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I want to thank you for such a nice showing. Gentlemen, I have been quite fortunate that about three years ago I received my land on the Island of Molokai. I got pastoral land, and I was quite proud. I guess, Dan, you have known my Dad for a long time-both of you, as a matter of fact. And I was so pleased that I got this 25 acres of pastoral land.

So I asked one of the directors at the Hawaiian Homes Commission if they would be so kind as to tell me how many head of cattle I can raise on this land. They looked around in awe as if to say, "Gosh, doesn't this guy know?" And I said, “Please tell me. You are the experts.” And they hemmed and hawed for a little while, and the guy finally told me, “You can raise one and a half head on that 25 acres of land that you just received." (Laughter.)

I said, “My Gosh, that's marvelous.” (Laughter.] I hope that the half a head I get isn't the end that eats. (Laughter and applause.] Mr. PETERS. Thank you. I just thought I'd throw a little fun in there.

But I asked him, “Wasn't it so that the lowest class of land, which was the D class, was supposed to be a larger amount of acreage because you are unable to feed your cattle so you needed a larger piece of land?'' I guess they figure that is good for cattle. It must be a new breed of animal that they are raising someplace in the mainland in Kansas and they're going to eventually send it to me on Molokai. (Laughter.]

I'm going to keep this guy. But, believe me, the 142 head that I'm going to raise, I'd like to invite you, as soon as they put the roads in. (Laughter.]

I would like to invite you all to a luau on Molokai. (Laughter.]

And we can eat half of the pipi that I'm going to get. The other half I've got to keep because I have to breed it again. [Laughter.]

But, gentlemen, you've been very, very patient. You have been very patient. I was just wondering if we can just-I hear about this Stealth bomber. I keep wondering: being that we cannot see this bomber, would you folks mind not building one and giving us the money?

[Applause and laughter.) Mr. PETERS. Because you wouldn't know whether the damn thing was there or not. (Laughter.]

Thank you very much for your time, and have a nice visit. [Applause.)

The CHAIRMAN. Sam, your father would be very proud of you. [Laughter.]

And now may I call upon Mr. Lindsay Kane?

UNIDENTIFIED SPEAKER. Mr. Chairman, I submit that Molokai has a great history. It is the only place that I have heard of that has a half a cow living there. [Laughter.]

The ChairMAN. While we wait for our witness, I'd like to announce that Mr. and Mrs. Kalani Ohelo wanted to be here to testify, but because of a death in the family they sent their regrets.

STATEMENT OF LINDSAY KANE Mr. Kane. My name is Lindsay Kane. I'm not a public speaker.

The CHAIRMAN. You are doing very well, sir. (Laughter.]
Mr. KANE. I would like to read from my statement.

I have been on the Hawaiian Homes waiting list for only 3 years. I applied in 1986. I was told that if I applied for the Big Island it would only be a 3- to 5-year waiting list, but it is now 1989.

I went to the Department of Hawaiian Homes Land Office and they told me that they were not giving out land. There had been a stand still. So every single year I've gone and they have told me the same thing. But I went to the Oahu Civic Club seminar. The DHHL Chairperson, Ilina Pi'ianaia was supposed to be there to answer some questions, but she had to leave to go to some kind of party or luau on the other island. [Laughter.]

So the deputy director, John Rowe stated to me when I asked him how long you have to wait to get land, he just laughed at me saying it was going to be a very long time. I didn't think that was funny, you know?

But I also heard, while he was talking, that he is number one on the waiting list. I was wondering why.

One of the main subjects I want to bring up is infrastructure. I haven't lived with infrastructure for about 8 years. I'm not hooked up to Hawaii Electric or the water supply. I live on a boat in Keehi Lagoon. I use solar panels for my electricity, propane for my stove. I do not intend to depend on Hawaii Electric or the Board of Water Supply when I do get land on the Island of Hawaii. But I just want to know when I will get my land so I can start planning for my future.

I'm only 26 years old. I know I have only been waiting 3 years, but I don't want to wait like some other folks who have been waiting 10, 15, 20, or 30 years. My dad lives with my sister up in San Bernardino, California because he doesn't have his own land. None of my family has land. We all rent. We can't afford to buy or lease land because the prices are too high. .

