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consists of one piece of marble, hollowed, without any lid or covering, and, on being struck, it sounds like a bell. The general opinion is, that it was designed for the tomb of Cheops, or Chommis, king of Egypt, the supposed founder of the pyramid. The following description of a visit to this extraordinary place, by Dr. Clarke, is particularly interesting.
On Wednesday, the 12th of August, (says Dr. Clarke) we were roused, as soon as the sun dawned, by Antony, our faithful Greek servant and interpreter, with the intelligence that the pyramids were in view. We hastened from the cabin of the boat; and never will the impression made by their appearance be obliterated. By reflecting the sun's rays they appear as white as snow, and of such surprising magnitude, that nothing we had previously conceived in our imagination had prepared us for the spectacle we beheld. The sight instantly convinced us, that no power of description, no delineation, can convey ideas adequate to the effect produced in viewing these stupendous monuments. The formality of their structure is lost in their prodigious magnitude: the mind, elevated by wonder, feels that in vastness there dwells sublimity!
Upon the 23rd of August, we set out for the Pyramids, the inundation of the river Nile enabling us to approach within less than a mile of the larger pyramid in our boat. Messrs. Hammer and Hamilton accompanied us. We arrived at Djiza by day-break, and called upon some English officers who wished to join our party upon this occasion. From Djiza, our approach to the Pyramids was through a swampy country, by means of a narrow canal, which how
ever was deep enough; and we arrived without any
obstacle at nine o'clock, at the bottom of a sandy slope, leading up to the principal pyramid. Some Bedouin Arabs, who had assembled to receive us upon our landing, were much amused by the eagerness excited in our whole party, to prove who should first set his foot upon the summit of this artificial mountain. As we drew near its base, the effect of its prodigious magnitude, and the amazement caused in viewing the enormous masses used in its construction, affected every one of us; but it was an impression of awe and fear, rather than of pleasure. With what amazement did we survey the vast surface that was presented to us, when we arrived at this stupendous monument, which seemed to reach the clouds! Here and there appeared some Arab guides upon the immense masses above us, like so many pigmies, waiting to show the way up to the summit. Now and then we thought we heard voices, and listened; but it was the wind, in powerful gusts, sweeping the immense ranges of stone.
Already some of our party had begun the ascent, and were pausing at the tremendous depth which they saw below. One of our military companions, after having surmounted the most difficult part of the undertaking, became giddy, in consequence of looking down from the elevation he had attained : and being compelled to abandon the project, he hired an Arab to assist him in effecting his descent. The rest of us, more accustomed to the business of climbing heights, with many a halt for respiration, and many an exclamation of wonder, pursued our way towards the summit. The mode of ascent has been frequently described; and yet, 1 from the questions which are often proposed to travellers, it i does not appear to be generally understood. The reader may imagine himself to be upon a staircase, every step of which, to a man of middle stature, is nearly breast high; and the breadth of each step is equal to its height: consequently, the footing is secure; and although a retrospect, in going up, may be sometimes fearful to persons unaccustomed to look down from any considerable elevation, yet there is little danger of falling. In some places, indeed, where the stones are decayed, caution may be required; and an Arab guide is always necessary, to avoid a total interruption : but, upon the whole, the means of ascent are such, that almost every one may accomplish it. Our progress was impeded by other causes. We carried with us a few instruments, such as our boat-compass, a thermometer, a telescope, &c., these could not be trusted in the hands of the Arabs, and they were liable to be broken every instant. At length we reached the topmost tier, to the great delight and satisfaction of all the party. Here we found a platform, 32 feet square, consisting of nine large stones, each of which might weigh about a ton; although they were much inferior in size to some of the stones used in the construction of this pyramid. Travellers, of all ages, and of various nations, have here inscribed their names. Some are written in Greek, many in French, a few in Arabic, one or two in English, and others in Latin. We were as desirous as our predecessors to leave a memorial of our arrival; it seemed to be a tribute of thankfulness, due for the success of our
undertaking; and presently every one of our party was seen busied in adding the inscription of his name.
The view from this eminence amply fulfilled our expectations; nor do the accounts which have been given of it, as it appears at this time of the year, exaggerate the novelty and grandeur of the sight. All the region towards Cairo and the Delta resembled a sea, covered with innumerable islands. Forests of palm-trees were seen standing in the water; the inundation spreading over the land where they stood, so as to give them an appearance of growing in the flood. To the north, as far as the eye could reach, nothing could be discerned, but a watery surface thus diversified by plantations and by villages. To the south we saw the Pyramids of Saccara; and, upon the east of these, smaller monuments of the same kind, nearer to the Nile. An appearance of ruins might indeed be traced the whole way from the Pyramids of Djiza to those of Saccara; as if they had been once connected, so as to constitute one vast cemetery. Beyond the Pyramids of Saccara, we could perceive the distant mountains of the Said; and upon an eminence on the Lybian side of the Nile appeared a monastery of considerable size. Towards the west and south-west, the eye ranged over the great Lybian Desert, extending to the utmost verge of the horizon, without a single object to interrupt the dreary horror of the landscape, except dark floating spots, caused by the shadows of passing clouds upon the sand.
But we must, in another chapter, tell you of the descent these travellers made into the interior of this Great Pyramid, and also about the Sphynx.
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THE PRINCE OF WALES. We wish to tell our young friends of a religious service in which the Prince of Wales has been engaged. Indeed, it was held for him, and for him alone. But first it will be needful for us to tell you what that service was.
In our happy land, freedom to worship God and profess religion in the way we may believe to be right, is enjoyed by all classes of the people. But there are various ways of professing religion among christians in England. It is not for us just now to tell you which way is most like that which was observed by the first christians in the New Testament. That you must try to discover yourselves.
The Protestants of England may be divided into three great denominations. There is first, the Church of England, which is supported by the State, and being governed by bishops, is called “Episcopalian.” The second is the “Congregational," which includes Independents and Baptists, who support their own ministers. And the third is the “Methodist,” wbo also pay their own preachers.
Before admitting persons to partake of the Lord's-supper, the Episcopalians require them to be old enougb to know what they are about to do, and then the Bishop confirms them; that is, he prays for them, and lays his hands on them. And this is called “Confirmation.” The Congregationalists require them to give proof that they have been converted to God; and the Metliodists expect them to manifest a desire to flee from the wrath to come.
Now, we remind you again that it is not for us to point