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On motion of Mr. Beardsley, it was Resolved, That Walter S. Franklin be, and he hereby is, appointed Clerk to this House.
The said Walter S. Franklin appeared; when the oath to support the constitution of the United States, together with the oath of office, prescribed by the act of June 1, 1789, entitled “ An act to regulate the time and manner of administering certain oaths,” were administered to him by the Speaker; and he thereupon entered upon the duties of his office.
The Delegates from the Territories then appeared, were qualified, and took their seats, viz.
From the Territory of Michigan-George W. Jones.
Mr. Speaker: I am directed to acquaint the House of Representatives, that a quorum of the Senate is assembled, and that the Senate is ready to proceed to business. The Senate have passed a resolution for the appointment of a joint committee of the two Houses, to wait on the President of the United States, and inform him that Congress is assembled, and ready to receive any communications he may be pleased to make; and have appointed Mr. White and Mr. Knight, of the said committee, on their part.
On motion of Mr. Connor, Ordered, That a message be sent to the Senate, to inform that body, that a quorum of this House have assembled; that James K. Polk, one of the Representatives from the State of Tennessee, has been elected Speaker thereof; and that it is now ready to proceed to business; and that the Clerk do go with said message.
A motion was made by Mr. Coffee, that the House do come to the following resolution :
Resolved, That the House of Representatives do now proceed to the election of their printer for the 24th Congress.
And the question being put,
And thereupon a motion was made by Mr. Whittlesey, that the House do reconsider the vote adopting the said resolution.
And pending the question on the motion to reconsider,
The House, by consent, received the following motion made by Mr. Mann, of New York, viz.
Resolred, That the rules of the House of Representatives for the twentythird Congress be adopted for the government of this House until otherwise ordered.
At the suggestion of Mr. John Quincy Adams, Mr. Mann modified his said resolution, by excepting from adoption the 57th rule of the late House of Representatives, prescribing the duties of the Committee of Ways and Means.
At the suggestion of Mr. Reynolds, of Illinois, Mr. Mann further modified his said resolution, by excepting from adoption the ninth and tenth rules of the late House of Representatives, which rules relate to the mode of voting for officers of the House.
The question then recurred on the adoption of the resolution, as modified; and after debate thereon,
Mr. Mann withdrew his said resolution.
The House then resumed the consideration of the motion made by Mr. Whittlesey, to reconsider the vote which adopted the resolution moved by Mr. Coffee, that the House do now proceed to the election of a printer for the 24th Congress; and after debate,
A motion was made by Mr. Evans, that the motion to reconsider do lie on the table.
Mr. Beardsley, by unanimous consent, submitted the following as an amendment and addition to the motion made by Mr. Coffee, viz.
“ And that the printer to be elected shall give bond, and perform the printing directed by the House according to the joint resolutions of March 3, 1819, and May 24, 1828.”
The House having, by unanimous consent, agreed to receive the proposition of amendment moved by Mr. Beardsley,
The question was put, that the House agree thereto,
Resolved, That the House of Representatives do now proceed to the election of their printer for the 24th Congress; and that the printer to be elected shall give bond, and perform the printing directed by the House, according to the joint resolutions of March 3, 1819, and May 24, 1828.
Mr. Whittlesey then withdrew his motion for reconsideration ; when
And on the question, Will the House reconsider the vote adopting the resolution moved by Mr. Coffee for the election of a printer ?
It was decided in the negative.
The House then proceeded, by ballot, to the election of a printer; and upon counting the ballots, it appeared that Francis P. Blair and John C. Rives, composing the firm of Blair & Rives, having received a majority of all the votes given in, were duly elected.
The House proceeded to the consideration of the resolution from the Senate, providing for the appointment of a joint committee, to wait on the President of the United States, and to inform him that the two Houses of Congress have assembled, and are ready to receive any communications he may think proper to make; and the said resolution being read, was agreed to by the House; and
Mr. Thomson, of Ohio, Mr. Mason, of Virginia, and Mr. Reed, of Massachusetts, were appointed of said committee on the part of this House. Ordered, That the Clerk acquaint the Senate therewith.