I'm the only one in my family to ever graduate from College. I am the youngest. Everybody works for the tourist industry in nonprofessional positions.

I'm a carpenter. If I do get land, I intend to build my own home with my own hands. Money-I don't plan to borrow. I would just work and save, using my own hard-earned money to build my own house. I would use my solar panels for my electricity.

We all should look for diversifying energy, not just waiting for this oil and stuff. We should look to the future, because this is the 20th century, almost the 21st already. We should look forward to something different like wind power. We can't always depend on Hawaii Electric for oil and stuff like that to run the generators. You have to try something new.

The money for the infrastructure-people are complaining that DHHL said they need the money. Why can't we get it from all these ceded lands' revenue and back taxes or from the State's $6 million tax surplus? I think that would help out a lot.

That's all I have to say. [Applause.

The CHAIRMAN. Thank you very much, Mr. Kane. I can assure you that your message has been heard and we will do our best to

aiian Homesteadead Associations and half of the State Coun

make certain that your dreams will be realized in a reasonable time. Thank you very much.

[Applause.]
[Prepared statement of Mr. Kane appears in appendix.]

The CHAIRMAN. Now for the next 4 hours the testimony is in the hands of the Homestead Associations.

I present to all of you the president of the association, Kamaki Kanahele.

[Applause.] STATEMENT OF KAMAKI KANAHELE, HO'OKUPU PRESENTATION Mr. KANAHELE. Mahalo.

Mr. Chairman, welcome home. Distinguished guests, aloha. Members of the Washington delegation of Native Hawaiians and Hawaiian Ancestry, welcome home. My Native American brothers and sisters, welcome to Hawaii.

Senator, you are about to receive what we Native Hawaiians call Ho'okupu”. For us, “Ho'okupu” is considered sacred, and it is considered a “gift,” most pleasurable to kings, queens, and ancient gods. Even in this contemporary time, we practice our ancient culture.

In opening of these ceremonies on behalf of the State Council of Hawaiian Homestead Associations and all Hawaiians living on Hawaiian Homestead lands, we wanted to practice the pure art of culture.

Senator, we are most appreciative of this opportunity that you have given us as Native Hawaiians, first, not only to recognize our plight, but to recognize "us," and to enlighten the people of the State of Hawaii that the Native Hawaiians and the homesteaders are a being to be reckoned with-the true people of this land.

To begin the introduction of the State Council of Hawaiian Homestead Associations, when I said to my fellow Hawaiian Homestead presidents—and there are 23 of us throughout the entire State-11 of them said, “Kamaki, we're going to come in and honor the Senator and thank him personally as he begins his trip throughout the island chains.” This presentation, then, is one of pure joy and grateful thanksgiving to you, Senator, for allowing us to be heard. For waiting for so long, Hawaiians have flown in from all islands. The signs that you see are simply a pure basis of joy and pride to let you know who they are.

As chairman of the State Council of Hawaiian Homestead Associations I first begin the ceremony by asking the members of the audience if you live on Hawaiian homestead lands and if you are on the waiting list, would you please stand and receive your brothers and sisters who will now honor Senator Daniel K. Inouye.

The CHAIRMAN. May I thank all of those who participated in the Ho'okupu presentation. I shall always remember it warmly. Thank you very much. Mr. KANAHELE. Mahalo. The CHAIRMAN. Mahalo. Mr. KANAHELE. Thank you, Senator, for having come so far.

Even if it is on this island, so far means that the suffering has been great. Our plight has been disastrous. Our transition in simply living has been most difficult.

With great pleasure, may I, present to you this day the Island of Oahu. In other presentations you will hear first Waimanalo; second, Papakolea; third, Pahe’ehe'e Ridge; fourth, Wai'anae Valley Homestead Community Association; and, finally, my own homestead, Nanakuli Hawaiian Homestead Community Association.

We appreciate you very much, Senator. And now we begin.

The purpose of your hearings is a most important one to us. Senator, a lot of the people that were presented to you just a few minutes ago drove, walked, caught a bus just to be here to thank you.

With great pleasure I present their representative from Waimanalo Hawaiian Homestead Association.

[Applause.)
(Prepared statement of Mr. Kanahele appears in appendix.]

