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POLITICAL TEXT-BOOK

FOR 1860:

COMPRISING A BRIEF VIEW OF

PRESIDENTIAL NOMINATIONS AND ELECTIONS:

INCLUDING

ALL THE NATIONAL PLATFORMS EVER YET ADOPTED:

ALSO,

A HISTORY OF THE STRUGGLE

RESPECTING

SLAVERY IN THE TERRITORIES.

AND OF THE

ACTION OF CONGRESS AS TO THE

FREEDOM OF THE PUBLIC LANDS,

WITH

THE MOST NOTABLE SPEECHES AND LETTERS

OF

MESSRS. LINCOLN, DOUGLAS, BELL, CASS, SEWARD, EVERETT, BRECKINRIDGE,

H. V. JOHNSON, ETC., ETC., TOUCHING THE QUESTIONS OF THE DAY;

AND

RETURNS OF ALL PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS SINCE 1836.

COMPILED BY HORACE GREELEY AND JOHN F. CLEVELAND.

NEW-YORK:
PUBLISHED BY THE TRIBUNE ASSOCIATION,

154 NASSAU-STREET.

1860.

ENTERED according to Act of Congress, in the year 1860, by

TOE TRIBUNE ASSOCIATION,

In thie Olerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York.

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A D VERTISEMENT.

The single end of this book is the presentation, in a compact and convenient form, of the more important facts, votes, resolves, letters, speeches, reports and other documents, which elucidate the political contest now agitating this

country. It has been our aim to let every candidate and other important per• sonage speak for himself, make his own platform, and vindicate (if he may) his

own consistency and the soundness of his views on the great questions which underlie our current politics.

Of course, such a work can have but comparative merit. Make it ever so large, and still many things must be omitted that the compiler would wish to insert; and every critic will plausibly ask, “Why insert this and omit that? Why give so much of A. and so little of B.?” Beside, it is not always possible to remember, or, if remembered, to find, all that would be valued in a work like this. We can only say tha“ we have done our best : let him do better who can.

Inaccuracy of citation is one of the chief vices of our political discussions. You can hardly listen to a set speech, even from a well-informed and truthful canvasser, which is not marred by some misapprehension or unconscious misstatement of the position and views of this or that prominent statesman. Documects, heedlessly read and long since lost or mislaid, are quoted from with fluency and confidence, as though with indubitable accuracy, when the citations so made do gross injustice to their author, and tend to mislead the hearer. We believe the documents collected in this work are so printed that their general accuracy may be safely relied on.

By canvassers of all parties, we trust our Text-Book will be found convenient, not to say indispensable. But those who only listen, and read, and reflect, will alzu find it a manifest help to a clear understanding of the issues and contentions of the day. They will be interested in comparing the actual positions taken by Mr. Lincoln, or Mr. Douglas, or Gen. Cass, or Mr. Everett, as fiiithfully set forth in this work, with those confidently attributed to that statesman in the areat harangue of some political opponent, who is intent on blazoping his inconsistency or proving his insincerity. To verify and correct the citations of a frothy declaimer is sometimes the easiest and most convincing refutation of his speech.

If a trace of partisan bias is betrayed in the thread of narrative which partially unites the successive reports, bills, votes, etc., presented in this work, the error is unintentional and regretted. Our purpose was to compile a record acceptable and convenient to men of all parties, and which might be consulted and trusted by all. Whatever is original herein is regarded as of no use or merit, save as a necessary elucidation of the residue. Without apology, therefore, or further explanation, the Text-Book is commended to the favor of the American public.

NEW-YORK, August 1st, 1860.

1

CONTENTS.

PAGE

PAGI
ABOLITION Conv. at Warsaw, N. Y., 1839. 12 BELL, John, of Tennessee, nominee of the
ABOLITIONISTS (Garrisonians) for Disunion. 173 Union party for President, 1860.

29
His Compromise Proposition

75

ACCEPTANCE of Presidential candidates.... 210

His letter accepting the nomination for Presi-

dent...

212

ADAMS, CHARLES FRANCIS, of Massachusetts,

President Buffalo Convention, 1848; Nominee of

BENJAMIN, JUDAH P., of Louisiana, on Pop-

do. for Vice-President...

