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ican Confederate Union. While we live that Union shall last! (Tumultuous applause.) And until all of us and our posterity have tasted death, the government, the Union of the American people, the heritage of Washington, shall be immortal! (Applause.) Mr. Commander, go forth with the blessing of your country and the confidence of your fellow-citizens. Under the blessing of God, in a good and holy cause, with stout hearts and stalwart arms, go forth to victory! On your shields be returned, or bring them with you. You are the advance guard of Massachusetts soldiers. As such I bid you God speed, and fare you well.”
Great applause and cheering followed the Governor's speech, and three cheers were given for General Butler.
General Butler, standing by the side of the Governor, replied:
“Mr. Commander and Fellow-soldiers :- I desire to say one word to you. We are going to-night upon that duty which the people of this Commonwealth hold as sacred as their dearest wishes. We go to protect the constitutional liberty of the government, the strength of the Union, which under God we will maintain. (Applause.) I have the great pleasure of marching with you, and with you we will give a return to our friends, - to his Excellency who has given us cheering words of encouragement, to the good people of the Commonwealth who are looking for our deeds; - and indeed, sir, we will make it true, we will either bring back our shields or be brought back upon them. (Applause.) Sons of a Puritan ancestry, believing in the providence of Almighty God, as he was with our fathers, so may he be with us in this strife for the right, for the good of all, for that great country of human freedom, which if it sinks in blood the liberty of the human race goes out forever. We go to maintain that liberty, and when we prove recreant to that trust, may the God of battles prove our enemy in the hour of our utmost need! Soldiers, we march to-night; and I say for you all, to the good people of Massachusetts, fare you well. We only ask their prayers, we have everything else; and we go forth to say to those who would break down this confederacy, that in this State there is but one sentiment, -“The Union, now and forever, one and inseparable!” (Applause.)
The enthusiasm and excitement were uncontrolled, and cheers without number were given for the regiment, for Gen. Butler, and for the Governor. The line of march was then taken up for Faneuil Hall, and along the whole route the enthusiasm was continuous.
The regiment took final leave of Faneuil Hall shortly before half-past five o'clock, and, preceded by the Brigade Band, proceeded through Merchants' Row, State, Washington and Oak Streets, to the freight depot, No. 2, of the Worcester Railroad, on Albany Street.
On arriving at the depot a detachment of policemen and Lancers kept the crowd out, and the regiment promptly entered the depot and went on board the train. The crowd was immense, and exceeded in numbers that of the day before which gathered to bid farewell to Colonel Jones' regiment, extending for some distance along on each side of the track. As the long train started, at six o'clock, the Brigade Band struck up “Hail Columbia," and the cheering was renewed. The troops thrust their arms out the windows, and many in the crowd shook hands with all whom they could reach.
The scene was more inspiring and exciting than any other we had witnessed in connection with the departure of troops. It was also the largest of the regiments that had left, numbering full eight hundred men.
Brigadier General Butler and staff accompanied the regiment. The following are the regimental officers :Lieutenant-Colonel, Timothy Munroe, Lynn ; Major, Israel W. Wallis, Beverly ; Adjutant, Edward W. Hinks, Lynn; Quartermaster, Samuel T. Payson, Newburyport; Surgeon, David F. Drew, Lynn ; Surgeon's Mate, Warren Tapley, Lynn.
The Sixth and Fourth Massachusetts Regiments arrived in New York about sunrise on the morning of the 18th. One regiment breakfasted at the Astor House and at the St. Nicholas Hotel, and the other at the Metropolitan. At eleven o'clock, after refreshments, they marched down Broadway. They were greeted by cheers and other demonstrations of applause by thousands. Flags floated from every house and store. All the teams, horses and posts had the American flag attached, and nearly every person carried one in his hand. The flag presented by Governor Andrew was cheered the whole length of the route, and “God bless you!" was frequently uttered. Gen. James Appleton, of Ipswich, seventy-six years old, remarked with great emotion, “ Those boys won't run. I commanded a regiment of them in the last war." Cheers for the Old Bay State were demanded and enthusiastically given at every step. They'marched to the Jersey ferry, where there was a perfect ovation. The Sixth embarked at twelve o'clock, and took the train direct for Washington. They arrived at Jersey City at twenty minutes past twelve o'clock, and were received with the wildest demonstrations of enthusiasm. As the train left the depot, cheer on cheer rent the air, and many were the promises made to them that “ Three thousand Jersey Blues would be with the sons of the Old Bay State in one week's time, to show their loyalty to the Constitution and the Union."
