3, ..Contracts for supplies..

173 .Bounty lands under the act of 1816.

175 July 30,. .Right of aliens to hold property.

177 August 21,. .Cadets at West Point...

177 August

28,
. Pre-emptions on Missouri bounty lands.

187 August 29, .Courts martial...

189 August 29, ..Courts martial..

191 August 31, .Rescinding patents for lands...

193 September ..Navy agents, extra service.

194 September 23, .Naval courts martial...

199 September 28, . Salaries of officers of Arkansas territory.

199 October 8, . Virginia land warrants..

200 October 8, . Duties of collectors concerning the slave trade.

201 October 14, .Suppression of the slave trade....

203 October 16, ....Suppression of the slave trade...

204 October

.Claim arising from adjustment of New York and New Hamp-
shire boundary.

206 November 15, .......Qualified grants...

207 November 16, .... Allowances to marshals...

208 December 15, .Surveys and patents under act of March 1, 1800.

209 December 24, . Altering the number of naval commissioners..

210 December 26, ..Land warrants to Canadian volunteers..

210 January 4,.1820..Power of President to mitigate sentence of death.

211 January 5,. .Title to the Pea Patch...

214 January 12, Patents for inventions.

215 February 2, The slave trade.....

215 February 3,..... Duties of the Attorney General..

216 March

12,
.Customs, revenue laws..

218 March 18, .Forfeiture for smuggling.

218 March 27, .Liabilities of sureties for collectors of taxes.

219 March ......Pardons.

220 March

.Fees of imprisoned witnesses.
March
Duties on saltpetre.

223 April 3, .Pay of a purser.

224 April 8, .Pensions to wounded cadets.

224 April ...... Ursuline Nuns of Orleans.

226 April Brevets in the marine corps.

227 April 22, The Wabash saline...

228

20,

30, 31, 31,

222

11,

22,

20,

May 9,.1820. . Pensions to indigent soldiers..
May

Pardon of piratical murder.
May 11, .New Madrid land claims...
May

12, ...Suits for indemnity...
May 13, ...Computation of time for redemption.
May 15,.. ... Interference with the Judiciary.
May

.Effect of release of surety.
May 29,... The President and the Metropolis. .
June 6,.......Lighthouse at the mouth of the Mississippi.
June 19,.... .T'he New Madrid certificates..
June 20,... ..Rights of defendants in patent suits.
June 30,.......

..Execution of a consular bond..
July 3,.......Redemptions of lands sold for taxes..
July 6,. ......Power of the Secretary of the Navy over the marine corps.
July 3,....... Wills executed in Switzerland.
July 25,.... Courts martial....
July 31,.... District attorney of New Jersey.
August 8,. ... ...Contracts for army supplies...
August 10, .Tax sales and redemptions.
October 17, Obligations of sureties of an assignee
October 17, Distribution of prize money.
November 10,

Removal of prisoners.
November 15, Power of the Secretary of the Treasury:
November 28,. .Executive interference with private litigation.
December 1, .Foreign ministers, consuls, &c..
December 5,

.Pensions to aids de camp...
December 8, .Priority of the United States.
December 16, .Streets in the city of Washington.
December 28, .Saline springs in Illinois....
December 29, The Canadian volunteers..

Fees of imprisoned witnesses, (ante. p. 222].
January 20,.1821. . Importation of slaves....
January 23, .Navy Pensions...
January

Duties of the Secretary of War.
January

...Process to repeal patents for lands. January

.Inspectors of customs.
February 24, .Navigation laws.
April

.Navy pensioners.
April 24, .Capture without a commission
April 26, .The Seneca lands..
April 30, . Military claims..
May

.The military academy, professors, &c..
May 27, Removal of intruders on public lands...
June

19,

. Courts martial, New York militia..
June 25, .Removal of intruders on public lands...
June 30, .Surgeon general entitled to fuel and quarters.
August

16, .Conditional pardons.... August 20, . Revenue laws, Florida..

