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membere che saltficers of inted, August neares
Members of $ 3. That the members of the several state legislatures,
at the next sessions of the said legislatures respectively, tures, &c. to a take the same and all executive and judicial officers of the several states, oath, before who have been heretofore chosen or appointed, or who shall I sto
of Septo be chosen or appointed before the first day of August next, 1789.
and who shall then be in office, shall, within one month there. By whom to
after, take the same oath or affirmation, except where they be administer- shall have taken it before ; which may be administered by any
person authorized by the law of the state, in which such office State authori- shall be holden, to administer oaths. And the members of
sen of be several state legislatures, and all executive and judicial, appointed after the Ist of officers of ihe several states, who shall be chosen or appointAug. 1789, to ed after the said first day of August, shall, before they pro. take a similar ceed to execute the duties of their respective offices, take the oath or affirmation, to be ad. foregoing oath or asfirination, which shall be administered by ministered by the person or persons, who, by the law af the state, shall be a person au- authorized to administer the oath of office; and the person or thorized by the law of the persons so administerin
the persons so administering the oath bereby required to be taken, state.
shall cause a record or certificate thereof to be made, in the Oath to be re- same manner as, by, the law of the stale, he or they shall be corded. directed to record or coriify the oath of office. Oath or affir. § 4. Tbal all officers appointed, or hereafter to be appoint. mation to be ed, under lie authority of the United States, shall, before administered they act in their respective offices, take the same oath or af. to all officers they açın. of the U. S. firmation, which shall be administered by the person or perappointed or sons who shall be authorised by law to administer 10 such
inte officers their respective oaths of office; and such officers shall ed ; and by whom. incur the same penalties in case of failure, as shall be imposOfficers incur ed by law in case of failure in taking their respective oaths of penalties on office. failure.
§ 5. That the secretary of the senate, and the clerk of the house of representatives, for the time being, shall, at the time
of taking the oath or affirmation aforesaid, each take an oaih Additional or affirmation in the words following, to wit; “I, A. B. secretary oath for the se- of the senate, or clerk of the house of representatives (as the case cretary of the
the may be) of the United States of America, do solemnly swear or clerk of the affirm, that I will truly and faithfully discharge the duties of my house of rep- said office, to the best of my knowledge and abilities." (Approved, resentatives. June 1, 1789. ]
Repealed. Chap. 2. An act for laying a duty on goods, wares, and merchandises, imported Vol. i. p. 159.
into the United States, Whereas it is necessary for the support of governmeni, for the discharge of the debts of the United States, and the encouragement and protection of manufactures, that duties be laid
on goods, wares, and merchandises, imported : Duties to com. 1. Be it enacted, fc. That from and after the first day of mence. Aug. August next ensuing, the several duties hereinafter mention1st 1789.
ed shall be laid. on the following goods, wares, and merchanSpecific duties dises, imported into the United States from any foreign port on certain or place, that is to say: On all distilled spirits .of Jamaica enumerated
proof, imported from any kingdom or country whatsoever, per articles
gallon, ten cents.---On all other distilled spirits, per gallon,
eight cents.-On molasses, per gallon, two and a half cents. -On Madeira wine, per gallon, eighteen cenis.—On all other wines, per gallon, ten cents.-On every gallon of beer, ale, or porter, in casks, five cenls.-On all cider, beer, ale, or porter, in boulles, per dozen, twenty cenis.-On mall, per bushel, ten cenis.-0w browo sugars, per pound, one cent.-On loaf su. gars, per pound, three cents.-On all other sugars, per pound, one and a half cents.-On coffee, per pound, iwo and a half ceols.-On cocoa, per pound, one ceni.-On all candles of tallow, per pound, two ce018.-On all candles of wax or spermaceti, per pound, six cents.-On cheese, per pound, four cenis.-On soap, per pouod, two cenis.-On boots, per pair, Gifty cents.-On all shoes, slippers, or galoshoes, made of leather, per pair, seven cents.-On all shoes or slippers made of silk or stuff, per pair, ten cents.-On cables, for every one hundred and iwelye pounds, seventy-five cenis.-On Tarred cordage, for every one hundred and twelve pounds, seventyfive cents.-On untarred dillo, and yarn, for every one hundred and twelve pounds, ninety cents.-On (wine or packıhread, for every one hundred and twelve pounds, two hundred cents. -On all steel unwrought, for every one hundred and twelve pounds, fifty-six cents.-On all nails and spikes, per pound, one cept.-On salt, per bushel, six cents.-On manufactured lobacco, per pound, six cents. On snuff, per pound, ten cenis. -On indigo, per pound, sixteen cents.-On wool and cotton cards, per dozen, fifty cenis.-On coal, per bushel, two cents. -On pickled fish, per barrel, seventy-five cents.-On dried fish, per quintal, fifty cenis.
On all reas imported from China or India, in ships built in Duties on teas the United States, and belonging to a citizen or citizens there. imported from of, or in ships or vessels builc in foreign countries, and on the
na, in Ameri. sixteenth day of May last wholly the property of a citizen or can bottoms. citizens of the United States, and so continuing until the time. of importation, as follows: On bohea tea, per pound, six cents. On all souchong, or other black teas, per pound, len cents.-On all byson teas, per pound, lwenty cents.-On all olher green teas, per pound, twelve cents.