From the public buildings and private dwellings floated the stars and stripes. Three times three cheers were given in honor of the Old Bay State, that she was the first in the field.
They arrived at Philadelphia in the early part of the evening, took supper at the Continental Hotel, and were quartered for the night mainly at the Girard House. The cheering was incessant along the route.
Harper's Ferry arsenal was destroyed by Lieut. Jones, to prevent its falling into the hands of the secessionists. Lieut. Jones and his command of forty-three men made their escape. He says, as thé-ivucral troops at Harper's Ferry rushed across the Potomac bridge, the people rushed into the arsenal, and he believes a large number perished, as repeated explosions occurred. He saw the light of the burning buildings many miles in his retreat.
lieutenant, having been advised that a force of twenty-five hundred troops were ordered by the Governor to take possession of Harper's Ferry, and finding his position untenable, under the direction of the War Department he destroyed all the munitions of war, the armory, arsenal and buildings. He withdrew his command under the cover of night, and almost in the presence of twenty-five hundred troops. He lost three men, taken by the rebels. Fifteen thousand stand of arms were destroyed. His command made a forced march of thirty miles, from Harper's Ferry to Hagerstown, Md. They were enthusiastically received.
Governor Hicks, of Maryland, issued a proclamation, assuring the people that no troops would be sent from that State, unless it was for the defence of the national capital.
April 19th. The Massachusetts Sixth Regiment was assailed by a mob in its passage through Baltimore en route for Washington. Two Massachusetts soldiers killed, and several wounded, the first blood shed in the “Rebellion of 1861.” The nineteenth of April, the anniversary of the battle of Lexington and Concord, - that evermemorable day in our nation's history. The first American Revolution was inaugurated by Massachusetts blood on the nineteenth of April, 1775, and the second American revolution was inaugurated by Massachusetts blood on the nineteenth of April, 1861.
Eighty-six years ago couriers were sent through the towns and villages of Middlesex County to rouse
people in resistance to British tyranny. On this nineteenth of April, 1861, also, couriers were sent through the same district to call out the Fifth and Seventh Regiments, and were received with the ringing of bells, the firing of cannon, and the assembling of soldiers as brave, true and prompt, as those of the olden time.
On the morning of the nineteenth, at the President Street depot of the Philadelphia Railroad, in Baltimore, an immense crowd assembled, in anticipation of the arrival of a large number of troops from New York and Massachusetts. Shortly after eleven o'clock the train from Philadelphia, comprising twenty-nine cars, arrived at the depot. Without disembarking the soldiers from the train, the several cars had horses attached, and about nine were drawn along Pratt Street to the Camden station, the first six without any marked objection. For some reason the horses attached to the seventh car became restive, and were taken from the car at the Pratt Street bridge, and the car moved without their aid to within a short distance of Gay Street, between Gay and Frederick Street. A number of laborers were engaged in repairing the bed of the street, and just at the moment the car reached Gay Street they were engaged in removing the cobble stones from the principal portion of the street. Some thirty or forty men assembled at this point, having followed the car from the depot, and, with cheers for Davis and the confederacy, hurled bitter taunts at the Northern Black Republicans, as they termed them.
This continued for several minutes. When the horses were again attached and the car moved off, it was proposed to stone it. Before the car had gone twenty yards almost every window was broken, and a portion of the crowd followed, hurling paving-stones.