Brevets in the marine corps.
September 14,.... ..Office of the Attorney General.
October 16, . Secretary of War..
October 31, .Claim of Charlotte Thornton...
November 5,. .Concerning the importation of slaves.
November 7, .Executive practice in certain cases.
November 7, Rights of free Virginia negroes..
November 20, .Foreign requisitions-Law of Nations.
November 24,. . Registry of vessels..
December 29, .Pay of brevet major generals.
January 8,.1822. . Salvage..
January 15, .Copy-rights..
January 17, .Proof requisite to pensions.
January

.Location under New Madrid certificates..
January 22, . Restoration of Africans recaptured from pirates.
January

Value of certain land warrants.. April 24, .Munoz's claim for the Isabella.. May 22, Claims under act of May 4, 1822. June 5, .The outfit of ministers.

25..

Page.

230 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 240 241 243 244 245 246 248 248 249 252 260 261 261 262 263 263 264 268 269 270 273 275 276 290 297 297 297 2:8 299 300 301 302 304 305 306 308 309 309 314 314 318 320 321 322 327 328 329 331 340 342 346 346 347 347 348 349 349 354 355

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Page. June 5,.1822.. Brevet pay of General Macomb..

356 June .. Interest on Georgia claims....

358 July 20, .Interest on Georgia claims.

360 July 19, .Commencement of pensions.

366 July 19, .Spanish grants in Florida...

367 September 21,... Brevet pay of Generals Gaines and Scott.

368 September 27, .Restoration of a Danish slave..

369 October 2, .Deed of trust to secure the United States.

372 October 30, .Liabilities of sureties..

373 November 5, . .Duties of Attorney General.

375 November 30,.... ..Salvage...

376 December 11,.... ...Brevets in the marine corps.

376 December 9, . ....Rates of salvage..

381 January -,.1823..Offsets at the Treasury..

384 January 22, ...Furloughs to naval officers...

386 January 24, ..Security for a debt not a payment.

386 Leases of the lead mines..

387 February 18,.... . Duty of shipmasters concerning seanien.

387 February 20, . Distribution of salvage for recaptures from pirates.

388 March 7, .Duties of accounting officers..

389 March 20, . Duty of accounting officers.

390 March .Colored troops entitled to bounty lands.

393 March 27, . Brevets, when to take effect..

394 April 4, .United States Treasurer, as garnishee, not subject to execution 395 April 7, Interest on allowances.

395 April 10, . Rating of war ships, the criterion of pay.

396 April 11, Attorney General and district attorneys.

397 April 12, . Appeals and writs of error.....

401 May 31, .The President and the city of Washington.

401 June 2, Priority of United States over other creditors.

402 June 30, .Sureties of pursers in the navy.

403 August Compensation of a judge advocate..

404 August 20, .Forfeiture of vessels in the slave trade.

404 September 8, .Right to tax government property.

405 October 14, . Advances to ministers going abroad.

405 October ...The President and accounting officers.

408 October 22, Executive authority to fill vacancies...

412 December 2, .....The practice in respect to letters testamentary.

414 December 30, .The Executive and the circuit court of Georgia.

415 January 13,.1824.. The President and the comptroller..... March .Sureties of an officer appointed during a recess..

416 March .Case of the late collector at Savannah......

418 March .Sales of public lands in Ohio....

418 April 2, .Right of the Cherokees to impose taxes on traders.

421 April 5,.. .Brevets under the act of July 6, 1812..

426 April 8, .Resurveys of Spanish and French claims.

428 April 8, . Validity of certain concessions..

429 May 3, ..Liability for duties.

430 May 8, .Validity of the South Carolina Port Bill. June 10, .Duties of surveyor in Illinois and Missouri.

432 July 5, .Signature of Secretary of the Treasury.

437 July 22, . Salvage..

441 July 22, .Liability of administrators.

441 July 22, .Purchasing debts against public officers.

441 July .Accounts of a purser.

