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Of 27 and 29, West 23rd Street, New York, and 24, BEDFORD STREET,
LONDON, W.C., desire to call the attention of the READING PUBLIC
to the excellent facilities presented by their Branch House in London.
STANDARD PUBLICATIONS, and for all AMERICAN BOOKS.
Catalogues sent on application.

Limited to 110 copies, of which only 50 were for for filling, on the most favourable terms, orders for their own

sale. A few copies only left, £3 3s. net.

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68.

Picture of Dorian Gray'

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2,000 BOOKS WANTED
Are advertised for weekly in

THE PUBLISHERS' CIRCULAR AND
BOOKSELLERS' RECORD
(ESTABLISHED 1837),

Which also gives Lists of the New Books published during
the Week, Announcements of Forthcoming Books, &c.
Subscribers have the privilege of a Gratis Advertisement in
the Books Wanted Columns.

Sent for 52 weeks, post free, for 108. 6d. home and
138. 6d. foreign Subscription.
Specimen copy free on application to all mentioning
'Notes and Queries.'

Price TWOPENCE WEEKLY.

Office: 19, ADAM STREET, Adelphi, London, W.C.

Genealogical
Researches

IN

ENGLAND and
WALES,
SCOTLAND,
IRELAND,

THE BIBLIOPHILE PRESS FRANCE

149, EDGWARE ROAD, LONDON, W.

BURKE'S PEERAGE,

BARONETAGE, KNIGHTAGE, & COMPANIONAGE,

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BELGIUM,
SPAIN.
PORTUGAL,
ITALY

SWITZERLAND,

GERMANY,

AUSTRIA,

HOLLAND.

DENMARK,
NORWAY,
SWEDEN,

PEDIGREES.-MR. LEO CULLETON (Member of English and Foreign Antiquarian Societies) makes researches among all classes of Public Records, and furnishes Copies, Abstracts, or Translations of Documents for purposes of Family History. Pamphlet post free.

ARMORIAL BEARINGS -Information upon all matters connected with Heraldry, English and Continental.

HERALDIC PAINTING AND ENGRAVING, with special attention to accuracy of detail and artistic treatment. LEO CULLETON,

92, PICCADILLY, LONDON.

THE AUTHOR'S HAIRLESS PAPER-PAD.

(The LEADENHALL PRESS, Ltd., Publishers and Printers, 50, Leadenhall Street, London, E.C.)

Contains hairless paper, over which the pen slips with perfect freedom. Sixpence each. 58. per dozen, ruled or plain. New Pocket Size, 38. per dozen, ruled or plain.

Authors should note that the Leadenhall Press, Ltd., cannot be responsible for the loss of MSS. by fire or otherwise. Duplicate copies should be retained.

STICKPHAST PASTE is miles better than Gum

for sticking in Scraps, joining Papers, &c. 3d., 6d. and 18. with strong, useful Brush (not a Toy). Send two stamps to cover postage for a sample Bottle, including Brush Factory, Sugar Loaf Court, Leadenhall Street, E.C. Of all Stationers. Stickphast Paste sticks.

LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 2, 1909.

CONTENTS.-No. 262.

NOTES:-Sir John Pollard, the Speaker, 1-The Longmans, 2- Englands Parnassus, 4-Genealogical Circulating Library Orkney Hogmanay Song. 5-Latin Epitaphs-Befana: Epiphany-All Hallows E'en: Tokens -Bristol and the Slave Trade, 6-Cock Ale-"Cocoa