On motion of Mr. Ward,
Mr. Mercer moved the following resolution, viz.
TUESDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1835.
Two other members, viz. from Massachusetts, William Jackson, and from Pennsylvania, John Galbraith, appeared, were sworn to support the constitution of the United States, and took their seats.
Mr. Thomson, of Ohio, from the joint committee appointed on the part of
this House to wait on the President of the United States, and inform him that the two Houses of Congress have assembled, and are ready to receive any rommunications he may be pleased to make, reported, that the committee had discharged the duties for which it was appointed, and was informed try the President, that he would make a communication in writing to each I louse, to day, at 12 o'clock meridian.
On motion of Mr. Wardwell, Resolved, That the Clerk cause the members to be furnished, during the present session of Congress, with such newspapers as they may direct; the * Spense whereof, for each member, not to exceed the price of three daily papers.
Mr. Mann, of New-York, moved the following resolution, which was read and laid on the table.
Resolved, That the rules and orders established by the late House of Representatives, for the twenty-third Congress, be adopted for the government of this House, until otherwise ordered.
communication, in writing, was then received from the President of the United States, by Mr. Donelson, his private Secretary; which was read, and is as follows:
Felloro-citizens of the Senate
and House of Representatives : In the discharge of my official duty, the task again devolves upon me of communicating with a new Congress. The reflection that the representalion of the Union has been recently renewed, and that the constitutional term of its service will expire with my own, heightens the solicitude with which I shall attempt to lay before it the state of our national concerns, and the devout hope which I cherish, that its labors to improve them may be (rowned with success.
You are assembled at a period of profound interest to the American patriot. The nnexampled growth and prosperity of our country having given us a rank in the scale of nations which removes all apprehension of danger to our integrity and independence from external foes, the career of freedom is before us, with an earnest from the past, that, if true to ourselres, there can be no formidable obstacle in the future to its peaceful and uninterrupted pursuit. Yet, in proportion to the disappearance of those apprehensions which attended our weakness, as once contrasted with the power of some of the states of the old world, should we now be solicitous as to those which belong to the conviction that it is to our own conduct we must look for the preservation of those causes on which depend the excellence and the duration of our happy system of Government.
In the example of other systems founded on the will of the People, we trace to internal dissension the influences which have so often blasted the hopes of the friends of freedom. The social elements which were strong and successful when united against external danger, failed in the more difficult task of properly adjusting their own internal organization, and thus gave way the great principle of self-government. Let us trust that this admonition will never be forgotten by the Government or the People of the United States; and that the testimony which our experience thus far holds out to the great human family, of the practicability and the blessings of free government, will be confirmed in all time to come.
We have but to look at the state of our agriculture, manufactures, and commerce, and the unexampled increase of our population, to feel the magnitude of the trust committed to us. Never, in any former period of our history, have we had greater reason than we now have, to be thankful to Divine Providence for the blessings of health and general prosperity. Every branch of labor we see crowned with the most abundant rewards: in every element of national resources and wealth, and of individual comfort, we witness the most rapid and solid improvements. With no interruptions to this pleasing prospect at home which will not yield to the spirit of harmony and good will that so strikingly pervades the mass of the people in every quarter, amidst all the diversity of interests and pursuits to which they are attached: and with no cause of solicitude in regard to our external affairs, which will not, it is hoped, disappear before the principles of simple justice and the forbearance that marks our intercourse with foreign powers—we have every reason to feel proud of our beloved country.
The general state of our Foreign Relations has not materially changed since my last annual message.
In the settlement of the question of the Northeastern Boundary, little progress has been made. Great Britain has declined acceding to the proposition of the United States, presented in accordance with the resolution of the Senate, unless certain preliminary conditions were admitted, which I deemed incompatible with a satisfactory and rightful adjustment of the controversy. Waiting for some distinct proposal from the Government of Great Britain, which has been invited, I can only repeat the expression of my confidence, that with the strong mutual disposition which I believe exists, to make a just arrangement, this perplexing question can be settled with a due regard to the well-founded pretensions and pacific policy of all the parties to it. Events are frequently occurring on the Northeastern frontier, of a character to impress upon all the necessity of a speedy and definitive termination of the dispute. This consideration, added to the desire common to both, to relieve the liberal and friendly relations so happily existing between the two countries from all embarrassment, will, no doubt, have its just influence upon both.