On all teas impoted from Europe in ships or vessels built on leas ima in the Uniled Siates, and belonging wholly to a citizen or ported from
Europe in citizens thereof, or in ships or vessels buili in foreign coun.
101018" unto American bot- . tries, and on the sixteenth day of May last wholly the proper- coms. ly of a citizen or citizens of the United States, and só continuing until the time of importation, as follows: On bobea lea, per pound, eight cents. On all souchong, and other black teas, per pound, thirteen cen18.-On all hyson leas, per pound, twenty-six cents.-On all other green teas, per pound, sixteen cents.
On all leas imported in any other manner than as above. Duties on teas mentioned, as follows: On bohea tea, per pound, fifteen cents. imported
other than -On all souchong, or other black teas, per pound, twenty- American two centr.-On all hyson teas, per pound, forty-five cents. bottoms. On all other green teas, per pound, lwenty-seven cents.
On all goods, wares, and merchandises, other than teas, im.
On all goods, ported from China or India, in ships not built in the United &c. other than States, and not wholly the property of a citizen or citizens Leas, imported from China or thereof, nor in vessels built in foreign countries, and on the India in for- sixteenth day of May last wholly the property of a cili. eign bottoms, zen or citizens of the United States, and so continuing until twelve and a
cent. the time of importation, twelve and a half per centum ad vaload valorem. rem. On other enu. On all looking glasses, window and other glass (except black merated artis cles, ten per quart Domes) -un al!
quart boliles)—On all China, stone, and eariben, ware-On ceni. ad valo- gunpowder-On all paints ground in oil-On shoe and knee rem.
buckles-On gold and silver lase, and on gold and silver leaf,
len per centum ad valorem. On other enu. On all blank books-On all writing, printing, or wrapmerated arti- pino
- ping, paper, paper bangings and pasteboard-On all cabinet cles, seven and a half per wares-On all bullons—On all eaddles-On all gloves of cent. ad valo- leather-On all hats of beaver, fur, wool, or mixture of either rem.
-On all millinery ready made-On all castings of iron, and upon slit and rolled iron-On all leather lanned or tawed, and all nanufacture of leather, except such as shall be otherwise rated
-On canes, walking sticks, and whips-On clothing ready made-On all brushes-On gold, silver, and plated, ware, and on jewellery and paste work-00 anchors, and on all wrought tin and pewier ware, seven and a half per centum ad valorem. -On playing cards, per pack, len cents.-On every coach, cha: riot, or other four wheeled carriage, and on every chaise, solo, or other two wheel carriage, or parts thereof, fifteen per cena
tum ad valorem. On all other
On all other goods, wares, and merchandise, five per cengoods, except certain artis
tum on the value thereof at the time and place of importation, cies, 5 per except as follows: salt pelre, tin in pigs, lin plales, lead, old cent. on the
pewter, brass, iron and brass wire, copper in plates, wool, value at the time and
cotion, dying woods and dying drugs, raw hides, beaver and place of im all other furs and deer skins. portation. § 2. That from and after the first day of December, which Duty on
se shall be in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety, ton imported there shall be laid a duty on every one hundred and twelve after the 1st pounds weight of hemp, imported as aforesaid, of sixty cents; of Dec. 1790.
; and on cotion, per pound, three cents. Draw back al
e S 3. That all the duties paid, or secured to be paid, upon duties, on any of the goods, wares, and merchandises, as aforesaid, exgoods.export. cept on distilled spirits, other than brandy and geneva, shall ed within 12
be returned or discharged upon such of the said goods, wares, months.
or merchandises, as shall, within twelve months alter payment made, or security given, be exported to any country without
the limits of the United States, as seliled by the late treaty of Except one
peace, except one per centum on the amount of the said duper cent.
ties, in consideration of the expense which shall have accrued
by the entry and safe kceping thereof. Allowance in § 4. That there shall be allowed and paid on every quinback, on dri.
ve tal of dried, and on every barrel of pickled, fish, of the fish
" ed and pickled eries of the United States, and on every barrel of salied fish and salted provision of the United States, exported to any country withprovision ex•' oul the limits thereof, in lieu of a drawback of the duties imported.
posed on the importation of the salt employed and expended i herein, viz. On every quintal of dried fish, five cenis.-On every barrel of pickled fish, five cents.-On every barrel of salted provisions, five cents.
§ 5. That a discount of len per cent. on all the duties in. Discount on posed by this act, shall be allowed on such goods, wares, and goods &c im.
ares and the duties for merchandises, as shall be imported in vessels built in the United ported in ves. States, and which shall be wholly the property of a citizen or sels of citicitizens thereof, or in vessels built in foreign countries, and on en the sixteenih day of May last wholly the property of a citizen ' or citizens of the United States, and so continuing until the time of importation.
$ 6. That ibis act shall continue and be in force until the This act to firet day of June, which shall be in the year of our Lord the
or continue until one thousand seven hundred and ninety-six, and from thence June, 1796, until the end of the next succeeding session of congress, which &c. shall be held thereafter, and no longer. [Approved, July 4, 1789.]
