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tion and Rest, upon a Medium, in any natural Day
of above fourteen Months successively. During which
Time, he was forced to let most of these Papers go
to Press, upon one Night, cursory reading, and many
of them, without having Time to give them a read-
ing; but, Sheet by Sheet, as fait as they were writ-
ten, he was obliged to send them to the Press; the
Correction of which, could have been no better at-
tended to, than the reading, and for the fame Rea-

These Considerations, it is hoped, will plead the

Author's Excuse for common Errors in Stile, or Dic-

tion, or in ill-chosen, or unguarded Expressions. He

makes none Apology for such Matters, as he asserts

for Facts, or Truth; let them speak for them selves,

upon the strictest Examination, that Justice and Can-

dor can admit.

It is probable, it will be expected, that he should,

in this Preface, say something in his own Defence, or
in Confutation of the Calumnies and Aspersions thrown
upon him and his Writings by the Parlement, as
well as by private Hands.

But, he humbly apprehends, that, when the Ac-

cusations against him are set forth in the strongest

Light and fullest Force, every impartial and dispassi-

onate Reader will find them more than answered, in

the very condemned Papers. He then, onely desires,

that whosoever reads the Condemnation of the Author

and his Papers, will learn his real Character from ho-

neft and disinterested Men, and read the condemned

Papers them selves before Judgement is passed upon


The Accusations, on all Sides, trumped up against

the Author and his Writings, are very large and vo-
luminous, as well as grave and weighty. I shall re-
cite them in their utmost Force, that the Just and Ge-
nerous may be able to form his Judgement aright,
and to strike a true Balance.

It is judged proper, for Decency, to omit all the

groundless Scandal and Invective thrown out against


the Author, by every venal, anonymous Slave, that might be hired to put on a Mask, and to assasinate the Characters, as well as the Persons of Men. Therefore, the Procedings of the Principals in the open Persecution of the Author, under the Color of Law, shall alone be recited, as sufficient for the Purpose.

To begin with the chief Agent in the Persecution, he that was culled out for the Execution of the Author, and for his performed and intended Services to that Purpose, was afterwards, pursuant to a previous Agreement, made Colle&tor of Cork, one Cox; he wrote several Papers before and after the Session of Parlement, to which he dared not put his Name, though he fathered them among his Junto; he made several Speeches in private Clubs and Factions raised against the Author, as well as in the House of Commons, where his whole Force, though not his Virulence, is fummed up in the Complaint he deposited and supported there, upon which, a Committee of the whole House, on the 16th of OEtober, 1749, resolved,

I. That it is the Opinion of this Committee, that the several printed Papers, complaned of, by Cox, of the 16th of this Month, to wit, a Dedication to the King, a first, a second, a fourth, an eighth, a tenth, an eleventh, and a fiveteenth Address to the Free-Citizens and Free-Holders of the City of Dublin, subscribed C. Lucas, contain several Paragraphs, bigbly, falsely, and fcandalously reflecting on the Lord Lieutenant of this Kingdom, and tending to promote Sedition and Insurrections, and openly to justify the several horrid and bloody Rebellions which have been raised in this Kingdom, and to create Jealouses in bis Majesty's Subjects.

II. That it appears, that Charles Lucas, of the City of Dublin, Apothecary, is Author of the Sayed printed Papers.

III. That it appears, that the fayed Charles Lucas, bas, in some of the fayed printed Papers, scandalously and maliciously misrepresented ibe Procedings of the fayed Houle of Commons, and highly reflected on the Honor and Dignity thereof.

Upon this being reported, the whole House unanimously resolved,

I. That the fayed Charles Lucas, is an Enemy to his Country.

II. That the Lord Lieutenant be addresed to order the King's Attorney-General to profecute this Enemy to his Country, for these, his Offences.

III. That for his Breach of the Privilege of the Houfe, be be, upon Mr. Speaker's Warrant, committed a close Prisoner to the common Goal.

I MEAN not by this or any Thing heretofore or hereafter sayed to this purpose, to reflect upon all the Members of the present House of Commons of Ireland. That would be most unjust and unpardonable, when I know, there was not a third, and believe, there was not a fourth of the Members then assembled, and when I am perswaded, there are many uncorrupt and incorruptible Patriots in that House.