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"To my wief 500 sheep of the best that shall be going at Newnham, Clyfton, or Baldry; also household staff at Newnham Courtney, and farm stock, and 1007. worth of plate, and 100%. money. The parsonage to Newnham Court to my brother nutti" Language-Dickens, Pickwick, and Bristol-The Anthony, and plate that was Sir William BarranMuffin Martyr-Sneezing Superstition, 7 QUERIES:-George Milton. Scrivener-Dickens's Bastille tyne's. To my brother Anthony Pollard all my Prisoner-Dickens's "Knife-Box"-Aerial Navigation books and farm stock, 201. of plate, and 207. in Fire Engines-Surnames ending in nell - Yorkshire money. Legacy to Joan Charlton. My Kinsman Hunting Incident, 8-Heraldry-Lord Melbourne and Sir James Pollard, present parson of Newnham, Baldock-Sir H. Walker: Boyne Man-of-War-Sulham- 57. to pray for me his masses. To my brother-instead Rectory Dunstable Authors of Quotations law John Studham 40%. To my mother 51. A Wanted-The Never Never Land, 9-'Village Blacksmith' Parodied-Cuthbert Shields-Travelling under Hadriansermon to be preached by a Catholic Doctor or 'Bride and Bridegroom at Church-"Master Pipe Maker" Bachelor of Divinity, 10s. Sir John Williams, -Capt. Rutherford at Trafalgar-"Brokenselde"-Ships | Knight. Lord Williams of Thame." renamed after the Restoration - Gower, a Kentish Hamlet, 10. REPLIES:-Mediterranean, 10-"Psychological Moment"William Blackborough, Miltons Relative-Queen Elizabeth's Day "Old King Cele," 13-Authors of Quotations Wanted The Promptorium-Italian Genealogy, 14Tolsey at Gloucester-Billy Butler the Hunting Parson -Caroline as a Masculine Name-"Cardinal" of St. Paul's, 15-Mitred Abbots and Priors-Le Blon Mezzos in Four Colours-Bishop Sampson of Lichfield-Bell Customs at Sibson-Joanna Southcott's Celestial Passports-93, Pall Mall, 16-Samuel Foote, Comedian-Rattlesnake Colonel -Military Bank-Note: Fort Montague-Parcel Post in 1790, 17-Henry Halliwell-Lights in Lyrics'-Manor House c. 1300-Truss-Fail-Harris, Silver-Buckle MakerFleet Prison, 18. NOTES ON BOOKS:-'The Oxford Thackeray'-Swift's Prose Works. Booksellers' Catalogues.

Notes.

SIR JOHN POLLARD, SPEAKER OF
THE HOUSE OF COMMONS.

Ir cannot be said that all difficulty as 'to the identity of this knight has been removed. Manning in his Lives of the Speakers' makes no attempt to specify his parentage; and the writer of the interesting article upon him in the 'Dict. Nat. Biog.,' while correctly stating that he was second son of Walter Pollard of Plymouth by Avice, daughter of Richard Pollard, of Way, Devon, seems also to be of opinion -though doubtfully-that he was the Sir John Pollard knighted on 2 Oct., 1553. Now while it is certain that a person of these names was among the Coronation knights of Queen Mary, it is equally clear that he I could not have been the man who was after

wards Speaker. Not only is the latter : an armiger " in the whole of his returns to Parliament between 1553 and 1555, but in the Journals of the House of Commons, at his election to the Chair in both 1553 and 1555, he is styled "John Pollard, esqre.' An examination, however, of his will puts this right. This is dated 2 Aug., 4 and 5

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This is followed by another will, made. a few months earlier, but obviously ratified and confirmed by, and to be taken as part of, the above-mentioned later document:

"The last will and testament of one John Pollard, esq., made the first day of May, 4 and 5 Philip and Mary.

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"To William Jenkins, my servant, an annuity out of Newnham Court. To my wife, my manor of Newnham Court. To my brother Anthony Pollard. William Pollard, son of Sir Richard Pollard. Knight, deceased. Phyllyp, daughter of William Sheldon, esq., wife of the said Anthony. Tenements in the City of London and in Kingston-uponThames, co. Surrey, in right of my wife, being one of the daughters of Richard [? Gray], late of London, deceased."

Both wills were proved 13 Oct., 1557, by
Anthony Pollard and Ralph Ferne.

From these two wills it is evident that the
ex-Speaker received knighthood between
buried 25 Aug., 1557, his enjoyment of the
5 May and 2 Aug., 1557; and as he was
knightly dignity was but brief. He died
he left a wife, who, if one of the daughters
s.p., though, as we gather from his will,
of Richard Gray of London, may have
been the Dame Mary Pollerd, al Norris,
administration
widow," to whose estate, on 21 Dec., 1608,
Grey, her next of kin. This last suggestion
was granted to Thomas
requires support, fifty years being a lengthy
time for a wife to survive her husband.