17 ular Sovereignty.

194

His opinion of Douglas..

196

ADAMS, GOVERNOR, of South Carolina, re-

commends in a Message the reopening of the Afri- BIRNEY, JAMES G., of Michigan, Abolition

can Slave-Trade..

208 candidate for President in 1840...

12

Liberty Party candidate for President in 1814.. 14

Adaus, John, of Massachusetts, chosen

President 1796–7: Reëlection defeated 1800-1.... 9 Bonham, MillingE L., of South Carolina,

ADAMS, John Quincy, of Massachusetts,

for Dissolution...

172

elected President 1824 ; defeated candidate for Boyd, LINN, of Kentucky, defeated for

do. 1828.

10 Vice-President by Democratic Convention, 1856.. 24

ALLEN, CHARLES, of Massachusetts, offers BRECKINRIDGE, JOHN C., of Kentucky,

Resolve in Whig National Convention, 1848...... 15

nominated Vice-President by Democratic Con-

AMERICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1856.... 23 vention, 1856.

24

Elected Vice-President 1856.

22

AMERICAN NATIONAL COUNCIL, 1856.

23

Speech on General Politics at Frankfort Ky.,

in 1859..

149

ANTI-MASONIC NATIONAL CONVENTIONS of

Gives casting vote against Free Homestead bill 187

1880 and 1831..

10

Accepts nomination for Presidency.

211

Anti-SLAVERY ORDINANCE of 1784.

51

Bronson, Judge GREENE C., on Slavery,

ANTI-SLAVERY ORDINANCE of 1787.

52 letter affirming Slavery to exist only by positive

law....

202

ASHMUN, GEORGE, of Massachusetts, Presi.

dent Republican National Convention, 1860...... 26 Brown,

Aaron V., of Tennessee, de-

feated for Vice-President in Democratic Conven-

ATCHISON, DAVID R., of Missouri, beaten

tion 1856.

24

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention, 1852 20

BANKS, NATHANIEL P., of Massachusetts,

BUCHANAN, JAMES, of Pennsylvania, beaten

defeated for Vice-President in Rep. Conv., 1856... 22

for President in Democratic Convention, 1844.... 13

Beaten for President in Democratic Conven-

Supported for Vice-President in Republican Na-

16

tion, 1948...

tional Convention, 1860.

Nominated for President by Democratic Con-

BATES, Edward, of Missouri, President

vention, 1856...

Whig National Convention, 1856.

25 Elected President of the United States, 1856. 22

Candidate for President before Republican Con-

Message on Lecompton..

113

vention, 1860.

27 Special message on do.

117

Letter to the Missouri delegates to the Republi.

Veto of Homestead bill..

191

can Convention....

198

BORR, AARON, chosen Vice-President,

His letter in support of Lincoln and Hamlin.. 199

1800-1..

9

BARBOUR, PHILIP P., of Virginia, beaten

for Vice-President,

10 BUTLER, WILLIAM O., of Kentucky, Demo-

cratic nominee and defeated candidate for Vice-

BARBOUR, JAMES, of Virginia, President

President, 1843..

16

first National Republican Convention..

11

Defeated for President and Vice-President in

Presidect Whig National Convention, 1839.. 12

Democratic National Convention, 1852. 20

BARNBURNERS of New York retire from De.

Calhoun, JOHN C., of South Carolina,

mocratic National Convention....

16

elected Vice-President in 1824, and reelected in

Nominate Van Buren and Dodge for President

1828

10

and Vice-President....

17

CAMBRELENG, C. C., of N. Y. on Slavery... 204

BARTLETT, G. B., of Kentucky, President

American National Council, 1856...

23 CAMERON, Gen. Simon, of Pennsylvania,

candidate for President before Republican Na.

BAYARD, JAMES A., of Delaware, defeated

tional Convention, 1860

27

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention, 1856 24

Presides over Seceders' Convention at Charles- CAMPBELL, LEWIS D., of Ohio, offers a re-

ton.....

41 solve in Whig National Convention, 1843.

16

24

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