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hopes of discovering the cause of his grief, I observed yonder a dwelling closed up, and from which no smoke* appeared to ascend ! Looking in another direction, I discovered an elevated spot of fresh earth,t on which nothing was seen growing ; and here I found the cause of my grandfather's grief. No wonder he is so grieved! No wonder he is weeping and sobbing, with his eyes cast towards the ground ! Even I cannot help weeping with my grandfather, seeing in what a situation he is! I cannot proceed for grief !”
Here, after having seated himself for about twenty minutes, as though deeply afflicted, he again arose, and receiving from the principal chief, who was seated by his side, large string of wampum, said : “ Grandfather! Lift up your head and hear what your grand-children have to say to you! These having discovered the cause of your grief, it shall be done away! See, grandfather! I level the ground on yonder spot of yellow earth, and put leaves and brush thereon to make it invisible! I also sow seeds on that spot, so that both grass and trees may grow thereon !" (Here handing the string to the Delaware Chiefs in succession, and taking up another, he continued :) “ Grandfather!
—The seed which I had sown has already taken root; nay, the grass has already covered the ground, and the trees are growing!” (Handing this string, likewise to the Delaware Chief, and taking up a third string of wampum, he added :) “Now, my grandfather, the cause of your grief being removed, let me dry up your tears! I wipe them from your eyes! I place your body, which, by the weight of grief and a heavy heart, is leaning to one side, in its proper posture! Your eyes shall be henceforth clear, and your ears open as formerly! The work is now finished !” Handing this string likewise to the Delaware Chief, he now stepped forward to where the
Meaning no person occupying the house.
+ The grave.
Chief and his Councillors were seated, and having first shaken hands with these, he next did the same with all present, the whole embassy following his example. This being done, and all again seated as before, the Delaware Chief, Gelelemend,* replied :
“Grand-children !-You did not come here in vain ! You have performed a good work, in which the Great Spirit assisted you! Your Grandfather makes you welcome with him."
The meeting, having continued nearly three hours, then broke up. On the day following, the Chiefs of both nations entered on business relating to their national concerns, and finally made a mutual covenant for the continued maintenance of the party and principles of White-Eyes.
It is honorable to the American Congress that after the decease of their best friend among the Indians, they took measures for the maintenance and education of his son. On the journals of that body, under date of June 20th, 1785, is the following passage :
“ Resolved, That Mr. Morgan (TAMENEND, probably,] be empowered and requested to continue the care and direction of George White-Eyes for one year, and that the Board of Treasury take order for the payment of the expenses necessary to carry into execution the views of Congress in this respect.”
The journal of December, 1775, records an interview of Congress with the father.
Commonly called Kill-Buck.
Observations on the character of White-Eyes--Pipe's
comment on his death-The latter gains and sustains an ascendancy in the Delaware nation-Glickkican, Netawatwees and emund-Subsequent career of Pipe-Joins the British and fights against the Americans--Grand Indian council at Detroit-Pipe's spirited speech on that occasion-Makes charges against the Missionaries, but fails to prove them—Remarks on his habits, principles and talents. The fact that Captain Pipe and his associates began to gain the ascendancy in the Delaware nation immediately on the death of his great antagonist, and that they afterwards supported it with alınost uninterrupted success, is alone sufficient to indicate the influence and character of White-Eyes. Indeed, Pipe himself paid to his memory the compliment of declaring, with a solemn air, that “the Great Spirit had probably put him out of the way, that the nation might be saved." That sagacious personage was well aware that neither Kill-Buck, nor Big-Čat, nor *Glickkican, nor even
* The sight of a gun-barrel,' and afterwards baptised by the Moravians, and named Isaac. He was Chief Councillor and Speaker of the old Sachem, PAKANKE, who ruled over the Delawares at Kaskaskunk (in Ohio,) and was a man of uncommon military and oratorical talent. After his own christianization, he was a highly efficient advocate and patron of the Christian party. Having thereby, as well as by his spirit and influence, become obnoxious to their enemies during the Revolution, several attempts were made to overawe, bribe and destroy him; but they all failed. At length a considerable party was fitted out, in 1781, for the express purpose of taking him prisoner. They found him at Salem, but doubting whether the old warrior's pacific principles would assure their safety, they dared not enter his hut. He saw
all together, would adequately occupy the station of the deceased Chieftain.
White-Eyes was distinguished as much for his milder virtues as for his courage and energy ; and as to his friendly disposition towards the Americans, particularly, on which some inputations were industriously thrown by his enemies, we could desire no better evidence of its sincerity than are still extant. In that curious document, the Journal of Frederic Post,* who, as early as 1758, was sent among the Ohio Delawares by the Governor of one of the States, for the purpose of inducing them to renounce the French alliance, is recorded, the 'speech' which Post carried back, and the closing paragraphs of which were as follows: “ Brethren, when you have settled this peace
and friendship, and finished it well
, and you send the great peace-belt to me, I will send it to all the nations of my colour; they will all join to it, and we all will hold it fast.
Brethren, when all the nations join to this friendship, then the day will begin to shine clear over us.
some of them before long from a window, and instantly stepped out, and called to them. Friends !' said he, 'by your maneuvres I conclude you are come for me. If so, why do you hesitate ;-Obey your orders; I am ready to submit. You seem to fear old Glickkican. Ah! there was a time when I would have scorned to submit to such cowardly slaves. But I am no more Glickkican, I am Isaac, a believer in the true God, and for his sake I will suffer anything, even death.' Seeing them still hesitate, he stepped up to them with his hands placed upon his back. There !' he continued, you would tie me if you dared-tie me, then, and take me with youI am ready. They now mustered courage to do as he directed. Soon after, Glickkican was murdered, with a large number of his Christian countrymen, by a banditti of American ruffians who suspected, or pretended to suspect them, of hostile designs. Probably the result was brought about by the machinations of his Indian enemies. * In Proud's History of Pennsylvania.
When we hear once more of you, and we join together, then the day will be still, and no wind, or storm, will come over us, to disturb us.
“Now, Brethren, you know our hearts, and what we have to say; be strong, if you do what we have now told you, and in this peace all the nations agree to join. Now, Brethren, let the king of England know what our mind is as soon as possibly you can.”
Among the subscribers to this speech appears the name of White-Eyes, under the form of the Indian term Cochguacawkeghton; nor have we met with any proof that he ever from that time wavered for a moment in his attachment to the American interest, as opposed first to the French, and afterwards to the English. Post himself, in 1762, was permitted to build a house on the banks of the Muskingum, where he had a lot of land given him, about a mile distant from the village of White-Eyes; and so, when Heckewelder first visited that country, during the same season, he informs us that, the War-Chief Koguethagechtan,' kindly entertained and supplied him and his party.
About the beginning of the Revolutionary war, when some of the Indians were much exasperated by murders and trespasses which certain civilized ruffians committed on the frontiers, an Ohio trader was met and massacred in the woods by a party of Senecas, who, having in their rage cut up the body and garnished the bushes with the remains, raised the scalp-yell and marched off in triumph. White-Eyes being in the vicinity and hearing the yell, instantly commenced a search for the body, the remnants of which he collected and buried. The party returned on the following day, and observing what had been done, privately opened the grave, and scattered the contents more widely than before. But White-Eyes was this time on the watch for them. He repaired to the spot again the moment they left it, succeeded in finding every part of the mangled body, and then carefully interred it in a grave dug with his own hands, where it was at length suffered to repose unmolested.