442 July .The President and accounting officers.

443 July 27, .The Judiciary and the Executive. .

445 July 31,. .The Judiciary and the Executive...

447 August 10. . Salary of the surveyor of Petersburg.

448 August 13,. .Payment to assignees of deceased creditors.

452 August 23, . Proceedings on injunction under act of May 15, 1820.

454 September 21, .Tenure of the office of a judge in Michigan..

455 November 18,. Organization of general courts martial.

456 November 25, .Patents for lands..

457 December 15,. ......Payment under Act of May 24, 1824.

457 January 6, 1825. .Law of set-off..

457 February 12,.. ......Pensions..

458

20,

416

24,. 31, 31,

430

23, 27,

• • • • • •

February 14, 1825. . Intruders on the public lands...

February 17,.......Pay and emoluments of Majors...

February 19,... ... The President and accounting officers.

February 19,... ... The President and accounting officers.

March 15,. ..Evidence against prisoners. .

March

.Drawback under Act of March 3, 1825.

March 23, ....Per diem allowance for traveling expenses.

March

Naval pensions..

April

12,

.Land patents to assignee of certificate..

..Right of citizens to copies of papers respecting patents.

May 18, ...Lotteries in Washington....

June 6, ....Payment of interest to Virginia..

June 9,. .. Pensions to widows and children.

July 16,

. . Rights in our ports of Colombian vessels.

July

21,

.. Duty-bonds....

October 1,. .Right of the Executive to review acts of predecessors.

October 5,. .Surrender of military officer3 to civil authorities..

October 10,.

. . Patents for land in Missouri......

November 28, ... Pay of officers of the navy under suspension.

November 28, .. Statutory piracy....

January 17, 1826..General Harrison's claim for services on the Wabash.

April

10,

....Patent for land on the Virginia reserve.

April

.Patents, to whom may be issued.

April

.Office of Paymaster General..

May

.Pay of a lieutenant...

May

.Award of the Russian Emperor.

June

6, .New trials and appeals..

June

24,

..The Yazoo claims..

July 18, ...Contracts with Members of Congress.

November 13,. ...Correction of mistakes in issuing patents.

December 4, . Pre-emptions under Act of May 26, 1824..

December 31, .. The Act for relief of Alfred Flournoy.

January 29, 1827.. Election of a trustee of Columbia College.

January

..Mrs. Blodgett's right of dower..

January 31, ..Purser's bonds..

March 29, .Judgments upon duty bonds against surety.

June 4,. Patents for inventions..

June

7, ...Land patents issued by mistake.

July 27 .Power of President to discontinue a suit.

August 31, .. Receipt not evidence of assignment..

September 13, ..Surveys south of thirty-first degree..

December 7, The United States and the Bank of Vincennes..

December 8,.. .... Claims to land in Missouri and Arkansas.

December 8,.. .. Payment to one of several executors...

February 17, 1828. .Dismission of a paymaster under Act of 1823.

February 20, .Brevets in the army.

February 22, . Authority of Lieut. Col. Commandant of Marine Corps.

March 20, Compensation of registers and receivers..

May

3, .Neutrality..

May 4,. Patent certificates...

June

16, . Certificates of the funded debt..

June 24, . Execution of purser's bonds..

July

22, .Pensions...

26, .Will's Creek Bridge.

July

26, .Nomination of patented inventions..

July 28, .Georgia and the treaty of Indian Spring.

August 6, The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal...

October

.Foreign executors and American stocks..

October 16, Foreign administrators and American stocks..

October 20, .Commissioner of Loans, Caveats, Attachments, &c.

October 22 .Concerning land patents. .

October 27, ..Patent to be suspended until termination of suit.

November 17,

Pension laws...

December 12, ....Governor Cass's claim...

January 10, 1829..Power of the President to refund monies.

January 17,. Construction of the act of January 6, 1829.

April 1,....... Spanish grants....,

.

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