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TABLE OF CONTENTS.

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Memorial of Morgan L. Drake, Secretary of the Lake Superior Rail-

road Company, asking for such an act of assent on the part

of the State of Michigan to the act of incorporation by the Leg.

islature of Wisconsin, of said company, as may be necessary

to authorize said company under said act of incorporation, to

construct its roads and branches within the State of Michigan,

and to give such aid to said company as may

be

proper.

An act making a grant of lands to the State of Michigan, in alter-

nate sections, to aid in the construction of railroads in said

State.

Petition of C. A. Trowbridge and 345 others, asking for the passage

of a law authorizing the business of banking...-

Report of the committee on Public Instruction relative to the report

of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, and so much of

the Governor's Message as relates to the subject of Education.

Communication from the Commissioner of the State Land Office,

lands...

Statement of the account with the University Interest Fund from

December 1, 1855, to January 1, 1857...-

Memorial of the Board of Regents of the University of Michigan,

relating to the debt of said University.-

Petition of the Detroit and Milwaukee Railway Company for a

grant of lands....

Memorial of the State Board of Education upon the subject of an

Agricultural College..

Petition of the Port Huron and Milwaukee Railway Company for

a grant of lands....

Report of the Board of Control of the House of Correction for

Juvenile Offenders.

Communication from J. C. Holmes

, Secretary of the Michigan

State Agricultural Society, relative to the financial condition

of said Society

Report of Henry P. Tappan in relation to the University.

Report of special committee on State Asylums..

Memorial of the members of the Detroit Bar relative to the pay-

ment of the traveling and other expenses of the Judges of

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tion relative to an increase of the salaries of the Circuit

Judges; reported by a committee for that purpose appointed,

and formally adopted on the 15th day of January, 1857...

Petition of D. O. Dix, A. Winslow and 31 other citizens of Berrien

county, for a general banking law...

Petition of Wm. H. McComber, Jas. L. Glenn, Thomas Comins

and 43 other citizens of Berrien county, for a general bank-

ing law....

Petition of 363 citizens of Allegan county, praying the Legisla-

ture to confer upon the Grand Rapids and Indiana Railroad

Company a portion of public lands granted to aid in the con-

struction of certain railroads in the State of Michigan...

Memorial of John Howard, M. S. Gillett and 104 others, citizens

of St. Clair county, respecting the drainage, reclaiming and

sale of the swamp lands in this State..

Petition of B. M. Springsteen and others relative to tax law....

Memorial of the State Teachers' Association, asking that in the

disposal of the swamp lands a liberal portion of the proceeds

may be devoted to Colleges and Academies in Fourteenth

District..

Petition of 363 citizens of St. Joseph county, praying the Leg-

islature to confer upon the Grand Rapids and Indiana Rail

Road Company a portion of the public lands granted to aid

in the construction of certain railroads in the State of Michi-

gani....

Communication from the Attorney General in relation to the

River Raisin and Grand River Railroad Company....

Petition of A. R. Calkins and 400 others, for a grant of swamp

lands lying in Allegan county, to aid in the construction of a

railroad from Grand Rapids to Allegan, and from Allegan to

St. Joseph and New Buffalo..--.

Petition of C. Emerson, Seth C. Beech, and 91 others, praying

that colored people in this State be admitted to all the privi-

leges of free white citizens..

Commurication from the Executive in relation to depredations

upon State lands....

Report of the Select committee of the Senate “

“upon amendments

to the Constitution."

Report of the committee on State Affairs upon the memorials of

Ladies, praying the Legislature to grant them the privileges

of the elective franchise....

Report of the Select committee on Kansas Affairs..

Report of the committee on Finance...

Communication from the Executive, transmitting names of per-

sons pardoned, and the reasons therefor, up to the first of Jan-

uary, 1857,....

Petition of citizens of Jackson, resolution of the Board of Inspec-

tors, certificates of Physicians, and letter of the Agent of the
State Prison, for the relief of James W. Elliott, .

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LEGISLATURE,

1857.

SENATE Doc.

No. 1.

[No. 1.] MEMORIAL of Morgan L. Drake, Secretary of the Lake Superior

Railroad Company, asking for such an act of assent on the part of the State of Michigan to the act of incorporation by the Legislature of Wisconsin, of said company, as may be necessary to authorize said company under said act of incorporation, to construct its roads and branches within the State of Michigan, and to give such aid to said company as may be

proper. To the Honorable, the Legislature of the State of Michigan:

The undersigned, as Secretary of the Lake Superior Railroad Company, is directed to transmit to your honorable body the following memorial :

In 1852,, the project was formed to secure the construction of a railroad leading from Detroit to the mining district of Lake Superior, in this State.

The wealth of that portion of the State consisting principally of mines of copper and iron, and which is at present but partially appreciated by our citizens, was then but little known. Yet it had been sufficiently unfolded to give cause to the belief which every succeeding year has justified, that it will exceed the mineral wealth of

any

other State, if not of all of them.

This wealth, then, being rapidly developed, was creating an amount of business, which, considered with the many important and growing relations between the two peninsulas, arising out of the affairs of the State government and of the several local authorities, and of commerce,

require that some communication should be established as early as possible, other than by water.

A bridle path from the mines southerly to the settlements in Wisconsin was greatly needed. А

wagon road in the same direction, to enable the miners to obtain supplies from the northern part of Wisconsin, in case of necessity, was greatly needed.

Yet it was believed that a railroad would afford that commnnication which is most suitable to the stirring and progressive spirit of the age, and the one most demanded by the rapid improvement and settlement of the country.

The settlement of the Upper Peninsula, with the working of the mines, was then in its infancy, and the project of a railroad to it from the Lower Peninsula, so as to unite them together, was by very many deemed premature and visionary. Yet it was foreseen that after arriving at a certain stage of improvement and settlement, the further progress of the country would come to an effectual pause until such a communication should be established. Such has been the experience of every part and portion of these Western States, an experience which is now being demonstrated by the history and condition of the Upper Peninsula.

Entertaining these views, such measures were adopted as seemed most likely to ensure their success.

Application was made by the friends of the measure to the Legislature of Michigan for an expression of its approval and for its support. And the Legislature on the 24th of January, 1853, adopted the following: JOINT RESOLUTION, relative to a grant of lands to aid in construc

ting a Railroad to the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. “Whereas, Congress, by grants of lands to several States to aid in constructing certain Railroads, has established the precedent of making such grants for roads, national in their character :

And Whereas, There exists upon the south shore of Lake Superior, numerous and rich mines of iron and copper, flow sought to be worked by citizens of many States :

And Whereas, It is at present impossible for those inhabiting the mining country to export the products of their labor, or to receive supplies during seven months in every year :

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