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"Give us," they cried, "from heaven above,
The stars and azure blue,
And we will make the stripes ourselves!”.
Our gallant sailors on the deep
Have twice flung to the breeze
Our good old flag on hostile forts,
And though we mourn for those who fell
For the land they died to save,
Still we feel a glow of honest pride
That they fill a "patriot's grave."
April 15th. President's proclamation issued, calling for seventy-five thousand volunteers, and commanding the rebels to return to peace within twenty days; also calling for an extra session of Congress, to convene July 4th.
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES A PROCLAMATION.
Whereas, the laws of the United States have been for some time past and now are opposed, and the execution thereof obstructed, in the States of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas, by a combination too powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary course of judicial proceedings, or by the powers vested in marshals by the law; now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, in virtue of the power in me vested by the Constitution and the laws, have thought fit to call forth, and hereby do call forth, the militia of the several States of the Union, to the aggregate number of seventy-five thousand, in order to suppress said combinations and to cause the laws to be duly executed. The details of this object will be immediately communicated to the State authorities through the War Department.
I appeal to all loyal citizens to facilitate and aid this
effort to maintain the honor, the integrity, and the existence of our national Union, and the perpetuity of popular government, and to redress the wrongs already long enough endured. I deem it proper to say that the first service assigned to the forces hereby called forth will probably be to repossess the forts, places and property which have been seized from the Union, and in every event the utmost care will be observed, consistently with the objects aforesaid, to avoid any devastation, any destruction of or interference with property, or any disturbance of peaceful citizens in any part of the country. I hereby command the persons composing the combinations aforesaid to disperse and retire peaceably to their respective abodes within twenty days from this date.
Deeming that the present condition of public affairs presents an extraordinary occasion, I do hereby, in virtue of the power in me vested by the Constitution, convene both Houses of Congress. Senators and representatives. are therefore summoned to assemble at their respective chambers at twelve o'clock, noon, on Thursday, the fourth day of July next, and there to consider and determine such measures as in their wisdom the public safety and interest may seem to demand.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, this fifteenth day of April, in the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and sixty-one, and of the independence of the United States the eighty-fifth.
By the President,
WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.
The requisition from Washington for troops came to the Governor of Massachusetts by telegraph, at about two o'clock, on the fifteenth, calling for two regiments of ten
companies of sixty-four men each. It was requested that the companies be got ready as soon as possible, and forwarded, by companies, immediately to Washington.
The Governor had a consultation with his staff, and finally decided upon ordering out the Third, Fourth, Sixth and Eighth Regiments of infantry. The following order was accordingly issued:
COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS.
Special Order No. 14.
HEAD QUARTERS, BOSTON, April 15, 1861.
You are hereby ordered to muster the regiment under your command, in uniform, on Boston Common forthwith, in compliance with a requisition made by the President of the United States. The troops are to go to Washington. The regimental band will be dispensed with. By order of his Excellency JOHN A. ANDREW, Governor and Commander-in-Chief.
WILLIAM SCHOULER, Adj. General. To Cols. Edward F. Jones, 6th Regiment; Abner B. Packard, 4th Regiment; David W. Wardrop, 3d Regiment; Lt. Col. Timothy Munroe, 8th Regiment.
Major Cook, of the Boston Light Artillery, had tendered the services of his company, but the Governor did not feel at liberty to accept the offer, as the call of the President was for infantry only.
The Third Regiment was commanded by Col. David W. Wardrop, of New Bedford, and consisted of six companies, one from each of the towns of Halifax, Plymouth, Freetown, Plympton and Carver, and the city of New Bedford.
The Fourth Regiment was commanded by Col. Abner B. Packard, of Quincy, and consisted of companies from Canton, Easton, Braintree, Randolph, Abington, Foxboro', Taunton, Quincy and Hingham.
The Sixth Regiment was commanded by Col. Edward F. Jones, of Lowell. It consisted of four companies from Lowell, two from Lawrence, and one from Groton and Acton making eight.
The Eighth Regiment was commanded by Lieut. Col. Timothy Munroe, of Lynn, Col. Coffin having recently resigned. It consisted of three companies from Marblehead, two from Lynn, and one each from Newburyport, Beverly and Gloucester.
Lieut. Col. Munroe raised five hundred volunteers in Lynn, on Monday evening, the 15th, in addition to the two companies belonging to his regiment. A purse of five hundred dollars was raised immediately to start with.
During the forenoon Gen. B. F. Butler tendered his brigade to the Governor, and several other officers of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia made application to have their services accepted.
New York legislature voted thirty thousand men and three million dollars for putting down the rebellion.
Several Southern vessels, at New York, were seized and fined for irregular clearances.
Governor Magoffin, of Kentucky, in reply to Secretary Cameron's dispatch calling for troops, says,—“Kentucky will furnish no troops for the wicked purpose of subduing her sister Southern States."
Governor Letcher, of Virginia, in reply to the call for troops from that State, says, "The militia of Virginia will not be furnished to the powers at Washington for any such use or purpose as they have in view."
Governor Ellis, of North Carolina, telegraphed to the President that he could not respond to the call for troops, as he had doubts of his authority and right to do so.
Governor Harris, of Tennessee, and Governor Jackson, of Missouri, also refused to furnish troops for the government at Washington.
Governor Harris says,
"Tennessee will not furnish a
single man for coercion, but fifty thousand, if necessary, for the defence of our rights or those of our Southern brothers."
Governor Jackson says, "The requisition is illegal, unconstitutional, revolutionary, inhuman and diabolical, and cannot be complied with."
The government of the Southern Confederacy called for thirty-two thousand men;-two thousand from Florida, and five thousand from each of the other seceded States.
April 16th, 17th, etc. General uprising in the North; - proclamations, military orders, voting men and money, the order of the day. In the principal cities mobs visited newspaper offices and firms suspected of disloyalty, and compelled them to raise the stars and stripes. Legislatures not in session were called together; banks offered loans to the government; great public meetings were held; and Union badges worn by everybody.
April 16th. The four regiments of Massachusetts volunteers, ordered to report for service in Boston, began to arrive there at nine o'clock in the morning; many of the men having left their homes with not more than two hours' notice,-dropped their tools, left their work-shops, their work half finished, bid a hasty farewell to wives and mothers, brushed away the falling tear,- and hurried off to respond to their country's call. That last hearty "God bless you!" which lingered upon the lips of loved ones, with many will remain the parting words until the morning of the resurrection.
Merchants, and business men generally, not only responded liberally to the demands upon them for money, but nobly and generously offered those in their employ, if any wished to go to fight for their country, that their salaries should be continued on, or duly paid over to friends as they should dictate, and the places kept for them until their return. Many patriotic hearts availed themselves