66

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The heir of the Speaker was his brother Little Baldon, Anthony, who, as Anthony Pollard of made his will 20 Dec., 18 Elizabeth :

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and Sanford, co. Oxford, 10%. To marriage portion "To repair of highways in Newnam Courtney of ten poor maids, 10., 208. apiece. To prisoners in gaol at Oxford, 208. To John Grene my servant, 107. [and several like sums]. To John Shakespeare my servant, 10. and a black coat. To Symon Alleine my servant, 10%., and a black gown. Leonard Wilmote, 67. 138. 4d. John Prince, Thomas Mosden, Robert Mair, 47. each. Gregory Teroll, 31. 6. 8d. Alis fferis, 57. if in my house at my death. To Eliza

sole exor.

beth Wynterfall, 51. on day of her marriage. To of them died very young. The Pollard' every of the children of Alice Toukis and Johan pedigree in Vivian's 'Visitations of Devon Charleton, my sisters, which shall be alive at my (the fullest account of the Pollards of Way decease, 5., to be paid within four years. To my cousin Thomas Ayshe all my books, apparel, &c. of which I have knowledge) gives to the To my cousin William Pollard, son of Sir Richard judge six sons and five daughters; while Pollard, a gelding, or 5. to buy him one. Residue in his will he mentions four sons only. to my well-beloved wife Phillipp Pollard, who is There is little doubt that the Sir John Pollard knighted in 1553, and mistaken for the Speaker, was one of the sons of Sir Lewis. I shall be glad if further light can be thrown upon the somewhat complicated Pollard lines, especially upon that represented by the Speaker's father Walter Pollard of Plymouth. Also, who was the Richard Pollard who took so active a part in the suppression of the monasteries? W. D. PINK.

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Proved in London 26 Aug., 1577, by Phillippe,
relict and exor. This lady was daughter
of William Sheldon of Beslye, co. Worcester,
and survived her husband many years,
dying 23 Dec., 1606, aged seventy-four.
According to the 'Visitation of Oxfordshire
(Harl. Soc.), Sir John and Anthony had
three sisters: Alice, wife of T. Tonkes;
Jane, married to Robert Charlton; and
Margaret, wife of
Scudamore. As
will be seen, the two elder are named in
Anthony's will. The M.I. to Anthony at
Newnham styles him the third son of Walter
Pollard of Plymouth. The other older son
may have been the "Sir" James Pollard,
parson of Newnham, named in the Speaker's
will.

There is nothing in the will of either the Speaker or his brother to indicate their kinship with the better-known line of the Pollards of Way, Devon. Both Sir John and Anthony mention their cousin Wil

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Lowton, Newton-le-Willows.

THE LONGMANS.

THE following events of interest in the history of the house of Longman, which appeared in the extra number of Notes on Books published by the firm on the 8th of December last, deserve, I think, a permanent record in N. & Q.' :—

UNDER SEVEN MONARCHS.
In the Reign of George I.

Esq., published.

In the Reign of George II.
Johnson's English Dictionary published.

liam Pollard, son to Sir Richard Pollard, 1724 The Works of the Honourable Robert Boyle,. deceased." This Sir Richard was the head of the line of Way, but the cousinship may have been solely a maternal kinship, 1757 through the Speaker's mother Avice, who was daughter of Anthony Pollard of Way, and aunt of Sir Richard. So far as appears, the male line of the Speaker's family ended with his brother Anthony.

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The Pollards of Way, while tracing back to the fourteenth century, were brought first into prominence, and their future greatness established, by Sir Lewis Pollard, Justice of the Common Pleas 1511 to 1526. In all notices of him a serious mistake is made as to the year of his death. Foss states that he retired from the Bench in 1526, but lived until 1540; and these dates have been adopted in 'Dict. Nat. Biog.' The will of Sir Lewes Pollard, militis, Justice of the King's Bench" [sic], is dated 4 Nov., 16 Hen. VIII., and was proved 2 Nov., 1526; so that it is evident that he retired from his judicial duties only through death. He was the founder of several lines of the Pollard family. Both the 'Dict. Nat. Biog.' and Foss state that he had no fewer than eleven sons and eleven daughters, four of his sons being knighted. This large family wants confirmation; possibly many

In the Reign of George III. 1788 Mr. Longman wrote to Mr. Charles Wentworth Dilke, desiring his support to a: periodical paper to be called The Times. Lyrical Ballads' by Coleridge and Words-1799 Acquired Lindley Murray's copyrights. worth published. 1800 Coleridge's Translation 'Wallenstein' published.