Our diplomatic intercourse with Portugal has been renewed, and it is expected that the claims of our citizens, partially paid, will be fully satisfied as soon as the condition of the Queen's Government will permit the proper attention to the subject of them. That Government has, I am happy to inform you, manifested a determination to act upon the liberal principles which have marked our commercial policy: the happiest effects upon the future trade between the United States and Portugal, are anticipated from it, and the time is not thought to be remote when a system of perfect reciprocity will be established.
The instalments due under the Convention with the King of the Two Sicilies, have been paid with that scrupulous fidelity by which his whole conduct has been characterized, and the hope is indulged, that the adjustment of the vexed question of our claims will be followed by a more extended and mutually beneficial intercourse between the two countries.
The internal contest still continues in Spain. Distinguished as this struggle has unhappily been, by incidents of the most sanguinary character, the obligations of the late treaty of indemnification with us, have been, nevertheless, faithfully executed by the Spanish Government.
Xo wrision having been made at the last session of Congress for the ascernment of the claims to be paid, and the apportionment of the funds, unde the convention made with Spain, I invite your early attention to the su!. The public evidences of the debt have, according to the terms of to carention, and in the forms prescribed by it, been placed in the posSon of the United States, and the interest, as it fell due, has been reguIT paid upon them. Our commercial intercourse with Cuba stands as ulated by the act of Congress. No recent information has been received as to the disposition of the Government of Madrid on this subject, and the Lorted death of our recently appointed minister, on his way to Spain, with the pressure of their affairs at home, render it scarcely probable that any change is to be looked for during the coming year. Further portions of the Florida Archives have been sent to the United States, although the death of one of the Commissioners, at a critical moment, embarrassed the progress of the delivery of them. The higher officers of the local Government have recently shown an anxious desire, in compliance with the orders from the parent Government, to facilitate the selection and delivery of all we have a right to claim.
Negotiations have been opened at Madrid for the establishment of a lastirg peace between Spain and such of the Spanish American Governments of this hemisphere as have availed themselves of the intimation, given to all of them, of the disposition of Spain to treat upon the basis of their entire int-pendence. It is to be regretted, that simultaneous appointments, by all, o Ministers to negotiate with Spain, had not been made; the negotiation 1 if would have been simplified, and this long-standing dispute, spreading orer a large portion of the world, would have been brought to a more speedy conclusion.
Our political and commercial relations with Austria, Prussia, Sweden, and Denmark, stand on the usual favorable bases. One of the articles of Cur treaty with Russia, in relation to the trade on the Northwest coast of Ar erica, having expired, instructions have been given to our Minister at St Petersburg to negotiate a renewal of it. The long and unbroken amity between the two Governments gives every reason for supposing the article oz be renewed, if stronger motives do not exist to prevent it than, with our view of the subject, can be anticipated here.
I ask your attention to the message of my predecessor at the opening of the second session of the nineteenth Congress, relative to our comapmal intercourse with Holland, and to the documents connected with
subject, communicated to the House of Representatives on the lia of January, 1825, and 18th January, 1827. Coinciding in the Pre of my predecessor, that Holland is not, under the regulations oi be present system, entitled to have her vessels and their cargoes Pererted into the United States on the footing of American vessels and carnes, as regards duties of tonnage and impost, a respect for his reference cft to the Legislature, has alone prevented me from acting on the subject. I should still have waited, without comment, for the action of Congress, but Toently a claim has been made by Belgian subjects to admission into our puts for their ships and cargoes, on the same footing as American, with the allegation we could not dispute, that our vessels received in their ports the identical treatment shown to them in the ports of Holland, upon whose Teses no discrimination is made in the ports of the United States. Giving the same privileges, the Belgians expected the same benefits-benefits that