Upon these Procedings, to which, I shall here say no more, than, that the Author was not permitted to hear the Evidence against him, nor to speak a Word in his own Defence, or Juftification, the celebrated Lawyer and reputed Patriot, Mr. Stannard, made a most pompous Harangue, published by an Emanuensis of his, under the Titule of, The Honest Man's Speech, in which, he charges the Author with Temerity, Madness, Folly, Enthusiasm, Uncharitableness, Cruelty, general Immorality, Licentiousness and Sedition, and justifies and applauds the Conduct of the House against him.

The next Accusation of any Weight, and that with which it may be proper to close, comes from no less a Man than the great Lord Chief Justice of Ireland. A Man, who has the Modesty, or Servility, to decline the Titule of his Office, while he exercises Powers utterly incompatible with it.

To set the Means this worthy Gentleman has taken to traduce and ruin the Author, in a proper Light,


would require a Volume. But, it shall be confined to the nearest Compass, by touching onely on the most material Points.

It is necessary to observe, that this is the Chief Juftice, against whose open and peremptory Denial of Law and Justice, the Author has complained *, first to the Lord Lieutenant, and then to the King. And though this high Justice, upon many Occasions, manifefted the Malice and Rancor, he bore the Author; and though the last censured Paper was wrote and published in March, 1748; yet, did not bis Lordship give vent to his persecuting Fury, until he found, that he had not onely the Concurrence of the Commons, the powerful Precedent of the Judgement of a fuperior Court, but also, the Commands of the Lord Lieutenant to prosecute him a-new, in this inferior Court, for the same Crimes, for which, the utmost Punishment of a free Subject, that of being voted an Enemy to his Country, was already inflicted, in a superior.

This great Justice found he could not now make his Court more effectually, than by using every indirect, as well as direct Means, to ruin the Author in his Fortune and Reputation. And judging, an Ipfe dixit, or a bare Infinuation, from a Man of his Authority, enough for this Purpose, he prepared a pompous Speech, or Charge, for the first Grand Juries, that were to be impaneled before him, after the Lord Lieutenant and Commons had committed the further Perfecution of the Author, to his Lordship's Care. Of which Charge, in order to give his. Employers the moft manifeft Proof of his Zeal, he licenced the Publication.

It must be confessed, that bis Highness made no more Mention of the Author's Name, in his Charge from the Bench, than his late Master did, in his Speech from the Throne. But, both took Care to instruct their several Minions privately, and by affix

* See the COMPLAINTS of Dublin, 1747, and the DEDICATION of the City Charter to the KING, 1749.

ing the Name, though clandestinely, to their respective unmeaning and unintelligible Pourtraits, left no Room to their Tools to doubt whom they respectively intended to have represented by their dirty Daubings.

Our great Justice's positive Charge against this honored Object of his Malice, is no less, than daring to menace the King, and to calumniate and traduce both Houses of Parlement, the King's Ministers, and all Ranks and Degrees of Magistrates; daring to attempt the general Subversion of the Constitutions, and to induce Anarchy and Confufon; publicly declaming against the Laws and the Power of the Legislature; endeavoring to overturn the established Religion, and to plant, in it's Stead, that of the Independents; then by Insinuations, bis procuring an Army to lead on any Emergency be shall think

fit, in order to put to Death the Colleators of the Duties of Customs, Excise and Hearth-Money, whom he declares Pirates and Robbers; and the Acts of Parlement they are empowered by, made in Ireland, in the Reign of Charles II. to be anti-constitutional and void; or to prevail upon Us to renounce our Connection with Great-Britain. And upon bis Lordship's bare Assertion or Insinuation of those Charges against a Person, whom he names no further, than in calling him, several Times, a most infamous, inconsiderable, and impudent Scribbler, this Impostor, this Seducer, this Garret Scribbler, Mountebank Politician, political Preacher, &c. and comparing him to Lambert Symnol, to Perkin Warbeck, to the pretended Prince of Pasau, to Jack Straw, Wat Tyler, Jack Cade, and the like, he procured several Presentments to be made, as may be seen in the Notes on the Addresses, particularly, Address XII.

But, the better to complete the Schemes of his Persecutors, an Information was filed against the Author, in the King's-Bench, under the Direction of this þigh and mighty Justice. Here the Charge is more copious, stronger shaded, and more deeply colored, though but upon the same Plan and Drawing. In this, the Author is set forth, as a pernicious, malicious, and seditious Man, of a depraved Mind and wicked Difpofition; charged with intending unlawfully, falsely, mali


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