1798

of

Schiller's

1802 Edinburgh Review founded.
1805 Scott's Lay of the Last Minstrel' published.
1809 Byron's English Bards and Scotch Re--
Southey's Madoc' published.

viewers' declined.
1814 Wordsworth's 'Excursion' published.
1817 Moore's 'Lalla Rookh' published.

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1819 Second-Hand Book Department given up. 1851 Travellers' Library started. 1852 Roget's 'Thesaurus' published.

1860 Gas first used at Paternoster Row.

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1861 Essays and Reviews' published.

House damaged by fire, and old buildings demolished.

1862 Colenso's 'Pentateuch' published. 1863 New building finished.

Absorbed Parker's business.

Alpine Journal started.

1866 Macaulay's Complete Works published. 1870 Beaconsfield's Lothair' published.

1871 Lang's Ballads and Lyrics of Old France' published.

1874 Supernatural Religion' published. 1875 American Agency opened.

1876 Trevelyan's "Life of Macaulay' published. 1878 Lecky's England,' Vols. I. and II., published. 1882 Longman's Magazine founded.

1883 Gave up Retail Department.

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1885 Badminton Library, first volume published. Stevenson's Child's Garden of Verses' published.

1886 English Historical Review founded.

1887 The "Ship" Binding Works opened.

volume

1888 The Silver Library, first volume published. 1889 Lang's Fairy Tale Series, first published.

1890 Absorbed Rivington's business.

1891 Longmans' Cricket Club started.

1894 Electric light first used.

1895 Badminton Magazine founded.

Bombay House opened.

'The Golliwogg' born.

1896 Acquired William Morris's Works.

1899 Oxford Library of Practical Theology started. In the Reign of Edward VII.

1902 Handbooks for the Clergy started.

Indian Education founded.

1905 Political History of England started. 1906 Calcutta Branch opened.

1907 Longmans' Cricket Club revived.
1908 The Journal of Elizabeth, Lady Holland,
published.

SUCCESSIONS AND IMPRINTS OF THE FIRM OF
LONGMAN.

Compiled by William Henry Peet.

1724 T. Longman (I.)

(Born 1699, died 1755.)

1725 J. Osborn & T. Longman.
(J. Osborn, born
man's father-in-law.)

1734 T. Longman.
1746 T. Longman & Co.

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died 1734, T. Long

(Thomas Longman, Thomas Shewell.) My
authority for this detail is the Stationers'
Company's Register. Transfers of shares
were always registered, and these give full
names of partners.

1747 T. Longman.
1754 T. & T. Longman.

(Founder and nephew, Thos. Longman II.) 1755 M. & T. Longman.

(M. was for Mary, born died 1762, the widow of Thos. Longman I. The partner ship was between her and her husband's nephew Thomas Longman II.)

1755 T. Longman (II.).

(Born 1731, died 1797.)

1795 T. N. Longman (III.).

(Born 1771, died 1842.)

1799 T. N. Longman & O. Rees.

(Owen Rees, born 1770, died 1837.)

1804 Longman, Hurst, Rees & Orme.

(Thomas Hurst, born 1775, retired 1825, died 1847; Cosmo Orme, born became partner

1804, retired 1841, died 1859.)

1811 Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown. (Thomas Brown, born 1778, became partner 1811; retired 1859, died 1869.)

1823 Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, Brown & Green. (Bevis E. Green, born 1794, became partner 1824, retired 1865, died 1869.)

1825 Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown & Green. 1832 Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green & *Long

man.

(*T. Longman IV., born 1804, became partner 1832, died 1879.)

1838 Longman, Orme, Brown, Green & *Longmans. (*T. Longman IV., and William Longman, born 1813, became partner 1839, died 1877.)

1841 Longman, Brown, Green & Longmans. 1856 Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans & Roberts. (The first Longman" is only a figurehead from 1842 to 1859. Thomas Roberts, born 1810, became partner 1856, died 1865.) 1859 Longman, Green, Longman & Roberts. 1862 Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts & Green. 1865 Longmans, Green, Reader & Dyer.