Chap. 3. An act imposing duties on tonnage. § 1. Be it enacted, foc. That the following duties shall be, Repealed..
by Vol. i. p. 106. and are hereby, imposed on all ships or vessels entered in the United States, that is to say:
On all ships or vessels built within the said states, and be- Six cents per longing wholly to a citizen or citizens thereof; or not built ton, on vessels
built in the within the said states, but on the twenty-ninth day of May, one 0. thousand seven hundred and eighly-nine, belonging, and during longing to the time such ships or vessels shall continue to belong wholly to citizens. a citizen or citizens thereof, at the rate of six cents per ton. On Vessels here
t the rate of six cents per ton. On after built in all ships or vessels hereafter built in the United States, belonging the U. S. and wholly or in part, 10 subjects of foreign powers, at the rate of belonging to thirty cents per ton. On all other ships or vessels, at the rate of foreign
ve rate of foreigners, to
pay 30 cents fifty cents per ton.
per ton. § 2. That no ship or vessel built within the aforesaid states, Other vessels and belonging to a citizen or citizens thereof, shall, whilst em.
"No home built ployed in the coasting trade, or in the fisheries, pay tonnage more vessels, beihan once in any year.
longing to a § 3. That every ship or vessel employed in the transporta. citizen, in the
coasting trade tion of any of the produce or manufactures of the United States, or fis coast wise, wiibin the said states, except such ship or vessel be to pay tonbuilt within the said states, and belong to a citizen or cilizens nage more,
than once in a thereof, shall, on each entry, pay fisty cents per ton.
§ 4. Thal ibis act shall commence and be in force from and Fifty cents after the fifteenth day of August next. [Approved, July 20, per ton by
sels in the
coasting trade. Chap. 4. An act for establishing an Executive Department, to be denominated This act to the Department of Foreign Affairs.
the 15th of § 1. Be it enacted, f.c. Tbat there shall be an executive August, 1789.
Ć Vol. i. p. 48. department, lo be denominated the department of foreign af.
Department fairs, and that there shall be a principal officer therein, to be of foreign af. called the secretary for the department of foreign affairs, who fairs.
Secretary shall perform and execute such duties as shall, from time to thereof.
time, be enjoined on or entrusted to him by the president of His duties.
the United States, agreeable to the constitution, relative 10 correspondences, commissions, or instructions, to or with public ministers or consuls, from the United States, or lo negociations with public ministers from foreign stales or princes, or lo memo. rials or other applications from foreign public ministers, or other foreigners, or to such other mallers respecting foreign affairs as the president of the United States shall assign to the said de.
partnient: And furthermore, that the said principal officer shall Subject to the conduct the business of the said deparıment in such manner as structions,
ine the president of the United States stall, from time to time, order
or instruct. The secretary § 2. That !here shall be in the said department an inferior to appoint a officer, lo be appointed by the said principal officer, and to be chief clerk, who, in case employed merein as n
e employed therein as he shall deen proper, and to be called the of vacancy, is chief clerk in the department of foreign affairs; and who, to have the whenever the said principal officer shall be removed from office cords, books by
ody of re- by the president of the United States, or in any other case of and papers. wacancy, shall, during such vacancy, have the charge and cus.
lody of all records, books, and papers, appertaining to the said
department. The secretary § 3. That the said principal officer, and every other person and all others to be appointed or employed, in the said department, shall, before employed in he enters on the execution of his office or employment, lake an the department, to take oath or affirmation, well and faithfully lo execute the trust commitled an oath of to him. fidelity.
en § 4. That the secretary for the department of foreign affairs, lo Secretary to take charge be appointed in consequence of this act, shall, foribwith after of papers, &c. his appointment, be entitled to have the custody and charge of of the foreign all records, books, and papers, in the office of secretary for the department
s. department of foreign affairs, heretofore established by the Uni. tablished. ted States in congress assembled. [Approved, July 27, 1789.] .
CHAP, 5. An act to regulate the collection of Duties, imposed by law on the 'TonVol. i. p. 157. nage of Ships or vessels, and on Goods, Wares and Merchandises, imported
into the United States.
§ 1. Be it enacled, &c. That for the due collection of the du. Due collection of duties, &c. ties imposed by law on the tonnage of ships and vessels, and on
goods, wares, and merchandises, imported into the United States, There shall be established and appointed, districts, poris, and of
ficers, in manner following, to wit:
: The state of New Hampshire shall be one district, lo in. District of New Hamp-, cru
..clude the town of Portsinouth as the sole port of entry; and shire ; poris' the towns of Newcastle, Dover and Exeler, as ports of deli. of entry and very only; but all ships or vessels bound 10 or from either of lectors, &c. tryi.colo the said ports of delivery, shall first come lo, enter, and clear,
at Portsinouih; and a naval officer, collector, and surveyor, for the said district, shall be appointed, to reside al Portsmouth.
In the state of Massachusetts shall be twenty districts and ports of entry, to wit : Newbury port, Gloucester, Salem and