Imágenes de páginas


NO. I.

[ocr errors]


UNCAS.—The author is indebted to the Committee of the Historical Society of Massachusetts for an opportunity to examine a valuable document recently forwarded to them by Mr. Williams, of Lebanon, Connecticut, and originally, we believe, a part of the Trumbull collection.

Ăccording to this account, which purports to have been made by Uncas' himself, that Chieftain was wholly of the royal blood of the Pequots.. TATOBAm was another name for Sassacus, and Uncas married the daughter of that Sachem (from whom he afterwards revolted,) about ten years before the Pequot War. The Pequots and

Moheags,' as they are here called, jointly agreed to this match in a grand Indian Council, for the purpose of keeping their land entire. Upon this his right to the Pequot Country was good and unquestionable." “ Quinebauge [New-Haven] Indians and Nipmugs [in Worcester County, Massachusetts) not allowed to mar. ry in the Royal Blood.–Agreed to keep the Royal Blood within the Realm of ye Mohegan and Pequots."

In this genealogy, which is regularly derived, as accurately as possible, from remote ancestors on both sides, Uncas himself is styled the Sachem of Mohegan, and Mohegan is said to have been the Sepulchre or BurialPlace of both the Pequot and Mohega Sachems.

The father of Tatobam was the Sachem Wopegwosit. The father of Uncas was Oweneco; his father, Wopequand, a Pequot Sachem. His mother and grandmother were both named Mukķunump; and the latter was daughter of Weroum, a great Narragansett Sachem, and of a Squaw of the royal Pequot Blood named 'Kiskhechoowatmakunck. One of his great-grandfathers, Nuckquuntdowaus, was Chief-Sachem of the Pequots;


and one of his great-grandmothers, Au-comp-pa-hangsug-ga-muck," (as nearly as we are able to decipher it,) was “ a Great Queen, and lived at Moheage.' The son of Uncas, (mentioned in the text,) was Owen

Several of his other descendants who inherited the Sachemdom were named Ben Uncas,-one of thém Major Ben. The last of the Sachems (also mentioned in the text,) was Isaiah,--a grandson of Oweneco or Onec

(He was a pupil in Dr. Wheelock's Charity School, à fat fellow, of dull intellectual parts."'Mass. His. Coll.)

The document before us gives an account of the cession of the Pequot Country from Uncas by deed, dated Sept. 28, 1740. The following remarkable passage ought not to be omitted, as it adds new confirmation to the estimate of the Sachem's character which the author has given in the text.

“ Afterwards sufficient planting ground was provided for him, being friendly to the English, though only to serde his own purposes.'


Correspondence between General Wayne and Major



Miamis RIVER, Aug. 21, 1794. Sir,

An army of the United States of America, said to be under your command, having taken post on the banks of the Miamis, for upwards of the last twenty-four hours, almost within the reach of the guns of this fort, being a post belonging to His Majesty the King of Great Britain, occupied by His Majesty's troops, and which I have the honor to command, it becomes me to inform myself, as speedily as possible, in what light I am to view your making such near approaches to this garrison.

I have no hesitation on my part to say that I know of no war existing between Great Britain and America. I have the honor to be, &c.

WILLIAM CAMPBELL, Major 24th Reg't. commanding a British post on

the banks of the Miamis. To Major General Wayne, &c. &c.



21st August, 1794. Sir,

I have received your letter of this date, requiring from me the motives which have moved the army under my command to the position they at present occupy, far within the acknowledged jurisdiction of the United States of America.

Without questioning the authority, or the propriety, sir, of your interrogatory, I think I may, without breach of decorum, observe to you, that were you intitled to an answer, the most full and satisfactory one was announced to you from the muzzles of my small arms yesterday morning in the action against hordes of savages in the vicinity of your post, which terminated gloriously to the American arms. But had it continued until the Indians, &c. were driven under the influence of the post and guns you mention, they would not have much impeded the progress of the victorious army under my command; as no such post was established at the commencement of the present war between the Indians and the United States. I have the honor to be, sir, &c. (Signed)

ANTHONY WAYNE, Major General and Commander in Chief of the To Major Wm. Campbell, &c.

Federal army,

(11 )

Fort Miamis, Aug. 22, 1791. SIR,

Although your letter of yesterday's date fully authorizes me to any act of hostility against the army of the United States of America in this neighborhood under your command, yet, still anxious to prevent that dread. ful decision, which perhaps is not intended to be appealed to by either of our countries, I have forborne for these two days past to resent those insults which you have offered to the British flag flying at this fort, by approaching it within pistol-shot of my works, not only singly, but in numbers, with arms in their hands.

Neither is it my wish to wage war with individuals. But should you after this continue to approach my post in the threatening manner you are at this moment doing, my indispensable duty to my King and Country, and the honor of my profession, will oblige me to have recourse to those measures which thousands of either nation may hereafter have cause to regret, and which I solemnly appeal to God I have used my utmost endeavors to arrest. I have the honor to be, sir, &c. (Signed)

WM. CAMPBELL. To Major General Wayne, &c.

[No other notice was taken of this letter than what is expressed in the following letter. The fort and works were however reconnoitered in every direction, at some points possibly within pistol-shot. It was found to be a regular, strong work, the front covered by a wide river, with four guns mounted in that face. The rear, which was the most susceptible of approach, had two regular bastions furnished with eight pieces of artillery, the whole surrounded with a wide deep ditch. From the bottom of the ditch to the top of the parapet was about twenty feet perpendicular. The works were also surrounded by an abbatis, and furnished with a strong garrison.]

[ocr errors]


In your letter of the 21st inst. you declare," I have no hesitation on my part to say that I know of no war existing between Great Britain and America."

I, on my part, declare the same; and the only cause I have to entertain a contrary idea at present is, the hostile act you are now in commission of ,—that is, recently taking post far within the well known and acknowledg. ed limits of the United States, and erecting a fortification in the heart of the settlements of the Indian tribes now at war with the United States.

This, sir, appears to be an act of the highest aggression, and destructive to the peace and interest of the Union. Hence, it becomes my duty to desire, and I do hereby desire and demand, in the name of the President of the United States, that you immediately desist from any further act of hostility or aggression, by forbearing to fortify, and by withdrawing the troops, artillery, and stores under your orders and direction, forthwith, and removing to the nearest post occupied by His Britannic Majesty's troops at the peace of 1783—and which you will be permitted to do unmolested by the troops under my command. I

very great respect, &c. (Signed)

ANTHONY WAYNE, To Major Wm. Campbell, &c.

am, with


FORT MIAMIS, 22d Aug. 1794. SIR,

I have this moment the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of this date. In answer to which I have only to say, that being placed here in the command of a British post, and acting in a military capacity only, I cannot enter into any discussion either on the right or impropriety of my occupying my present position. Those are matters that I conceive will be best left to the ambassadors of our different nations.

Having said this much, permit me to inform you, that I certainly will not abandon this post at the summons of any power whatever, until I receive orders from those I have the honor to serve under, or the fortune of war should oblige me.

I must still adhere, sir, to the purport of my letter this morning, to desire that your army, or individuals belonging to it, will not approach within reach of my cannon without expecting the consequences attending it.

Although I have said in the former part of my letter, that my situation here is totally military, yet let me add, sir, that I am much deceived'if His Majesty the King

« AnteriorContinuar »