STATEMENT OF JOY LINDSEY, WAIMANALO HAWAIIAN HOMES

ASSOCIATION Ms. LINDSEY. Honorable Senator Inouye and members of the Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs and general audience, my name is Joy Lindsey, representing the members of the Waimanalo Hawaiian Homes Association, and on behalf of the State Council of Hawaiian Homes Associations.

My apologies first for the absence of another speaker who, for unknown reasons, will not be here. But I feel honored to have had the opportunity to participate in this portion of the oversight hearings. Although the first of five associations scheduled to testify, two officers are prepared to address the longstanding concerns realized amongst all homesteaders.

A need for change is without doubt, and together we'll strive to resolve every issue as outlined in testimony by Waimanalo and the members of the State Council of Hawaiian Homes Associations.

With your permission, may I introduce to you our officers, Roy Sand and Randy Lindsey, who will present their testimonies on the history of Waimanalo and the general problems in Waimanalo.

Respectfully submitted, Joy Lindsey, Recording Secretary Waimanalo Hawaiian Homes Association.

The CHAIRMAN. Thank you very much, Ms. Lindsey. STATEMENT OF ROY SANG, WAIMANALO HAWAIIAN HOMES

ASSOCIATION Mr. Sang. Senator Inouye and members of the committee, my name is Roy Sang. I'm a director for the Waimanalo Homestead Association. I'm just going to be giving a brief history on Waimanalo.

The district of Waimanalo is located on the eastern portion of the Island of Oahu, commonly known as the windward side. Nestled between the Koolau Mountain Range and the Pacific Ocean, it encompasses a total of 6,973 acres.

Waimanalo is a rural type of community of which 2,641 acres are in agriculture, 2,203 acres in urban, and 4,332 acres are in conservation. The population is diversified, which includes various ethnic groups at an estimated population of 7,800 residents.

Waimanalo is highly popular for its recreational and natural scenic beauty. Its sandy beaches—which span approximately three miles-attract local residents and visitors all year long. Its sheer cliffs of the Koolau Mountain Ranges offer a striking panoramic view of the entire windward side and serves as a backdrop, enhancing the district of Waimanalo.

Within the district of Waimanalo lies the Waimanalo Hawaiian Homestead. A brief history of the homestead area is the main concept of this report.

Credit is given to Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole and John Wise for their efforts of introducing into Congress and successfully seeing through reality and passage of the Hawaiian Homes Act of 1920.

Prince Kuhio, more familiarly known, was concerned for the plight of the diminishing Native Hawaiians who were being alienated from their lands throughout Hawaii. His efforts enabled introduction to Federal legislation and created the Hawaiian Homes Act of 1920 for the purpose of rehabilitating his people through homesteading.

The Hawaiian Home Lands program was initiated as a 5-year experimental demonstration project to return Native Hawaiians to the land of an agricultural setting. In 1923, Hawaiian families moved and settled on the land-located mauka of Kaiona Beach Park today.

The Hawaiian Homes Commission Department surveyed these lands in March 1937, and 1 year later-April 1938—granted 16 leases to most of the original squatters. Homes for these families were built of lumber scraps found afloat in the Makapuu Channel.

In the early days, Waimanalo had no highways. Visible from the sand dunes and along the beach front lay a dirt road which led from the sugar mill, stretching through homestead lots. Evidence of train tracks ran through Cummings Landing at Waimanalo Beach Park. The old road wrapped around a large grove of pine trees beyond the area presently known as Shriner's Beach. Wide enough for horses to travel, the road wound its way through a fishing village and ended at the base of Makapuu.

Known as Kalanianaole Highway today, the road was not completed until 1933; now providing travelers access to commute throughout the island.

The Waimanalo Homestead Community Club was organized in the late 1930s. Although inactive in 1959, it was reactivated in 1960 and is still in existence to this day. Its purpose and objectives: to promote the welfare of its members in home, school, church, and community. More than 500 resident families occupy the Waimanalo Hawaiian Homestead Community.

Prince Kuhio would be proud of the way his legacy has taken hold. Moving forward, however, he would most likely be concerned in other areas of injustice and inaction, and would do his share to champion those causes he believes could benefit his people.

In summary, this report was made with the intention to give you a brief history of the beneficiaries and lands as provided by the Hawaiian Homes Act of 1920.

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