Imágenes de páginas

leading from the same number of spacious streets. The middle of the square is ornamented with a stone statue of an elephant emitting a stream of water from his trunk. The palace has two immense galleries, adorned with twenty-four double columns of white marble, with pedestals of blue granite, and capitals of yellow mica. The mosque connected with the palace is entirely of mica, and resembles a casket of precious pebble. In the interior of the apartments, sculptures executed in gold, marble, and red, yellow, and black stone, occur everywhere in the greatest profusion. Round the great palace, seven small marble palaces, for the use of the princes, are arranged in symmetrical order.


Is one of the finest and most sumptuous in the world. It was founded by Acbar, and enlarged by his successors. When beheld from the opposite side of the river, with its varied terraced gardens, it looks like a scene of enchantment, suited to the ideas formed of the palace of Semiramis, or of one of the fairies of the Arabian Tales. The terraced roofs are adorned from one end to the other with a thousand species of the finest flowers native to a country which is the abode of eternal spring. The interior of this magnificent building is ornamented with gold, porphyry, and fine-grained red granite. The hall, where the throne is placed, and its gallery, are most of all admired, the walls and ceiling being covered with fine rock crystal, and a trellice of massive gold running along, adorned with figures of grapes executed in pearls and precious stones, vying with one another in brilliance. The bathing-room contains a bath in the form of a boat, which is made of oriental agate, adorned with plates of gold; this used to be filled with eight hogsheads of rose-water! Across the river is a mausoleum of great beauty, only second to the Taj Mahal at Agra. “It is,” says Burnes, “a quadrangular building, with a minaret at each corner, rising to the height of seventy feet. It is built chiefly of marble and red stone, which are alternately interlaid in all parts of the building. The sepulchre is of most chaste workmanship, with its inscriptions and ornaments arranged in beautiful mosaic; the shading of some roses and other flowers is even preserved by the different colours of the stone. Two lines of black letters, on a ground of white marble, announce the name and title of the ‘Conqueror of the World,'—Jehangire; and about one hundred different words in Arabic and Persian, with a single signification of God, are distributed on different parts of the sepulchre. The floor of the building is also mosaic. It is probable that this beautiful monument will soon be washed into the Ravee, which is capricious in its course near Lahore, and has lately overwhelmed a portion of the garden wall that environs the tomb." The garden is another magnificent monument of Mogul grandeur. It has three terraces, each rising above the other. A canal brought from a great distance, intersects it, and throws up numerous fountains to cool the atmosphere.

THE JUMNA MUSJEED AT DELHI Is the largest and handsomest place of Mohammedan worship in India.

It stands on a small rocky eminence scarped for the purpose. The ascent to it is by a flight of thirtyfive stone steps, through a handsome gateway of red stone, the doors of which are covered with wrought brass. The terrace on which it is built is about 1400 yards square, and surrounded by an arched colonnade with octagon pavilions at convenient distances. In the centre is a large marble reservoir, supplied by machinery from the canal. On the west side is the mosque itself, an oblong form, 216 feet in length; its whole front coated with large slabs of white marble, and compartments in the cornice inlaid with Arabic inscriptions in black. It is approached by another flight of steps, and entered by three Gothic arches, each surmounted by a marble dome. At the flanks are two minarets 130 feet high, of black marble and red stone alternately, each having three projecting galleries, and their summits crowned with light pavilions of white marble, the ascent to which is by a winding staircase of 180 steps of red stone. But the finest building in Delhi, or even in the empire, is


It is built of red granite, of a tasteful architecture, and is seen from a distance towering above the other buildiugs. Its length is 1000 yards, and its breadth 600. It is said to have cost 10,500,000 rupees, or £1,050,000.

The rooms glitter with gilding, azure, and all sorts of ornaments. The stables are capable of holding 10,000 horses. Even the kitchens are like drawing-rooms. The palace of the princesses communicates with that of the emperor by a gallery. The walls of the great saloon are ornamented with crystal, and a lustre of black crystal of admirable workmanship hangs from the ceiling! so that when lighted up, the whole presents the appearance of a conflagration. Here was the "peacock throne.” Legonx says, “it is of an oval form, placed under a palm-tree which overshadows it with its foliage; a peacock, perched on one of the largest palm leaves, stretches its wings to cover the personage who is seated on the throne. The palm-tree and peacock are of gold. So thin and delicate are the feathers and the leaves, that they seem to wave and tremble with the slightest breath of wind. The tail and wings of the peacock glitter with superb emeralds. The fruit of the palm is partly executed in Golconda diamonds, and is an exact imitation of nature.” The Shalimar gardens are said to have cost a million sterling! The prospect south of the gardens, far as the eye can reach, is covered with the ruined remains of magnificent gardens, pavilions, mosques, and sepulchres, exhibiting one of the most striking scenes of desolation anywhere to be met with. Towering npwards amid the ruins is the celebrated Cuttub Minar, considered by Bishop Heber the finest tower he ever saw.

It rises in five stages, the three lowest of which are of fine red granite, and the fourth of white marble. It is 242 feet high.

Among the wonderful buildings of India, the pagodas are pre-eminent. A few of them we shall now describe as specimens of a thousand others.

These curious erections may be found all over the East, not only in India, but in Burmah, and especially in China.

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In the Carnatic, is esteemed a master-piece of architecture. It is encircled with a high wall of blue stone. Each of the three gates is surmounted with a pyramid 120 feet high, built with large stones about forty feet long and more than five square, all covered with plates of copper and adorned with a variety of figures neatly executed. The whole structure extends 1332 feet in one direction, and 936 in another. The circumference forms a vast gallery, divided into apartments, in which the Brahmins live. In the area of the temple there is a large pool, skirted on three of its sides with a beautiful gallery supported by columns. A broad stair of fine red granite leads down from each of these galleries to

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