(Thomas Reader, born 1818, became partner 1865, retired 1889, died 1905. Robert Dyer, born 1817, became partner 1865, died 1884.) 1889 Longmans, Green & Co.

Since the founding of the firm it has never been without a Thomas Longman, and the present is the fifth bearing that name. When one considers the freedom with which theological questions are now discussed, it is strange to remember what offence was given to some friends of the firm by the publication of Essays and Reviews' in 1861. As to Colenso's Pentateuch' in 1862, all the blame fell on the Bishop.

Looking at the record of the chief events in the history of the Longman firm, I can imagine none which it regards with greater pleasure than its association with Macaulay, which was vividly recalled to public remembrance by the affectionate terms in which his nephew Sir George Trevelyan referred to it at the recent Booksellers' Dinner as

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an old family connexion, as prolonged as any -a connexion never recorded in literary historyclouded by suspicion, never disturbed by even the shadow of a misunderstanding. It began in the year 1842, sixty-six years ago, when Lord Macaulay's books were published; indeed, it may be said to have begun in 1825, when the Essay on Milton was sent to The Edinburgh Review......Macaulay has left much to me, and to those who are coming after me; than the close bond of friendship, and mutual serbut he has left us hardly anything of higher value vice, which has already united us for two genera

tions to a certain house in Paternoster Row."

JOHN C. FRANCIS.

'ENGLANDS PARNASSUS,' 1600. (See 10 S. ix. 341, 401; x. 4, 84, 182, 262, 362, 444.)

ONLY once throughout his book does Allot quote his authority for a passage, and then in reference to lines copied from Thomas Hudson's 'Judith':

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'Ill Companie,' p. 519. Like as the......remain upright, &c.,

(signed) Th. Hudson, fol. 452. I will now supply references for passages that remain unidentified in Collier's edition of Englands Parnassus,' omitting those which have been traced by others than myself. As much space would be occupied if I quoted in full, I will content myself by citing first lines or parts of lines, with the signatures given by Allot. When the latter are wrong, I will say so.

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'Conscience,' p. 41.

The feare of Conscience entreth yron walles. 'Epist., Lady J. Grey to Dudley, (signed) M. Drayton. 'Craft,' &c., p. 44.

..Craft, wrapt still in many comberments. 'Musophilus,' 11. 913-14, (signed) S. Daniell. Inconstant change such fickle turnes hath lent. Content,' p. 47. Thos. Lodge's Marius and Sylla,' V. i. (No author named.) 'Courage,' p. 48.

......To Courage great, &c.

'Faerie Queene,' V. v. 38, (signed) Ed. Spencer. Where is no Courage, there is no ruth nor mone. 'Faerie Queene,' VI. vii. 18, (signed) Idem, viz., Spenser.

Good hart in ill, doth th' evill, &c.

'Faerie Queene,' V. x. 22, (signed) Idem, viz.
Spenser.
'Courage,' p. 49.

Might, wanting measure, moveth surquedrie.
Faerie Queene,' III. x. 2, (signed) Ed.
Spencer.

......Valour mixt with feare, &c.

'Civil Wars,' III. 46, (signed) Idem, viz. S. Daniel.

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'Danger,' p. 57.

Danger hath honour, great designes their fame.
Delia,' Son. 35, (signed) S. Dan.
Danger,' p. 58.

Daunger's the chiefest joy to happinesse.
'Mass. at Paris,' Dyce, p. 228, col. 2, (signed)
Ch. Marlowe.

The Daunger hid, the place unknowne, &c.

'Faerie Queene,' I. i. 12, (signed) Ed. Spencer. A thousand perills lie in close awaite.

'Muiopotmos,' 11. 221-4, (signed) Idem, viz. Spenser.

'Death,' p. 61.

.....All earthly things be borne.

Sackville's Ind., Mirror for Mag.,' st. 8,
(signed) I.H.M. of Magist.
'Death,' p. 63.

All is but lost, that living, &c.

'Faerie Queene,' I. x. 41, (signed) Ed. Spencer. Happie, thrice happie, who so lost his breath. Dolman's Lord Hastings,' st. 94, Mir. for Mag.' (Author not named.)

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