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Regiment, was made up of descendants of the minutemen who, on the morning of the nineteenth of April, 1775, were the first to march to Concord Bridge to oppose the British troops.
A rather amusing anecdote is told of the “pop-corn man." When the Massachusetts Sixth Regiment was drawn up in line in front of the State House (Boston), he came round to minister to the wants of the regiment by selling them his pop-corn. He had not proceeded far, when he was suddenly overcome by an irresistible feeling of patriotism, threw away his basket, went and enlisted, donne the uniform, bid his mother a hasty adieu, and left that night with the Sixth Regiment for the national capital.
The Third Regiment, Colonel D. W. Wardrop, which was quartered over the Old Colony depot, was ordered to hold itself in readiness to go by water to Fort Monroe, Va. A detachment of twenty men, from Plymouth, arrived, in addition to those which came on the 16th. The other companies in the regiment were enlarged by new arrivals and recruits, and the total number was raised to about two hundred men. They received their supplies at the State House, in the afternoon, and then proceeded to Faneuil Hall, where supper was prepared. At seven o'clock they proceeded to Central Wharf, and went on board the steamer S. R. Spaulding, Captain Solomon Howes, of the Baltimore line, which had been chartered to convey the regiment to Fort Monroe. A crowd was gathered in the vicinity, and received the different companies with loud cheers. The steamer left shortly after eight o'clock. The following is a list of the officers of the regiment: - Colonel, David W. Wardrop, of New Bedford; Lieutenant-Colonel, Charles Raymond, of Plymouth ; Major, John H. Jennings, of New Bedford ; Adjutant, Richard A. Pierce, of New Bedford ; Paymaster, Sandford Almy, of New Bedford ; Surgeon, Alexander S. Holmes, of New Bedford; Surgeon's Mate, Johnson Clark,
of New Bedford ; Chaplain, Thomas E. St. John, of New Bedford.
The Fourth Regiment, Colonel Packard, received an order to proceed to Washington via Fall River route, at half-past six o'clock. It was quartered at Faneuil Hall, where it remained until afternoon.
An order was issued for the discharge of Capt. Sprague, of the Hingham company, in consequence of his failure to respond to the requisition of the Governor, and Luther Stevenson was elected captain. The company was then ordered out, and in the afternoon Capt. Stevenson reported to Col. Packard with forty men. The captain of Company H, Quincy, refused to order out his men, and they chose Thaddeus Newcomb captain. The company reported with twenty men.
The regiment proceeded to the State House in the afternoon, and, after receiving supplies, they marched to the Old Colony depot at seven o'clock, and took the cars for Fall River at eight o'clock. The following is a list of the officers of the regiment:- Colonel, Abner B. Packard, of Quincy ; Lieutenant-Colonel, Hawkes Fearing, Jr., of Hingham; Major, Hiram C. Alden, of Randolph; Adjutant, Horace 0. Whittemore, of Braintree; Quartermaster, Othniel Gilmore, of Raynham; Paymaster, William S. Glover, of Quincy; Surgeon, Henry M. Saville, of Quincy; Surgeon's Mate, William D. Atkinson, Jr., of Boston.
Detachments from the New England Guards and the Second Battalion performed escort duty for the regiments which left on the 17th..
The Boston and Maine Railroad Corporation notified Governor Andrew, Governor Washburn, of Maine, and Governor Goodwin, of New Hampshire, that the railroad was open for the transportation of troops of war free of expense.
The citizens of Concord, Mass., subscribed fifteen hundred and seventy-five dollars, on the evening of the seventeenth, to take care of the families of those who had been called into the service of their country.
Only two days had elapsed since the President's proclamation calling for volunteers was issued, and we find three regiments from the “ Old Bay State," raised, armed and equipped, and flying over the road, and being borne swiftly on wind and wave," to the defence of the national capital, and another soon to follow.
Jefferson Davis issued a proclamation inviting applications for letters of marque and reprisal.
Virginia secession ordinance passed in secret session, 60 to 53. Governor Letcher issued a proclamation in which he recognized the independence of the Confederate States.
A large and excited secession meeting was held in Baltimore, Ma.
Great Union speech by Gen. Cass, at Detroit, Michigan.
CHAPTER I X.
Though factions rage,
APRIL 18th. The Eighth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, Colonel Munroe, left Boston for Washington, this being the last of the four regiments ordered. Having seen the three depart, great anxiety was manifested by these patriotic men, who were impatiently waiting for the order to start, which was finally given just after dinner.
The line was formed in Merchants' Row shortly before two o'clock, in the presence of an immense crowd. The regiment, as it marched up State Street, was greeted with the greatest enthusiasm by the thousands who were gathered there. It proceeded immediately to the State House, where the ceremony of presenting the flag took place.
The steps, streets, neighboring houses, and in fact every spot where a view of the scene could be had, was crowded. At about half-past three o'clock, the regiment being drawn up in line in Beacon Street, the Governor and aids, accompanied by Gen. Butler, Gen. Schouler and others, went down the steps amid great cheering and waving of handkerchiefs.
The flag was then presented to Colonel Munroe by the Governor, and he spoke as follows:
“Mr. Commander and Soldiers : - Yesterday you were citizens; to-day you are soldiers. True to the fortunes
your flag, true to the inspirations of your own hearts, true to the undying examples of our fathers, you have
hurried up from the towns of Essex, all along from Boston through Marblehead to Cape Ann. Fame to all the men of Massachusetts, to the brave soldiers of a heroic army! You have come to be cradled anew one night in Faneuil Hall, and from breathing once more the inspirations of American liberty, you have hurried forth this afternoon to follow wherever glory leads under the folds of the American banner! (Great applause.) From the bottom of my heart of hearts, standing here as the official representative of Massachusetts, I pay to you, soldiers, citizens, heroes, the homage of my most profound gratitude. And the heart of all Massachusetts beats to-day in sympathy with every word I utter. There is but one sentiment throughout this beautiful domain of liberty. From the shores up to the tall hills of Berkshire, from the beating waves to the granite peaks, it speaks in unison with our common land and our common liberty in deathless echoes. (Applause.) Soldiers, go forth bearing that flag;
“Forever float that standard sheet,
Where breathes the foe but falls before us ?
And Freedom's banner streaming o'er us."
We stay to defend the hearth-stones of Massachusetts. We remain to guard the homes of the wives and the children of your love; and we swear, whatever fortune may befall you on the field, we will be true to them. (Applause.) I need not say to you, Mr. Commander, that we place entire confidence in your fidelity, courage and ability, in this noble band of men mustered under your command; I need not say that in the gallant son of Massachusetts who stands by my side (Gen. Butler) we have all the confidence which Massachusetts men place in each other. I speak to you not as citizens and soldiers of Massachusetts, but as citizens and soldiers of the Amer